Kosovo–Pakistan relations


Kosovan–Pakistani relations are foreign relations between the Kosovo[a] and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan recognised Kosovo on 24 December 2012, becoming the 98th state to do so. Simultaneously, Pakistan's ambassador to the Republic of Turkey in Ankara was accredited to the Kosovo.

Kosovo–Pakistan relations

Kosovo

Pakistan

Reaction before the recognition


In February 2008, the Pakistani Foreign Ministry released the following statement: "We understand and support the legitimate aspirations of the Kosovars and the need for peace in Kosovo and the region. Pakistan is watching the developments in Kosovo carefully. We have noted the recognition extended by a number of important countries to the declaration of independence by the Kosovo Parliament and the statement made by the OIC Secretary General expressing happiness over this development, and solidarity and support with the Kosovars. Our policy will be guided by these developments and the aspirations of the people of Kosovo. It remains our earnest desire that situation remains calm and peaceful in Kosovo and the region."[1]

At a meeting on 28 January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Mr. Shahbaz, Pakistan's Ambassador to Austria, the ambassador said that the people and Government of Pakistan support Kosovo on its path. He said that Pakistan is conducting intensive talks with its neighbours and other members of the OIC on the issue, and that it is just a matter of time before Pakistan makes the decision to recognise Kosovo or not.[2] At a different meeting on 26 May 2009 between Hyseni and Hussain Haroon, the representative of Pakistan to the UN, Mr. Haroon stated that "we [Pakistan] definitively support your cause".[3]

In a 20 May 2010 conversation with the Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Pakistani Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani said that "Pakistan was keenly observing the current situation" in Kosovo, and that it would wait for the ICJ's opinion before making a decision.[4]

In April 2011, a Pakistani Foreign Office official stated that "Islamabad is willing to recognise the Kosovo Republic, but the situation in Balochistan does not allow us to do so". He stated that Pakistan "is being pressed by several Muslim states and the United States to recognise the republic." In addition, the Kosovar people, who had been supported by the United States in their freedom struggle against Serbian occupation, "are also eagerly awaiting recognition by Pakistan". The official said that "we are sorry we can't do so [recognise Kosovo]". "Pakistan finds it impossible to translate its desire into a reality."[5] On 13 April 2011, Israr Hussain the Director for Europe at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan stated that the issue of Kosovo's recognition by Pakistan will be discussed very soon and that it is a priority for the Government of Islamabad.[6]

Recognition and aftermath


On 13 December 2011, then Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić said, during a visit to Pakistan, that Pakistan supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia and does not support the independence of Kosovo.[7] However, on 21 December 2012, it was reported that Pakistan recognised Kosovo.[8] On 24 December 2012 the Government of Pakistan announced their recognition of the Republic of Kosovo. Simultaneously, they established diplomatic relations with Pakistan's Ambassador to the Republic of Turkey in Ankara, being accredited to the Republic of Kosovo as non-resident Ambassador.[9]

In late October 2013 during a meeting in London between Kosovar President Atifete Jahjaga and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif it was agreed to boost economic trade between the two countries and avoid double taxation on goods. Each leader was invited and to one another's country for a state visit, and both leaders accepted the invitation. At the meeting Pakistan also agreed to support Kosovo's membership in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.[10]

See also


Notes


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References


  1. Declaration of Independence by Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, 2008-02-19
  2. "Recognition of Kosovo by Pakistan just a matter of time". Ballina - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo. 2009-01-28. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23.
  3. "The Pakistan Government supports Kosovo's cause". Ballina - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo. 2009-05-29. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23.
  4. "Turkish leader telephones PM Gilani". Associated Press of Pakistan. 2010-05-20. Archived from the original on 2012-03-18.
  5. Butt, Qaiser (2011-04-10). "Declaration of independence: Pakistan, India in a bind over Kosovo status". The Express Tribune.
  6. "Pakistan will recognize Kosovo". Albeu. 2011-04-13.
  7. Tanjug (2011-12-13). "FM: Pakistan supports Serbia on Kosovo". B92. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27.
  8. "Pakistan recognises Kosovo". Blic. 2012-12-21. Archived from the original on 2012-12-24. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  9. "Recognition of the Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Islamabad. 2012-12-24. Archived from the original on 2012-01-02.
  10. "Kosovo President meets Sharif". Dawn. 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2013-11-01.