List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita


This article is a list of the countries of the world by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.

Countries by GDP (PPP) per capita (Int$) in 2020 according to the IMF
  >50,000
  35,000–50,000
  20,000–35,000
  10,000–20,000
  5,000–10,000
  2,000–5,000
  <2,000
  Data unavailable

As of 2019, the estimated average GDP per capita (PPP) of all of the countries of the world is Int$18,381.[n 1] For rankings regarding wealth, see list of countries by wealth per adult.

Method


The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures on this page are derived from PPP calculations. Such calculations are prepared by various organizations, including the IMF and the World Bank. As estimates and assumptions have to be made, the results produced by different organizations for the same country are not hard facts and tend to differ, sometimes substantially, so they should be used with caution.

Comparisons of national wealth are frequently made on the basis of nominal GDP and savings (not just income), which do not reflect differences in the cost of living in different countries (see List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita); hence, using a PPP basis is arguably more useful when comparing generalized differences in living standards between nations because PPP takes into account the relative cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries, rather than using only exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in income. This is why GDP (PPP) per capita is often considered one of the indicators of a country's standard of living,[3][4] although this can be problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income. (See Standard of living and GDP.)

Lists of countries and dependencies


All figures are in current international dollars, and rounded up or down to the nearest whole number.

Several economies that are not considered to be sovereign states (such as various dependent territories) are included because they appear in the sources. These non-sovereign entities, former countries and other special groupings are in italics. They are listed in dollar order, but are not given a numerical rank.

