List of captains regent of San Marino


The captains regent (Italian: Capitani reggenti) of San Marino are elected every six months by the Grand and General Councilthe country's parliament. The duo serve as heads of state and government. Normally the regents are chosen from opposing parties. They serve a six-month term. The investiture of the captains regent takes place on 1 April and 1 October every year, beginning in 1243.

Former Captains Regent Mirko Tomassoni, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Mancini, and Alberto Selva. (from left to right)

The practice of dual heads of government (diarchy) is traditionally claimed to derive from the customs of the Roman Republic, equivalent to the consuls of ancient Rome.[citation needed]

1243–1500


1500–1700


1700–1900


Since 1900


Since 1900
Year Semester[lower-alpha 1] Captain Regent One Captain Regent Two
1900AprilDomenico FattoriAntonio Righi
OctoberGiovanni BonelliPietro Ugolini
1901AprilLuigi TonniniMarino Nicolini
OctoberAntonio BellucciPasquale Busignani
1902AprilOnofrio FattoriEgidio Ceccoli
OctoberGemino GoziGiacomo Marcucci
1903AprilFederico GoziNullo Balducci
OctoberMarino BorbiconiFrancesco Marcucci
1904AprilMenetto BonelliVincenzo Mularoni
OctoberLuigi TonniniGustavo Babboni
1905AprilAntonio BellucciPasquale Busignani
OctoberOnofrio FattoriPiermatteo Carattoni
1906AprilGiovanni BelluzziPietro Francini
OctoberAlfredo ReffiGiovanni Arzilli
1907AprilCiro BelluzziFrancesco Pasquali
OctoberGiuseppe AngeliFrancesco Valli
1908AprilMenetto BonelliGustavo Babboni
OctoberOlinto AmatiRaffaele Michetti
1909AprilLuigi TonniniDomenico Suzzi Valli
OctoberMarino BorbiconiGiacomo Marcucci
1910AprilAlfredo ReffiGiovanni Arzilli
OctoberGiovanni BelluzziLuigi Lonfernini
1911AprilMoro MorriCesare Stacchini
OctoberOnofrio FattoriAngelo Manzoni Borghesi
1912AprilGustavo BabboniFrancesco Pasquali
OctoberMenetto BonelliVincenzo Marcucci
1913AprilGiuseppe AngeliIgnazio Grazia
OctoberCirro BelluzziDomenico Suzzi Valli
1914AprilDomenico FattoriFerruccio Martelli
OctoberOlinto AmatiCesare Stacchini
1915AprilMoro MorriAntonio Burgagni
OctoberAlfredo ReffiLuigi Lonfernini
1916AprilOnofrio FattoriCiro Francini
OctoberGustavo BabboniGiovanni Arzilli
1917AprilEgisto MorriVincenzo Marcucci
OctoberAngelo Manzoni BorghesiGiuseppe Balducci
1918AprilFerruccio MartelliErmenegildo Mularoni
OctoberProtogene BelloniFrancesco Morri
1919AprilDomenico ViciniPietro Suzzi Valli
OctoberMoro MorriFrancesco Pasquali
1920AprilMarino RossiCiro Francini
Dec. 5Carlo BalsimelliSimone Michelotti
1921AprilMarino Della BaldaVincenzo Francini
OctoberEgisto MorriGiuseppe Lanci
1922AprilEugenio ReffiGiovanni Arzilli
OctoberOnofrio FattoriGiuseppe Balducci
1923AprilGiuliano GoziFilippo Mularoni
OctoberMarino BorbiconiMario Michetti
1924AprilAngelo Manzoni BorghesiFrancesco Mularoni
OctoberFrancesco MorriGirolamo Gozi
1925AprilMarino FattoriAugusto Mularoni
OctoberValerio PasqualiMarco Marcucci
1926AprilManlio GoziGiuseppe Mularoni
OctoberGiuliano GoziRuggero Morri
1927AprilGino GoziMarino Morri
OctoberMarino RossiNelson Burgagni
1928AprilDomenico Suzzi ValliFrancesco Pasquali
OctoberFrancesco MorriMelchiorre Filippi
1929AprilGirolamo GoziFilippo Mularoni
OctoberEzio BalducciAldo Busignani
1930AprilManlio GoziMarino Lonfernini (died September 10)
Turiddu Foschi (since September 16)
OctoberValerio PasqualiGino Ceccoli
1931AprilAngelo Manzoni BorghesiFrancesco Mularoni
OctoberDomenico Suzzi ValliMarino Morri
1932AprilGiuliano GoziPompeo Righi
OctoberGino GoziRuggero Morri
1933AprilFrancesco MorriSettimio Belluzzi
OctoberCarlo BalsimelliMelchiorre Filippi
1934AprilMarino RossiGiovanni Lonfernini
OctoberAngelo Manzoni BorghesiMarino Michelotti
