Korolyov, Moscow Oblast

Korolyov or Korolev (Russian: Королёв, IPA: [kərɐˈlʲɵf]) is an industrial city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, well known as the cradle of Soviet and Russian space exploration. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 183,402, the largest as a science city.[4] As of 2018, the population is more than 222,000 people.

Entrance to the city (April 2013)
Entrance to the city (April 2013)
Flag of Korolyov
Coat of arms of Korolyov
Location of Korolyov
Korolyov is located in Russia
Location of Korolyov
Korolyov is located in Moscow Oblast
Korolyov (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°55′N 37°49′E
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Founded26 December 1938Edit this on Wikidata
City status since1938[2]
  Head[3]Trifonov, Igor Vladimirovich[3]
160 m (520 ft)
222,952 (+21.6%)
  Rank98th in 2010
  Subordinated toKorolyov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
  Capital ofKorolyov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
  Urban okrugKorolev Urban Okrug[6]
  Capital ofKorolev Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
141060, 141062, 141065, 141067–141071, 141073–141080, 141089, 994009
OKTMO ID46734000001

It was known as Kaliningrad (Калинингра́д) from 1938 to 1996 and served as the leading Soviet center for production of anti-tank and air-defense guns. In 1946, in the aftermath of World War II, the artillery plant was reconstructed for production of rockets, launch vehicles, and spacecraft, under the guidance of Russian scientist and academician Sergei Korolev, who envisioned, consolidated and guided the activities of many people in the Soviet space-exploration program. The plant later became known as the RKK Energia; when the Vostok space vehicle was being developed, this research center was designated as NII-88 or POB 989.

Russian Mission Control Center is also located in Korolyov. Though the real control is decentralized due to security reasons and all space aircraft may be controlled from many different locations across Russia, the historic center of control is still in Korolev, and is called FCC – Flights Control Center.

In July 1996, the city was renamed in commemoration of Sergei Korolev, the father of the Soviet/Russian space program, who died in 1966. Since 1997, Korolyov has hosted the International Space Olympics, an annual competition for young people to promote space related research.

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Korolyov, Moscow Oblast, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.