List of countries by GDP (PPP)


GDP (PPP) means gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity. This article includes a list of countries by their forecast estimated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP (PPP) forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions that calculate using market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists. Certain regions that are not widely considered countries such as the European Union and Hong Kong also show up in the list if they are distinct jurisdiction areas or economic entities.

Largest economies by PPP GDP in 2021
according to International Monetary Fund estimates[1]
Countries by GDP (PPP) in 2020.[n 1]
  > $20 trillion
  > $10 trillion
  > $5 trillion
  > $2 trillion
  > $1 trillion
  > $500 billion
  > $250 billion
  > $100 billion
  > $50 billion
  > $25 billion
  > $5 billion
  $5 billion or less

GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing the quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]

The first table includes estimates for the year 2020 made for each economy of the 194 countries and areas (including Hong Kong and Taiwan) covered by the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s International Financial Statistics (IFS) database. The data is in millions of international dollars and was calculated and published by the IMF in April 2020. The second table includes data, mostly for the year 2018, for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states as well as Hong Kong and Macau (the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions). Data are in millions of international dollars; they were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook GDP (PPP) data update of 2017. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity has also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007. Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

The European Union – and its European Single Market, which seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and labour (the "four freedoms") within its 27 member states, also involved in international trade negotiations – might also appear in some lists.

