Lake Benmore


Lake Benmore is New Zealand's largest artificial lake.[2] Located in the South Island of New Zealand and part of the Waitaki River,[2] it was created in the 1960s by construction of Benmore Dam.

Lake Benmore
Looking south
Lake Benmore
LocationMackenzie, Waimate, and Waitaki Districts, Canterbury region, South Island
Coordinates44°24′54″S 170°13′14″E
Lake typereservoir
Primary inflowsOhau, Pukaki, Tekapo, Ahuriri
Basin countriesNew Zealand
Surface area75 km2 (29 sq mi)
Max. depth90 m (300 ft)
Surface elevation362 m (1,188 ft)[1]

Characteristics


Map showing the shape of Lake Benmore, with the Ahuriri arm coming from the west and the Haldon arm coming from the north

The lake has an area of about 75 km²[3][4] and a maximum depth of 90 meters.[4] The lake consists of two arms: the Haldon arm, fed mainly by the Tekapo, Pukaki and Twizel rivers, and the Ohau Canal; and the Ahuriri Arm, fed mainly by the Ahuriri River.[4] Immediately downstream is Lake Aviemore.

As of 2020, Land Air Water Aotearoa described the water quality as "good" and the quality of ecological conditions as "high".[4]

The lake is split between the Mackenzie, Waimate, and Waitaki districts, within the southern portion of the Canterbury Region.

Construction


The lake is the reservoir of Benmore Dam, New Zealand's largest earth dam,[citation needed] which was created as part of the Waitaki hydroelectricity power scheme. Construction of Benmore Dam was approved in 1957[5] and the lake was filled in December 1964.[6]

After the lake was created the incidence of seismic shocks increased by a factor of three to six times.[7]

Uses


Besides being a reservoir for Benmore Dam, the lake is a fishing spot; in 2009 it was the second most-fished lake in New Zealand, with fish such as brown trout, rainbow trout, chinook salmon, and sockeye salmon. Fish in the lake include salmon that have escaped from salmon farms on nearby hydro canals.[8] The lake is also used for swimming and camping and there are walks in the area.

See also


References


  1. "Lake Benmore, Canterbury". NZ Topo Map. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  2. Meduna, Veronika (2006). "Lake Benmore hydroelectric dam". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  3. Nathan, Simon. "Story: Lakes – Page 1. New Zealand lakes". Te Ara. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  4. "Lake Benmore Water Quality". Land, Air, Water Aotearoa (LAWA). Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  5. "Power for the People". RNZ. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  6. "Benmore dam hydro station". Meridian Energy. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  7. Adams, R (1974). "Statistical studies of earthquakes associated with Lake Benmore, New Zealand". Engineering Geology. 8 (1–2): 155–169. doi:10.1016/0013-7952(74)90022-2. ISSN 0013-7952.
  8. Bruce, David (19 January 2009). "Hooked on fishing at Lake Benmore". Otago Daily Times Online News. Retrieved 9 February 2020.