List of English flags

This is a list of English flags, including symbolic national and sub-national flags, standards and banners used exclusively in England. The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England and maintains the only official register of flags. It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of The Crown.[1] A separate private body called the Flag Institute, financed by its own membership, also maintains a registry of United Kingdom flags that it styles 'the UK Flag Registry', though this has no official status under English law.[2]

List of UK flags
English flags
Northern Irish flags
Scottish flags
Welsh flags
Cornish flags
Cayman Islands flags
Falkland Islands flags
Gibraltarian flags
Turks and Caicos Islands flags
Royal Standards
Former British Empire

Certain classes of flag enjoy a special status within English planning law and can be flown without needing planning permission as advertisements. These include any country’s national flag, civil ensign or civil air ensign; the flag of the Commonwealth, the European Union, the United Nations or any other international organisation of which the United Kingdom is a member; a flag of any island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village within the United Kingdom; the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom; the flag of St David; the flag of St Patrick; the flag of any administrative area within any country outside the United Kingdom; any flag of Her Majesty’s Forces; and the Armed Forces Day flag.[3]

National Flag

1417 - PresentFlag of England
(also known as the St George's Cross)
A centred red cross on a white background, 3:5.[4]

Royal Banner

circa 1200Royal Banner of EnglandThree gold lions (or leopards) passant on a red field. The Royal Banner of England is based on the Royal arms of England. The banner is neither a national flag or a royal standard, and only represents the ruling monarch exclusively in England. The Banner of England is included within the current Royal Standard, along with heraldic devices from the other constituent parts of the United Kingdom.

Royal Standards

1837Royal Standard of the United Kingdom. It is the banner of Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Queen of the United Kingdom.Split into quarters, the first and fourth quarters contain three gold lions passant on a red field (representing England and Wales); the second quarter contains a red lion rampant on a gold field (representing Scotland); the third quarter contains a gold harp on a blue field (representing Ireland).
Before 1695Standard of the Duchy of Cornwall15 golden dots forming a triangle on a black field
Standard of the Duchy of LancasterThe Royal Banner of England, with a three-point label, each containing three fleurs-de-lis
1305Standard of the Lord Warden of the Cinque PortsA banner of the Lord's coat of arms, featuring three lions passant guardant conjoined to three hulls, all in gold


1829Flag of the Greater London Metropolitan PoliceThe Badge of the Metropolitan Police on a blue background, with white squares at the edge


1954Flag of the Anglican CommunionA dark blue background with the symbol of the Anglican Communion (a compass rose surmounted by a bishop's mitre; in the centre is a cross of St George). The Greek motto, Ἡ ἀλήθεια ἐλευθερώσει ὑμᾶς ("The truth will set you free") is a quotation from John 8:32.
Flag of Westminster AbbeyTudor arms between Tudor roses, above arms attributed to Edward the Confessor

Historic counties

Of the 39 historic counties, 38 have flags registered with the Flag Institute, with only Leicestershire outstanding, as of 3 November 2019. Some flags are traditional, meaning their designs have long been associated with the county (or in some cases, such as Kent and Sussex, an ancient kingdom), while other flags are based on the County Council arms or are winners of recent design competitions. The dates indicate the flag's date of first appearance, description, or in more recent examples, its registration with the Flag Institute.

12 April 1951
Flag of Bedfordshire reg coaTraditional county flag. The red and yellow colours come from the Beauchamps family coat of arms. The vertical black stripe with three shells, or escallops, comes from the arms of the Dukes of Bedford. The wavy lines represent the River Great Ouse. A slightly updated version was registered with the Flag Institute on 14 September 2014 after Bedfordshire County Council was disbanded and replaced by two unitary authorities.
2 March 2017
Flag of Berkshire regTraditional badge: a stag beneath Herne the Hunter's oak.
20 May 2011
Flag of BuckinghamshireregTraditional county flag. A field party per pale of black and red with a white swan.
1 February 2015Flag of CambridgeshireregThe three gold crowns represent East Anglia, with wavy light blue lines representing the river Cam in the colours of Cambridge University on a dark blue background.