Lists


List by the IMF (2021 estimates)[5] List by the World Bank (2019)[6] List by the CIA (2019)[7]
RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(millions of current Int$)
 World141,962,059
1 China26,656,766
2 United States22,675,271
 European Union[n 2][9]20,918,062
3 India10,207,290
4 Japan5,585,786
5 Germany4,743,673
6 Russia4,328,122
7 Indonesia3,507,239
8 Brazil3,328,459
9 France3,231,927
10 United Kingdom3,174,921
11 Turkey2,749,570
12 Mexico2,613,797
13 Italy2,610,563
14 South Korea2,436,872
15 Canada1,978,816
16 Spain1,959,037
17 Saudi Arabia1,705,519
18 Australia1,415,564
19 Taiwan1,403,663
20 Poland1,363,766
21 Egypt1,346,225
22 Thailand1,329,324
23 Iran1,148,580
24 Vietnam1,148,054
25 Nigeria1,116,255
26 Pakistan1,110,075
27 Netherlands1,055,502
28 Argentina1,015,008
29 Philippines1,000,617
30 Malaysia978,781
31 Bangladesh966,485
32 Colombia780,262
33 South Africa753,113
34 United Arab Emirates683,182
35  Switzerland660,862
36 Romania636,481
37 Belgium623,720
38 Singapore600,063
39 Sweden589,751
40 Ukraine576,106
41 Kazakhstan526,746
42 Austria517,860
43 Algeria514,748
44 Ireland500,270
45 Chile491,535
46 Hong Kong472,395
47 Czech Republic460,933
48 Peru439,262
49 Iraq413,316
50 Israel399,488
51 Norway374,994
52 Portugal370,497
53 Denmark359,048
54 Hungary342,708
55 Greece325,304
56 Sri Lanka306,997
57 Ethiopia293,485
58 Morocco291,495
59 Finland286,858
60 Qatar273,040
61 Uzbekistan270,013
62 Kenya262,669
63 Myanmar258,677
64 New Zealand226,566
65 Angola219,841
66 Dominican Republic208,957
67 Kuwait208,323
68 Ecuador201,194
69 Belarus192,626
70 Slovakia190,277
71 Ghana186,682
72 Sudan185,742
73 Bulgaria174,998
74 Tanzania171,006
75 Guatemala158,570
76 Ivory Coast156,038
77 Azerbaijan151,866
78 Venezuela (2020)144,737
79 Serbia142,285
80 Oman138,998
81 Syria (2010)136,344
82 Panama131,807
83 Tunisia127,325
84   Nepal122,629
85 Croatia119,532
86 Uganda114,896
87 Lithuania114,035
88 Puerto Rico112,273
89 Jordan109,296
90 Costa Rica107,095
91 Democratic Republic of the Congo106,138
92 Bolivia105,063
93 Turkmenistan104,539
94 Cameroon101,950
95 Paraguay98,929
96 Libya92,083
97 Slovenia85,889
98 Afghanistan83,370
99 Uruguay83,170
100 Lebanon (2020)78,931
101 Luxembourg78,309
102 Cambodia78,065
103 Bahrain77,624
104 Zambia64,638
105 Yemen64,042
106 Latvia63,539
107 Laos62,797
108 Senegal62,412
109 Macau61,623
110 Georgia58,226
111 El Salvador57,952
112 Honduras57,649
113 Estonia52,813
114 Bosnia and Herzegovina51,996
115 Burkina Faso50,225
116 Mali49,987
117 Madagascar46,350
118 Benin44,616
119 Albania43,553
120 Botswana43,389
121 Mozambique42,460
122 Mongolia42,412
123 Zimbabwe41,794
124 Armenia40,500
125 Guinea39,093
126 Cyprus37,271
127 Tajikistan37,235
128 Nicaragua36,964
129 North Macedonia36,673
130 Trinidad and Tobago36,413
131 Moldova35,906
132 Papua New Guinea35,464
133 Kyrgyzstan35,419
134 Gabon34,676
135 Haiti34,189
136 Niger33,162
137 Rwanda31,848
138 Brunei29,731
139 Palestine29,582
140 Jamaica28,209
141 Mauritius27,909
142 Chad27,421
143 Equatorial Guinea26,485
144 Mauritania25,409
145 Namibia24,843
146 Malta23,501
147 Kosovo21,680
148 Malawi21,576
149 Iceland21,520
150 Republic of the Congo20,005
151 Togo19,199
152 Guyana18,357
153 Somalia14,574
154 Sierra Leone14,449
155 Montenegro13,313
156 Bahamas13,254
157 South Sudan11,693
158 Fiji11,126
159 Eswatini10,424
160 Burundi9,446
161 Suriname8,992
162 Bhutan8,977
163 Maldives8,972
164 Liberia7,706
165 Eritrea6,706
166 Djibouti6,040
167 Gambia5,942
168 Lesotho5,904
169 Central African Republic4,985
170 Guinea-Bissau4,469
171 Timor-Leste4,192
172 Barbados4,136
173 Cape Verde3,852
174 Aruba3,499
175 Comoros2,785
176 Belize2,626
