List of countries by pharmaceutical exports


The following is a list of countries by pharmaceutical exports.

Global sales from exported drugs and medicines by country total US$371.3 billion in 2018. Overall the value of drugs and medicine exports grew by an average 5.8% for all exporting countries since 2014 when drugs and medicines shipments were valued at $344.1 billion. Year over year, there was a 7.9% uptick from 2017 to 2018.

Among continents, European countries sold the highest dollar value worth of exported drugs and medicines during 2018 with shipments from Europe totaling $295.8 billion or 79.7% of the global total. In second place were Asian pharmaceutical exporters at 10.7% while 8.1% of worldwide drugs and medicine shipments originated from North America.

Smaller percentages came from drugs and medicines suppliers in Latin America (0.7%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Oceania (0.5%) led by Australia and New Zealand, then Africa (0.2%).

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefixes for drugs and medicines are:

  • 3003 for medicaments consisting of two or more constituents mixed together (4.3% of global total)
  • 3004 for medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products (95.7%)

2021


Below are the 14 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of drugs and medicines during 2018.21

  1. Germany: US$62.3 billion (16.8% of total drugs and medicines exports)
  2. Belgium: $27.8 billion (7.5%)
  3. India: $26.12 billion (7.1%)
  4. France: $25.9 billion (7%)
  5. United States: $22 billion (5.9%)
  6. Spain: $21.8 billion (5.8%)
  7. Ireland: $21.7 billion (5.8%)
  8. United Kingdom: $19.7 billion (5.3%)
  9. Italy: $19.6 billion (5.3%)
  10. Netherlands: $16.8 billion (4.5%)
  11. Denmark: $13 billion (3.5%)
  12. Canada: $6.8 billion (1.8%)
  13. Sweden: $6.7 billion (1.8%)
  14. Austria: $5.5 billion (1.5%)

By value, the listed 14 countries shipped 85% of all exported drugs and medicine for 2018.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing exporters of drugs and medicines since 2014 were: Denmark (up 293.4%), India (up 22.5%) and Germany (up 20%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported drugs and medicines sales were led by: United Kingdom (down -18.1%), United States (down -14.3%), Italy (down -12.4%), Belgium (down -9.6%) and Austria (down -8.3%)[1]

2014


Data is for 2014, in billions of United States dollars, as reported by The Observatory of Economic Complexity. Currently the top ten countries are listed, which account for more than 75% of the total market value, estimated to be $US 354 billions.

# Country Value
US$bn
World market
share
European Union17851.2%
1 Germany5016%
2 United States38.111%
3  Switzerland34.19.6%
4 Spain27.57.8%
5 Ireland22.86.4%
6 Belgium +  Luxembourg20.95.9%
7 United Kingdom19.65.6%
8 Netherlands14.34%
9 India12.13.4%
Total 262.3 75.3%

Note: The total was calculated excluding the figures for individual member states (for this purpose these include the UK) in order to avoid double-counting.

References