3 May 1938 Flag of Cheshire Three golden sheaves of wheat and a golden blade on a blue background. The design has been associated with the Earldom of Chester since the 12th century, and has been used in the coat of arms of Chester since at least 1560.
1838Saint Piran's Flag, the Flag of Cornwallreg
A white cross on a black field, 3:5.[5]
19 September 1950Flag of CumberlandDesign based on the arms of the former Cumberland County Council.[6]
22 September 2006Flag of Derbyshirereg
A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre, 3:5.[7]
23 July 2006Flag of Devon, alias St Petroc's Crossreg
A white cross with a black border on a green field, 3:5.[8]
16 September 2008Flag of Dorset – The Dorset Cross, aka St Wite's Crossreg
A white cross with a red border on a gold field, 3:5.[9]
21 November 2013Flag of County DurhamA gold and blue horizontal bicolour with St Cuthbert's Cross countercharged upon it, 3:5.[10]
AncientFlag of Essexreg
A red field with three white, gold hilted seax (Saxon swords).[11]
March 2008Flag of Gloucestershire – The Severn Crossreg
A mid-blue cross, outlined in cream, against an apple green background – the winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium.[12]
12 March 2019Flag of HampshireregA gold Saxon crown above a Tudor rose over a field of red and gold representing the former Saxon kingdom of Wessex.
2 November 2019Flag of HerefordshireregOn a dark red background, a white bull's head above three wavy lines, ordered white-blue-white.[13]
19 November 2008Flag of Hertfordshirereg coaAgainst eight blue and white wavy lines, representing the county's rivers, a gold shield bearing a resting deer or hart.[14]
25 June 2009Flag of HuntingdonshireregOn a green background, a gold, ribboned hunting horn – a flag displayed on the crest of the district council (and former county council) arms
1605Flag of Kent reg
A red field with a white horse in the centre, 3:5.[15]
Modern form since 20 November 2008Flag of Lancashire reg
The Red Rose of Lancashire on a yellow field (originally a white field).[16][17]
Flag of LeicestershireNone
24 October 2005Flag of Lincolnshirereg
A red cross with yellow trimming on a blue and green field, and a yellow fleur de lys in the middle of the cross.[18]
1909Flag of Middlesex regA red field with three white, gold-hilted Saxon swords or seax under a gold Saxon crown.[19]
11 September 2014Flag of Norfolk regErmine bend from top left to bottom right on a gold and black field.[20]
11 September 2014Flag of NorthamptonshireregA gold cross with a black border on a maroon field with a rose in the centre.[21]
7th century (modern form 1951)Flag of Northumberland reg coaHistorical flag readopted in 1951 and used officially by the county council, and later released by the council and registered as the flag of the historic county. Eight yellow rectangles on a red field; note that the canton (top corner nearest the flagpole) should be gold.[22]
20 May 2011Flag of Nottinghamshire regThe inescutcheon represents Robin Hood.
2017 onFlag of OxfordshireThe arms of the pre-1974 County Council: blue with a red ox head on a double bend wavy, between a wheatsheaf and an oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[23]
17 November 2015Flag of Rutland reg coaA green field semée of acorns with a golden horseshoe in the centre
March 2012Flag of Shropshire regThe leopards' faces, fondly referred to as "loggerheads" locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and have historically evolved from the loggerheads on the Shrewsbury town arms. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag from that of its county town.
4 July 2013Flag of Somerset regA red dragon rampant on a gold field, from a longstanding local badge; the winning entry in a competition.
28 March 2016Flag of Staffordshire regA red chevron on a gold field, with a gold Stafford knot, the county's longstanding symbol. All elements are taken from the de Stafford coat of arms. Designed by the Staffordshire Heritage Group and chosen by the Flag Institute over the county council's own flag after a public vote.[24]
9 October 2017Flag of Suffolk regDerived from the arms attributed to Saint Edmund the Martyr.[25]
11 September 2014Flag of Surrey regChequey Or and azure; a traditional design derived from a personal coat of arms first recorded in the 11th century.[26]
20 May 2011Flag of Sussex regSix gold martlets on blue are the traditional emblem of Sussex.[27] This flag is for public use by the entire shire county of Sussex and its people.[28]
15 August 2016Flag of Warwickshire regThe traditional bear and ragged staff badge, shown white on red; the badge is from that of the Earls of Warwick.
30 September 2011Flag of Westmorland regA golden heraldic apple tree on white and red bars
5 June 2007Flag of Wiltshire regAlternating stripes of green and white represent the grassy downs of the county and their chalk underlay. The colours can represent hope, joy and safety (green) and peace (white). In the centre, the male great bustard is depicted in gold on a solid green circle to represent the open grassland. The circle is bordered in six sections alternating green and white, representing the stone circles of Stonehenge and Avebury in the county. The six portions also represent the six surrounding counties of Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Hampshire, Dorset and Somerset.
8 April 2013Flag of Worcestershire regBlack pears appear in the arms of the City of Worcester, and as such have long been considered a county badge, reportedly dating back to the Battle of Agincourt. The county flag was established by a competition in 2013.[29]
1965 or earlierFlag of Yorkshire regThe White Rose of York (the traditional county emblem) on a blue field.[30]

