List of by-elections to the Scottish Parliament


The Scottish Parliament is the devolved legislature of Scotland. It was founded in 1999. The 129 members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) are elected using the additional member system. 73 MSPs are elected through the first-past-the-post system in the Parliament's single-member constituencies, while 56 are elected in the regions to ensure results are proportional. There are 8 regions, electing 7 MSPs each. By-elections to the Parliament occur when a constituency seat becomes vacant, due to the death or resignation of a member.[1]

Scottish Parliament Building and adjacent water pool, 2017

There were no by-elections in the 3rd Scottish Parliament term (200711).

By-elections


Where seats changed political party at the by-election, the result is highlighted: red for a Labour gain, and blue for a Conservative gain
List of by-elections for constituency members
By-election Date Parliament Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Ref
Shetland29 August 20195thTavish Scott  Liberal DemocratsBeatrice Wishart  Liberal DemocratsResignation (to take a new role at Scottish Rugby)[2]
Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire8 June 2017John Lamont  ConservativeRachael Hamilton  ConservativeResignation (to contest a seat in the 2017 UK general election)[3]
Cowdenbeath23 January 20144thHelen Eadie  LabourAlex Rowley  LabourDeath (cancer)[4]
Dunfermline24 October 2013Bill Walker  SNPCara Hilton  Labour[lower-alpha 1]Resignation (convicted of assault)[6]
Aberdeen Donside20 June 2013Brian Adam  SNPMark McDonald  SNPDeath (cancer)[7]
Moray27 April 20062ndMargaret Ewing  SNPRichard Lochhead  SNPDeath (breast cancer)[8]
Glasgow Cathcart29 September 2005Mike Watson  LabourCharlie Gordon  LabourResignation (convicted of fire-raising)[9]
Banff and Buchan7 June 20011stAlex Salmond  SNPStewart Stevenson  SNPResignation (to focus on the Parliament of the United Kingdom)[10]
Strathkelvin and Bearsden7 June 2001Sam Galbraith  LabourBrian Fitzpatrick  LabourResignation (health reasons)[10]
Glasgow Anniesland23 November 2000Donald Dewar  LabourBill Butler  LabourDeath (brain hemorrhage)[11]
Ayr16 March 2000Ian Welsh  LabourJohn Scott  Conservative[lower-alpha 2]Resignation (family reasons)[13]

See also


References


Notes

Citations

  1. McGrath, Francesca (8 June 2011). "Scottish Parliament Electoral System" (PDF). Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe). Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  2. "Lib Dems hold off SNP to win Shetland by-election". BBC News. 30 August 2019. Archived from the original on 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  3. "Rachael Hamilton wins Scottish Parliament by-election". BBC News. 5 October 2020. Archived from the original on 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  4. "Cowdenbeath by-election: Alex Rowley holds seat for Labour". BBC News. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  5. "Dunfermline – Scottish Parliament constituency". BBC News. 6 May 2016. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  6. "Dunfermline by-election: Labour's Cara Hilton wins seat from SNP". BBC News. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  7. "SNP's Mark McDonald wins Aberdeen Donside by-election". BBC News. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  8. "SNP's joy at by-election victory". BBC News. 28 April 2006. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  9. Paterson, Stewart (12 April 2016). "Election 2016 focus: Cathcart". Glasgow Times. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  10. "Holyrood by-elections resolved". BBC News. 8 June 2001. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  11. "Labour holds Dewar seats". BBC News. 24 November 2000. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  12. "Scottish Parliament Election Results 2003". South Ayrshire Council. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  13. "Tories walking on Ayr". BBC News. 17 March 2000. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.