List of best-selling music artists


The following is an independently verified list of best-selling music artists (those with claims of 75 million or more record sales) from the second half of the 20th century to the present. Only artists whose claimed sales figures can be cross-referenced with music recording certification systems (the first of which appeared in the late 1950s) are included. The tables are listed with both their claimed sales figure along with their total independently certified units and are ranked in descending order, with the artist with the highest amount of claimed sales at the top. If two or more artists have the same claimed sales, they are then ranked by certified units. The claimed sales figure and the total of certified units (for each country) within the provided sources include sales of albums, singles, compilation-albums, music videos as well as downloads of singles and full-length albums. Sales figures, such as those from Soundscan, which are sometimes published by Billboard magazine, have not been included in the certified units column. As of 2017, based on both sales claims and certified units, The Beatles are considered the highest-selling band. Elvis Presley is considered the highest-selling individual artist based on sales claims and Drake is the highest-selling individual artist based on certified units.

Definitions


All artists included on this list, which have begun charting on official albums or singles charts have their available claimed figures supported by at least 20% in certified units. That is why Cliff Richard, Diana Ross, Scorpions, Bing Crosby, Deep Purple, Iron Maiden, Tom Jones, The Jackson 5, Dionne Warwick, the Spice Girls, Dolly Parton, Ozzy Osbourne, Black Sabbath, Andrea Bocelli and others have not been included on this list. The more recent the artist, the higher the required percentage of certified units; this is because more music markets instituted certification systems after the 1980s and 1990s.[lower-alpha 1] So artists such as Rihanna, Chris Brown, Taylor Swift, Flo Rida, Katy Perry, Drake, Justin Bieber, Adele, Lady Gaga, Bruno Mars, Nicki Minaj, Ed Sheeran, and The Weeknd are expected to have their claimed figures supported by over 75% in certified units. The certified units are sourced from available online databases of local music industry associations. All certified units are converted from Gold/Platinum/Diamond certification awards based on criteria provided by certifying bodies. The certified units percentage varies according to the first year that an artist appeared in the charts.[lower-alpha 2]

The requirements of certified units are designed to avoid inflated sales figures, which are frequently practiced by record companies for promotional purposes.[1][2] The claimed figures are referenced from online articles created by highly reliable sources. For clarity, the sources used, say the term "records" (singles, albums, videos) and not "albums". However, if all available sources for an artist or band say "albums", such sources are only used if the certified album units of the said artist meet the required percentage amount. This list uses claimed figures that are closest to artists' available certified units: inflated claimed figures that meet the required certified units amount but are unrealistically high, are not used.

The claimed figures are upgraded only when there is a significant progress in artists' certified units. In other words, the available certified units for each artist should get relatively closer to already listed claimed figure in order for higher figures to replace the listed ones.

The certified units of the newer artists may sometimes be higher than their listed claimed figures. This is because Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and almost all other certifying bodies count streaming towards Gold and Platinum thresholds required for Digital Single Award certification.[3][4][5] For this reason, some singles and even albums get over certified by hundreds of thousands of units. The over certified figures, however, are often in millions of units for RIAA certifications, one such example is Rihanna's single "We Found Love", which is certified at nine times Platinum by the RIAA, yet during the time of the certification, it had sold 5.4 million downloads.[6][7]

The certified units for some artists/bands who have multi-disc albums can be higher than their listed claimed figures due to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) counting each unit within set as one unit toward certification.

Issued certifications for songs which have been recorded by multiple artists including featured artists are added to each artist's total amount of certified units, as all the artists would have played a significant part in a song. For example, "This Is What You Came For" and "Where Them Girls At" include Rihanna and Flo Rida, Nicki Minaj as featured artists respectively, so the certifications issued for these songs are added to the total amount of certified units for all involved artists. However, the certifications issued for songs that have been recorded by four or more artists are not included as the artists involved would have played minor roles, examples of such songs are Kanye West's "Monster" and/or "All Day".[lower-alpha 3]