Ceremonial counties

The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England[31] and informally known as ceremonial counties,[32] are areas of England to which lords-lieutenant are appointed. Legally, the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as "counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies in Great Britain", in contrast to the areas used for local government. They are also informally known as "geographic counties",[33] to distinguish them from other types of counties of England.

1381Flag of the City of London
(Ceremonial county and city flag)
A red cross on a white field, with a red sword in the canton. The City of London (excluding Greater London) is England's smallest county and measures approximately 1 square mile (2.6 km2). The City of London is officially not one of Greater London's 32 borough's.
January 2009Flag of the Isle of Wight regA white lozenge with an upper indent or "pile" on a light blue background, over six wavy stripes of blue and white. The Isle of Wight became administered by its own county council in 1890, but was formally part of Hampshire up until the local government reforms of 1974 when it became a full ceremonial county with its own Lord Lieutenant.[34]


14 April 2010Flag of the Isle of PortlandregThe colours represent the landscape of the area: Portland stone, grass and the sea. The white tower represents the castles and the naval coronet shows the long connection with the Royal Navy.[35]
2019Flag of the Isle of Purbeckreg
An island in name only; not geographically an island.
Symbols include a curving wave, an ammonite and fish. The island's flag day is 26 November.[36]
February 2002Flag of the Isles of ScillyregThe Scillonian Cross – A white cross on an orange upper field and blue lower field with five white stars in the upper right quarter, 3:5.[37]

Local government areas

Heraldic bearings are granted to individuals and corporations by the Lord Lyon in Scotland or by the College of Arms in England, Northern Ireland and Wales on behalf of the sovereign as the fount of all honours. Local authority flags come within this category when based on the arms granted to that authority, and such a flag is the authority's personal property, representing that authority rather than its area.

Former Bedfordshire Council bannerRed and gold quarters split horizontally by blue and white waves and vertically with a black band containing three white shells.

The red and gold quarters are from the arms of the Beauchamps, the leading family in the county after the Norman Conquest. The waves signify the River Great Ouse, and the shells are from the arms of the Russell Family, commemorating their services to the state and to the county.

