Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.[17] The Labour Party sits on the centre-left of the political spectrum. In all general elections since 1922, Labour has been either the governing party or the Official Opposition. There have been six Labour prime ministers and thirteen Labour ministries. The party holds the annual Labour Party Conference, at which party policy is formulated.

Labour Party
LeaderKeir Starmer
Deputy LeaderAngela Rayner
General SecretaryDavid Evans
ChairAnneliese Dodds
Lords LeaderThe Baroness Smith of Basildon
Founded27 February 1900;
122 years ago
 (1900-02-27)[1][2]
Preceded byLabour Representation Committee
Headquarters
Youth wingYoung Labour
LGBT wingLGBT+ Labour
Membership (2022) 450,000[5]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-left[15]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International (observer)
Affiliate partyCo-operative Party
(Labour and Co-operative)
Northern Irish affiliationSocial Democratic and Labour Party
Colours  Red
Slogan"A Fairer, Greener Future" (2022)[16]
Anthem"The Red Flag"
Governing bodyNational Executive Committee
Devolved or semi-autonomous branches
Parliamentary partyParliamentary Labour Party (PLP)
House of Commons
195 / 650
House of Lords
173 / 786
Scottish Parliament
22 / 129
Senedd
30 / 60
Regional mayors[nb]
8 / 10
London Assembly
11 / 25
PCCs and PFCCs
8 / 39
LA mayors
10 / 16
Councillors[nb]
5,879 / 19,171
Website
labour.org.uk

^ Mayor of London and nine combined authority mayors.
^ Councillors of local authorities in England (including 25 aldermen of the City of London) and Scotland, principal councils in Wales and local councils in Northern Ireland.

The party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the 19th century. It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940–1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. In the 1990s, Tony Blair took Labour to the centre as part of his New Labour project which governed under Blair and then Gordon Brown from 1997 to 2010.

The Labour Party currently forms the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2019 general election. The leader of the party and leader of the opposition is Keir Starmer. Labour is the largest party in the Senedd (Welsh Parliament), being the only party in the current Welsh government. The party is the third-largest in the Scottish Parliament, behind the Scottish National Party and the Scottish Conservatives. Labour is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, and holds observer status in the Socialist International. The party includes semi-autonomous London, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish branches; however, it supports the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in Northern Ireland, while still organising there. As of July 2022, Labour has around 450,000 registered members,[18] one of the largest memberships of any party in Europe.


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