Left-wing market anarchism

Left-wing market anarchism[1][2] is a strand of free-market anarchism and an individualist anarchist,[3] left-libertarian[2][4] and libertarian socialist[5] political philosophy and market socialist[6] economic theory stressing the value of radically free markets, termed freed markets to distinguish them from the common conception which these libertarians believe to be riddled with statist and capitalist privileges.[7] Proponents of this approach distinguish themselves from right-libertarians and strongly affirm the classical liberal ideas of self-ownership and free markets while maintaining that taken to their logical conclusions these ideas support anti-capitalist, anti-corporatist, anti-hierarchical and pro-labor positions in economics; anti-imperialism in foreign policy; and thoroughly radical views regarding socio-cultural issues.[8][9][10][11] Key theorists in this area include contemporary scholars such as Kevin Carson,[12][13] Gary Chartier,[14] Charles W. Johnson,[15] Roderick T. Long,[16][17] Chris Matthew Sciabarra,[18] Ryan Neugebauer, [19] Sheldon Richman[4][20][21] and Brad Spangler.[22]

The genealogy of left-wing market anarchism, sometimes labeled market-oriented or free-market left-libertarianism,[2][4] overlaps to a significant degree with that of Steiner–Vallentyne left-libertarianism as the roots of that tradition are sketched in the book The Origins of Left-Libertarianism.[23][24] Carson–Long-style left-libertarianism is rooted in 19th-century mutualism and in the work of figures such as Thomas Hodgskin, French Liberal School thinkers such as Gustave de Molinari and American individualist anarchists such as Benjamin Tucker and Lysander Spooner, among others.[4][24] Several left-wing market anarchists who come from the left-Rothbardian school or tradition cite Murray Rothbard's homestead principle with approval to support worker cooperatives.[25][26] While with notable exceptions libertarians in the United States after the heyday of individualist anarchism tended to ally with the political right, relationships between such libertarians and the New Left thrived in the 1960s, laying the groundwork for modern left-wing market anarchism.[25]

Left-wing market anarchism identifies with left-libertarianism,[27] a position which names several related yet distinct approaches to politics, society, culture and political and social theory, stressing both individual freedom and social justice. Unlike right-libertarians, left-libertarians believe that neither claiming nor mixing one's labor with natural resources is enough to generate full private property rights and maintain that all natural resources such as land, oil and gold ought to be held in some egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively.[28][29][30][31] Those left-libertarians who support private property do so under different property norms[32][33][34][35] and theories,[36][37][38] or under the condition that recompense is offered to the local or global community.[31]