Kurt Wallander (Swedish pronunciation: [vaˈlǎnːdɛr]) is a fictional Swedish police Inspector created by Swedish crime writer Henning Mankell (1948 – 2015). He is the protagonist of many mystery novels set in and around the town of Ystad, 56 km (35 mi) south-east of the city of Malmö, in the southern province of Scania. Wallander has been portrayed on screen by the actors Rolf Lassgård, Krister Henriksson, Sir Kenneth Branagh and Adam Pålsson.
|First appearance||Faceless Killers|
|Last appearance||The Troubled Man|
|Created by||Henning Mankell|
|Portrayed by||Rolf Lassgård|
As a young police officer, he was nearly killed when a drunk whom he was questioning stabbed him with a butcher's knife (this is mentioned in the account of his first case). Wallander was once married, but his wife Mona left him and he has since had a difficult relationship with his rebellious only child, Linda, who barely survived a suicide attempt when she was fifteen. He also had issues with his late father, an artist who painted the same landscape 7,000 times for a living; the elder Wallander strongly disapproved of his son's decision to join the police force and frequently derided him for it.
Wallander is a great fan of the opera; while in his car he regularly listens to recordings of famous opera singers such as Maria Callas, and when he can find the time goes to opera performances, sometimes crossing over to Copenhagen, Denmark for this purpose. At one time, Wallander had dreamed of making opera his life, leaving the police force and becoming the impresario of his friend, Sten Widén, a tenor who aspired to sing opera. But Widén's voice was not good enough and the dream came to naught—a crushing disappointment in Wallander's life (as in Widén's).
Inspector Wallander has few close friends and is known for his less-than-desirable lifestyle; he consumes too much alcohol and junk food, exercises very little, and sometimes struggles with anger. He frequently regards the crimes he investigates on a very personal level, throwing himself into catching criminals and going against the orders of his superiors to try to solve a case, often with negative effects on his emotional stability.
Over the years he has grown increasingly disillusioned with his work and often wonders whether he should have become a police officer at all. He was once falsely sued and harassed for police brutality and still lives with the guilt of having shot and killed a man in the fog, an act which drove him into depression and nearly led to his resignation. His relationships with his colleagues are tentative; they are alternately amazed by his intellect and frustrated by his brusque manner and aggressive tactics.
He is frequently at loose ends socially and with his family. After the breakup of his marriage, he had an affair with Annette Brolin, the prosecutor with whom he was working on some cases — but she was married and had children, and would not consider divorcing for his sake ("Faceless Killers"). In later years, he maintains a somewhat inconsistent romantic relationship with Baiba Liepa, a woman in Riga, Latvia, whom he met while investigating a murder there, until it eventually dissolves. Over the course of the series he is diagnosed with diabetes, and towards the end of his career he suffers from memory lapses, discovering he has developed Alzheimer's disease, with which his father was also afflicted.
The following Kurt Wallander novels have been translated into English. They are listed in the order that they were originally published in Sweden:
- Mördare utan ansikte (1991; English translation by Steven T. Murray: Faceless Killers, 1997)
- Hundarna i Riga (1992; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Dogs of Riga, 2001)
- Den vita lejoninnan (1993; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The White Lioness, 1998)
- Mannen som log (1994; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Man Who Smiled, 2005)
- Villospår (1995; English translation by Steven T. Murray: Sidetracked, 1999)
- Den femte kvinnan (1996; English translation by Steven T. Murray: The Fifth Woman, 2000)
- Steget efter (1997; English translation by Ebba Segerberg: One Step Behind, 2002)
- Brandvägg (1998; English translation by Ebba Segerberg: Firewall, 2002)
- Pyramiden (1999; short stories; English translation by Ebba Segerberg with Laurie Thompson: The Pyramid, 2008)
- Handen (2004; novella; originally published in Dutch (2004) as Het Graf (The Grave). Published in Swedish, 2013. English translation by Laurie Thompson: An Event in Autumn, 2014)
- Den orolige mannen (2009; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Troubled Man, 2011)
The following novel features Wallander's daughter Linda in the lead, while he is a secondary character:
It was intended as the first of a spinoff trilogy. However Mankell was so distraught after the suicide of Johanna Sällström, the actress playing the character at the time in the Swedish TV series, that he decided to abandon the series after only the first novel.
The order that the novels occur in the timeline of the series is shown below (with the title of the English translation shown in parentheses). Note that there is some overlap in the timeline among the novels as there are three separate series.
- Pyramiden (The Pyramid)
- Mördare utan ansikte (Faceless Killers)
- Hundarna i Riga (The Dogs of Riga)
- Den vita lejoninnan (The White Lioness)
- Mannen som log (The Man Who Smiled)
- Villospår (Sidetracked)
- Den femte kvinnan (The Fifth Woman)
- Steget efter (One Step Behind)
- Brandvägg (Firewall)
- Innan frosten (Before the Frost)
- Handen (An Event in Autumn)
- Den orolige mannen (The Troubled Man)
TV and film
Film series (Swedish)
Between 1994 and 2007, all nine Wallander novels published at the time were made into films in Sweden starring Rolf Lassgård as Wallander:
- Mördare utan ansikte [Faceless Killers], 1994
- Hundarna i Riga [The Dogs of Riga], 1995
- Den Vita lejoninnan [The White Lioness], 1996
- Villospår [Sidetracked], 2001
- Den 5e kvinnan [The Fifth Woman], 2002
- Mannen som log [The Man Who Smiled], 2003
- Steget efter [One Step Behind], 2005
- Brandvägg [Firewall], 2006
- Pyramiden [The Pyramid] (video only), 2007
TV series (Swedish)
From 2005 to 2006, 13 new stories, starring Krister Henriksson as Kurt Wallander and Johanna Sällström as Linda Wallander, were produced. The first film, based on Before the Frost, was released in cinemas. The rest are original stories not based on any of Mankell's books, and were released on DVD, with the exception of Mastermind which was also released in cinemas.
- Innan frosten [Before the Frost].
- Byfånen [The Village Idiot].
- Bröderna [The Brothers].
- Mörkret [The Darkness].
- Afrikanen [The African].
- Mastermind [Mastermind].
- Den svaga punkten [The Tricksters].
- Fotografen [The Photographer].
- Täckmanteln [The Container Lorry].
- Luftslottet [The Castle Ruins].
- Blodsband [Bloodties].
- Jokern [The Joker].
- Hemligheten [The Secret].
Two of these films were directed by BAFTA award-winning Swedish director Jonas Grimås, who outside Sweden is best known for his work on British television such as the 1990s crime drama Second Sight (Kingdom of the Blind) starring Clive Owen, police drama series Heartbeat, and Hamish Macbeth.
Yellow Bird announced in March 2008 that 13 new Swedish language Wallander films were to be made with Krister Henriksson. Production started in 2008. These new films were to have a more political slant than the previous films starring Henriksson. The first production in the second series, Hämnden [The Revenge], was given a cinematic launch in Sweden on 9 January 2009 before being released on DVD. The theme over the closing credits is "Quiet Night", sung by Anna Ternheim. The remaining were scheduled to be released on DVD during early 2010:
- Hämnden [The Revenge].
- Skulden [The Guilt].
- Kuriren [The Courier].
- Tjuven [The Thief].
- Cellisten [The Cellist].
- Prästen [The Priest].
- Läckan [The Leak].
- Skytten [The Sniper].
- Dödsängeln [The Angel of Death].
- Vålnaden [The Phantom].
- Arvet [The Heritage].
- Indrivaren [The Collector].
- Vittnet [The Witness].
A third series consisting of six episodes was released in 2013. This is the last season with Krister Henriksson. In these final episodes, Kurt Wallander suffers from memory problems because of Alzheimer’s disease, and he cannot continue to work as a policeman.
- Den orolige mannen
TV series (British)
The novels have also been adapted as twelve television films for the BBC, produced by Yellow Bird and Left Bank Pictures. The series stars Kenneth Branagh as Wallander. The episodes have not been filmed in the order in which the original novels were published, resulting in changes to the backstories of the lead characters in the films. The first series consisted of the novels Sidetracked, Firewall and One Step Behind. These three were shot on location in Ystad in the summer of 2008, with a combined budget of £6 million ($12 million). They aired in late 2008 on the BBC.
A second series of Wallander adaptations was commissioned by the BBC from the same production team in 2008. Broadcast in January 2010, the second series was composed of adaptations of Faceless Killers, The Man Who Smiled, and The Fifth Woman.
The third series began shooting in Ystad and Riga, Latvia in the Summer of 2011 and continued into the winter. Broadcast in July 2012, it consists of adaptations of An Event in Autumn, The Dogs of Riga and Before the Frost. While the novel Before the Frost has Wallander's daughter Linda as its protagonist detective, the story was adapted for television so that Wallander himself became the lead.
The BBC Wallander series concluded in May 2016 with a three-episode fourth series consisting of an adaptation of The White Lioness and a two-episode adaptation of Mankell's final Wallander novel, The Troubled Man.
Mankell's friend and writer Jan Guillou used Kurt Wallander in the 10th book of his Carl Hamilton-series En medborgare höjd över varje misstanke [A Citizen Above Suspicion]. Guillou and Mankell also co-wrote the Swedish crime-drama mini series Talismanen and here we also encounter Kurt Wallander as a supporting character, this time portrayed by actor Lennart Jähkel.
- Inspector Wallander.org website
- Gallagher, Paul (27 December 2009). "Henning Mankell creates a 'female Wallander' following star's suicide". The Observer.
- Inspector-Wallander.org. "Timeline of the Kurt Wallander Stories". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- Filmography by TV series for Jonas Grimås, IMDb.
- "Klart för 13 mer politiska Wallanderfilmer" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 2008-03-25. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- Rehlin, Gunnar (2008-03-26). "TV4 picks up more Wallander pics – Yellow Bird to produce another 13 films". Variety. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Second Swedish language production" (announcement). SE: Yellow Bird. 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- Gilbert, Gerard (2012-06-23), "Wallander: Swede dreams are made of this", The Independent (feature), UK.
- "Kurt Wallander", IMDb (character)
- Polito, Robert (April 2005). "Murder, My Swede: Henning Mankell's Scandinavian Noir". Artforum International. archived at AccessMyLibrary.
- Reijnders, Stijn (June 2009). "Watching the Detectives: Inside the Guilty Landscapes of Inspector Morse, Baantjer and Wallander". European Journal of Communication. Sage Publications. 24 (2): 165–181. doi:10.1177/0267323108101830. hdl:1765/23621. S2CID 142367134.