177 Seychelles2,561
178 Saint Lucia2,539
179 San Marino2,086
180 Antigua and Barbuda1,804
181 Grenada1,747
182 Solomon Islands1,662
183 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1,418
184 Saint Kitts and Nevis1,196
185 Samoa1,077
186 São Tomé and Príncipe875
187 Dominica841
188 Vanuatu816
189 Tonga616
190 Federated States of Micronesia354
191 Kiribati270
192 Palau229
193 Marshall Islands210
194 Nauru132
195 Tuvalu52
RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(millions of current Int$)
 World136,713,677
1 China23,523,358
2 United States21,433,226
3 India9,560,220
4 Japan5,504,331
5 Germany4,782,655
6 Russia4,433,093
7 France3,419,582
8 Indonesia3,338,144
9 United Kingdom3,337,149
10 Brazil3,229,055
11 Italy2,756,952
12 Mexico2,671,946
13 Turkey2,347,133
14 South Korea2,275,781
15 Spain2,047,649
16 Canada1,942,196
17 Saudi Arabia1,680,540
18 Australia1,353,983
19 Thailand1,342,165
20 Poland1,335,254
21 Egypt1,233,148
22 Pakistan1,110,748
23 Nigeria1,077,719
24 Iran1,072,697
25 Netherlands1,062,244
26 Argentina1,035,401
27 Philippines1,005,742
28 Malaysia946,342
29 Vietnam809,994
30 Bangladesh809,376
31 Colombia806,058
32 South Africa763,258
33 United Arab Emirates684,810
34 Belgium647,109
35 Romania645,346
36  Switzerland620,612
37 Sweden582,487
38 Singapore579,763
39 Ukraine562,213
40 Austria536,335
41 Algeria517,495
42 Chile511,748
43 Kazakhstan509,458
44 Czech Republic472,625
45 Hong Kong469,182
46 Iraq446,665
47 Ireland443,167
48 Peru436,174
49 Portugal389,400
50 Israel388,367
51 Norway374,384
52 Denmark361,273
53 Greece348,349
54 Hungary341,619
55 Sri Lanka297,760
56 Finland293,524
57 Morocco291,655
58 Myanmar290,208
59 Qatar266,295
60 Ethiopia259,990
61 Uzbekistan245,421
62 Kenya237,712
63 New Zealand223,144
64 Angola221,679
65 Kuwait219,020
66 Dominican Republic206,486
67 Ecuador206,377
68 Belarus189,309
69 Slovak Republic182,798
70 Bulgaria176,571
71 Sudan175,727
72 Ghana171,926
73 Tanzania156,414
74 Azerbaijan150,763
75 Guatemala149,763
76 Oman141,824
77 Côte d'Ivoire139,981
78 Panama139,499
79 Serbia135,393
80 Tunisia131,350
81 Croatia126,625
82 Puerto Rico115,117
83 Lithuania111,519
84 Costa Rica109,722
85 Libya107,393
86 Jordan106,240
87 Bolivia104,891
88 Lebanon104,176
89   Nepal102,076
90 Uganda101,124
91 Congo, Democratic Republic of the99,508
92 Cameroon98,420
93 Paraguay93,317
94 Turkmenistan88,975
95 Slovenia88,594
96 Macau82,906
97 Afghanistan82,034
98 Uruguay77,942
99 Luxembourg77,233
100 Bahrain77,139
101 Cambodia75,558
102 Zambia64,729
103 Latvia63,162
104 El Salvador59,143
105 Laos58,594
106 Honduras58,296
107 Georgia58,245
108 Senegal57,772
109 Bosnia and Herzegovina53,769
110 Estonia53,045
111 Mali47,658
112 Madagascar46,385
113 Burkina Faso46,225
114 Zimbabwe43,372
115 Botswana42,740
116 Armenia42,171
117 Albania41,809
118 Mongolia41,482
119 Mozambique40,633
120 Benin40,511
121 Papua New Guinea39,910
122 Trinidad and Tobago38,130
123 North Macedonia37,727
124 Cyprus37,706
125 Nicaragua36,959
126 Moldova36,216
127 Kyrgyzstan35,420
128 Haiti34,172
129 Guinea34,169
130 Gabon33,918
131 Tajikistan32,897
132 West Bank and Gaza30,432
133 Mauritius30,228
134 Jamaica30,053
135 Niger29,807
136 Rwanda29,363
137 Brunei28,098
138 Chad26,305
139 Equatorial Guinea26,278
140 Namibia25,104
141 Mauritania24,561
142 Malta23,915
143 Iceland21,727
144 Kosovo21,299
145 Congo, Republic of the20,638
146 Malawi20,615
147 Bahamas, The15,090
148 Montenegro14,954
149 Sierra Leone14,019
150 Togo13,476
151 Fiji12,717
152 Maldives10,829
153 Guyana10,694
154 Eswatini10,337
155 Suriname10,032
156 Bhutan9,429
157 Burundi9,051
158 Liberia7,362
159 Lesotho6,002
160 Djibouti5,627