Commercially available Flag of BerkshireTwo blue lions passant (referencing Berkshire's Royal and Norman connections) and a Saxon Crown (referencing Berkshire's formative Saxon history) on a white background.
Flag of Cambridgeshire CouncilLocal authority flag. Gold with a red bordure based on the Scottish tressure. The blue wavy pallets represent the many rivers of the County, while the straight pallets are for the drains and dykes that run through the Fenlands.
Flag of the former Cheshire CouncilLocal authority flag. A trio of golden wheatsheaves on blue which have been associated with the Earldom of Chester since the late 12th century.
Flag of Cumbria CouncilOn the green border are Parnassus flowers (representing Cumberland) interspersed with white roses (Yorkshire) superimposed with red roses (Lancashire). The centre of the shield is made up of segments of blue, white, yellow and green divided by wavy vertical lines and zig-zag horizontal lines. This depicts the new County and from left to right the vertical lines of segments show: blue and white for the sea, blue and yellow (gold) for the lakes and agriculture, green and white for mountains and lakes and green and yellow (gold) for mountains and agriculture.
Commercially available Flag of Dorset CouncilThree red lions passant (referencing Dorset's Royal and Norman connections) and a fleur-de-lys on a white background. Banner of the Dorset Council Arms.
Flag of Durham County CouncilLocal authority flag. A yellow cross on a blue field with lions rampant in each quarter, the centre of the cross is broken with a white rose of York (to represent the area of Yorkshire in Teesdale administered by the council) and black diamonds on each arm. Flag modified from the arms of the Bishopric of Durham[38]
Flag of East Riding of Yorkshire CouncilLocal authority flag based on the coat of arms.
1975Flag of East Sussex CouncilThe banner of arms was granted to East Sussex County Council by the College of Arms in 1975.[39]
2000Flag of Greater LondonThe current flag was adopted in 2000 by the Greater London Authority. Other flags were previously used officially between 1965 and 1984 by the Greater London Council and the County of London between 1889 and 1965. Both were based on the coats of arms of those councils.[40]
Former Greater Manchester Council flagLocal authority flag. "Gules, ten Towers three two three two, all within a Bordure embattled Or".
Flag of Hampshire CouncilHampshire County Council local authority flag. This is a corporate flag, not the ceremonial county flag of Hampshire.
Flag of Herefordshire CouncilLocal authority flag. The red field represents the county's red earth. Across this runs a white and blue wave for the River Wye. In chief is a gold lion from the arms of the City of Hereford, and in base is a Herefordshire Bull's head.
November 2008Flag of HertfordshirecoaAgainst eight blue and white wavy lines, representing the county's rivers, a gold shield bearing a resting deer or hart. (Also used as a county flag.)[14]
1938Flag of Isle of Wight CouncilCounty council flag. Features a representation of Carisbrooke Castle against a surrounding blue field and three gold anchors represent the island's status and maritime history.
Flag of Leicestershire Council
The flag is divided into four quarters. The first quarter is a cinquefol, or five within a red circle, the second quarter is charged a white lion with two tails on a red ground, the third quarter shows an ermine plume on a red ground and the fourth shows a black maunch.[41]
1 April 1974 to 31 March 1986Former Merseyside Council flagThe waves represent the River Mersey; the six golden mural crowns represent the six County Boroughs—Birkenhead, Bootle, Liverpool, Southport, St Helens, and Wallasey—that Merseyside was created from..
Flag of Norfolk CouncilThe top part of the flag, shows a lion from the Royal arms of England together with ostrich plumes and coronet referring to the Prince of Wales. This is a very special honour for the County Council, the King, in the Royal Licence, specifically instructs on the design of the arms to be granted "in commemoration of our long residence in Norfolk". This of course refers to Sandringham. The lower part of the flag comprises the arms attributed to Ralph de Gael or Guader, first Earl of Norfolk circa 1069. The ermine may well refer to Brittany as Ralph was Lord of Gael in that Duchy.
7th century (modern form 1951)Flag of NorthumberlandHistorical flag readopted in 1951 and used officially by the county council, and later released by the council and registered as the flag of the historic county. Eight yellow rectangles on a red field, note that the canton (top corner nearest the flagpole) should be gold.[22]
Flag of Nottinghamshire CouncilLocal authority flag. The wave is for River Trent and the oak tree for Sherwood Forest.
Flag of Rutland CouncilLocal authority flag. A green background strewn with golden acorns, surrounding a central golden horseshoe.
Flag of Somerset CouncilLocal authority flag. A red dragon on a yellow field, bearing a blue mace – a banner of the county arms.[42]
Logo flag of South Yorkshire CouncilFormer local authority flag.
Former South Yorkshire CouncilFlag based on the council's arms.
Flag of Staffordshire CouncilLocal authority flag. All the devices on the flag come from arms of various Earls of Stafford. The red chevron on gold was the arms of the de Staffords. It is charged with the family's famous Stafford knot badge. The lion represents the authority of the council.
Flag of Suffolk CouncilLocal authority flag. Coat of arms of Suffolk on a gold background. The main charge in the arms is the sun rising over the sea. Suffolk is the most easterly county in England and thus the first to see the sun rise. The open crowns and crossed arrows refer to Bury St Edmunds and have been widely used in the arms of Suffolk towns and districts.
Flag of Surrey CouncilLocal authority flag. Divided into halves, blue and black, with two gold keys representing the Chertsey Abbey, a woolpack on blue and a sprig of oak on black. (a banner of the modern coat of arms of Surrey County Council).
Former Tyne and Wear Council flagFormer local authority flag.
Former West Midlands Council flagLocal authority flag. The flag has two dancetty barrulets interlaced to form a W and M representing the initials of "West Midlands".
1889-1974Former and commercially available West Sussex Council flagBlue and gold flag with six golden martlets. Old 1889-1974 West Sussex County Council flag.[43]
2008-PresentWest Sussex Council flagA blue banner with 7 light blue wavy lines with the crowned coat of arms in the centre in white. [44]