Artists by reputed sales


250 million or more records

  • To ensure the highest level of fact checking and editorial control, this list sources sales figures to news organizations and highly regarded music industry related organizations such as MTV, VH1, and Billboard.
  • The figures of total certified units within the tables below are based on certified units of albums, singles (including digital downloads) and videos.
  • Markets' order within the tables is based on Retail Value: each market generates respectively, the largest market at the top and smallest at the bottom.[8][9]
Artist Country / Market Period active Release year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
The Beatles United Kingdom 1960–1970[10] 1962[10] Rock / Pop[10] 600 million[40][41]
500 million[42]
Elvis Presley United States 1954–1977[43] 1954[43] Rock and roll / Pop / Country[43]

Total available certified units: 227.7 million
600 million[52][53]
500 million[54]
Michael Jackson United States 1964–2009[55] 1971[55] Pop / Rock / Dance / Soul / R&B[55]

Total available certified units: 236.8 million
350 million[66][67]
300 million[68][69]
Elton John United Kingdom 1964–present[70] 1969[70] Pop / Rock[70]

Total available certified units: 194.9 million
300 million[74][75]
250 million[76][77]
Madonna United States 1979–present[78] 1982[78] Pop / Dance / Electronica[78]

Total available certified units: 178.9 million
300 million[86][87]
275 million[88]
Led Zeppelin United Kingdom 1968–1980[89] 1969[89] Hard rock / Blues rock / Folk rock[89]

Total available certified units: 141 million
300 million[93][94]
200 million[95][96]
Rihanna Barbados
United States
2005–present[97] 2005[97] R&B / Pop / Dance / Hip-hop[97]

Total available certified units: 300.1 million
250 million[101][102]
Pink Floyd United Kingdom 1965–1996, 2005, 2012–2014[103][104] 1967[103] Progressive rock / Psychedelic rock[103]

Total available certified units: 121.4 million
250 million[108][109]
200 million[110]
  • The column for certified sales includes markets, the databases of which contain certifications representing figures of 100,000 and more.

200 million to 249 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
Eminem United States 1996–present[111] 1999[111] Hip-hop[111]

Total available certified units: 241.7 million
220 million[112]
Taylor Swift United States 2006–present[113] 2006[113] Pop / Synth-pop / Country / Country pop / [113]

Total available certified units: 229.5 million
200 million[114][115]
Mariah Carey United States 1988–present[116] 1990[116] R&B / Pop / Soul / Hip-hop[116]

Total available certified units: 182.1 million
200 million[120][121]
Queen United Kingdom 1971–present[122] 1973[122] Rock[122]

Total available certified units: 164.8 million
200 million[124]
Eagles United States 1971–1980, 1994–present[125] 1972[125] Rock[125]

Total available certified units: 150.6 million
200 million[127]
Whitney Houston United States 1977–2012[128] 1984[128] R&B / Soul / Pop[128]

Total available certified units: 141 million
200 million[131][132]
170 million[133][134]
Celine Dion Canada 1981–present[135] 1981[135] Pop[135]

Total available certified units: 137.2 million
200 million[140][141]
175 million[142][143]
AC/DC Australia 1973–present[144] 1975[144] Hard rock / Blues rock / Rock and roll[144]

Total available certified units: 126.1 million
200 million[146][147]
150 million[148][149]
The Rolling Stones United Kingdom 1962–present[150] 1963[150] Rock / Blues rock [150]

Total available certified units: 101 million
200 million[151][152]

120 million to 199 million records


Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
Drake Canada 2001–present[153] 2009[153] Hip-hop / R&B / Pop[153]

Total available certified units: 358.9 million
170 million[154]
Garth Brooks United States 1989–present[155] 1989[155] Country[155]

Total available certified units: 165.1 million
170 million[157]
Kanye West United States 1996–present[158] 2004[158] Hip-hop / Electronic / Pop rock[158]

Total available certified units: 195.9 million
160 million[161]
Justin Bieber Canada
United States
2008–present[162] 2009[162] Pop / Teen pop, Dance pop[162]

Total available certified units: 214.1 million
150 million[163]
Ed Sheeran United Kingdom 2004–present[164] 2011[164] Pop / Folk pop [164]

Total available certified units: 197.8 million
150 million[165]
Billy Joel United States 1964–present[166] 1971[166] Pop / Rock[166]

Total available certified units: 119.4 million
150 million[168]
U2 Ireland 1976–present[169] 1980[169] Rock[169]