International Monetary Fund (2021 estimates)[5] World Bank (2019)[6] Central Intelligence Agency (19932019)[7]
Rank Country/Territory Int$
1 Luxembourg122,740
2 Singapore102,742
3 Ireland99,239
4 Qatar97,262
 Macau90,606
5  Switzerland75,880
6 Norway69,171
7 United States68,309
8 Brunei64,405
 Hong Kong62,839
9 San Marino61,508
10 Denmark61,478
11 Netherlands60,461
12 United Arab Emirates59,844
 Taiwan59,398
13 Iceland58,151
14 Austria57,891
15 Germany56,956
16 Sweden55,566
17 Australia54,891
18 Belgium53,973
19 Finland51,867
20 Canada51,713
21 Bahrain50,284
22 France49,492
23 Saudi Arabia48,099
24 United Kingdom47,089
25 South Korea47,027
 European Union46,888
26 Malta45,042
27 Japan44,585
28 New Zealand44,226
29 Italy43,376
30 Czech Republic42,956
31 Israel42,570
32 Cyprus41,595
33 Spain41,546
34 Kuwait41,507
35 Slovenia40,820
36 Lithuania40,784
37 Estonia39,729
38 Portugal36,079
39 Poland35,957
 Puerto Rico35,943
40 Hungary35,088
41 Slovakia34,815
42 Bahamas34,046
43 Latvia33,394
44 Romania32,950
45 Turkey32,278
 Aruba30,972
46 Greece30,495
47 Oman30,404
48 Panama30,388
49 Croatia29,777
50 Russia29,485
51 Malaysia29,340
52 Kazakhstan27,560
53 Seychelles26,119
54 Trinidad and Tobago25,883
55 Bulgaria25,471
56 Chile24,928
57 Uruguay23,474
58 Maldives23,343
59 Guyana23,258
60 Argentina22,141
61 Mauritius22,030
62 Montenegro21,355
63 Saint Kitts and Nevis20,730
64 Costa Rica20,667
65 Belarus20,578
66 Serbia20,545
67 Mexico20,266
68 Dominican Republic19,799
69 Thailand19,004
70 China18,931
71 Equatorial Guinea18,236
72 Antigua and Barbuda18,125
73 Botswana18,113
74 North Macedonia17,663
75 Turkmenistan17,415
76 Gabon16,244
77 Bosnia and Herzegovina15,935
78 Georgia15,709
79 Brazil15,643
80 Grenada15,385
81 Albania15,225
82 Colombia15,184
83 Azerbaijan14,856
84 Suriname14,703
85 Barbados14,329
86 Ukraine13,943
87 Saint Lucia13,942
88 Sri Lanka13,909
89 Moldova13,879
90 Libya13,723
91 Armenia13,638
92 Iran13,513
93 Paraguay13,454
94 Egypt13,083
95 Peru12,985
96 Indonesia12,882
97 Palau12,862
98 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines12,811
99 South Africa12,442
100 Mongolia12,431
101 Fiji12,298
 Kosovo11,949
102 Bhutan11,928
103 Vietnam11,677
104 Lebanon (2020)11,564
105 Algeria11,433
106 Ecuador11,331
107 Dominica11,231
108 Tunisia10,594
109 Jordan10,590
110 Jamaica10,294
111 Iraq10,038
112 Nauru9,995
113 Namibia9,542
114 Eswatini9,152
115 Philippines9,061
116 El Salvador8,891
117 Bolivia8,832
118 Guatemala8,648
119 Laos8,519
120 Morocco8,027
121 Uzbekistan7,830
122 India7,333
123 Angola6,878
124 Cape Verde6,837
125 Syria (2010)6,373
126 Tonga6,156
127 Belize6,133
128 Mauritania5,993
129 Ghana5,968
130 Bangladesh5,812
131 Honduras5,698
 Palestine5,664
132 Nicaragua5,648
133 Ivory Coast5,642
134 Kyrgyzstan5,323
135 Djibouti5,300
136 Nigeria5,280
137 Kenya5,274
138 Samoa5,260
139 Pakistan5,224
140 Venezuela (2020)5,178
141 Cambodia4,930
142 Myanmar4,831
143 Tuvalu4,674
144   Nepal4,199
145 Republic of the Congo4,169
146 Sudan4,082
147 Papua New Guinea3,956
148 São Tomé and Príncipe3,926
149 Tajikistan3,856
150 Marshall Islands3,767
151 Cameroon3,745
152 Senegal3,625
153 Benin3,573
154 Federated States of Micronesia3,372
155 Zambia3,322
156 Timor-Leste3,119
157 Comoros3,022
158 Ethiopia2,973
159 Haiti2,962
160 Tanzania2,863
161 Lesotho2,829
162 Guinea2,731
163 Uganda2,706
164 Zimbabwe2,698
165 Vanuatu2,646
166 Solomon Islands2,483
167 Afghanistan2,474
168 Mali2,469
169 Rwanda2,458
170 Guinea-Bissau2,409
171 Gambia2,384
172 Burkina Faso2,334
173 Togo2,261
174 Kiribati2,242
175 Yemen1,924
176 Eritrea1,862
177 Sierra Leone1,771
