List of countries by leading trade partners

For most economies in the world, their leading export and import trading partner in terms of value is either the European Union or China, and to a certain degree, the United States and Russia. Other countries like Korea, Brazil, India and South Africa are emerging as significant markets or source countries in different parts of the world.

Individually for each European Union member trade with all other European Union members collectively is greater than any other trading partner. Both the European Union and the United States have China as their largest origin of imports. China's own largest source of imports is European Union. In other parts of the world the European Union or the United States is the largest trading partner, however other leading trading countries may be the most prominent in certain countries. Brazil, Russia and South Africa are becoming increasingly dominant in their respective regional areas. [citation needed]

Some isolated countries depend on a larger neighbour to be their largest trading partner Venezuela is one of Cuba's key export markets, while doubly-landlocked Uzbekistan exports chiefly to Tajikistan and Afghanistan, its singly-landlocked neighbours.

The largest import and export merchandise trade partners for most countries of the world are listed below. Details for the European Union, Hong Kong and Macau are also included. In most cases the data relates to 2016 rankings. Data was extracted from the World Trade Organization's Trade Profile Database.[1]

Colour indicate leading merchandise export destination for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Colour indicate leading source of merchandise imports for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Country Leading export market Leading import source
 Afghanistan Pakistan Iran
 Albania European Union European Union
 Algeria European Union China
 Andorra  European Union European Union
 Angola China European Union
 Antigua and Barbuda United Arab Emirates United States
 Argentina Brazil Brazil
 Armenia Russia Russia
 Australia China China
 Austria European Union European Union
 Azerbaijan European Union Russia
 Bahamas United States United States
 Bahrain Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
 Bangladesh United States China
 Barbados United States United States
 Belarus Russia Russia
 Belgium European Union European Union
 Belize United States United States
 Benin India European Union
 Bhutan India India
 Bolivia Brazil China
 Bosnia European Union European Union
 Botswana European Union South Africa
 Brazil China China
 Brunei Russia China
 Bulgaria European Union European Union
 Burkina Faso  Switzerland China
 Burundi United Arab Emirates Saudi Arabia
 Cambodia United States China
 Cameroon European Union China
 Canada United States United States
 Cape Verde European Union European Union
 Central African Republic European Union European Union
 Chad United States European Union
 Chile China China
 China United States South Korea
 Colombia United States United States
 Comoros European Union European Union
 Congo China European Union
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the China European Union
 Cook Islands Russia New Zealand
 Costa Rica United States United States
 Croatia European Union European Union
 Cuba Russia China
 Cyprus European Union European Union
 Czech Republic European Union European Union
 Denmark European Union European Union
 Djibouti Ethiopia European Union
 Dominica Trinidad and Tobago United States
 Dominican Republic United States United States
 Ecuador United States United States
 Egypt European Union European Union
 El Salvador United States United States
 Equatorial Guinea European Union European Union
 Eritrea China European Union
 Estonia European Union European Union
 Ethiopia European Union China
 European Union United States China
 Fiji United States Singapore
 Finland European Union European Union
 France European Union European Union
 Gabon United States European Union
 Gambia Mali European Union
 Georgia European Union European Union
 Germany European Union European Union
 Ghana India European Union
 Greece European Union European Union
 Grenada Dominica United States
 Guatemala United States United States
 Guinea Ghana China
 Guinea-Bissau India European Union
 Guyana Canada United States
 Haiti United States United States
 Honduras United States United States
 Hong Kong China China
 Hungary European Union European Union
 Iceland European Union European Union
 India United States China
 Indonesia China China
 Iran China United Arab Emirates
 Iraq China China
 Ireland European Union European Union
 Israel United States European Union
 Italy European Union European Union
 Ivory Coast European Union European Union
 Jamaica United States United States
 Japan China China
 Jordan United States Saudi Arabia
 Kazakhstan European Union Russia
 Kenya European Union India
 Kiribati Morocco Australia
 Kosovo European Union European Union
 Kuwait China China
 Kyrgyzstan United Kingdom China
 Laos China Thailand
 Latvia European Union European Union
 Lebanon United Arab Emirates China
 Lesotho South Africa South Africa
 Liberia European Union Singapore
 Libya European Union European Union
 Lithuania European Union European Union
 Luxembourg European Union European Union
 Macau Hong Kong Hong Kong
 Madagascar United States China
 Malawi European Union South Africa
 Malaysia Singapore China
 Maldives Thailand United Arab Emirates
 Mali South Africa Senegal
 Malta European Union European Union
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania China South Korea
 Mauritius European Union India
 Mexico United States United States
 Federated States of Micronesia  Guam  United States
 Moldova European Union European Union
 Mongolia China China
 Montenegro European Union Serbia
 Morocco European Union European Union
 Mozambique European Union South Africa
 Myanmar China China
 Namibia China South Africa
   Nepal India India
 Netherlands European Union European Union
 New Zealand China China
 Nicaragua United States United States
 Niger European Union European Union
 Nigeria India China
 North Korea China China
 North Macedonia European Union European Union
 Norway European Union European Union
 Oman China United Arab Emirates
 Pakistan United States China
 Palau  Russia United States
 State of Palestine Israel Israel
 Panama United States China
 Papua New Guinea Singapore Australia
 Paraguay Brazil China
 Peru China China
 Philippines United States China
 Poland European Union European Union
 Portugal European Union European Union
 Qatar South Korea United States
 Romania European Union European Union
 Russia China China
 Rwanda DR Congo China
 Saint Kitts and Nevis United States United States
 Saint Lucia United States United States
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Barbados United States
 Samoa Australia New Zealand
 San Marino
 Sao Tome and Principe European Union European Union
 Saudi Arabia China European Union
 Senegal Mali European Union
 Serbia European Union European Union
 Seychelles United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
 Sierra Leone European Union China
 Singapore China China
 Slovakia European Union European Union
 Slovenia European Union European Union
 Solomon Islands China Australia
 Somalia Saudi Arabia India
 South Africa China China
 South Korea China China
 South Sudan
 Spain European Union European Union
 Sri Lanka United States India
 Sudan United Arab Emirates China
 Suriname United States United States
 Swaziland South Africa South Africa
 Sweden European Union European Union
  Switzerland European Union European Union
 Syria European Union European Union
 Taiwan China China
 Tajikistan Turkey Russia
 Tanzania Rwanda India
 Thailand China China
 Timor Leste Indonesia Indonesia
 Togo Benin European Union
 Tonga New Zealand New Zealand
 Trinidad and Tobago United States United States
 Tunisia European Union European Union
 Turkey European Union Russia
 Turkmenistan China Turkey
 Uganda European Union India
 Ukraine European Union European Union
 United Arab Emirates European Union European Union
 United Kingdom United States European Union
 United States Canada China
 Uruguay China China
 Uzbekistan  Switzerland China
 Vanuatu Malaysia Australia
 Venezuela United States United States
 Vietnam United States China
 Western Sahara
 Yemen Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates
 Zambia  Switzerland South Africa
 Zimbabwe South Africa South Africa

