Las Palmas

Las Palmas (UK: /ˌlæs ˈpælməs, - ˈpɑːl-/, US: /ˌlɑːs ˈpɑːlməs, -mɑːs/;[2][3] Spanish: [las ˈpalmas]), officially Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,[lower-alpha 1] is a city and capital of Gran Canaria, in the Canary Islands, on the Atlantic Ocean.

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Views of Las Palmas, clockwise from top: Las Canteras beach, Canaria local government centre, Alfredo Kraus hall, Santa Ana cathedral by night, lighthouse in Las Palmas port, Perez Galdos theater, view of downtown Las Palmas
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Coordinates: 28°9′N 15°25′W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Canary Islands
ProvinceLas Palmas
IslandGran Canaria
Founded24 June 1478
Government
  MayorAugusto Hidalgo (PSOE)
Area
  Total100.55 km2 (38.82 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Highest elevation
300 m (1,000 ft)
Lowest elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total378,517
  Density3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)palmense (es)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal code
35001-35020
Language(s)Spanish
Websitewww.lpavisit.com

It is the capital (jointly with Santa Cruz de Tenerife), the most populous city in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands, and the ninth-largest city in Spain with a population of 381,223 in 2020.[4] It is also the fifth-most populous urban area in Spain and (depending on sources) ninth- or tenth-most populous metropolitan area in Spain.[5][6][7][8][9]

Las Palmas is located in the northeastern part of the island of Gran Canaria, about 150 km (93 mi) off the Moroccan coast[10] in the Atlantic Ocean. Las Palmas experiences a hot desert climate,[note 1] offset by the local cooler Canary Current, with warm temperatures throughout the year. It has an average annual temperature of 21.2 °C (70.2 °F).[11] According to a study carried out by Thomas Whitmore, director of research on climatology at Syracuse University in the U.S., Las Palmas enjoys "the best climate in the world".[12]

The city was founded in 1478, and considered the de facto (without legal and real recognition)[13] capital of the Canary Islands until the seventeenth century.[13] It is the home of the Canarian Ministry of Presidency (shared in a four-year term with Santa Cruz de Tenerife), as well as half of the ministries and boards of the Canarian government, and the High Court of Justice of the Canary Islands.