178 Madagascar1,639
179 Chad1,621
180 Liberia1,602
181 Niger1,320
182 Mozambique1,293
183 Democratic Republic of the Congo1,132
184 Central African Republic1,013
185 Malawi1,005
186 Somalia941
187 South Sudan825
188 Burundi772
Rank Country/Territory Int$
 Macau129,451
1 Luxembourg124,591
2 Singapore101,649
3 Qatar94,029
4 Ireland89,684
 Bermuda85,418
 Cayman Islands (2018)73,292
5  Switzerland72,376
6 United Arab Emirates70,089
7 Norway70,006
8 United States65,298
9 Brunei64,848
 Hong Kong62,496
11 Denmark62,090
13 Netherlands61,285
12 San Marino (2018)60,887
13 Austria60,418
14 Iceland60,133
15 Germany57,530
16 Sweden56,632
17 Belgium56,349
 Taiwan55,078
18 Australia53,381
19 Finland53,172
20 Kuwait52,060
21 Canada51,669
22 France50,993
23 United Kingdom49,932
24 Saudi Arabia49,040
 European Union47,828
25 Malta47,578
26 Bahrain47,003
27 Italy45,723
28 New Zealand45,382
29 Czech Republic44,296
30 South Korea44,011
31 Japan43,594
32 Spain43,496
33 Israel42,898
34 Slovenia42,431
35 Cyprus41,254
36 Lithuania40,016
37 Estonia39,986
38 The Bahamas38,743
 Aruba (2017)38,442
39 Portugal37,918
 Sint Maarten (2018)36,203
 Puerto Rico36,045
40 Poland35,165
41 Hungary34,966
42 Slovakia33,516
43 Romania33,340
44 Latvia33,021
45 Panama32,851
46 Greece32,506
47 Croatia31,131
 Turks and Caicos Islands30,548
48 Seychelles30,517
49 Malaysia29,620
50 Russia29,181
51 Oman28,508
52 Turkey28,133
53 Saint Kitts and Nevis27,608
54 Kazakhstan27,518
55 Trinidad and Tobago27,334
56 Chile27,002
 Curaçao25,563
57 Bulgaria25,312
58 Montenegro24,036
59 Mauritius23,882
60 Argentina23,040
61 Antigua and Barbuda22,880
62 Uruguay22,515
63 Costa Rica21,738
64 Mexico20,944
65 Maldives20,396
66 Belarus19,997
67 Serbia19,495
68 Equatorial Guinea19,379
69 Thailand19,277
70 Dominican Republic19,228
71 Botswana18,553
72 Palau18,357
73 North Macedonia18,108
World17,811
74 Grenada17,793
75 Venezuela (2011)17,527
76 Suriname17,256
77 China16,804
78 Barbados16,331
79 Bosnia and Herzegovina16,289
80 Saint Lucia16,132
81 Colombia16,012
82 Libya15,846
83 Georgia15,656
84 Gabon15,612
85 Brazil15,300
86 Turkmenistan15,207
87 Lebanon15,196
88 Azerbaijan15,041
89 Albania14,648
90 Fiji14,290
91 Armenia14,258
92 Guyana13,661
93 Sri Lanka13,657
94 Moldova13,627
95 Peru13,416
96 Ukraine13,341
97 Paraguay13,247
98 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines13,038
99 South Africa13,034
100 Iran12,938
101 Mongolia12,862
102 Dominica12,444
103 Bhutan12,356
104 Indonesia12,335
105 Egypt12,284
106 Nauru12,095
107 Algeria12,020
108 Ecuador11,879
 Kosovo11,871
109 Iraq11,363
110 Tunisia11,232
111 Jordan10,517
112 Jamaica10,194
113 Namibia10,064
114 Philippines9,302
115 El Salvador9,164
116 Bolivia9,111
117 Guatemala9,020
118 Eswatini9,003
119 Vietnam8,397
120 Laos8,173
121 Morocco7,826
122 Cape Verde7,489
123 Belize7,315
124 Uzbekistan7,308
125 India6,997
126 Angola6,966
127 Samoa6,796
128 Tonga6,666
 West Bank and Gaza (2018)6,495
129 Honduras5,982
130 Djibouti5,780
131 Ghana5,652
132 Nicaragua5,646
133 Kyrgyzstan5,486
134 Côte d'Ivoire5,443
135 Mauritania5,427
136 Myanmar5,370
137 Nigeria5,363
138 Bangladesh4,964
139 Pakistan4,898
140 Cambodia4,583
141 Papua New Guinea4,548
142 Kenya4,522
143 Tuvalu4,471
144 São Tomé and Príncipe4,145
145 Sudan4,123
146 Marshall Islands3,983
147 Republic of the Congo3,836
148 Cameroon3,804
149 Timor-Leste3,710
150 Yemen (2013)3,689
151 Zambia3,624
152   Nepal3,568
153 Federated States of Micronesia3,548
154 Senegal3,545
155 Tajikistan3,529
156 Benin3,433
157 Vanuatu3,293
158 Comoros3,195
159 Haiti3,034
160 Zimbabwe2,961
161 Lesotho2,824
162 Solomon Islands2,781