1935AprilFederico GoziSalvatore Foschi
OctoberPompeo RighiMarino Morri
1936AprilGino GoziRuggero Morri
OctoberFrancesco MorriGino Ceccoli
1937AprilGiuliano GoziSettimio Belluzzi
OctoberMarino RossiGiovanni Lonfernini
1938AprilManlio GoziLuigi Mularoni
OctoberCarlo BalsimelliCelio Gozi
1939AprilPompeo RighiMarino Morri
OctoberMarino MichelottiOrlando Reffi
1940AprilAngelo Manzoni BorghesiFilippo Mularoni
OctoberFederico GoziSalvatore Foschi
1941AprilGino GoziSecondo Menicucci
OctoberGiuliano GoziGiovanni Lonfernini
1942AprilSettimio BelluzziCelio Gozi
OctoberCarlo BalsimelliRenato Martelli
1943AprilMarino MichelottiBartolomeo Manzoni Borghesi
OctoberMarino Della BaldaSante Lonfernini
1944AprilFrancesco BalsimelliSanzio Valentini
OctoberTeodoro LonferniniLeonida Suzzi Valli
1945AprilAlvaro CasaliVittorio Valentini
OctoberFerruccio MartelliSecondo Fiorini
1946AprilGiuseppe ForcelliniVincenzo Pedini
OctoberFilippo MartelliLuigi Montironi
1947AprilMarino Della BaldaLuigi Zafferani
OctoberDomenico ForcelliniMariano Ceccoli
1948AprilArnaldo ParaGiuseppe Renzi
OctoberGiordano GiacominiDomenico Tomassoni
1949AprilFerruccio MartelliPrimo Bugli
OctoberVincenzo PediniAgostino Biordi
1950AprilGiuseppe ForcelliniPrimo Taddei
OctoberMarino Della BaldaLuigi Montironi
1951AprilAlvaro CasaliRomolo Giacomini
OctoberDomenico ForcelliniGiovanni Terenzi
1952AprilDomenico MorgantiMariano Ceccoli
OctoberArnaldo ParaEugenio Bernardini
1953AprilVincenzo PediniAlberto Reffi
OctoberGiordano GiacominiGiuseppe Renzi
1954AprilGiuseppe ForcelliniSecondo Fiorini
OctoberAgostino GiacominiLuigi Montironi
1955AprilDomenico ForcelliniVittorio Meloni
OctoberPrimo BugliGiuseppe Maiani
1956AprilMario NanniEnrico Andreoli
OctoberMariano CeccoliEugenio Bernardini
1957AprilGiordano GiacominiPrimo Marani
Oct. 10Provisional Government: Federico Bigi, Alvaro Casali, Pietro Giancecchi, Zaccaria Giovanni Savoretti
Oct. 27Marino Valdes FranciosiFederico Micheloni
1958AprilZaccaria Giovanni SavorettiStelio Montironi
OctoberDomenico ForcelliniPietro Reffi
1959AprilMarino Benedetto BelluzziAgostino Biordi
OctoberGiuseppe ForcelliniFerruccio Piva
1960AprilAlvaro CasaliGino Vannucci
OctoberEugenio ReffiPietro Giancecchi
1961AprilFederico MicheloniGiancarlo Ghironzi
OctoberGiovanni Vito MarcucciPio Galassi
1962AprilDomenico ForcelliniFrancesco Valli
OctoberAntonio Maria MorgantiAgostino Biordi
1963AprilLeonida Suzzi ValliStelio Montironi
OctoberGiovan Luigi FranciosiDomenico Bollini
1964AprilMarino Benedetto BelluzziEusebio Reffi
OctoberGiuseppe MicheloniPier Marino Mularoni
1965AprilFerruccio PivaFederico Carattoni
OctoberAlvaro CasaliPietro Reffi
1966AprilFrancesco ValliEmilio Della Balda
OctoberGiovanni Vito MarcucciFrancesco Maria Francini
1967AprilVittorio RossiniAlberto Lonfernini
OctoberDomenico ForcelliniRomano Michelotti
1968AprilMarino Benedetto BelluzziDante Rossi
OctoberPietro GiancecchiAldo Zavoli
1969AprilFerruccio PivaStelio Montironi
OctoberAlvaro CasaliGiancarlo Ghironzi
1970AprilFrancesco ValliEusebio Reffi
OctoberSimone RossiniGiuseppe Lonfernini
1971AprilLuigi LonferniniAttilio Montanari
OctoberFederico CarattoniMarino Vagnetti
1972AprilMarino Benedetto BelluzziGiuseppe Micheloni
OctoberRosolino MartelliBruno Casali
1973AprilFrancesco Maria FranciniPrimo Bugli
OctoberAntonio Lazzaro VolpinariGiovan Luigi Franciosi
1974AprilFerruccio PivaGiordano Bruno Reffi
OctoberFrancesco ValliEnrico Andreoli
1975AprilAlberto CecchettiMichele Righi
OctoberGiovanni Vito MarcucciGiuseppe Della Balda
1976AprilClelio GalassiMarino Venturini
OctoberPrimo BugliVirgilio Cardelli
1977AprilAlberto LonferniniAntonio Lazzaro Volpinari
OctoberGiordano Bruno ReffiTito Masi
1978AprilFrancesco ValliEnrico Andreoli