161 Gambia, The5,450
162 Timor-Leste4,797
163 Cayman Islands4,703
164 Barbados4,687
165 Central African Republic4,682
166 Cape Verde4,119
167 Aruba4,051
168 Curaçao4,027
169 Guinea-Bissau3,991
170 Seychelles2,979
171 Saint Lucia2,949
172 Belize2,855
173 Comoros2,718
174 Antigua and Barbuda2,222
175 San Marino2,057
176 Grenada1,993
177 Solomon Islands1,863
178 Sint Maarten (Dutch part)1,472
179 Saint Kitts and Nevis1,459
180 St. Vincent and the Grenadines1,442
181 Samoa1,339
182 Turks and Caicos Islands1,167
183 Vanuatu987
184 Dominica894
185 Sao Tome and Principe891
186 Tonga697
187 Micronesia, Federated States of400
188 Palau331
189 Kiribati279
190 Marshall Islands233
191 Nauru152
192 Tuvalu52
RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(billions of current Int$)
Year
 World127,000 2017 est.
1 China22,526 2019 est.
2 United States20,524 2019 est.
 European Union[n 3]19,885 2019 est.
3 India9,155 2019 est.
4 Japan5,231 2019 est.
5 Germany4,482 2019 est.
6 Russia3,968 2019 est.
7 Indonesia3,196 2019 est.
8 United Kingdom3,118 2019 est.
9 France3,097 2019 est.
10 Brazil3,092 2019 est.
11 Italy2,562 2019 est.
12 Mexico2,525 2019 est.
13 Turkey2,371 2019 est.
14 South Korea2,211 2019 est.
15 Spain1,925 2019 est.
16 Canada1,843 2019 est.
17 Saudi Arabia1,609 2019 est.
18 Thailand1,285 2019 est.
19 Australia1,264 2019 est.
20 Poland1,261 2019 est.
21 Egypt1,180 2019 est.
 Taiwan1,143 2019 est.
22 Pakistan1,110 2021 est.
23 Nigeria1,032 2019 est.
24 Iran1,027 2019 est.
25 Argentina991
.52019 est.
26 Netherlands986
.82019 est.
27 Philippines963
.12019 est.
28 Malaysia906
.22019 est.
29 Vietnam775
.62019 est.
30 Bangladesh775
.02019 est.
31 Colombia741
.02019 est.
32 South Africa730
.92019 est.
33 United Arab Emirates655
.72019 est.
34 Belgium596
.42019 est.
35  Switzerland588
.42019 est.
36 Romania579
.52019 est.
37 Singapore555
.12019 est.
38 Sweden547
.52019 est.
39 Ukraine538
.32019 est.
40 Austria498
.72019 est.
41 Algeria495
.52019 est.
42 Kazakhstan487
.82019 est.
43 Chile459
.12019 est.
 Hong Kong449
.22019 est.
44 Czech Republic435
.92019 est.
45 Ireland428
.82019 est.
46 Iraq427
.72019 est.
47 Peru417
.62019 est.
48 Israel363
.42019 est.
49 Portugal358
.32019 est.
50 Norway340
.32019 est.
51 Denmark336
.32019 est.
52 Hungary321
.82019 est.
53 Greece319
.32019 est.
54 Sri Lanka285
.12019 est.
55 Morocco279
.22019 est.
56 Myanmar277
.92019 est.
57 Venezuela269
.02019 est.
58 Finland268
.62019 est.
59 Qatar255
.02019 est.
60 Ethiopia248
.92019 est.
61 Uzbekistan235
.02019 est.
62 Kenya227
.62019 est.
63 Angola212
.22019 est.
64 New Zealand210
.82019 est.
65 Kuwait209
.72019 est.
66 Dominican Republic197
.72019 est.
67 Ecuador197
.62019 est.
68 Belarus181
.22019 est.
69 Slovakia178
.52019 est.
70 Sudan168
.22019 est.
71 Ghana164
.62019 est.
72 Bulgaria161
.62019 est.
73 Tanzania149
.72019 est.
74 Azerbaijan144
.32019 est.
75 Guatemala143
.42019 est.
76 Cuba137
.02017 est.
77 Oman135
.82019 est.
78 Cote d'Ivoire134
.02019 est.
79 Panama133
.52019 est.
80 Serbia126
.62019 est.
81 Tunisia125
.72019 est.
82 Croatia116
.32019 est.
 Puerto Rico110
.22019 est.
83 Lithuania103
.72019 est.
84 Libya102
.82019 est.
85 Jordan101
.72019 est.
86 Bolivia100
.42019 est.
87 Lebanon99
.72019 est.
88 Costa Rica99
.12019 est.
89   Nepal97
.72019 est.
90 Uganda96
.82019 est.
91 Congo, Democratic Republic of the95
.22019 est.
92 Cameroon94
.22019 est.
93 Paraguay89
.32019 est.
94 Turkmenistan86
.82018 est.
95 Slovenia81
.62019 est.
 Macau79
.32019 est.
96 Afghanistan78
.52019 est.
97 Uruguay74
.62019 est.
98 Bahrain73
.82019 est.
99 Yemen73
.62017 est.
100 Cambodia72
.32019 est.
101 Luxembourg70
.92019 est.
