Kragujevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Крагујевац, pronounced [krǎɡujeʋats] (listen)) is the fourth largest city in Serbia and the administrative centre of the Šumadija District. It is the historical centre of the geographical region of Šumadija in central Serbia, and is situated on the banks of the Lepenica River. According to the 2011 census[update], the city proper has a population of 150,835, while its administrative area comprises a total of 179,417 inhabitants.
|City of Kragujevac|
|Region||Šumadija and Western Serbia|
|• Mayor||Nikola Dašić (SNS)|
|Area rank||22nd in Serbia|
|• Urban||82.83 km2 (31.98 sq mi)|
|• Administrative||835 km2 (322 sq mi)|
|Elevation||173 m (568 ft)|
|• Rank||4th in Serbia|
|• Urban density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|• Administrative density||210/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+381 34|
|ISO 3166 code||SRB|
Kragujevac was the first capital of modern Serbia and the first constitution in the Balkans, the Sretenje Constitution, was proclaimed in the city in 1838. During the Second World War, Kragujevac was the site of a massacre by the Nazis in which 2,778 Serb men and boys were killed.
Modern Kragujevac is known for its large munitions (Zastava Arms) and automobile (FCA Srbija) industries, as well as its status as an education centre housing the University of Kragujevac, one of the region's largest higher education institutions.