List of colonial governors of Togo


This article lists the colonial governors of Togo. It encompasses the period when the country was under colonial rule of the German Empire (as Togoland), military occupation of the territory by the Allies of World War I (during the Togoland campaign of the African theatre), as well as the period when it was a Class B League of Nations mandate and a United Nations trust territory, under the administration of France (as French Togoland) and the United Kingdom (as British Togoland) respectively.

Togoland (bordered in red), 1905.
French Togoland (pale purple) and British Togoland (pale green).

List


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Togoland

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
5 July 1884 to 6 July 1884Gustav Nachtigal,
Kommissar
Commissioner; Reichskommissar (Reich Commissioner) for German West Africa
6 July 1884 to 26 June 1885Heinrich Randad [de],
Provisional Consul
26 June 1885 to May 1887Ernst Falkenthal [de],
Kommissar
Commissioner
July 1887 to 17 October 1888Jesko von Puttkamer,
acting Kommissar
acting Commissioner, 1st time
17 October 1888 to 14 April 1891Eugen von Zimmerer,
Kommissar
Commissioner
14 April 1891 to 4 June 1892Markus Graf von Pfeil,
acting Kommissar
acting Commissioner
4 June 1892 to 17 November 1893Jesko von Puttkamer,
Kommissar
Commissioner, 2nd time
17 November 1893 to 13 August 1895Jesko von Puttkamer,
Landeshauptleute
State Captain
18 November 1895 to 18 April 1898August Köhler [de],
Landeshauptleute
State Captain
18 April 1898 to 20 January 1902August Köhler [de],
Governor
20 January 1902 to 27 July 1905Woldemar Horn [de],
Governor
Acting to 1 December 1902
27 July 1905 to 7 November 1910Julius von Zech auf Neuhofen [de],
Governor
7 November 1910 to 19 June 1912Edmund Brückner [de],
Governor
Acting to 31 March 1911
19 June 1912 to 31 August 1914Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg,
Governor
Member of the House of Mecklenburg; later the Duke-elect of the United Baltic Duchy (5 to 28 November 1918)
August 1914Hans Georg von Doering [de],
acting Governor
Acting for Adolf Friedrich
(31 August 1914)Occupation by Great Britain and France
4 September 1916Germany surrenders territory to occupying powers

Allied occupation of Togoland

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
26 August 1914 to 4 September 1916Gaston Léopold Joseph Fourn [fr],
Military Administrator
Afterwards served as Commissioner of French Togoland

French Togoland

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
French-occupied territory
4 September 1916 to 27 April 1917Gaston Léopold Joseph Fourn [fr],
Commissioner
Previously served as Military Administrator during Allied occupation of Togoland
27 April 1917 to 31 January 1922Alfred Louis Woelffel,
Commissioner
30 November 1920 to 1921Pierre Benjamin Victor Sasias,
acting Commissioner
Acting for Woelffel, 1st time
26 January 1922 to 31 January 1922Acting for Woelffel, 2nd time
31 January 1922 to 20 July 1922Paul Auguste François Bonnecarrère,
Commissioner
French Togoland (League of Nations mandate)
20 July 1922 to 27 December 1931Paul Auguste François Bonnecarrère,
Commissioner
Acting to 22 December 1922
27 December 1931 to 18 October 1933Robert Paul Marie de Guise,
Commissioner
18 October 1933 to 7 May 1934Léon Charles Adolphe Pêtre,
acting Commissioner
7 May 1934 to 1 January 1935Maurice Léon Bourgine,
Commissioner
1 January 1935 to 25 September 1936Léon Geismar,
Commissioner
25 September 1936 to 1 January 1941Michel Lucien Montagné,
Commissioner
1 January 1941 to 19 November 1941Léonce Joseph Delpech,
Commissioner
Acting to 28 August 1941
19 November 1941 to 12 April 1942Jean-François de Saint-Alary,
Commissioner
12 April 1942 to 31 August 1943Pierre Jean André Saliceti,
Commissioner
31 August 1943 to 10 January 1944Albert Mercadier,
acting Commissioner
10 January 1944 to 13 December 1946Jean Noutary,
Commissioner
Acting to 4 November 1944
French Togoland (United Nations trust territory)
13 December 1946 to 8 March 1948Jean Noutary,
Commissioner
8 March 1948 to 20 September 1951Jean Henri Arsène Cédile,
Commissioner
20 September 1951 to 25 April 1952Yves Jean Digo,
Commissioner
25 April 1952 to 3 February 1955Laurent Elysée Péchoux,
Commissioner
3 February 1955 to 21 September 1956Jean Louis Philippe Bérard,
Commissioner
Acting to 6 August 1955
21 September 1956 to 23 March 1957Jean Louis Philippe Bérard,
High Commissioner
23 March 1957 to June 1957Joseph Édouard Georges Marie Rigal,
acting High Commissioner
June 1957 to 27 April 1960Georges Léon Spénale,
High Commissioner
27 April 1960Independence as Togolese Republic

For continuation after independence, see: List of presidents of Togo

British Togoland

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
27 December 1916 to 30 September 1920the governors of Gold CoastUnder direct administration of Gold Coast colony
30 September 1920 to 11 October 1923Francis Walter Fillon Jackson,
Administrator
11 October 1923 to 6 March 1957the governors of Gold CoastUnder direct administration of Gold Coast colony
6 March 1957Part of independent Ghana

For continuation after independence, see: List of heads of state of Ghana

See also