List of Falkland Islands by-elections


This is a list of by-elections to the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council of the Falkland Islands. The Legislative Council of the Falkland Islands was founded on 13 November 1845, originally as an entirely appointed body. The first elections to the council took place in 1949. The Legislative Assembly replaced the Legislative Council with the implementation of the new Constitution on 1 January 2009.

The Legislative Assembly consists of eight elected members, five from Stanley and three from Camp. Under section 32(2) of the constitution, if an elected member of the Legislative Assembly vacates their seat for any reason other than a dissolution of the Assembly, there is a by-election to fill the empty seat. The by-election must be held within 70 days of the vacancy occurring, unless the Assembly is due to be dissolved within 126 days.

Legislative Assembly


The first election to the newly constituted Legislative Assembly took place on 5 November 2009 and the assembly was dissolved on 17 October 2013 in preparation for the 2013 general election.

Stanley, December 2011

Emma Edwards, MLA for Stanley, resigned from the Legislative Assembly on 21 October 2011 following her decision to leave the Falklands.[1] Her seat was filled by Dr Barry Elsby in a by-election on 15 December 2011.[2]

Stanley by-election, December 2011[3]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Barry Elsby 462 65.2 N/A
Nonpartisan John Birmingham 95 13.4 +7.7
Nonpartisan Steve Vincent 94 13.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Norman Besley-Clark 45 6.4 +0.07
Rejected ballots 12 0.02 N/A
Turnout 708 51%

Camp, 2011

Bill Luxton, MLA for Camp, resigned from the Legislative Assembly on 4 November 2011 due to his prologued absence from the Falklands, which was increasing the workload of the other MLAs.[4] The seat was filled by Ian Hansen, who was the only candidate when nominations closed on 30 November 2011.

Camp by-election, 2011[5]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Ian Hansen Uncontested N/A N/A

Stanley, June 2011

Glenn Ross, MLA for Stanley, resigned from the Legislative Assembly on 26 April 2011 in order to concentrate on his work at the islands' power station.[6] His seat was filled by former MLA, Mike Summers in a by-election on 23 June 2011.

Stanley by-election, June 2011[7]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Mike Summers 259 38.3 +29.1
Nonpartisan Steve Vincent 177 26.2 N/A
Nonpartisan Norman Besley-Clark 96 14.2 +8.5
Nonpartisan John Birmingham 87 12.9 +7.2
Nonpartisan Ian Hansen 49 7.2 N/A
Rejected ballots 8 0.01 N/A
Turnout 676 49%

Legislative Council


Stanley, 2008

A by-election took place in the Stanley constituency on 3 January 2008 after the incumbent councillor, Richard Andrew Davies, became Chief Medical Officer. There was controversy over the circumstances that led to the by-election as Richard Davies had been advised by the Government that he could take on the office of Chief Medical Officer without forfeiting his seat in the Legislative Council. However, this was later deemed to be unconstitutionally, forcing Davies to give up his seat. Davies sought re-election at the by-election, but lost out to John Birmingham.[8] This was the last election to the Legislative Council prior to it being reconstituted into the Legislative Assembly on 1 January 2009.

Stanley by-election, 2008[9]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan John Birmingham 210 34.4 N/A
Nonpartisan Richard Andrew Davies 182 29.8 N/A
Nonpartisan Roger Edwards 133 21.8 N/A
Nonpartisan James Peck 85 13.9 N/A
Turnout 610

Camp, 2003

A by-election took place in the Camp constituency on 6 November 2003 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Philip Miller. The seat was filled by Ian Hansen.

Camp by-election, 2003[10]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Ian Hansen 96 42.7 N/A
Nonpartisan Eric Goss 66 29.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Lewis Clifton 63 28.0 N/A
Turnout 225

Stanley, 1996

A by-election took place in the Stanley constituency in October 1996 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, John Cheek. The seat was filled by Mike Summers.

Stanley by-election, 1996[11]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Michael Victor Summers 367 70.2 N/A
Nonpartisan Elvio "Migs" Cofre 108 20.7 N/A
Nonpartisan June Besley-Clark 48 9.2 N/A
Turnout 523

Stanley, 1994

A by-election took place in the Stanley constituency on 15 December 1994 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Charles Kennleyside. The seat was filled by John Birmingham.