OctoberErmenegildo GasperoniAdriano Reffi
1979AprilMarino BolliniLino Celli
OctoberGiuseppe AmiciGermano De Biagi
1980AprilPietro ChiaruzziPrimo Marani
OctoberGiancarlo BerardiRossano Zafferani
1981AprilGastone PasoliniMaria Lea Pedini-Angelini
OctoberMario RossiUbaldo Biordi
1982AprilGiuseppe MaianiMarino Venturini
OctoberLibero BarulliMaurizio Gobbi
1983AprilAdriano ReffiMassimo Roberto Rossini
OctoberRenzo RenziGermano De Biagi
1984AprilGloriana RanocchiniGiorgio Crescentini
OctoberMarino BolliniGiuseppe Amici
1985AprilEnzo ColombiniSeveriano Tura
OctoberPier Paolo GasperoniUbaldo Biordi
1986AprilMarino VenturiniAriosto Maiani
OctoberGiuseppe ArzilliMaurizio Tomassoni
1987AprilRenzo RenziCarlo Franciosi
OctoberRossano ZafferaniGianfranco Terenzi
1988AprilUmberto BarulliRosolino Martelli
OctoberLuciano CardelliReves Salvatori
1989AprilMauro FioriniMarino Vagnetti
OctoberGloriana RanocchiniLeo Achilli
1990AprilAdalmiro BartoliniOttaviano Rossi
OctoberCesare GasperoniRoberto Bucci
1991AprilDomenico BernardiniClaudio Podeschi
OctoberEdda CeccoliMarino Riccardi
1992AprilGermano De BiagiErnesto Benedettini
OctoberRomeo MorriMarino Zanotti
1993AprilPatrizia BusignaniSalvatore Tonelli
OctoberGian Luigi BertiParide Andreoli
1994AprilAlberto CecchettiFausto Mularoni
OctoberRenzo GhiottiLuciano Ciavatta
1995AprilMarino BolliniSettimio Lonfernini
OctoberPier Natalino MularoniMarino Venturini
1996AprilPier Paolo GasperoniPietro Bugli
OctoberMaurizio RattiniGian Carlo Venturini
1997AprilParide AndreoliPier Marino Mularoni
OctoberLuigi MazzaMarino Zanotti
1998AprilAlberto CecchettiLoris Francini
OctoberPietro BertiPaolo Bollini
1999AprilAntonello BacciocchiRosa Zafferani
OctoberMarino BolliniGiuseppe Arzilli
2000AprilMaria Domenica MichelottiGian Marco Marcucci
OctoberGianfranco TerenziEnzo Colombini
2001AprilLuigi LonferniniFabio Berardi
OctoberAlberto CecchettiGino Giovagnoli
2002AprilAntonio Lazzaro VolpinariGiovanni Francesco Ugolini
OctoberMauro ChiaruzziGiuseppe Maria Morganti
2003AprilPier Marino MenicucciGiovanni Giannoni
OctoberGiovanni LonferniniValeria Ciavatta
2004AprilPaolo BolliniMarino Riccardi
OctoberGiuseppe ArzilliRoberto Raschi
2005AprilFausta MorgantiCesare Gasperoni
OctoberClaudio MuccioliAntonello Bacciocchi
2006AprilGianfranco TerenziLoris Francini
OctoberAntonio CarattoniRoberto Giorgetti
2007AprilAlessandro ManciniAlessandro Rossi
OctoberMirko TomassoniAlberto Selva
2008AprilRosa ZafferaniFederico Pedini Amati
OctoberErnesto BenedettiniAssunta Meloni
2009AprilOscar MinaMassimo Cenci
OctoberStefano PalmieriFrancesco Mussoni
2010AprilMarco ContiGlauco Sansovini
OctoberGiovanni Francesco UgoliniAndrea Zafferani
2011AprilMaria Luisa BertiFilippo Tamagnini
OctoberGabriele GattiMatteo Fiorini
2012AprilItalo RighiMaurizio Rattini
OctoberTeodoro LonferniniDenise Bronzetti
2013AprilAntonella MularoniDenis Amici
OctoberGian Carlo CapicchioniAnna Maria Muccioli
2014AprilValeria CiavattaLuca Beccari
OctoberGianfranco TerenziGuerrino Zanotti
2015AprilAndrea BelluzziRoberto Venturini
OctoberLorella StefanelliNicola Renzi
2016AprilMassimo Andrea UgoliniGian Nicola Berti
OctoberMarino RiccardiFabio Berardi
2017AprilMimma ZavoliVanessa D'Ambrosio
OctoberEnrico CarattoniMatteo Fiorini
2018AprilStefano PalmieriMatteo Ciacci
OctoberMirko TomassoniLuca Santolini
2019AprilNicola SelvaMichele Muratori
OctoberLuca BoschiMariella Mularoni
2020AprilAlessandro ManciniGrazia Zafferani
OctoberAlessandro CardelliMirko Dolcini
2021AprilGian Carlo VenturiniMarco Nicolini
October

See also


Footnotes


  1. The six-month term of the captains regent starts on the first day of the month listed (1 April, 1 October), unless another date is indicated