163 Tanzania2,771
164 Guinea2,676
165 Mali2,424
166 Kiribati2,373
167 Rwanda2,325
168 The Gambia2,321
169 Ethiopia2,320
170 Uganda2,284
171 Burkina Faso2,275
172 Afghanistan2,156
173 Guinea-Bissau2,077
174 Sierra Leone1,794
175 Madagascar1,720
176 Togo1,667
177 Chad1,650
178 Eritrea (2011)1,626
179 Liberia1,491
180 Mozambique1,338
181 Niger1,279
182 South Sudan (2015)1,235
183 Democratic Republic of the Congo1,147
184 Malawi1,107
185 Central African Republic987
186 Burundi785
Rank Country/Territory Int$ Year
1 Liechtenstein139,1002009 est.
 Macau123,965 2019 est.
2 Monaco115,7002015 est.
3 Luxembourg114,482 2019 est.
4 Singapore97,341 2019 est.
5 Qatar90,044 2019 est.
6 Ireland86,781 2019 est.
 Isle of Man84,6002014 est.
 Bermuda81,798 2019 est.
 Cayman Islands71,549 2018 est.
 Falkland Islands70,800 2015 est.
7  Switzerland68,628 2019 est.
8 United Arab Emirates67,119 2019 est.
9 Norway63,633 2019 est.
10 United States62,530 2019 est.
11 Brunei62,100 2019 est.
 Gibraltar61,7002014 est.
 Hong Kong59,848 2019 est.
12 San Marino59,439 2018 est.
13 Denmark57,804 2019 est.
14 Netherlands56,935 2019 est.
 Jersey56,600 2016 est.
15 Austria56,188 2019 est.
16 Iceland55,874 2019 est.
17 Germany53,919 2019 est.
18 Sweden53,240 2019 est.
 Guernsey52,5002014 est.
19 Belgium51,934 2019 est.
20 Andorra49,9002015 est.
21 Australia49,854 2019 est.
22 Kuwait49,854 2019 est.
23 Canada49,031 2019 est.
24 Finland48,668 2019 est.
25 Saudi Arabia46,962 2019 est.
26 United Kingdom46,659 2019 est.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon46,200 2006 est.
27 France46,184 2019 est.
28 Bahrain45,011 2019 est.
 European Union44,436 2019 est.
29 Malta44,032 2019 est.
30 New Zealand42,888 2019 est.
31 South Korea42,765 2019 est.
32 Italy42,492 2019 est.
 Greenland41,800 2015 est.
33 Japan41,429 2019 est.
34 Spain40,903 2019 est.
35 Czech Republic40,862 2019 est.
36 Israel40,145 2019 est.
 Faroe Islands40,0002014 est.
37 Cyprus39,545 2019 est.
38 Slovenia39,088 2019 est.
 Aruba37,500 2017 est.
39 Lithuania37,231 2019 est.
40 The Bahamas37,101 2019 est.
 U.S. Virgin Islands37,000 2016 est.
41 Estonia36,927 2019 est.
 Guam35,600 2016 est.
 Sint Maarten35,342 2018 est.
42 Portugal34,894 2019 est.
 Puerto Rico34,518 2019 est.
 British Virgin Islands34,200 2017 est.
 Montserrat34,000 2011 est.
43 Poland33,221 2019 est.
44 Hungary32,945 2019 est.
45 Slovakia32,730 2019 est.
46 Panama31,459 2019 est.
 New Caledonia31,100 2015 est.
47 Latvia30,898 2019 est.
48 Romania29,941 2019 est.
49 Greece29,799 2019 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands29,253 2019 est.
50 Seychelles29,223 2019 est.
51 Croatia28,602 2019 est.
52 Turkey28,424 2019 est.
53 Malaysia28,364 2019 est.
54 Oman27,299 2019 est.
55 Russia27,044 2019 est.
56 Saint Kitts and Nevis26,438 2019 est.
57 Kazakhstan26,351 2019 est.
58 Trinidad and Tobago26,176 2019 est.
 Taiwan24,502 2018 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands24,500 2016 est.
 Curaçao24,479 2019 est.
59 Chile24,226 2019 est.
60 Bulgaria23,174 2019 est.
61 Mauritius22,870 2019 est.
62 Argentina22,064 2019 est.
63 Antigua and Barbuda21,910 2019 est.
64 Uruguay21,561 2019 est.
65 Montenegro21,470 2019 est.
66 Mexico19,796 2019 est.
67 Costa Rica19,642 2019 est.
68 Maldives19,531 2019 est.
 Saint Martin19,300 2005 est.
69 Belarus19,150 2019 est.
70 Equatorial Guinea18,558 2019 est.
71 Thailand18,460 2019 est.
72 Dominican Republic18,413 2019 est.
73 Serbia18,233 2019 est.
74 Botswana17,767 2019 est.
75 Palau17,579 2019 est.
76 Grenada17,039 2019 est.
 French Polynesia17,0002015 est.
 Cook Islands16,700 2016 est.
77 Suriname16,525 2019 est.
78 China16,117 2019 est.
79 Barbados15,639 2019 est.
80 Saint Lucia15,449 2019 est.
81 Libya15,174 2019 est.
82 Georgia14,992 2019 est.
83 Gabon14,950 2019 est.
84 Bosnia and Herzegovina14,912 2019 est.
85 Turkmenistan14,845 2018 est.
86 Colombia14,722 2019 est.
87 Brazil14,652 2019 est.
88 Lebanon14,552 2019 est.
89 Azerbaijan14,404 2019 est.
90 Albania13,965 2019 est.
91 Fiji13,684 2019 est.
92 Armenia13,654 2019 est.
93 Guyana13,082 2019 est.
94 Sri Lanka13,078 2019 est.
95 Moldova13,050 2019 est.
96 Peru12,848 2019 est.
97 Ukraine12,810 2019 est.
98 Paraguay12,685 2019 est.
99 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines12,485 2019 est.
100 South Africa12,482 2019 est.
101 Iran12,389 2019 est.
102 Mongolia12,317 2019 est.
103 Cuba12,300 2016 est.
 Anguilla12,200 2008 est.
104 Dominica11,917 2019 est.
105 Bhutan11,832 2019 est.
106 Indonesia11,812 2019 est.
107 Egypt11,763 2019 est.
108 Nauru11,583 2019 est.
109 Algeria11,511 2019 est.
110 Ecuador11,375 2019 est.
 Kosovo11,368 2019 est.
 American Samoa11,200 2016 est.
111 Iraq10,881 2019 est.
112 Tunisia10,756 2019 est.
113 Jordan10,071 2019 est.
114 Jamaica9,762 2019 est.
115 Namibia9,637 2019 est.
116 Philippines8,908 2019 est.
117 El Salvador8,776 2019 est.
118 Bolivia8,724 2019 est.
119 Guatemala8,637 2019 est.
120 Eswatini8,622 2019 est.
121 Vietnam8,041 2019 est.
122 Laos7,826 2019 est.
 Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
7,800 2010 est.
123 Venezuela7,704 2018 est.
124 Morocco7,515 2019 est.
125 Cape Verde7,172 2019 est.
126 Belize7,005 2019 est.
127 Uzbekistan6,999 2019 est.
128 India6,700 2019 est.
129 Angola6,670 2019 est.
130 Samoa6,521 2019 est.
131 Tonga6,383 2019 est.
85 North Macedonia15,2002017 est.
130 Republic of the Congo6,7002017 est.
131 Myanmar6,3002017 est.
132 Nigeria5,9002017 est.
133 Nicaragua5,8002015 est.
 Niue5,8002003 est.
137 Honduras5,5002017 est.
138 Pakistan5,4002017 est.
139 Timor-Leste5,0002017 est.
140 Ghana4,6002017 est.
141 Sudan4,6002017 est.
142 Mauritania4,5002017 est.
 West Bank4,3002014 est.
143 Bangladesh4,2002017 est.
144 Cambodia4,0002017 est.
145 Zambia4,0002017 est.
146 Lesotho3,9002017 est.
147 Côte d'Ivoire3,9002017 est.
148 Tuvalu3,8002017 est.
149 Papua New Guinea3,8002017 est.
 Wallis and Futuna3,8002004 est.
150 Kyrgyzstan3,7002017 est.
151 Djibouti3,6002017 est.
152 Kenya3,5002017 est.
153 Cameroon3,4002017 est.
154 Marshall Islands3,4002017 est.
155 Federated States of Micronesia3,4002017 est.
156 Tanzania3,3002017 est.
157 São Tomé and Príncipe3,2002017 est.
158 Tajikistan3,1002017 est.
159 Syria2,9002015 est.
160 Vanuatu2,8002017 est.
161   Nepal2,7002017 est.
162 Senegal2,7002017 est.
 Western Sahara2,5002007 est.
163 Chad2,4002017 est.
164 Uganda2,4002017 est.
165 Zimbabwe2,3002017 est.
166 Yemen2,3002017 est.
167 Mali2,2002017 est.
168 Benin2,2002017 est.
169 Rwanda2,1002017 est.
170 Ethiopia2,1002017 est.
171 Solomon Islands2,1002017 est.
172 Guinea2,0002017 est.
173 Burkina Faso1,9002017 est.
174 Kiribati1,9002017 est.
175 Afghanistan1,9002017 est.
176 Sierra Leone1,8002017 est.
177 Guinea-Bissau1,8002017 est.
178 Haiti1,8002017 est.
179 North Korea1,7002015 est.
180 The Gambia1,7002017 est.
181 Togo1,6002017 est.
182 Madagascar1,6002017 est.
183 Comoros1,6002017 est.
184 South Sudan1,5002017 est.
185 Eritrea1,4002017 est.
186 Mozambique1,3002017 est.
187 Niger1,2002017 est.
188 Malawi1,2002017 est.
 Tokelau1,0001993 est.
189 Liberia9002017 est.
190 Democratic Republic of the Congo8002017 est.
191 Burundi8002017 est.
192 Central African Republic7002017 est.
193 SomaliaN/A2017 est.