Total available certified units: 111.5 million
150 million[172]
Barbra Streisand United States 1960–present[173] 1963[173] Pop / Adult contemporary[173]

Total available certified units: 98.2 million
150 million[174]
Phil Collins United Kingdom 1980–2011, 2015–present[175] 1981[175] Rock / Progressive rock / Adult contemporary[175]

Total available certified units: 90.5 million
150 million[177]
Aerosmith United States 1970–present[178] 1973[178] Hard rock[178]

Total available certified units: 87.3 million
150 million[180]
ABBA Sweden 1972–1982[181] 1972[181] Pop / Disco[181]

Total available certified units: 65 million
150 million[190]
100 million[191]
Frank Sinatra United States 1935–1995[192] 1939[192] Pop / Swing[192]

Total available certified units: 39.2 million
150 million[194]
Katy Perry United States 2001–present[195] 2008[195] Pop[195]

Total available certified units: 157 million
143 million[196]
Chris Brown United States 2005–present[197] 2005[197] Pop / R&B, Hip-hop [197]

Total available certified units: 156.9 million
140 million[198]
Bruce Springsteen United States 1972–present[199] 1973[199] Rock[199]

Total available certified units: 105.8 million
135 million[201]
Bruno Mars United States 2004–present[202] 2010[202] Pop rock / R&B[202]

Total available certified units: 173.9 million
130 million[205]
Jay-Z United States 1996–present[206] 1996[206] Hip-hop[206]

Total available certified units: 119 million
125 million[207]
Metallica United States 1981–present[208] 1983[208] Heavy metal / Thrash metal[208]

Total available certified units: 103.7 million
125 million[210]
Lady Gaga United States 2005–present[211] 2008[211] Pop / Dance / Electronic[211]

Total available certified units: 151.4 million
124 million[212]
Lil Wayne United States 1996–present[213] 1999[213] Hip-hop[213]

Total available certified units: 157.6 million
120 million[214]
Maroon 5 United States 1994–present[215] 2002[215] Pop rock / Funk rock / Dance-pop[215]

Total available certified units: 130.5 million
120 million[216]
Adele United Kingdom 2006–present[217] 2008[217] Pop, soul[217]

Total available certified units: 116.9 million
120 million[218]
Fleetwood Mac United Kingdom
United States
1967–present[219] 1968[219] Rock / Pop[219]

Total available certified units: 88.3 million
120 million[222]
Rod Stewart United Kingdom 1964–present[223] 1969[223] Rock / Pop[223]

Total available certified units: 81.3 million
120 million[224]
Bee Gees United Kingdom
Australia[225][226]
1963–2003
2009–2012[227]
1963[227] Pop / Disco[227]

Total available certified units: 69.9 million
120 million[230]

100 million to 119 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
Beyoncé United States 1997–present[231] 2002[231][232] R&B / Pop[231]

Total available certified units: 100.7 million
118 million[236]
Nicki Minaj United States 2008–present[237] 2010[237] Hip-hop, Pop[237]

Total available certified units: 136.9 million
100 million[238]
Coldplay United Kingdom 1996–present[239] 1999[239] Alternative rock, Pop rock, Pop[239]

Total available certified units: 98.8 million
100 million[240]
Linkin Park United States 1996–present[241] 2000[241] Alternative rock / Nu metal / Rap rock[241]

Total available certified units: 89.4 million
100 million[242]
Bon Jovi United States 1983–present[243] 1983[243] Hard rock / Glam metal[243]

Total available certified units: 86.9 million
100 million[246]
B'z Japan 1988–present[247] 1988[247] Rock / Pop rock / Hard rock[247]

Total available certified units: 86.1 million
100 million[248]
Britney Spears United States 1998–present[249] 1998[249] Pop / Dance / Dance-pop[249]

Total available certified units: 86.4 million
100 million[251]
Shania Twain Canada 1993–present[252] 1993[252] Country pop[252]

Total available certified units: 80.3 million
100 million[253]
Backstreet Boys United States 1993–present[254] 1995[254] Pop[254]

Total available certified units: 78.4 million
100 million[258]
Guns N' Roses United States 1985–present[259] 1987[259] Hard rock / Heavy metal[259]

