Shown within Staffordshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Created||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district|
|• Leader||Mike Wilcox|
|• MPs:||Michael Fabricant C|
|• Total||127.9 sq mi (331.3 km2)|
|• Total||104,756 (Ranked 230th)|
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
The dignity and privileges of the City of Lichfield are vested in the parish council of the 14 km² Lichfield civil parish. The non-metropolitan district of Lichfield covers nearly 25 times this area and its local authority is Lichfield District Council.
Oral tradition holds that a thousand Christians were martyred in Lichfield around AD 300, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, and that 'Lichfield' thus meant the 'dead's field' (see lich). No corroboratory physical or near-contemporary evidence has been found for this. At Wall, 3 miles (5 km) to the south of the city stood a Romano-British village called Letocetum with a high probability formed from the British (Celtic) for "grey wood", this then evolved into "Lich". The second part is common, the Great Vowel Shift had its effect on the Old English "feld", meaning field(s) i.e. open country. In that sense 'Lichfield' would be a grey wood's clearing, perhaps referring to varieties of tree prominent in the landscape, such as ash and elm.
Elections to the borough council are held every four years, with all of the 56 seats on the council being elected. After being under Labour from the 1995 election, the Conservative party gained a majority at the 1999 election and have retained control ever since.
Following the 2011 United Kingdom local elections and subsequent by-elections, the political composition of Lichfield council is as follows:
According to 2008 estimates, the population of Lichfield district is 97,900. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, Lichfield district's population was 93,232. The figures below are also from the 2001 UK Census.
The ethnicity of the Lichfield District was residents were 96.5% White British, followed by an increase of residents who were 1.6% South Asian and the rest of the population were residents from 1.4% Other.
Settlements within the district
- Alrewas, Armitage
- Blithbury, Burntwood
- Chase Terrace, Chasetown, Chorley, Clifton Campville, Colton, Comberford, Croxall, Curborough
- Drayton Bassett
- Edingale, Elford, Elmhurst
- Farewell, Fazeley, Fisherwick, Fradley
- Hademore, Hammerwich, Hamstall Ridware, Handsacre, Harlaston, Haunton, Hill Ridware, Hilliards Cross, Hints, Hopwas
- Kings Bromley
- Lichfield, Little Aston, Little Hay, Longdon
- Mavesyn Ridware, Mile Oak
- Pipe Ridware
- Shenstone, Stockwell Heath, Stonnall, Streethay, Swinfen
- Thorpe Constantine
- Upper Longdon
- Wall, Weeford, Whittington, Wigginton
Places of interest
Adventure and excitement
Drayton Manor Theme Park - A 280-acre theme park and zoo with 35 rides in total, including 5 roller coasters and 4 water rides.
- Curborough Sprint Course - A premier motorsport venue for speed sprinting against the clock.
Arts and entertainment
Lichfield Garrick Theatre - A modern theatre seating 480 people, named after David Garrick who was brought up in Lichfield.
History and heritage
Lichfield Cathedral - The only medieval cathedral in Europe with three spires. The present building was started in 1195, and completed by the building of the Lady Chapel in the 1330s. It replaced a Norman building begun in 1085 which had replaced one, or possibly two, Saxon buildings from the seventh century.
- Cathedral Close - Surrounding the Cathedral with its many fine buildings is one of the most unspoilt in the country.
Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum - A museum to Samuel Johnson's life, work and personality. Erasmus Darwin House - Home to Erasmus Darwin, the house was restored to create a museum which opened to the public in 1999. Lichfield Heritage Centre - in St Mary's Church in the market square, an exhibition of 2,000 years of Lichfield's history. Bishop's Palace - Built in 1687, the palace was the residence of the Bishop of Lichfield until 1954, it is now used by the Cathedral School.
- Milley's Hospital - Located on Beacon Street, it dates back to 1504 and was a women's hospital.
