Linlithgow (/lɪnˈlɪθɡ/ lin-LITH-goh; Scots: Lithgae; Scottish Gaelic: Gleann Iucha) is a town in West Lothian, Scotland. It was historically West Lothian's county town, reflected in the county's historical name of Linlithgowshire. An ancient town, it lies in the Central Belt on an historic route between Edinburgh and Falkirk beside Linlithgow Loch. The town is situated approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Edinburgh.

Linlithgow Town Centre, showing the Burgh Halls (background) and the Cross Well (foreground), August 2018
Linlithgow is located in West Lothian
Location within West Lothian
Population12,840 (mid-2020 est.)[3]
OS grid referenceNS996774
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtEH49
Dialling code01506
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
55.97905°N 3.61054°W / 55.97905; -3.61054

During the medieval period, the town grew in prominence as a royal burgh and residence around Linlithgow Palace. In later centuries, Linlithgow became a centre of industry in leather making and other materials, before developing rapidly in the Victorian era with the opening of the Union Canal in the 1820s and the arrival of the railway in 1842. Linlithgow was the former county town of the county but the Council now resides in nearby Livingston. Today Linlithgow has less industry and the economy of the town centre is focused on hospitality, heritage and tourism services. Linlithgow's patron saint is Saint Michael and its motto is St. Michael is kind to strangers. A statue of the saint holding the burgh coat of arms stands on the High Street. In 2019, the population of the Linlithgow ward (which includes the town and greater area) was 16,499.[4]

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