Total available certified units: 78.1 million
100 million[261]
George Strait United States 1981–present[262] 1984[262] Country[262]

Total available certified units: 72.8 million
100 million[263]
Eric Clapton United Kingdom 1962–present[264] 1970[264] Rock, Blues[264]

Total available certified units: 71.1 million
100 million[265]
Neil Diamond United States 1966–present[266] 1966[266] Pop / Rock[266]

Total available certified units: 69.8 million
100 million[268]
Prince United States 1976–2016[269] 1978[269] Funk / R&B / Pop / Soul / Rock[269]

Total available certified units: 65.4 million
100 million[270]
Santana United States 1966–present[271] 1969[271] Rock[271]

Total available certified units: 62.6 million
100 million[272]
Kenny Rogers United States 1958–2020[273] 1975[273] Country / Pop[273]

Total available certified units: 62.4 million
100 million[275]
Paul McCartney United Kingdom 1960–present[276] 1970[276] Rock[276]

Total available certified units: 62 million
100 million[278]
Simon & Garfunkel United States 1956–2004[279] 1964[279] Folk rock[279]

Total available certified units: 61.1 million
100 million[280]
Janet Jackson United States 1982–present[281] 1982[281] R&B / Pop[281]

Total available certified units: 52.5 million
100 million[282]
Julio Iglesias Spain 1968–present[283] 1968[283] Latin[283]

Total available certified units: 51.7 million
100 million[285]
Dire Straits United Kingdom 1977–1995[286] 1978[286] Rock [286]

Total available certified units: 51.1 million
100 million[287]
Chicago United States 1967–present[288] 1969[288] Rock / Pop[288]

Total available certified units: 48.4 million
100 million[290]
Bob Dylan United States 1959–present[291] 1963[291] Folk / Rock[291]

Total available certified units: 46.6 million
100 million[292]
Def Leppard United Kingdom 1977–present[293] 1979[293] Hard rock / Heavy metal[293]

Total available certified units: 42.6 million
100 million[295]
Cher United States 1964–present[296] 1965[296] Pop / Rock / Dance / Folk[296]

Total available certified units: 42.2 million
100 million[302]
Genesis United Kingdom 1967–1999
2006–present[303]
1969[303] Progressive rock / Pop rock[303]

Total available certified units: 40.3 million
100 million[304]
Stevie Wonder United States 1961–present[305] 1962[305] Funk / R&B / Soul[305]

Total available certified units: 37.7 million
100 million[306]
David Bowie United Kingdom 1962–2016[307] 1967[307] Art rock / Glam rock / Pop[307]

Total available certified units: 37.5 million
100 million[308]
James Taylor United States 1968–present[309] 1970[309] Rock / Pop[309]

Total available certified units: 36.5 million
100 million[310]
Olivia Newton-John Australia 1966–present[311] 1966[311] Pop[311]

Total available certified units: 35.9 million
100 million[313]
Tina Turner United States 1958–2009[314] 1960[315] Rock / Pop[315]

Total available certified units: 35.3 million
100 million[316]
Linda Ronstadt United States 1967–present[317] 1968[317] Rock / Folk / Country[317]

Total available certified units: 33.2 million
100 million[318]
The Beach Boys United States 1961–present[319] 1962[319] Rock / Pop / Surf Rock[319]

Total available certified units: 32.2 million
100 million[320]
Donna Summer United States 1968–2012[321] 1974[321] Pop / Disco / R&B[321]

Total available certified units: 31.2 million
100 million[322]
The Who United Kingdom 1964–present[323] 1965[323] Rock / Hard rock[323]

Total available certified units: 28.2 million
100 million[324]
Barry White United States 1972–2003[325] 1973[325] R&B / Soul[325]

Total available certified units: 22.2 million
100 million[326]

80 million to 99 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
Pink United States 1995–present[327] 2000[327] Pop, Pop rock, R&B[327]

Total available certified units: 78.9 million
90 million[328]
The Carpenters United States 1969–1983[329] 1969[329] Pop[329]

Total available certified units: 46.7 million
90 million[331]
Earth, Wind & Fire United States 1969–present[332] 1971[332] Funk / R&B / Soul[332]

