Politics of Thailand
Until 22 May 2014, the politics of Thailand were conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the prime minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches.
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Politics of Thailand
|Polity type||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Constitution||Constitution of Thailand|
|Presiding officer||Pornpetch Wichitcholchai, President of the Senate|
|Appointer||Recuitment and ex officio|
|Name||House of Representatives|
|Presiding officer||Chuan Leekpai, Speaker|
|Appointer||First-past-the-post system and Party-list proportional representation|
|Head of State|
|Head of Government|
|Name||Council of Ministers of Thailand|
|Current cabinet||Second Prayut cabinet|
|Chief judge||Methinee Chalothorn|
|Supreme Administrative Court|
|Chief judge||Piya Patangtha|
|Chief judge||Worawit Kangsasitiam|
Following the coup d'état of 22 May 2014 revoking the 2007 constitution, a military organization called National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) had taken over administration. The chief of NCPO abolished the national assembly and assumed the responsibilities of the legislative branch. Under the martial law enforced throughout the kingdom, military courts have been tasked to be responsible for some cases that are normally under the civilian courts. However, the court system, including the Constitutional Court, still remains in existence, even without the constitution. The NCPO was formally dissolved following the swearing-in of the new cabinet on 16 July 2019.
Thai kingdoms and the late Kingdom of Siam were under absolute rule of kings. After the "democratic revolution" in 1932, led by Westernized bureaucrats and a tradition-oriented military, the country officially became a constitutional monarchy with a prime minister as the government head. The first written constitution was issued. Politics became the arena of fighting factions between old and new elites, bureaucrats, and generals. Coups happened from time to time, often bringing the country under the rule of yet another junta. To date Thailand has had 20 charters and constitutions, reflecting a high degree of political instability. After successful coups, military regimes have abrogated existing constitutions and promulgated interim charters. Negotiations between politicians, bureaucrats, influence peddlers, Corporate Leaders and Army Officers have become a driving force in the restoration of temporary political stability.