102 Zambia61
.92019 est.
103 Latvia59
.12019 est.
104 El Salvador56
.62019 est.
105 Laos56
.12019 est.
106 Honduras55
.82019 est.
107 Georgia55
.72019 est.
108 Senegal55
.32019 est.
109 Syria50
.22019 est.
110 Bosnia and Herzegovina49
.22019 est.
111 Estonia48
.92019 est.
112 Mali45
.62019 est.
113 Madagascar44
.42019 est.
114 Burkina Faso44
.22019 est.
115 Zimbabwe41
.52019 est.
116 Botswana40
.92019 est.
117 Armenia40
.32019 est.
118 Korea, North40
.02015 est.
119 Albania39
.82019 est.
120 Mongolia39
.72019 est.
121 Mozambique38
.92019 est.
122 Benin38
.72019 est.
123 Papua New Guinea38
.22019 est.
124 Trinidad and Tobago36
.52019 est.
125 Nicaragua35
.32019 est.
126 Cyprus35
.32019 est.
127 Moldova34
.62019 est.
128 North Macedonia34
.32019 est.
129 Kyrgyzstan33
.92019 est.
130 Haiti32
.72019 est.
131 Guinea32
.72019 est.
132 Gabon32
.42019 est.
133 Tajikistan31
.52019 est.
134 Mauritius28
.92019 est.
135 Jamaica28
.72019 est.
136 Niger28
.52019 est.
137 Rwanda28
.12019 est.
138 Brunei26
.92019 est.
139 Chad25
.12019 est.
140 Equatorial Guinea25
.12019 est.
141 Namibia24
.02019 est.
142 Mauritania23
.52019 est.
143 Malta22
.12019 est.
 West Bank (includes Gaza Strip[11])21
.22014 est.
144 Somalia20
.42017 est.
 Kosovo20
.32019 est.
145 Iceland20
.12019 est.
146 South Sudan20
.02017 est.
147 Congo, Republic of the19
.72019 est.
148 Malawi19
.72019 est.
149 Bahamas, The14
.42019 est.
150 Sierra Leone13
.42019 est.
151 Montenegro13
.32019 est.
152 Togo12
.92019 est.
153 Fiji12
.12019 est.
 New Caledonia11
.12017 est.
154 Maldives10
.32019 est.
155 Guyana10
.22019 est.
156 Eswatini9
.82019 est.
157 Eritrea9
.7022019 est.
158 Suriname9
.6062019 est.
159 Bhutan9
.0292019 est.
160 Burundi8
.6672019 est.
161 Monaco7
.6722015 est.
162 Liberia7
.0492019 est.
 Isle of Man6
.7922015 est.
 Guam5
.7932016 est.
163 Lesotho5
.7472019 est.
 Jersey5
.5692016 est.
 French Polynesia5
.4902017 est.
164 Djibouti5
.3882019 est.
 Bermuda5
.2282019 est.
165 Gambia, The5
.2182019 est.
166 Liechtenstein4
.9782014 est.
167 Timor-Leste4
.5932019 est.
 Cayman Islands4
.5912018 est.
168 Barbados4
.4882019 est.
169 Central African Republic4
.4832019 est.
 Aruba4
.1582017 est.
170 Cape Verde3
.9442019 est.
 U.S. Virgin Islands3
.8722016 est.
 Curaçao3
.8562019 est.
171 Guinea-Bissau3
.8212019 est.
 Guernsey3
.4652015 est.
172 Andorra3
.3272015 est.
173 Seychelles2
.8522019 est.
174 Saint Lucia2
.8232019 est.
175 Belize2
.7342019 est.
176 Comoros2
.6032019 est.
 Greenland2
.4132015 est.
177 Antigua and Barbuda2
.1272019 est.
 Gibraltar2
.0442014 est.
178 San Marino2
.0082018 est.
 Faroe Islands2
.0012014 est.
179 Grenada1
.9082019 est.
180 Solomon Islands1
.7832019 est.
 Sint Maarten1
.4362018 est.
181 Saint Kitts and Nevis1
.3962019 est.
182 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1
.3802019 est.
183 Samoa1
.2852019 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands1
.2422016 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands1
.1172019 est.
184 Vanuatu0
.9452019 est.
185 Dominica0
.8552019 est.
186 Sao Tome and Principe0
.8532019 est.
187 Tonga0
.6672019 est.
 American Samoa0
.6582016 est.
Saint Martin0
.56152005 est.
 British Virgin Islands0
.5002017 est.
188 Micronesia, Federated States of0
.3902018 est.
189 Palau0
.3162019 est.
 Cook Islands0
.2992016 est.
190 Kiribati0
.2672019 est.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0
.2612015 est.
191 Marshall Islands0
.2272018 est.
 Falkland Islands0
.2062018 est.
 Anguilla0
.17542009 est.
192 Nauru0
.1452019 est.
 Wallis and Futuna0
.0602004 est.
193 Tuvalu0
.04902019 est.
Saint Helena0
.03112009 est.
 Niue0
.01012003 est.
 Tokelau0
.00772017 est.