Total available certified units: 43.4 million
90 million[335]
Lionel Richie United States 1968–present[336] 1981[336] Pop / R&B[336]

Total available certified units: 42.3 million
90 million[338]
Johnny Cash United States 1954–2003[339] 1956[339] Country / Rock and roll / Gospel[339]

Total available certified units: 31.6 million
90 million[340]
Justin Timberlake United States 1992–present[341] 2002[341] Pop, R&B, Neo soul[341]

Total available certified units: 71.2 million
88 million[342]
R.E.M. United States 1980–2011[343] 1983[343] Alternative rock[343]

Total available certified units: 43.5 million
85 million[344]
Flo Rida United States 2007–present[345] 2007[345] Hip-hop, Hip house, EDM[345]

Total available certified units: 81.7 million
80 million[346]
Tim McGraw United States 1990–present[347] 1994[347] Country[347]

Total available certified units: 73.8 million
  • US: 72.150 million[11]
  • UK: 200,000[14]
  • CAN: 1.535 million[17]
80 million[348]
Van Halen United States 1978–2020[349] 1978[349] Hard rock / Heavy metal[349]

Total available certified units: 65 million
80 million[350]
Ayumi Hamasaki Japan 1998–present[351] 1998[351] J-pop / Pop / dance / electronic[351]

Total available certified units: 64.4 million
80 million[352][353]
Red Hot Chili Peppers United States 1983–present[354] 1987[354] Funk rock / Alternative rock[354]

Total available certified units: 62 million
80 million[356]
George Michael United Kingdom 1981–2016[357] 1984[357] Pop[357]

Total available certified units: 52.1 million
80 million[359]
Foreigner United States
United Kingdom
1976–present[360] 1977[360] Rock / Hard Rock[360]

Total available certified units: 49.9 million
80 million[361]
The Doors United States 1965–1973[362] 1967[362] Psychedelic rock[362]

Total available certified units: 48.4 million
80 million[363]
Meat Loaf United States 1968–present[364] 1977[364] Rock / Hard rock[364]

Total available certified units: 45.3 million
80 million[365]
Tom Petty United States 1976–2017[366] 1977[366] Rock[366]

Total available certified units: 34.9 million
80 million[367]
Johnny Hallyday France 1957–2017[368] 1960[368] Rock / Pop[368]

Total available certified units: 28.6 million
80 million[370]

75 million to 79 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 1]
Claimed sales
The Weeknd Canada 2010–present[371] 2013[371] Pop / R&B [371]

Total available certified units: 148.9 million
75 million[372]
Luke Bryan United States 2001–present[373] 2007[374] Country /Country pop[374]

Total available certified units: 75 million
75 million[375]
Usher United States 1991–present[374] 1994[374] R&B / Pop[374]

Total available certified units: 66.8 million
75 million[376]
Christina Aguilera United States 1993–present[377] 1998[377] R&B / Pop / Rock[377]

Total available certified units: 63.1 million
75 million[378]
Journey United States 1973–present[379] 1975[379] Rock / Soft rock[379]

Total available certified units: 63.1 million
75 million[381]
The Black Eyed Peas United States 1995–present[382] 1998[382] Hip-hop / R&B / Dance[382]

Total available certified units: 62.8 million
75 million[383]
Shakira Colombia 1988–present[384] 1995[384] Latin pop / Pop/ Pop rock[384]

Total available certified units: 60.2 million
75 million[385]
Tupac Shakur United States 1991–1996[386] 1991[386] Hip-hop[386]

Total available certified units: 58 million
75 million[388]
R. Kelly United States 1989–2019[389] 1991[390] R&B / Soul / Hip-hop[390]

Total available certified units: 56 million
75 million[391]
Robbie Williams United Kingdom 1990–present[392] 1996[392] Pop rock[392]

Total available certified units: 55.9 million
75 million[393]
Nirvana United States 1987–1994[394] 1990[394] Grunge / Alternative rock[394]

Total available certified units: 52.8 million
75 million[397]
Kenny G United States 1982–present[398] 1984[398] Smooth jazz[398]

Total available certified units: 52.1 million
75 million[399]
Enya Ireland 1982–present[400] 1987[400] New-age / Celtic[400]

