Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Lancaster (/ˈlæŋkɪstər/ LANG-ki-stər; Pennsylvania German: Lengeschder) is a city in South Central Pennsylvania, that serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and is one of the oldest inland towns in the United States.[4] With a population at the 2010 census of 59,322,[5] it ranks eighth in population among Pennsylvania's cities.[6] The Lancaster metropolitan area population is 507,766,[7] making it the 104th-largest metropolitan area in the U.S. and second-largest in the South Central Pennsylvania area.[7]

Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Lengeschder
City of Lancaster
From top, left to right: Lancaster skyline, Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Central Market, Wheatland
Nickname(s): 
The Red Rose City
Location in Lancaster County
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Location in Pennsylvania
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Lancaster, Pennsylvania (the United States)
Coordinates (Penn Square): 40°2′23″N 76°18′16″W
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLancaster
Founded1729
Incorporated (borough)1742
Incorporated (city)1818
Founded byJames Hamilton
Named forLancaster, Lancashire, England
SeatLancaster County
Government
  TypeStrong mayor  council
  MayorDanene Sorace (D)
  City Council
Member List
Area
  City7.35 sq mi (19.03 km2)
  Land7.23 sq mi (18.72 km2)
  Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
  Metro
802 sq mi (2,080 km2)
Elevation
368 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2010)
  City59,322
  Estimate 
(2019)[3]
59,265
  Rank10th in Pennsylvania
  Density8,200.50/sq mi (3,166.09/km2)
  Urban
402,004
  Metro
507,766
Demonym(s)Lancastrians
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
17573, 17601−17608, 17611, 17622, 17699
Area code(s)717 and 223
FIPS code42-41216
Websitecityoflancasterpa.com

The city's primary industries include healthcare, tourism, public administration, manufacturing, and both professional and semi-professional services. Lancaster is best known for being the hub of Pennsylvania's Amish Country. Lancaster was home to James Buchanan, the nation's 15th president,[8] and to congressman and abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens.[9]