List of conflicts in the Near East

The area known as the "Near East" is usually referred to as Middle East in modern contexts. For periods predating Classical Antiquity, the common term is Ancient Near East. The Near East is generally associated with Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Caucasus.

A geographical map showing territories commonly considered part of the Near East.

Ancient Near East conflicts

Bronze Age

Early Iron Age

Note: This section is covering Iron Age I and II, Iron Age III is related as Classic Period

Classic antiquity conflicts

Greco-Persian domination

Roman, Parthian and Sassanid domination

Medieval conflicts

Ottoman period conflicts 1453–1918

Ottoman expansion

Ottoman era period conflicts 1453–1516

Ottoman Empire period conflicts

Ottoman Tanzimat period

Post-Ottoman era conflicts

See also


  1. Ergil, Doğu, PKK: The Kurdistan Workers' Party, in Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O'Leary, John Tirman, eds., Terror, insurgency, and the state: ending protracted conflicts, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, p.356
  2. Chaliand, Gérard, The Kurdish tragedy, Palgrave Macmillan, 1994, p.25
  3. Vanly, Ismet Chériff, The Kurds in the Soviet Union, in Philip G. Kreyenbroek, Stefan Sperl, eds., The Kurds: a contemporary overview, Routledge, 2000, p.196