Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika (/ˌtæŋɡənˈjkə, -ɡæn-/)[4] is an African Great Lake.[5] It is the second-oldest freshwater lake in the world, the second-largest by volume, and the second-deepest, in all cases after Lake Baikal in Siberia.[6][7] It is the world's longest freshwater lake.[6] The lake is shared among four countries—Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, and Zambia, with Tanzania (46%) and DRC (40%) possessing the majority of the lake. It drains into the Congo River system and ultimately into the Atlantic Ocean.

Lake Tanganyika
Lake Tanganyika from space, June 1985
Lake Tanganyika
Lake Tanganyika map
Coordinates6°30′S 29°40′E
Lake typeAncient lake, Rift Valley Lake
Primary inflowsRuzizi River
Malagarasi River
Kalambo River
Primary outflowsLukuga River
Catchment area231,000 km2 (89,000 sq mi)
Basin countriesBurundi, DR Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia
Max. length673 km (418 mi)
Max. width72 km (45 mi)
Surface area32,900 km2 (12,700 sq mi)
Average depth570 m (1,870 ft)
Max. depth1,470 m (4,820 ft)
Water volume18,900 km3 (4,500 cu mi)
Residence time5500 years[1]
Shore length11,828 km (1,136 mi)
Surface elevation773 m (2,536 ft)[2]
SettlementsKigoma, Tanzania
Kalemie, DRC
Bujumbura, Burundi
Mpulungu, Zambia
References[2]
Official nameTanganyika
Designated2 February 2007
Reference no.1671[3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.
Lake Tanganyika eastern Shore in Kagongo Ward, Kigoma Region, Tanzania

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Lake Tanganyika, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.