Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Located in Taipei, the Legislative Yuan is composed of 113 legislators, which are directly elected by people of the Free Area through a parallel voting system for 4-year terms. Like parliaments or congresses of other countries, the Legislative Yuan is responsible for the passage of legislation, which is then sent to the President for signing. For these similarities, it is also common for people to refer to the Legislative Yuan as "the parliament" (國會; Guóhuì; Kok-hōe).

Legislative Yuan

立法院
10th Legislative Yuan
Type
Type
Unicameral
Lower house of the Parliament of China (1947-2005)
History
Founded5 December 1928
(pre-constitutionalization)
18 May 1948
(by 1947 Constitution)[1][2]
24 February 1950
(in Taipei)
7 June 2005
(unicameral parliament)
Disbanded1 October 1949 (in Mainland China)
7 December 1949 (government moved to Taipei)
Leadership
You Si-kun (DPP)
since 1 February 2020
Tsai Chi-chang (DPP)
since 1 February 2016
Majority Leader
Ker Chien-ming (DPP)
since 1 February 2016
Opposition Leaders
Alex Fai (KMT)
since 1 February 2020
Lai Hsiang-lin (TPP)
since 1 February 2020
Chiu Hsien-chih (NPP)
since 1 February 2020
Secretary General
Lin Chih-chia (TSU)
since 1 February 2016
Structure
Seats113 members (List)
Political groups
Government (63)
  •   DPP Caucus (63)

Supported by (2)

Opposition (48)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Parallel voting:
  • 73 seats by FPTP
  • 34 seats by party-list PR using largest remainder method with Hare quota
  • 6 seats by SNTV
Last election
11 January 2020
Next election
On or before 2024
Meeting place
The Legislative Yuan Building,
No. 1, Zhongshan South Road
Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Republic of China
Website
www.ly.gov.tw (in English)
Constitution
Additional Articles and the original Constitution of the Republic of China
Legislative Yuan
Chinese立法院
Literal meaningLaw-establishing court

Under the current amended Constitution and in accordance with the separation of powers, the Legislative Yuan, as the only parliamentary body, also holds the power to initiate several constitutional processes, including initiating constitutional amendments (then determined by a national referendum), recalls of the President (then determined by a recall vote), and impeachments of the President (then judged by the Constitutional Court).