Legislative circonscriptions (Luxembourg)

A legislative circonscription (Luxembourgish: Walbezierk; French: circonscription électorale) is a multi-member electoral constituency that elects representatives ('deputies') to Luxembourg's unicameral national legislature, the Chamber of Deputies.

The four legislative circonscriptions of Luxembourg with number of seats.

Electoral law in Luxembourg is dictated by Articles 51, 52, and 53 of the Constitution.[1] The number of deputies is set at sixty,[2] and boundaries of the circonscriptions are based on administrative cantonal boundaries.[3] As a result, the circonscriptions have greatly differing populations, so each elects a different number of deputies, dependent upon the share of the national population.[4]

Suffrage is universal and compulsory amongst adult resident citizens not otherwise disqualified.[5] Luxembourg's electoral system is a form of the Hagenbach-Bischoff system (a variant of the D'Hondt method), which allocates seats to party lists by proportion of the votes won in each circonscription. Under Luxembourg's system, each citizen may vote for as many candidates as there are deputies elected from that constituency. As a result, the national popular vote has no significance, as it reflects only the number of votes cast, and not the number of voters or the number of deputies elected.

There are four legislative circonscriptions in Luxembourg: