Lampedusa (/ˌlæmpɪˈdjzə/ LAM-pih-DEW-zə, US: /-sə, -zə/ -sə, -, Italian: [lampeˈduːza]; Sicilian: Lampidusa [lambɪˈɾuːsa]; Ancient Greek: Λοπαδοῦσσα[1], romanized: Lopadoûssa); Maltese: Lampeduża, is the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.

Aerial view of Lampedusa
LocationMediterranean Sea
Coordinates35°30′56″N 12°34′23″E
ArchipelagoPelagie Islands
Area20.2 km2 (7.8 sq mi)
ComuneLampedusa e Linosa

The comune of Lampedusa e Linosa is part of the Sicilian province of Agrigento which also includes the smaller islands of Linosa and Lampione. It is the southernmost part of Italy and Italy's southernmost island. Tunisia, which is about 113 kilometres (70 miles) away, is the closest landfall to the islands. Sicily is farther at 205 kilometres (127 miles), whilst the island nation of Malta is 176 kilometres (109 miles) to the east of Lampedusa.[2]

Lampedusa has an area of 20.2 square kilometres (7.8 sq mi) and a population of about 6,000 people. Its main industries are fishing, agriculture, and tourism. A ferry service links the island with Porto Empedocle, near Agrigento, Sicily. There are also year-round flights from Lampedusa Airport to Palermo and Catania on the Sicilian mainland. In the summer, there are additional services to Rome and Milan, besides many other seasonal links with the Italian mainland.

In 2013, Rabbit Beach (it. "Spiaggia dei Conigli"), located in the southern part of the island, was voted the world's best beach by travel site TripAdvisor.[3]

Since the early 2000s, the island has become a primary European entry point for migrants, mainly coming from Libya.[4]