See also


Notes


  1. Based on IMF data. If no data is available for a country from the IMF, then data from the CIA World Factbook is used.
  2. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, USMCA, or Mercosur.[8]
  3. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, USMCA, or Mercosur.[10]
  • ^2 IMF estimate.
  • ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
  • ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.

References


  1. pr.x=43&pr.y=19&sy=2020&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=512%2C672%2C914%2C946%2C612%2C137%2C614%2C546%2C311%2C962%2C213%2C674%2C911%2C676%2C193%2C548%2C122%2C556%2C912%2C678%2C313%2C181%2C419%2C867%2C513%2C682%2C316%2C684%2C913%2C273%2C124%2C868%2C339%2C921%2C638%2C948%2C514%2C943%2C218%2C686%2C963%2C688%2C616%2C518%2C223%2C728%2C516%2C558%2C918%2C138%2C748%2C196%2C618%2C278%2C624%2C692%2C522%2C694%2C622%2C142%2C156%2C449%2C626%2C564%2C628%2C565%2C228%2C283%2C924%2C853%2C233%2C288%2C632%2C293%2C636%2C566%2C634%2C964%2C238%2C182%2C662%2C359%2C960%2C453%2C423%2C968%2C935%2C922%2C128%2C714%2C611%2C862%2C321%2C135%2C243%2C716%2C248%2C456%2C469%2C722%2C253%2C942%2C642%2C718%2C643%2C724%2C939%2C576%2C644%2C936%2C819%2C961%2C172%2C813%2C132%2C199%2C646%2C733%2C648%2C184%2C915%2C524%2C134%2C361%2C652%2C362%2C174%2C364%2C328%2C732%2C258%2C366%2C656%2C734%2C654%2C144%2C336%2C146%2C263%2C463%2C268%2C528%2C532%2C923%2C944%2C738%2C176%2C578%2C534%2C537%2C536%2C742%2C429%2C866%2C433%2C369%2C178%2C744%2C436%2C186%2C136%2C925%2C343%2C869%2C158%2C746%2C439%2C926%2C916%2C466%2C664%2C112%2C826%2C111%2C542%2C298%2C967%2C927%2C443%2C846%2C917%2C299%2C544%2C582%2C941%2C474%2C446%2C754%2C666%2C698%2C668&s=PPPGDP&grp=0&a= "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)" Check |url= value (help). IMF. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  2. "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  6. "World Bank, International Comparison Program database: GDP, PPP (current international $)" (PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  7. "Real GDP (purchasing power parity)". CIA. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  8. CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
  9. "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  10. CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.