Liam Cosgrave

Liam Cosgrave (13 April 1920 – 4 October 2017)[4][5][6] was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1973 to 1977, Leader of Fine Gael from 1965 to 1977, Leader of the Opposition from 1965 to 1973, Minister for External Affairs from 1954 to 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce and Government Chief Whip from 1948 to 1951. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1943 to 1981.[7]

Liam Cosgrave
Cosgrave in 1976
6th Taoiseach
In office
14 March 1973  5 July 1977
PresidentÉamon de Valera
Erskine H. Childers
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Patrick Hillery
TánaisteBrendan Corish
Preceded byJack Lynch
Succeeded byJack Lynch
Leader of the Opposition
In office
21 April 1965  14 March 1973
Taoiseach
Preceded byJames Dillon
Succeeded byJack Lynch
Leader of Fine Gael
In office
21 April 1965  1 July 1977
DeputyTom O'Higgins
Preceded byJames Dillon
Succeeded byGarret FitzGerald
Minister for External Affairs
In office
2 June 1954  20 March 1957
TaoiseachJohn A. Costello
Preceded byFrank Aiken
Succeeded byFrank Aiken
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce
In office
18 February 1948  13 June 1951
TaoiseachJohn A. Costello
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Government Chief Whip
In office
18 February 1948  13 June 1951
TaoiseachJohn A. Costello
Preceded byÉamonn Kissane
Succeeded byDonnchadh Ó Briain
Teachta Dála
In office
June 1977  June 1981
ConstituencyDún Laoghaire
In office
February 1948  June 1977
ConstituencyDún Laoghaire and Rathdown
In office
June 1943  February 1948
ConstituencyDublin County
Personal details
Born(1920-04-13)13 April 1920
Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland
Died4 October 2017(2017-10-04) (aged 97)
Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland[1][2]
Resting placeGoldenbridge Cemetery,
Inchicore, Dublin, Ireland[3]
NationalityIrish
Political partyFine Gael
Spouse(s)
(m. 1952; death 2016)
Children3, including Liam
Parents
Education
Alma materKing's Inns

Born in Castleknock, Dublin, Cosgrave was the son of W. T. Cosgrave, the first President of the Executive Council in the newly formed Irish Free State. After qualifying as a barrister he began a political career. He was elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1943 general election and sat in opposition alongside his father. In the first inter-party government in 1948, Cosgrave was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary to the Taoiseach John A. Costello. He became a cabinet member in 1954 when he was appointed Minister for External Affairs. The highlight of his three-year tenure was Ireland's successful entry into the United Nations. In 1965, Cosgrave was the unanimous choice of his colleagues to succeed James Dillon as leader of Fine Gael. He lost the 1969 general election to the incumbent Taoiseach Jack Lynch, but won the 1973 general election and became Taoiseach in a Fine Gael-Labour Party government.