President of Kosovo


The president of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Председник Републике Косова, romanized: Predsednik Republike Kosova), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo[a] in the country and abroad.

President of Republic of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës  (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косова  (Serbian)
Presidential seal
Presidential standard
Incumbent
Vjosa Osmani

since 4 April 2021
StyleMadam President
Her Excellency
StatusHead of State
Residencenone
SeatPristina
AppointerKuvendi
Term lengthFive years
Renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Kosovo
Inaugural holder
Formation
  • 1 January 1944a
  • 11 July 1945b
  • May 1974c
  • 25 January 1992
    (de jure)d
  • 4 March 2002
    (de facto)d
Salary2,873 € monthly[1]
WebsiteOfficial website
  • a. As Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee of SAP Kosovo.
  • b. As President of the Assembly of SAP Kosovo.
  • c. As President of the Presidency of SAP Kosovo.
  • d. As President of Kosovo.

The president is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.[2]

The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent president's term of office.[3] The president serves for a five-year term, renewable once.

History and precursor


The first post-war president, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president.[4][5] On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo,[6] which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move.[7] On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down[8] and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police,[9] with the rank of major general,[10] was elected as President.

Officeholders


Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo

Parties

  KPK/SKK

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party
Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee
1944–1945
1 Mehmed Hoxha
(1908–1987)
1 January 1944 11 July 1945 Communist Party
Presidents of the Assembly
1945–1974
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
1st time
11 July 1945 20 February 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
2 Ismet Saqiri
(1918–1986)
20 February 1953 12 December 1953 League of Communists
3 Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 December 1953 5 May 1956 League of Communists
4 Pavle Jovićević
(1910–1985)
5 May 1956 4 April 1960 League of Communists
5 Dušan Mugoša
(1914–1973)
4 April 1960 18 June 1963 League of Communists
6 Stanoje Akšić
(1921–1970)
18 June 1963 24 June 1967 League of Communists
(1) Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
2nd time
24 June 1967 7 May 1969 League of Communists
7 Ilaz Kurteshi
(1927–2016)
7 May 1969 May 1974 League of Communists
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1990
1 Xhavid Nimani
(1919–2000)
May 1974 August 1981 League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
(1919–2005)
August 1981 1982 League of Communists
3 Kolë Shiroka
(1922–1994)
1982 May 1983 League of Communists
4 Shefqet Nebih Gashi
(1927–)
May 1983 May 1985 League of Communists
5 Branislav Škembarević
(1920–2003)
May 1985 May 1986 League of Communists
6 Bajram Selani
(1919–2000)
May 1986 May 1988 League of Communists
7 Remzi Kolgeci
(1947–2011)
May 1988 5 April 1989 League of Communists
8 Hysen Kajdomçaj
(1943–)
27 June 1989 11 April 1990 League of Communists

Republic of Kosova (recognised only by Albania)

Parties

  LDK

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
President
1992–2000
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
25 January 1992 1 February 2000 Democratic League

UN-administered Kosovo

Parties

  LDK

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
Presidents
2002–2008
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
2002 4 March 2002 21 January 2006
(Died in office)
Democratic League
Nexhat Daci
(1944–)
21 January 2006 10 February 2006 Democratic League
2 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
2006
2008
10 February 2006 17 February 2008 Democratic League

Republic of Kosovo (as recognised by 113 UN member states)

Parties

  LDK   PDK   AKR   Independent   Guxo   LV

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents
2008–present
1
Fatmir Sejdiu
(born 1951)
17 February 200827 September 20102 years, 222 daysLDK2008
Jakup Krasniqi
(born 1951)
Acting
27 September 201022 February 2011148 daysPDK
2
Behgjet Pacolli
(born 1951)
22 February 20114 April 201141 daysAKR2011
Jakup Krasniqi
(born 1951)
Acting
4 April 20117 April 20113 daysPDK
3
Atifete Jahjaga
(born 1975)
7 April 20117 April 20165 years, 0 daysIndependent2011
4
Hashim Thaçi
(born 1968)
7 April 20165 November 20204 years, 212 daysPDK2016
Vjosa Osmani
(born 1982)
Acting
5 November 202022 March 2021137 daysGuxo
Glauk Konjufca
(born 1981)
Acting
22 March 20214 April 202113 daysVetëvendosje
5
Vjosa Osmani
(born 1982)
4 April 2021Incumbent113 daysGuxo2021

Living former presidents


There are four living former Kosovan presidents:

Latest election


See also


Notes and references


Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 96 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References:

  1. "Infographic: What are the Monthly Salaries of Presidents in the Region - Sarajevo Times". Sarajevo Times. 25 February 2018.
  2. Balkan Update
  3. A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
  4. "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  5. "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  6. Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
  7. Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
  8. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14956696,00.html
  9. Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  10. "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)