Law for Protection of the Nation

The Law for Protection of the Nation (Bulgarian: Закон за защита на нацията — ЗЗН) was a Bulgarian law, effective from 23 January 1941 to 27 November 1944, which directed measures against Jews and others whose legal definition it established.[1] The law was an anti-Jewish racial law passed by the parliament of the Kingdom of Bulgaria in December 1941 along the example of the Nuremberg Laws in Nazi Germany. Under it, Jews were to be refused Bulgarian citizenship, in addition to:

  • changes in the names of Jews.
  • exclusion from public service and politics
  • restrictions on their place of residence.
  • prohibitions on economic and professional activity.
  • confiscation of property.
Decree of His Majesty Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria for approval of the law for protection of the nation.

After April 1941, the Law's provisions was applied beyond Bulgaria's pre-war borders to territories occupied by the Bulgarian army and claimed and administered by Bulgaria. This culminated in the deaths of most Jews living in these areas in the Holocaust.[2]