Districts, towns and cities

2015 Flag of Birmingham
(City and Metropolitan borough)
Golden vertical zig-zag offset to hoist dividing blue and red, with a bulls head in the centre.
[[File:|100x100px|border]]2014Flag of the Borough of Dacorum
(District, Hertfordshire)
The lesser arms of the borough displayed on a green field. The Tudor Rose commemorating Berkhamsted's royal connections and King Henry VIII who granted the first charter to Hemel Hempstead, the Oak Leaves of Ashridge Woods commemorating the five councils which combined to form Dacorum: Berkhamsted Rural District Council, Berkhamsted Urban District Council, Hemel Hempstead Rural District Council, Hemel Hempstead Urban District Council, and Tring District Council
Flag of the London Borough of Ealing
(Greater London)
White with an oak tree standing on a green mound, the chief consists of three Saxon crowns on a red background.
Flag of the city of Durham
(Civil parish, County Durham).
A red cross outlined in white on a black field.
Flag of the city of Leicester
(City and unitary authority).
An ermine cinquefoil on a red background.
Flag of the city of Lincoln
(City and Borough, Lincolnshire).
A red cross on a white field, charged with a gold fleur-de-lis.
Flag of the City of London
(City and ceremonial county)
A red cross on a white field, with a red sword in the canton. This flag does not represent Greater London (which does not have its own flag, aside from the banner of the arms of the former Greater London Council), only the historical City of London which covers approximately 1 square mile (2.6 km2).
Flag of the City and District of St Albans
(District, Hertfordshire)
The Cross of St Alban – A gold saltire on a blue field.
Flag of Plymouth
(City and unitary authority)
Banner of the arms of Plymouth City Council
Flag of the city of Portsmouth
(City and unitary authority)
A crescent of gold on a shade of azure, with a blazing star of eight points.

The flag is based on the official heraldic arms granted to Portsmouth in 1194 by King Richard I to mark Portsmouth's newly granted royal charter as a market town. Portsmouth's arms were based on the arms of Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus, whom Richard I had defeated in battle in during the Third Crusade of 1191.

Flag of Shrewsbury
(Market town and county town of Shropshire)
Three leopard heads, known locally as loggerheads, on a blue field.
Flag of the stannary town of TavistockA white field with a blue bend, defaced with the coat of arms.
Flag of York
(City and unitary authority)
A red cross on a white field charged with five gold "leopards" (lions passant guardant).

Regional flags

2012–presentFlag of the Black Country region.Black and red field with white furnace and white and black chain.

Anglo-Saxon kingdoms flags

1900sFlag of East Anglia (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) reg
The arms ascribed to the Wuffingas dynasty of East Anglia, three crowns on a blue shield, superimposed on a St George's Cross, 3:5.[45]
AncientFlag of Essex (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) reg
The flag of Essex is ancient in origin and features three Saxon seax (cutlasses) on a red field.[46]
1605Flag of Kent (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) reg
A red field with a white horse in the centre, 3:5.[47]
13th centuryFlag of Mercia (Anglo-Saxon kingdom)A gold saltire on a blue field (Cross of St Alban); the traditional flag of the Kingdom of Mercia, still flown on Tamworth Castle.
7th centuryFlag of Northumbria (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) reg coaThe oldest flag in England. Flag of the greater region and former Kingdom of Northumbria.
5th centuryFlag of Sussex (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) regSix gold martlets on a blue field. Officially adopted 20 May 2011 to represent the entire historical Kingdom of Sussex, 3:5.
1974.[48]Provincial Flag of Wessex (Anglo-Saxon kingdom) regA gold wyvern on a red field. Registered 20 May 2011. Designed in 1974 by William Crampton.[49]

