Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰɒleŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
|Region||Southern Denmark (Syddanmark)|
|• Mayor||Jørn Pedersen|
|• Urban||37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Urban density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+45) 7|
With a population of 90,066 (1 January 2014), the Kolding municipality is the seventh largest in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 60,854 (1 January 2019) and is also the seventh largest city in Denmark.
A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.
On 3 November 2004, the N. P. Johnsen's Fireworks Factory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their homes during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.
Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is now a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark. Popular tourist attractions include the Trapholt art museum and the gardens Geografisk Have. Trapholt holds collections of Danish arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. Kolding is also the site of Designskolen Kolding, a university design school.
The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.
The Trapholt art museum features many pieces from mainly Danish artists, along with a large collection of chairs.
Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum) which is situated in the former reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.
A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. Further, the new Campus Kolding opened downtown in 2014. The city is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), established in 1967 and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.
Kolding is twinned with the following towns.
- Princess Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617) was the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1561-1592
- Mathias Sommerhielm (1764–1827) a Norwegian Prime Minister
- Evald Tang Kristensen (1843–1929) a Danish folklore collector and author
- Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen (1863–1945) a Danish sculptor
- Thorkild Roose (1874–1961) a Danish actor and theatre director.
- Christian Peder Kryssing (1891–1976) a Danish collaborator with Nazi Germany during WWII
- Hans Lunding (1899–1984) military officer and bronze medallist in the 1936 Summer Olympics
- Christian Daugaard (1901–1993) was a Danish painter
- Svend Petersen (1911–1992) an author, political researcher and analyst
- Lars Bo (1924-1999), artist and author
- Erik Paaske (1933-1992), actor and singer
- Bent Faurby (born 1937) an author of children's literature and schoolteacher
- Bente Hansen (born 1940) a Danish writer, editor and women's rights activist
- Ole Søltoft (1941–1999) a Danish actor
- Karl Aage Rasmussen (born 1947) a composer and writer.
- Uffe Haagerup (1949-2015), mathematician
- Merete Van Kamp (born 1961) a model turned actress and singer
- Jørn Dohrmann (born 1969) a Danish politician and MEP
- Bjarne Corydon (born 1973), former politician, management consultant
- Charlotte Eskildsen (born 1975) a Danish fashion designer.
- Susanne Georgi (born 1976 in Sjølund) a Danish singer, lives and works in Andorra
- Søren Petersen (1894-1945), heavyweight boxer, silver medallist in the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
- Jan Mølby (born 1963), football player and coach
- Tina Bøttzau (born 1971), handball player
- Allan K. Jepsen (born 1977) is a former professional footballer
- Louise Spellerberg (born 1982), handball player
- Jonas Lössl (born 1989), soccer goalkeeper
- Kolding Municipality
- Chronicle of the Expulsion of the Grayfriars#Chapter 6 Concerning the Friary in Kolding
- Bøje, Jens Anker (19 June 2007). "Kolding - byens historie i korte træk" (in Danish). kolding.dk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007.
- BY3: 1st January, by urban areas The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
- "Design School Kolding". Cumulus. Archived from the original on 20 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- Venskabsbyer Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine