Kwilu rebellion

The Kwilu rebellion (1963–1965) was a civil uprising which took place in the West of what is the modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo. The rebellion took place in the wider context of the Cold War and the Congo Crisis. Led by Pierre Mulele, a follower of ousted Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba, a faction of rebel Maoists staged a revolt against the government in the Kwilu District. Based around the struggle for independence, the rebellion was encouraged by economic, social, and cultural grievances.[2] Supported by communist China, rebels used mainly guerrilla warfare against government forces. The rebellion was concurrent with the Simba rebellion occurring in other areas of the Congo during this time. While the rebellion was suppressed in the early months of 1965, it had lasting political impacts, leading to the dissolution of Kwilu as an official province.

Kwilu rebellion
Part of the Congo Crisis and the Cold War

Approximate extent of the Simba (red) and Kwilu rebellions (yellow)
DateAugust 1963 – early 1965
Location
Result Rebellion suppressed
Belligerents
Commanders and leaders
Moïse Tshombe Pierre Mulele
Casualties and losses
Large civilian casualties, including 200 foreigners and at minimum 60,000–70,000 Congolese[1]

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