Historical flags

Royal standards

1198 – 1340Royal Banner of King Richard IGules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure,[50][51] meaning three gold lions with blue tongues and claws, walking and facing the observer, arranged in a column on a red background. It forms the first and fourth quarters of the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.
1340 – 1406Royal Banner of King Edward IIIThe Coat of Arms of England quartered with the Royal Standard of France, the fleurs-de-lis representing the English claim to the French throne.
1406 – 1603Royal Banner of King Henry IVThe French quartering has been altered to three fleurs-de-lis.
1603 – 1689,
1702 – 1707
Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, used first by King James VI/IA banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of James I, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland. This was the last royal banner of the Kingdom of England.
1689–1702Royal Standard of King William III and IIA banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of William III, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the House of Nassau.

National flags and ensigns

Anglo-Saxon eraA dragon (known later in heraldry as a wyvern) which appears twice in the death scene of King Harold II on the Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
1620–1707English Red EnsignEnsign of the red squadron with the Flag of England in the canton
1620–1702English White EnsignEnsign of the white squadron with the Flag of England in the canton
1702–1707English White EnsignEnsign of the white squadron with the Flag of England in the canton with large cross of St George placed upon a white background
1620–1707English Blue EnsignEnsign of the blue squadron with the Flag of England in the canton
1606–1801First Union Jack/Flag of the United Kingdom of Great BritainThe first Union Flag (also known as the King's Colours) with the Cross of St George placed upon the Flag of Scotland

See also



  1. "About Us". The College of Arms. Retrieved 22 December 2012. The College is also the authority for matters relating to the flying of flags, and holds the only official registers of flags for the UK and much of the Commonwealth.
  2. "UK Flag Registry". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  3. "Plain English guide to flying flags" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  4. Flag of England
  5. Flag of Cornwall, traditional.
  6. Flag of Cumberland, traditional.
  7. Flag of Derbyshire, selected by public vote.
  8. Flag of Devon, selected by public vote.
  9. Flag of Dorset, selected by public vote.
  10. "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  11. Flag of Essex, traditional.
  12. Flag of Gloucestershire, selected by competition by the High Sheriff of Gloucester.
  13. [
  14. Flag of Hertfordshire, selected by local council.
  15. Flag of Kent, traditional.
  16. The Flag of Lancashire with a white field has been commonplace for many years. The change from a white to a yellow field was made at the request of the Flag Institute before registration, as the white field version is a banner of the arms of Montrose.
  17. Flag of Lancashire, selected by County Organisation.
  18. Flag of Lincolnshire, selected by public vote.
  19. Flag of Middlesex, based on former council's arms, from a traditional emblem.
  20. Flag of Norfolk, this design is the banner of the arms attributed to Ralph de Gael, first Earl of Norfolk.
  21. Flag of Northamptonshire, selected by public vote.
  22. Flag of Northumberland, selected by local Council.
  23. "Oxfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  24. "Staffordshire County Flag Vote". The Flag Institute. 28 February 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  25. "Suffolk". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  26. Strangeway, Andy (19 September 2014). "Surrey Flag". British County Flags. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  29. "Worcestershire". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  30. Flag of Yorkshire
  31. Text of the Lieutenancies Act 1997 – Schedule 1: Counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies in Great Britain as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  32. "Ceremonial and Historic county boundary data added to OS OpenData".
  33. "England - Geographic counties". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  34. UK Government (1972). "Local Government Act 1972". Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  35. of Isle of Portland
  37. Flag of Isles of Scilly, selected by public vote.
  38. "County Durham, England". Flags of the World. 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  41. "County Flag of Leicestershire". Leicestershire County Council. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  42. "Newsletter (No. 3)". College of Arms. November 2004. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  45. Flag of East Anglia, traditional.
  46. Flag of Essex, traditional.
  47. Flag of Kent, traditional.
  50. Fox-Davies 2008, p. 607.
  51. "Coat of Arms of King George III". The First Foot Guards. Retrieved 4 February 2010.