Total available certified units: 51.5 million
75 million[404]
Green Day United States 1987–present[405] 1994[382] Punk rock / Pop punk / Alternative rock[405]

Total available certified units: 50.3 million
75 million[406]
Bryan Adams Canada 1979–present[407] 1979[407] Rock[407]

Total available certified units: 48.8 million
75 million[409]
Alabama United States 1972–present[410] 1980[410] Country / Pop rock[410]

Total available certified units: 48 million
  • US: 46.8 million[11]
  • CAN: 1.2 million[17]
75 million[411]
Bob Seger United States 1961–present[412] 1969[412] Rock / Pop rock / Rock and Roll[412]

Total available certified units: 47.3 million
75 million[413]
Bob Marley Jamaica 1962–1981[414] 1975[414] Reggae[414]

Total available certified units: 43.9 million
75 million[417]
The Police United Kingdom 1977–1986
2007–2008[418]
1978[418] Pop / Rock[418]

Total available certified units: 41.8 million
75 million[421]
Gloria Estefan United States 1975-present[422] 1984[422] Latin pop / Dance pop[422]

Total available certified units: 37.3 million
75 million[424]
Barry Manilow United States 1973–present[425] 1973[425] Pop / Soft rock[425]

Total available certified units: 36.7 million
75 million[426]
Kiss United States 1972–present[427] 1974[427] Hard rock / Heavy metal[427]

Total available certified units: 28.2 million
75 million[428]
Aretha Franklin United States 1956–2018[429] 1961[429] Soul / Jazz / Blues / R&B[429]

Total available certified units: 26.3 million
75 million[430]

