Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.[17] In all general elections since 1922, Labour has been either the governing party or the Official Opposition. There have been six Labour prime ministers and thirteen Labour ministries.

Labour Party
LeaderKeir Starmer
Deputy LeaderAngela Rayner
General SecretaryDavid Evans
ChairAnneliese Dodds
Lords LeaderThe Baroness Smith of Basildon
Founded27 February 1900;
121 years ago
Youth wingYoung Labour
LGBT wingLGBT+ Labour
Membership (2021) 430,000[5]
Political positionCentre-left[15]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliation
Affiliate parties
Colours  Red
Anthem"The Red Flag"
Governing bodyNational Executive Committee
Constituting instrumentLabour Party Rule Book
Devolved or semi-autonomous branches
Parliamentary partyParliamentary Labour Party (PLP)
House of Commons[nb 1]
199 / 650
House of Lords
171 / 788
London Assembly
11 / 25
Scottish Parliament
22 / 129
30 / 60
Local government[16]
5,822 / 19,481
Directly elected mayors
19 / 25
Police and crime commissioners
8 / 40

The party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the 19th century. It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940–1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. In the 1990s, Tony Blair took Labour to the centre as part of his New Labour project which governed under Blair and then Gordon Brown from 1997 to 2010.

The Labour Party currently forms the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2019 general election. The leader of the party and leader of the opposition is Keir Starmer. Labour is the largest party in the Senedd (Welsh Parliament), being the only party in the current Welsh government. The party is the third-largest in the Scottish Parliament, behind the Scottish National Party and the Scottish Conservatives. Labour is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, and holds observer status in the Socialist International. The party includes semi-autonomous Scottish and Welsh branches, and supports the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in Northern Ireland, although it still organises there. As of July 2021, Labour has around 430,000 registered members,[5] one of the largest memberships of any party in Europe.