List of Roman triumphal arches

This is a list of Roman triumphal arches. Triumphal arches were constructed across the Roman Empire and are an archetypal example of Roman architecture. All currently surviving Roman arches date from the Imperial period (1st century BC onwards). They were preceded by honorific arches set up under the Roman Republic, none of which survive.

Existing arches

Image Name Date Modern city Modern country Ancient name
Arch of Caracalla 216 216 AD Djémila Algeria Cuicul, Curculum
Arch of Caracalla 211 211–214 AD Tébessa Algeria Theveste
Arch of Trajan 150 c. 2nd or 3rd centuries AD Timgad Algeria Marciana Traiana Thamugadi
Arch of Marcus Aurelius (Markouna) [fr] 150 c. 2nd AD Tazoult Algeria Verecunda
Heidentor 354 354–361 AD Petronell-Carnuntum Austria Carnuntum
Arch of the Sergii !9971 29–27 BC Pula Croatia Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola Pollentia Herculanea
Arch of Campanus 099 1st century AD Aix-les-Bains France Aquae Gratianae
Porte Noire [fr] 171 c. 171–175 AD Besançon France Vesontio
Arch of Carpentras 018 18–19 AD Carpentras France Carpentoracte Meminorum, Forum Neronis
Triumphal Arch of Orange 020 c. 20–27 AD Orange France Colonia Julia Firma Secundanorum Arausio
Porte de Mars 200 3rd century AD Reims France Durocortorum
Pont Flavien !9988 c. 12 BC Saint-Chamas France n/a
Arch of Glanum 010 10–25 AD Saint-Rémy-de-Provence France Glanum
Arch of Germanicus 018 18–19 AD Saintes France Mediolanum Santonum
Arch of Hadrian 131 131–132 AD Athens Greece Athína, Athenae
Arch of Galerius 298 298–299 AD Thessaloniki Greece Thessaloníkē
Arch of Trajan 113 113 AD Ancona Italy Ancona
Arch of Augustus !9965 25 BC Aosta Italy Augusta Praetoria Salassorum
Arch of Mark Antony [it] 113 113 AD Aquino Italy Aquinum
Arch of Trajan 114 114–117 AD Benevento Italy Maleventum, Beneventum
Arch of Trajan 109 c. 109 AD Canosa di Puglia Italy Canusium
Arch of Hadrian 050 c. 1st or 2nd centuries AD Capua Italy Capuae
Arch of Augustus 009 9 AD Fano Italy Fanum Fortunae
Triumphal Arch 018 18–19 AD Pompei Italy Pompeii
Arch of Augustus Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Constantine 312 312–315 AD Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Drusus !9991 9 BC Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Gallienus 262 262 AD Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Janus 300 4th century AD Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Septimius Severus 203 203 AD Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Titus 082 82 AD Rome Italy Roma
Arch of Drusus 014 14–37 AD Spoleto Italy Spoletium
Arch of Augustus !9992 8 BC Susa Italy Segusio
Arco di Riccardo [it] !9967 33 BC Trieste Italy Tergeste, Tergestum
Arco dei Gavi 050 c. 50 AD Verona Italy Verona
Arch of Hadrian 129 129–130 AD Jerash Jordan Gerasa
Triumphal Arch Tyre Lebanon Tyros, Tyrus
Arch of Tiberius 035 35 AD Khoms Libya Leptis Magna
Arch of Trajan 035 109–110 AD Khoms Libya Leptis Magna
Arch of Septimius Severus 146 146–211 AD Khoms Libya Leptis Magna
Arch of Marcus Aurelius 165 165 AD Tripoli Libya Oea
Arch of Caracalla 217 217 AD Volubilis Morocco Volubilis
Arch of Cabanes 100 c. 2nd century AD Castellón de la Plana Spain n/a
Arco de Medinaceli !9970 c. 1st century BC Medinaceli Spain Occilis, Okilis
Arc de Berà !9987 c. 13 BC Roda de Berà Spain n/a
Latakia Tetraporticus (Arch of Septimius Severus) 183 183 AD Latakia Syria Laodicea ad Mare
Arch of Alexander Severus 228 228 AD Dougga Tunisia Colonia Licinia Septimia Aurelia Alexandriana Thuggensis
Arch of Septimius Severus 205 205 AD Dougga Tunisia Colonia Licinia Septimia Aurelia Alexandriana Thuggensis
Triumphal Arch of the Tetrarchy 300 ~300 AD Sbeitla Tunisia Sufetula
South Gate Anazarbus Turkey Anazarbos
Hadrian's Gate 130 2nd century AD Antalya Turkey Attaleia
Ecce Homo arch 130 2nd century AD Jerusalem Israel Aelia Capitolina

Destroyed arches

Note: MUR stands for the 12th century Mirabilia Urbis Romae

Image Name Date of construction Date destroyed Modern city Modern country Notes Citation
Arch of Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius 405 405 AD 1362–1370 Rome Italy MUR, p. 10.
Arch of Augustus !9971 29 BC Rome Italy Some fragments survive
Arch of Claudius 051 51–52 AD Rome Italy Some fragments survive MUR, p. 12.
Arch of Faustinus 1140 After 12th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 13.
Arch of Gratian, Valentinian and Theodosius 379 379–383 AD 1300 c. 13th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 10.
Arch of Lentulus and Crispinus 100 2nd century AD 1450 15th century Rome Italy
Arch Manus Carnae (Hand of Flesh) 1140 After 12th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 13.
Arch of Nero 058 58–62 AD 0068 c. 1st century AD Rome Italy
Arcus Novus 293 293–304 AD 1491 1491 Rome Italy Some reliefs survive
Arch of Octavian or Marcus Aurelius 1140 After 12th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 12.
Arch of Octavius !9972 c. 28 BC Rome Italy
Arch Panis Aurei or Aureus (Golden) 1140 After 12th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 13.
Arch of Pietas 1140 After 12th century Rome Italy MUR, p. 13.
Arch of Portugal [it] 270 c. 3rd century AD 1662 Rome Italy Some reliefs preserved at the Capitoline Museums MUR, p. 10.
Arch of Tiberius 016 16 AD Rome Italy Some foundations still survive
Arch of Titus 081 81 AD 1400 After 15th century Rome Italy Some fragments still survive MUR, p. 11.
Monumental Arch 200 3rd century AD 2015 October 2015 Palmyra Syria Most of the stonework is still intact
Arch of Theodosius 393 393 AD 0558 6th–8th centuries Istanbul Turkey Some fragments still survive
Arch at Richborough Castle 043 c. 1st century AD Richborough United Kingdom Foundations and mound still visible

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Arch of Germanicus in Castellum Matticorum between 18 and 43 AD Mainz-Kastel Germany

See also

Sources

  • Mirabilia Urbis Romae [Marvels of Rome or a Picture of the Golden City]. Translated by Francis Morgan Nichols. London; Rome: Ellis and Elvey, Spithoever. 1889.

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