List of conflicts in Africa


This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc.), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war.

African Great Lakes


Burundi

Rwanda

Kenya

South Sudan

Tanzania

Uganda

Central Africa


Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Congo (Republic of)

Congo (Democratic Republic of)

São Tomé and Príncipe

Horn of Africa


Djibouti

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Somalia

Somaliland

Indian Ocean islands


Comoros

Madagascar

Mauritius

North Africa


Algeria

Egypt

Libya

Morocco

Sudan

Tunisia

Southern Africa


Angola

Lesotho

Malawi

Mozambique

Namibia

South Africa

Swaziland

Zambia

Zimbabwe

West Africa


Benin

Burkina Faso

Côte d'Ivoire

Gambia

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Liberia

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Sierra Leone

Western Sahara

Chronological list of wars


19th century

20th century

21st century

See also


General:

References


  1. Shoup, John A. (2011-10-31). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 266. ISBN 9781598843620. The kingdom was able to last until 1901, when the French conquered it as part of their conquest of the Niger River/Sahara region
  2. Katagiri, Noriyuki (2015). Adapting to Win: How Insurgents Fight and Defeat Foreign States in War. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 197. ISBN 9780812246414.
  3. "Britain Sokoto Conquest 1903". www.onwar.com. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. "COW War List". correlatesofwar.org. Correlates of War. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. Henige, David (1979). History in Africa. African Studies Association. p. 54. By the time Portuguese military expeditions reached Kasanje in 1910, intent on effective occupation and "pacification," only regional chieftains, some still claiming the kinguri title, remained to resist their advance. Portuguese military commanders seized and destroyed the regalia of the kinguri position in 1912, thereby ending the history of the state by burning the symbols in which had inhered the power of its kings.
  6. St John, Ronald Bruce (4 June 2014). Historical Dictionary of Libya. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 316. ISBN 9780810878761.
  7. Association, Cheke Cultural Writers (1994). The history and cultural life of the Mbunda speaking peoples. The Association. p. 101. ISBN 9789982030069.
  8. Abegaz, Berhanu (2018-06-09). A Tributary Model of State Formation: Ethiopia, 1600-2015. Springer. p. 48. ISBN 9783319757803.
  9. Vos, Jelmer (2015). Kongo in the Age of Empire, 1860–1913: The Breakdown of a Moral Order. University of Wisconsin Pres. p. 350. ISBN 9780299306243.
  10. Ahmida, Ali Abdullatif (2002). The making of modern Libya. Albany, New York: SUNY Press. pp. 126–131. ISBN 978-1-4384-2891-8. Retrieved 12 June 2011.

Further reading


  • Ahram, Ariel I. War and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa (John Wiley & Sons, 2020).
  • Christman, Audrey Mona. Civil wars in Africa: Roots and resolution (McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 1999).
  • Sidorova, Galina, and Eliza Lyubenova. "Contemporary Wars in Africa or 21st Century Competition for Power." Journal of Asian and African Studies (2020): 0021909620965609.
  • Williams, Paul D. War and conflict in Africa (John Wiley & Sons, 2016).