See also


Notes


  1. Certification systems have been established periodically throughout the past half century; thus, certification databases are not able to cover all sales. Some (or all) records released and sold prior to a certification system's establishment year may not be found within the available searchable certification databases. Year of establishment (from largest market to smallest based on Retail Value each market generates respectively):[lower-alpha 4][lower-alpha 5] Certified sales might sometimes be larger than actual sales, if stores order more albums than they are able to sell, due to certifications generally being determined by shipments and not actual sales. Often, however, actual sales are larger than certified sales, since record labels must pay a fee to obtain certifications. Record companies often apply for certifications only when a record reaches a multiple certification-levels, meaning certifications might not be visible in the databases for more than a short period of time after an album reached a certification level.[lower-alpha 30][lower-alpha 31] As global music sales declined in the 2000s mostly due to CD burning and downloading from unauthorized sites, certification bodies opted to reduce their certification levels.[lower-alpha 32] See the changes in Certification-award-levels in the following markets:
  2. To be on this list, artists who began charting:
    • before 1975 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 20% in certified units.
    • between 1975–1990 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 20–64% in certified units. (That is 2.9% for each additional year after 1975)
    • between 1990–2000 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 64–70% in certified units. (That is 0.6% for each additional year after 1990)
    • between 2000–present are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 70–80% in certified units. (That is 0.66% for each additional year after 2000)
  3. Below you can get an understanding as to when certifications for songs are added to the total certified sales of the listed artists.
    • One lead artist and one featured artist. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both, the lead artist and the featured artist as both will have almost equal amount of part).
    • Two lead artists.(The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both lead artists as both will have almost equal amount of part).
    • Two lead artists and one featured artist. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both lead artists as well as the featured artist. Both lead artists will play a significant part in a song and the part of the featured artist also should be significant enough).
    • One lead artist and two featured artists. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of the lead artist and to the total of both featured artists as almost all should have equal amount of part).
  4. "History of the Awards". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  5. "About RIAJ: History". Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  6. "BVMI: Gold-/Platin-Datenbank". Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  7. "About BPI Awards". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  8. "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Albums". Info Disc. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  9. Nielsen Business Media, Inc (October 2, 1976). CRIA. Billboard. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  10. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  11. "Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos – Certificados" [Brazilian Association of Record Producers – Certificates] (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  12. "F.I.M.I: Federazione Industria Musicale Itaiana" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  13. "Guld & Platina IFPI" [Gold & Platinum IFPI] (in Swedish). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry – Sweden. Archived from the original on May 17, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  14. Guld- og platinplader er devalueret [Gold and Platinum awards are lowered]. b.dk (in Danish). April 24, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  15. "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community – Awards". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  16. "Certificaciones (Earlier certification database covering the years 1999–2010)" (in Spanish). AMPROFON. Archived from the original on April 12, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  17. "Capif" (in Spanish). Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. Archived from the original on August 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  18. "Goud En Platina - Singles 1995". Ultratop. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  19. "IFPI Austria : Gold & Platin" (in German). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry – Austria. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  20. "Polish certification awards 1995–present" (in Polish). ZPAV. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  21. "Tilastot" [IFPI Statistics] (in Finnish). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry Finland. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  22. "The Irish Charts: Certtifications-Awards". Irish Recorded Music Association. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  23. "Recorded Music New Zealand: The Official New Zealand Music Chart". Recorded Music New Zealand. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  24. Bialik, Carl (July 15, 2009). "Spun: The Off-the-Wall Accounting of Record Sales". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
  25. "The awards: Certifications". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  26. "The Recording Industry – World Sales 2003" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  27. "Country Takes The Crop (February 14, 2008)". RIAA. Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
  28. Grein, Paul (May 14, 1989). "New Golden Rule: 500,000 Sales Mark for All Singles". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  29. "RIIA Certifications". Billboard. August 10, 1996. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  30. RIAJ Certs Plan Criticized. Recording Industry Association of Japan. October 25, 2003. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  31. "現基準-旧基準(~2003.06)" [Current criteria-Former Criteria]. Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  32. "GOLD-/PLATIN- und DIAMOND-Auszeichnung" [GOLD / PLATINUM and DIAMOND awards] (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  33. "Certified Awards Timeline" (PDF). BPI. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  34. "A propos des certifications" (PDF). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). SNEP. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  35. Nielsen Business Media, Inc (July 26, 2006). France Lowers Gold Standard. Billboard. p. 16. Retrieved April 22, 2012. SNEP reduces Platinum certification.
  36. "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Singles". Info Disc. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  37. "Certification Definitions". Music Canada. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  38. CRIA Reports 46% Rise for Disk Certifications. Billboard magazine. February 27, 1982. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  39. "Tabela de Níveis de Certificação Pro-Música" [Levels for Certifications (most recent)] (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Archived from the original on June 21, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  40. "Níveis de Certificação" [Levels for Certifications] (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  41. "Certification Award Levels 2009" (PDF). IFPI. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016.
  42. "Dutch Certification-award-levels" (Words) (in Dutch). NVPI. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  43. Newsline: Italian Label Body FIMI. Billboard magazine. February 5, 2005. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  44. "FIMI Lowers Gold, Platinum Levels". Billboard. January 28, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  45. Global Newsline: Spain Lowers Certifications. Billboard magazine. November 26, 2005. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  46. "PROMUSICAE: Top 100 Albums (SEMANA 37: del 07.09.2009 al 13.09.2009)" (PDF). PROMUSICAE. September 13, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 9, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  47. "Swedish Certification-award-levels" (PDF). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  48. Global Music Pulse: Norway. Billboard. July 11, 1998. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  49. "TROFÉREGLER 2002". IFPI Norway. June 30, 2002. Archived from the original on February 2, 2004. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  50. "TROFÉREGLER 2007". IFPI Norway. January 1, 2007. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  51. "TROFÉREGLER 2015". IFPI Norway. September 24, 2015. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  52. "Gull og platina". IFPI Norway. January 1, 2018. Archived from the original on June 7, 2018. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  53. IFPI Denmark Revamps Certification Levels. Billboard. February 7, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  54. Nye regler for platinplader til downloads [New rule for Gold and Platinum downloads]. gaffa.dk. April 20, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  55. IFPI Denmark: Guld og platin. IFPI (Denmark). 2011. Archived from the original on April 11, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  56. "Certificaciones" (PDF) (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  57. "Certificaciones (Earlier changes in certification-levels including levels for Pre-loaded albums/singles and Mater Ringtones)" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on July 12, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2013.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  58. "35. Standard for Certifying Awards of Countries (Unit sales) (Page 25)" (PDF). IFPI. RIAJ. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  59. "Certification Award Levels 2007" (PDF). IFPI. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
  60. "Certification levels for Austria (all periods)" (in German). IFPI Austria.
  61. GSA: Austria. Billboard magazine. December 6, 1997. p. 54. Retrieved May 26, 2011. GSA Region Platinum.
  62. "Pełny Tekst Regulaminu Przyznawania Wyróżnień" [Complete Rules of Awards] (in Polish). ZPAV. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  63. "Polish Certification-levels" (PDF). ZPAV. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  64. "The Complete NZ Music Charts 1966-2006" (PDF). Dean Scapolo. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  65. "The Official Music Charts of NZ: June 4, 2007" (PDF). rianz.org.nz. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 19, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  66. "On Demand Streams Added To New Zealand Top 40 Album Charts". scoop.co.nz. Retrieved July 7, 2016.

