Korean Empire

The Korean Empire (transcribed as Daehan Jeguk, Korean: 대한제국; Hanja: 大韓帝國, lit.'Great Korean Empire') was an independent unified Korean state proclaimed in October 1897 by Emperor Gojong of the Joseon Dynasty. The empire stood until Japan's annexation of Korea in August 1910.

Korean Empire
대한제국
大韓帝國
Daehan Jeguk
1897–1910
Motto: 광명천지
(Hanja: 光明天地)
(English: Let the land be enlightened)
Anthem: (1902–1910)

Emblem
Territory of the Korean Empire 1903–1905. The disputed Gando region is shaded in lighter green.
StatusSovereign state
(1897–1905)
Protectorate of Japan
(1905–1910)
CapitalHanseong (present-day Seoul)
Common languagesKorean
Religion
Confucianism
Buddhism
Shamanism
Taoism
Christianity
Cheondoism (recognized in 1907)
Demonym(s)Korean
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Emperor 
 1897–1907
Gojong
 1907–1910
Sunjong
Prime Minister[lower-alpha 1] 
 1896–1898 (first)
Yun Yong Seon
 1907–1910 (last)
Yi Wan-yong
LegislatureJungchuwon
(중추원,中樞院)
Historical eraNew Imperialism
 Empire proclaimed
13 October 1897
17 August 1899
17 November 1905
1907
29 August 1910
Population
 1900[1]
17,082,000
CurrencyYang (1897–1902)
Won (1902–10)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Joseon
Chōsen
Today part ofNorth Korea
South Korea
Korean Empire
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationDaehanjeguk
McCune–ReischauerTaehanjeguk
IPA[tɛ.ɦan.dʑe.ɡuk̚]
Seal of the Korean Empire

During the Korean Empire, Emperor Gojong oversaw the Gwangmu Reform, a partial modernization and westernization of Korea's military, economy, land system, and education system, and of various industries. In 1905, Korea became a colonial protectorate of Japan; in 1910, Japan annexed Korea outright.