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs - A distinctive Tudor building with a row of eight brick chimneys. This was built outside the city walls (barrs) to provide accommodation for travellers arriving after the city gates were closed. It now provides home for elderly people and has an adjacent Chapel. Church of St Chad - A 12th-century church though extensively restored, on its site is a Holy Well by which St Chad is said to have prayed and used the waters healing properties. St Michael on Greenhill - Overlooking the city the ancient churchyard is unique as one of the largest in the country at 9 acres (4 ha). Christ Church - An outstanding example of Victorian ecclesiastical architecture and a grade II* listed building.
- The Franciscan Friary - The ruins of the former Friary in Lichfield, now classed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
- Lichfield Clock Tower - A Grade II listed 19th century clock tower, located south of Festival Gardens.
Letocetum - The remains of a Roman Staging Post and Bath House, in the village of Wall, 1-mile (1.6 km) south of the city. Staffordshire Regiment Museum - 2.5 miles (4 km) east of the city in Whittington, the museum covers the regiment's history, activities and members, and include photographs, uniforms, weapons, medals, artifacts, memorabilia and regimental regalia. Outdoors is a replica trench from World War I, and several armoured fighting vehicles.
- The Market Square - In the centre of the city of Lichfield, the square contains two statues, one of Samuel Johnson overlooking the house in which he was born, and one of his great friend and biographer, James Boswell.
Parks and the great outdoors
- Beacon Park - An 81-acre (33 ha) public park in the centre of the city, used for many sporting and recreational activities.
- Minster Pool & Stowe Pool - The two lakes occupying 16 acres in the heart of Lichfield, Stowe Pool is designated a SSSI site as it is home to native White-Clawed Crayfish.
- National Memorial Arboretum - 4 miles (6 km) north east of the city in Alrewas, the arboretum is a national site of remembrance and contains many memorials to the armed services.
- Chasewater Country Park - A country park including a 3-square-kilometre reservoir which hosts a variety of activities including water skiing, sailing, angling and bird watching. The Chasewater habitat also supports several rare plant and animal species.
- Chasewater Railway - A 2 mile long, former colliery railway running round the shores of Chasewater.
- Garden of Remembrance - Located next to Lichfield Cathedral and Minster Pool, the garden was opened in 1920 to commemorate soldiers lost in the First World War.
- Gentleshaw Common - A Site of Special Scientific Interest that contains rare species of heathland plants.
- Fradley Junction - A canal junction between Fradley and Alrewas popular with gongoozlers and other visitors. Fradley Pool Nature Reserve is adjacent to the junction.
- Prince's Park - Located in Burntwood, it is featured in the Guinness Book of Records for being the smallest park in the United Kingdom.
Shopping and retail
- Three Spires Shopping Centre - The principle shopping area in the heart of Lichfield with over 40 top name stores and 750 parking spaces.
- Heart of the Country Shopping Village - Individual shops and distinctive restaurants, a welcome alternative to high street shopping.
Plans have been approved for Friarsgate, a new £100 million shopping and leisure complex opposite Lichfield City Station. The police station, bus station, Ford garage and multi-storey car park will be demolished to make way for new retail space and leisure facilities consisting of a flagship department store, six-screen cinema, hotel, 37 individual shops, 56 apartments and over 700 car parking spaces.
Staffordshire Hoard Discovery
Discovered in a field near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield City, in Staffordshire, on 5 July 2009, the Staffordshire Hoard is the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork ever found. It consists of nearly 4,000 items that are nearly all martial in character. The artefacts have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia.
- "Lichfield". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Explaining the origin of the 'field of the dead' legend". British History Online. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
- "Lichfield". Key to English Place Names. Institute for Name Studies, University of Nottingham. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- [From: 'Lichfield: The place and street names, population and boundaries ', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14: Lichfield (1990), pp. 37-42. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42340 Date accessed: 20 July 2009.]
- "Lichfield District Area Statistics". 2001 UK Census.
- "The Find". Staffordshire Hoard. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.