List_of_constituencies_of_the_Lok_Sabha

List of constituencies of the Lok Sabha

List of constituencies of the Lok Sabha

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The Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Parliament of India, is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). Each MP, represents a single geographic constituency. There are currently 543 constituencies while maximum seats will fill up to 550 (after article 331, 2 seats were reserved for Anglo Indian but by the 104th Constitution Amendment article 331 was null by parliament before this amendment maximum number of seats was 552).

Lok Sabha constituencies of India

The maximum size of the Lok Sabha as outlined in the Constitution of India is 552 members, made up of up to 524 members representing people of 28 states and 19 members representing people of 8 union territories based on their population.

Delimitation of constituencies

Under the Delimitation Act of 2002, the Delimitation Commission of India has redefined the list of parliamentary constituencies, their constituent assembly segments and reservation status (whether reserved for Scheduled castes (SC) candidates or Scheduled tribes (ST) candidates or unreserved). 2008 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, which took place in May 2008, was the first state election to use newly demarcated assembly constituencies.[1] Consequently, all assembly elections scheduled in 2008, viz. in the states of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, NCT of Delhi, Mizoram and Rajasthan were based on newly defined assembly constituencies.[2]

The size and shape of the Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies are determined, according to section 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950, by an independent Delimitation Commission. Under a constitutional amendment of 1976, delimitation was suspended until after the census of 2001.[3] However, certain amendments to the Constitution made in 2001 and 2003 have, while putting a freeze on the total number of existing seats as allocated to various States in the House of the People and the State Legislative Assemblies based on the 1971 census until the first census to be taken after the year 2026,[4] provided that each State shall be delimited into territorial Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies based on 2001 census and the extent of such constituencies as delimited shall remain frozen until the first census to be taken after the year 2026.[4] The number of seats to be reserved for SC/ ST shall be re-worked based on the 2001 census. The constituency shall be delimited in a manner that the population of each Parliamentary and Assembly Constituency in a State so far as practicable be the same throughout the State.[4]

Summary

The Delimitation Commission, set up under the Delimitation Act, 2002, was entrusted with the task of readjusting all parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the country in all the states of India, except the state of Jammu and Kashmir, based on population ascertained in 2001 Census. The government of India promulgated an Ordinance amending the Delimitation Act, of 2002 nullifies the Final Order of the Delimitation Commission for the state of Jharkhand. Later on, the Government passed four separate Orders under Sec 10 A of the Delimitation Act, 2002, deferring the delimitation exercise in the four North Eastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland. The following table indicates the total number of seats and the number of seats reserved for SC and ST statewise.[5]

Between 1952 and 2020, two seats were reserved in the Lok Sabha for members of the Anglo-Indian community. They were nominated by the President of India on the advice of the Government of India. In 2020, it was abolished under the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019.[6][7]

More information State/ union territory, Seats ...

Andhra Pradesh (25)

Constituencies of Andhra Pradesh
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Arunachal Pradesh (2)

Constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh
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Assam (14)

Constituencies of Assam
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Bihar (40)

Constituencies of Bihar
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Chhattisgarh (11)

Constituencies of Chhattisgarh
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Goa (2)

Constituencies of Goa
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Gujarat (26)

Constituencies of Gujarat
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Haryana (10)

Constituencies of Haryana
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Himachal Pradesh (4)

Constituencies of Himachal Pradesh
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Jharkhand (14)

Constituencies of Jharkhand
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Karnataka (28)

Constituencies of Karnataka
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Kerala (20)

Constituencies of Kerala
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Madhya Pradesh (29)

Constituencies of Madhya Pradesh
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Maharashtra (48)

Constituencies of Maharashtra
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Manipur (2)

Constituencies of Manipur
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Meghalaya (2)

Constituencies of Meghalaya
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Mizoram (1)

Constituencies of Mizoram
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Nagaland (1)

Constituencies of Nagaland
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Odisha (21)

Constituencies of Odisha
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Punjab (13)

Constituencies of Punjab
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Rajasthan (25)

Constituencies of Rajasthan
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Sikkim (1)

Constituencies of Sikkim
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Tamil Nadu (39)

Constituencies of Tamil Nadu
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Telangana (17)

Constituencies of Telangana
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Tripura (2)

Constituencies of Tripura
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Uttar Pradesh (80)

Constituencies of Uttar Pradesh
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Uttarakhand (5)

Constituencies of Uttarakhand
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West Bengal (42)

Constituencies of West Bengal
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Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1)

Constituency of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
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Chandigarh (1)

Constituency of Chandigarh
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Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (2)

Constituency of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Constituency of Daman and Diu
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Delhi (7)

Constituencies of National Capital Territory of Delhi
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South Delh

Jammu and Kashmir (5)

Constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir
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Ladakh (1)

Constituency of Ladakh
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Lakshadweep (1)

Constituency of Lakshadweep
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Puducherry (1)

Constituency of Puducherry
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See also


References

  1. "Karnataka Assembly Election Results in 2008". Archived from the original on 2019-11-16. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  2. "Women's Reservation Bill implementation depends on delimitation. What is it?". First Post. 21 September 2023. Retrieved 31 January 2024. ...the 42nd Amendment enacted in 1976 froze the delimitation exercise for 25 years.
  3. "Eighty Fourth Amendment". Indiacode.nic.in. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  4. "The Representation of the People (Amendment) Bill, 2008" (PDF). PRS India. 20 March 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  5. "Anglo Indian Members of Parliament (MPs) of India - Powers, Salary, Eligibility, Term". www.elections.in. Archived from the original on 2020-11-25. Retrieved 2020-11-12.

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