References


  1. NEWSLINE: A Former Music Executive. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. February 14, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  2. Troubles in Store. Spin Magazine. Spin Media L.L.C. February 14, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  3. "RIAA Debuts Album Award With Streams". RIAA. February 1, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  4. "Music streaming numbers now count toward Canada's Gold/Platinum certifications". National Music Centre. September 19, 2016. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  5. "France Now Counts Streaming Towards Certified Sales Awards". musicbusinessworldwide.com. October 5, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  6. "RIAA Gold and Platinum: We Found Love". RIAA. February 1, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  7. Trust, Gary (June 23, 2015). "Ask Billboard: Rihanna's Best-Selling Songs & Albums". Billboard. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  8. "RIAJ Yearbook 2017: IFPI Global Music Report 2017 (Page 4)". Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  9. "Bundesverband Musikindustrie: Internationales: ABB. 28// Umsätze aus dem europäischen Musikverkauf (Page 54)" (PDF). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  10. Unterberger, Richie. "Allmusic: The Beatles (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  11. "RIAA: Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  12. "RIAJ: Gold Disc Certifications" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  13. "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  14. "InfoDisc: Les Certifications depuis 1973" [InfoDisc: Certifications from 1973]. Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). InfoDisc.fr. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  15. "SNEP: Les Certifications". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). SNEP. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  16. "Music Canada: Gold & Platinum searchable database". Music Canada. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  17. "Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Moonlight Publishing. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  18. "PMB: Certificados" (in Portuguese). Pro-Música Brasil. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  19. "NVPI: Goud/Platina". NVPI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  20. "PROMUSICAE Charts: Home > Weekly charts" (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  21. Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1991-1995. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 928–939. ISBN 978-84-8048-639-2. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  22. "Trofeer" (in Portuguese). IFPI Norway. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  23. "Hitlisten.nu: Album Top-40 (Uge 01-2001)". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  24. "Certificeringer marts – maj 2010". IFPI Denmark. May 31, 2010. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  25. "IFPI Denmark: Certificeringer". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  26. "Hitparade.ch: Edelmetall". Schweizer Hitparade. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 22, 2017. Note that the certifications for DVDs need to be retrieved by selecting the years at"http://hitparade.ch/awards.asp"
  27. "CAPIF: Discos de Oro y Platino (albums)". CAPIF. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  28. "CAPIF: Discos de Oro y Platino (albums and DVDs)". CAPIF. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  29. "Awardees". CAPIF. Archived from the original on June 26, 2002. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  30. "Awards 1997–2003". Belgian Entertainment Association. Ultratop. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
  31. "Ultratop: Goud En Platina". Ultratop. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  32. "Radioscope: Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". Radioscope. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  33. Siggins, Gerard (February 7, 2016). "Yeah, Yeah, Yeah! Rare footage of The Beatles's Dublin performance". Irish Independent. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  34. Hotten, Russell (October 4, 2012). "The Beatles at 50: From Fab Four to fabulously wealthy". BBC News. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  35. Wyman, Bill (January 4, 2013). "Did 'Thriller' Really Sell a Hundred Million Copies". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  36. Unterberger, Richie. "Allmusic: Elvis Presley (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  37. "1997 ARIA Album Chart". ARIA. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  38. Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1979-1990. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 913–929. ISBN 978-84-8048-639-2. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  39. Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1996-1999. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 940–952. ISBN 978-84-8048-639-2. Retrieved July 31, 2013.