Knapdale (Scottish Gaelic: Cnapadal, IPA: [ˈkɾaʰpət̪əl̪ˠ]) forms a rural district of Argyll and Bute in the Scottish Highlands, adjoining Kintyre to the south, and divided from the rest of Argyll to the north by the Crinan Canal. It includes two parishes, North Knapdale and South Knapdale. The area is bounded by sea to the east and west (Loch Fyne and the Sound of Jura respectively), whilst the sea loch of West Loch Tarbert almost completely cuts off the area from Kintyre to the south.[2][3] The name is derived from two Gaelic elements: Cnap meaning hill and Dall meaning field.[4]

small stone chapel with cross overlooking a loch
Keills Chapel with cross
Knapdale is immediately north of Kintyre, joining it to the rest of Argyll
Population2,836 (2011[1])
OS grid referenceNR700747
 Edinburgh85 mi (137 km)
 London370 mi (600 km)
Council area
  • Argyll and Bute
Lieutenancy area
  • Argyll and Bute
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
56.02°N 5.52°W / 56.02; -5.52

Knapdale gives its name to the Knapdale National Scenic Area, one of the forty national scenic areas in Scotland, which are defined so as to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure their protection from inappropriate development.[5] The designated area covers 32,832 hectares (81,130 acres) in total, of which 20,821 hectares (51,450 acres) is on land and 12,011 hectares (29,680 acres) is marine (i.e. below low tide level).[6]

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