List of Phoenician cities
This is a list of cities and colonies of Phoenicia in modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel and the region of Palestine, as well as cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Southern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.
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- Tyre - One of the two leading-city states of Phoenicia and one of the most important ports in ancient Phoenicia, and Lebanon today.
- Sydon - One of the two leading city-states of Phoenicia
- Gebal - One of the oldest sites of civilization
- Tripoli, Lebanon
- Myriandus - in modern-day Turkey
- Sam'al - Cilicia; in modern-day Turkey. Fortress city protecting the trade route to Anatolia
- Finike - historically known as Phoenicus
- Mehidya (ancient Thymaterion)
- El-Jadida (ancient Gytte)
- Oualidia (ancient Melitta)
Western Sahara or Mauritania
- Cerne (Unknown whether Cerne was in Western Sahara or Mauritania)
- Carthage - the most powerful of the Phoenician settlements, eventually being destroyed by the Romans
- Utica - earliest settlement in Africa
- Hippo Diarrhytus - now Bizerte, the northernmost city in Africa
- Leptis Parva
- Zama Regia - the last place Hannibal fought and the place where his first and only major defeat occurred
Europe / Elsewhere
- Lilybaeum, also known as Marsala
- Lampas (ancient city) (Lampedusa)
- Kosyra (Pantelleria)
- Cádiz also known as Gades - earliest Phoenician settlement in Spain
- Cartagena - the capital city founded by Hamilcar Barca of Carthage after conquering the Iberian tribes
- La Fonteta (Guardamar del Segura)
- San Roque
- Guizot, F.P.G, A Popular History of France, From the Earliest Times, Volume I, Boston, 1869
- Peter Whitfield (2005). Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-520-24725-3.
- Nathan Laughlin Pilkington (2013). An Archaeological History of Carthaginian Imperialism. Academic Commons, Columbia.edu (Thesis). Columbia University. p. 170. doi:10.7916/D80G3SCF. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- David Wright; Patrick Swift (1 January 1971). Lisbon: a portrait and a guide. Barrie and Jenkins. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-214-65309-4.