Stanley by-election, 1994[12]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan John Birmingham 199 41.4 N/A
Nonpartisan Terry Betts 139 28.9 N/A
Nonpartisan John Allan 60 12.5 N/A
Nonpartisan John Pollard 51 10.6 N/A
Nonpartisan John Halford 23 4.8 N/A
Nonpartisan Jan Cheek 9 1.9 N/A
Turnout 481

Stanley, 1987

A by-election took place in the Stanley constituency on 29 January 1987 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Norma Edwards. The seat was filled by Terry Betts.

Stanley by-election, 1987[13]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Terry Betts 201 50.9 N/A
Nonpartisan Harold Bennett 146 37.0 N/A
Nonpartisan Rene Rowlands 48 12.2 N/A
Turnout 395

Camp, 1986

A by-election was called for the Camp constituency on 16 April 1986 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Timothy John Durose Miller. Miller sought re-election himself, but lost to Eric Miller Goss.

Camp by-election, 1986[14]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Eric Miller Goss 112 37.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Timothy John Durose Miller 75 25.0 N/A
Nonpartisan Kevin Seaton Kilmartin 68 22.7 N/A
Nonpartisan Ronald Eric Binnie 45 15.0 N/A
Turnout 300

Stanley, 1984

A by-election was called for the Stanley constituency in 1984 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Terence John Peck. The seat was filled by Harold Bennett.

Stanley by-election, 1984[15]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Harold Bennett 179 49.7 N/A
Nonpartisan Phillip John Middleton 93 25.8 N/A
Nonpartisan Terence Severine Betts 88 24.4 N/A
Turnout 360

West Falkland, 1980

A by-election was called for the West Falkland constituency in 1980 following the resignation of the incumbent councillor, Derek Stanley Evans. The seat was filled by John Richard Rowlands.

West Falkland by-election, 1980[16]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Lionel Geoffrey Blake 64 58.2 N/A
Nonpartisan Peter Charles Robertson 46 41.8 N/A
Turnout 110

Stanley, 1962

A by-election was called for the Stanley constituency in 1962 following the death of the incumbent councillor, Arthur Leslie Hardy, on 6 February 1962. The seat was filled by John Richard Rowlands.

Stanley by-election, 1962[17]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan John Richard Rowlands 202 68.5 N/A
Nonpartisan Brian Ormonde Barnes 93 31.5 N/A
Turnout 295

References


  1. "Falklands Councillor, Emma Edwards, resigns from Legislative Assembly". MercoPress. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ""We are in a war of attrition… and we can't let Argentina win", says Falklands MLA". MercoPress. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Barry's landslide by-election". Penguin News. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Camp representative Bill Luxton steps down from Falklands' Legislative Assembly". MercoPress. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Janet Robertson (30 November 2011). "Falklands' by-election already has a firm MLA, Ian Hansen for the Camp". MercoPress. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Falklands' lawmaker resigns; lacks time to share Legislative agenda work". MercoPress. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Summers wins Falklands MLA seat". MercoPress. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "Falkland Islands: Penguin News weekly update". MercoPress. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. "Birmingham's Back!" (PDF). 19 (4). Penguin News. 4 January 2008. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. "Hansen is elected" (PDF). 15 (30). Penguin News. 7 November 2003. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. "October by-election landslide for Mike Summers" (PDF). 8 (35). Penguin News. 23 October 1996. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. "Now it's Hon. John" (PDF). 6 (45). Penguin News. 17 December 1994. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. "News in Brief" (PDF) (90). Penguin News. 30 January 1987: 11. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. "Falkland Islands Gazette" (PDF). XCV (7). Falkland Islands Government. 28 April 1986. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. "FI Gazette LEC/20/7". Jane Cameron National Archives. Feb 1984. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  16. "FI Gazette LEC/20/5". Jane Cameron National Archives. 1980. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  17. "FI Gazette 1968/B". Jane Cameron National Archives. Feb 1962. Missing or empty |url= (help)