Leonid Kravchuk

Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk (Ukrainian: Леонід Макарович Кравчук; 10 January 1934 – 10 May 2022) was a Ukrainian politician and the first President of Ukraine, who served from 5 December 1991 until 19 July 1994. In 1992 he signed the Lisbon Protocol, undertaking to give up Ukraine's nuclear arsenal. He was also the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and a People's Deputy of Ukraine serving in the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) faction.

Leonid Kravchuk
Леонід Кравчук
Kravchuk in 1991
1st President of Ukraine
In office
5 December 1991  19 July 1994
Acting: 24 August 1991 – 5 December 1991
Prime Minister
Preceded byHimself (as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet)
Succeeded byLeonid Kuchma
1st Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
In office
24 August 1991  5 December 1991
Preceded byHimself (as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet)
Succeeded byIvan Plyushch
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR
In office
23 July 1990  24 August 1991
Preceded byVladimir Ivashko
Succeeded byHimself (as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and President of Ukraine)
Member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of Ukraine
In office
4 June 1988  5 December 1990
People's Deputy of Ukraine
In office
15 May 1990  5 December 1991
In office
25 September 1994  25 May 2006
Faction and Constituency represented in the Verkhovna Rada
1990–1991Communist Party (until August 1991)
Vinnytsia Oblast District No.39[1]
1994–1998Independent
Ternopil Oblast District No.364[2]
1998–2002Social Democratic Party (united), No. 1
Nationwide Party-list[3]
2002–2006Social Democratic Party (united), No. 5
Nationwide Party-list[4]
Personal details
Born(1934-01-10)10 January 1934
Żytyń, Poland
(now Velykyi Zhytyn, Ukraine)
Died10 May 2022(2022-05-10) (aged 88)
Munich, Germany
Resting placeBaikove Cemetery, Kyiv
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (1958–1991)
Independent (1991–1994)
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) (1994–2009)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1957)
Children1
Residence(s)Koncha-Zaspa, Kyiv, Ukraine
Alma materKyiv State University (1958)
Academy of Social Sciences of CPSU (1970)
OccupationPolitician
Signature

After a political crisis involving the president and the prime minister, Kravchuk resigned from the presidency, but ran for a second term as president in 1994. He was defeated by his former prime minister, Leonid Kuchma, who then served as president for two terms. After his presidency, Kravchuk remained active in Ukrainian politics, serving as a People's Deputy of Ukraine in the Verkhovna Rada and the leader of the parliamentary group of Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) from 2002 to 2006. Kravchuk's presidency is considered to be one of the best in Ukrainian history by social poll rankings.[5]


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