List of 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013

The following table shows figures for 30 largest bilateral trade volume in 2013 according to the World Trade Organization.[2]

The 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013 (millions of US$)
RankNet ExporterNet ImporterReported Volume
of Net Exporter
Reported Volume
of Net Importer
1 Germany European Union1,468,990
2 Netherlands European Union798,744
3 European Union France745,931
4 European Union United States603,194660,541
5 Canada United States594,546637,270
6 Belgium European Union628,796
7 China Hong Kong400,571592,147
8 China United States526,854582,291
9 European Union United Kingdom580,318
10 China European Union560,536533,494
11 Italy European Union539,556
12 Mexico United States492,715509,513
13 Russia European Union385,778405,889
14 Spain European Union365,191
15 China Japan312,062310,230
16 European Union  Switzerland328,609271,657
17 South Korea China229,073273,869
18 Poland European Union267,854
19 European Union Austria244,913
20 Czech Republic European Union225,091
21 Japan United States206,091206,836
22 European Union Sweden204,849
 China Germany187,293
23 Norway European Union184,296174,708
 Germany United States184,247
24 European Union Turkey159,598156,813
25 Hungary European Union154,862
26 European Union Japan137,786149,827
27 Australia China134,154123,296
28 European Union Denmark129,951
29 Taiwan China124,502
 United Kingdom United States116,675
 Germany  Switzerland115,041
30 Ireland European Union105,853