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens


There are many natural economic reasons for GDP-per-capita to vary between jurisdictions (e.g. places rich in Oil & Gas reserves tend to have high GDP-per-capita figures). However, it is increasingly being recognized that tax havens, or corporate tax havens, have distorted economic data which produces artificially high, or inflated, GDP-per-capita figures.[8] It is estimated that over 15% of global jurisdictions are tax havens (see tax haven lists).[9] An IMF investigation estimates that circa 40% of global FDI flows, which heavily influence the GDP of various jurisdictions, are described as "phantom" transactions.[10]

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

"Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[10]

In 2017, Ireland's economic data became so distorted by U.S. multinational tax avoidance strategies (see leprechaun economics), also known as BEPS actions, that Ireland effectively abandoned GDP (and GNP) statistics as credible measures of its economy, and created a replacement statistic called modified gross national income (or GNI*). Ireland is one of the world's largest corporate tax havens.

Ireland has, more or less, stopped using GDP to measure its own economy. And on current trends [because Irish GDP is distorting EU-28 aggregate data], the eurozone taken as a whole may need to consider something similar.

Brad Setser, Council on Foreign Relations, "Ireland exports its Leprechaun", 25 April 2018[11]

The statistical distortions created by the impact on the Irish National Accounts of the global assets and activities of a handful of large multinational corporations have now become so large as to make a mockery of conventional uses of Irish GDP.

Patrick Honohan, ex-Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland, 13 July 2016[12]

A list of the top 15 GDP-per-capita countries from 2016 to 2017, contains most of the major global tax havens (see GDP-per-capita tax haven proxy for more detail):

International Monetary Fund (2017) World Bank (2016)[6][13]
Rank Country/Territory Type
1 QatarOil & Gas
 MacauTax haven (Sink OFC)
2 LuxembourgTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
3 SingaporeTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
4 BruneiOil & Gas
5 IrelandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
6 NorwayOil & Gas
7 KuwaitOil & Gas
8 United Arab EmiratesOil & Gas
9  SwitzerlandTop 10 Tax Haven (Conduit OFC)
 Hong KongTop 10 Tax Haven (Sink OFC)
10 San MarinoTax haven (Sink OFC)
11 United States59,495
12 Saudi ArabiaOil & Gas
13 NetherlandsTop 10 Tax Haven (Conduit OFC)
14 Iceland52,150
15 BahrainOil & Gas
Rank Country/Territory Type
1 QatarOil & Gas
2 LuxembourgTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
 MacauTax haven (Sink OFC)
3 SingaporeTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
4 BruneiOil & Gas
5 United Arab EmiratesOil & Gas
6 IrelandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
7  SwitzerlandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
8 NorwayOil & Gas
 Hong KongTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
9 United States57,467
10 Saudi ArabiaOil & Gas
11 Iceland51,399
12 NetherlandsTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
13 Austria50,078
14 Denmark49,496
15 Sweden49,175

See also


Notes


  1. There have been no exclusive estimate for world average by IMF. For calculating 2019 data, total GDP estimate by IMF[1] have been divided by total population estimates by United Nations Population Prospects.[2]

References


  1. "World Economic Outlook Database, 2019". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  2. ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  3. "Sarkozy attacks focus on economic growth (French president urges more emphasis on quality of life)", The Guardian, 14-09-2009.
  4. "Alternative progress indicators to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a means towards sustainable development"[dead link]
  5. "World Economic Outlook - GDP per capita". International Monetary Fund. April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  6. "PPP (current international $)". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  7. Real GDP per capita, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 12 May 2021.
  8. "How tax havens turn economic statistics into nonsense". Quartz. 11 June 2018.
  9. Dharmapala, Dhammika; Hines, James R., Jr. (2009). "Which Countries Become Tax Havens?" (PDF). Journal of Public Economics. 93 (9–10): 1058–1068. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2009.07.005. S2CID 16653726. The paper implicitly adopts the "smaller" tax haven approach, i.e., disregarding larger countries which have either low taxes rates (for example, Russia), or systems of taxation which permit them to be used to structure tax avoidance schemes (for example, the United Kingdom). It also excludes non-sovereign tax havens (for example, Delaware or Labuan).
  10. "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  11. "Ireland Exports its Leprechaun". Council on Foreign Relations. 11 May 2018.
  12. "The Irish National Accounts: Towards some do's and don'ts". irisheconomy.ie. 13 July 2016.
  13. "World Bank, International Comparison Program database". Retrieved 10 April 2018.