Lazarus of Bethany

Lazarus of Bethany, also known as Saint Lazarus, or Lazarus of the Four Days, venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church as Righteous Lazarus, the Four-Days Dead,[4] is the subject of a prominent sign of Jesus in the Gospel of John, in which Jesus restores him to life four days after his death. The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic traditions offer varying accounts of the later events of his life.


Lazarus of Bethany
Christ's raising of Lazarus, Athens, 12–13th century
Four-days dead, friend of Christ
Venerated inEastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
Anglican Communion
Lutheran Church
Islam
Feast
AttributesSometimes vested as an apostle, sometimes as a bishop. In the scene of his resurrection, he is portrayed tightly bound in mummified clothes, which resemble swaddling bands.

In the context of the seven signs in the Gospel of John, the raising of Lazarus at Bethany – today the West Bank town of Al-Eizariya, which translates to "the place of Lazarus" – is the climactic narrative: exemplifying the power of Jesus "over the last and most irresistible enemy of humanity: death. For this reason, it is given a prominent place in the gospel."[5]

A figure named Lazarus (Latinised ultimately from the Aramaic: אלעזר, Elʿāzār, cf. Heb. Eleazar—"God helped") is also mentioned in the Gospel of Luke. The two biblical characters named "Lazarus" have sometimes been conflated historically, but are generally understood to be two separate people.

The name Lazarus is frequently used in science and popular culture in reference to apparent restoration to life; for example, the scientific term Lazarus taxon denotes organisms that reappear in the fossil record after a period of apparent extinction. There are also numerous literary uses of the term.