Districts of Serbia


An okrug is one of the first-level administrative divisions of Serbia, corresponding to a "district" in many other countries (Serbia also claims two autonomous provinces). The term okrug (pl. okruzi) literally means "encircling", and can also be translated as "county", though it is generally rendered by the Serbian government as "district".

Districts of Serbia
Окрузи Србије
Okruzi Srbije
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Serbia
Number24 Districts (29 including Kosovo)[lower-alpha 1] + City of Belgrade
Populations91,754 (Toplica) – 1,687,132 (Belgrade)
Areas1,248 km2 (482 sq mi) (Podunavlje) – 6,140 km2 (2,370 sq mi) (Zlatibor)
Government
Subdivisions

The Serbian local government reforms of 1992, going into effect the following year, created 29 districts,[1] with the City of Belgrade holding similar authority. Following the controversial 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, new districts were created by the so-called Republic of Kosovo government; the Serbian government does not recognize these districts.

The districts of Serbia are generally named after historical and geographical regions, though some, such as the Pčinja District and the Nišava District, are named after local rivers. Their areas and populations vary, ranging from the relatively-small Podunavlje District to the much larger Zlatibor District.

As regional centers of state authority, the districts have little room for self-government and do not have local flags. Still, they are each run by a commissioner as well as cooperating municipal leaders. The districts can be further divided into cities and municipalities.

Definition


The territorial organisation of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly on 29 December 2007.[2] According to the Law, the territorial organization of the republic comprises municipalities and cities, the City of Belgrade with special status, and autonomous provinces. Districts are not mentioned in this law but are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. They are defined as the districts as "regional centers of state authority", enacting affairs run by the relevant Ministries.

Serbia is divided into 29 districts (8 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 7 in Vojvodina and 5 in Kosovo and Metohija), plus the City of Belgrade. The City of Belgrade is not part of any district, but has a special status very similar to that of a district.

Districts of Kosovo

Serbian laws treat Kosovo and Metohija as integral part of Serbia (Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija). The Enactment defines five districts on the territory of Kosovo.[2] But, since 1999, following the Kosovo War Kosovo is under United Nations' administration of UNMIK. In 2000, the UNMIK administration changed territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. All five districts were abolished, and seven new districts were created. Serbian government does not recognize this move, and accepts only five pre-2000 districts.

List of districts


Šumadija and Western Serbia

DistrictSeatArea
in km2
Population 2011Population
per km2
Municipalities and citiesSettlements
Kolubara District
(Kolubarski okrug)
Valjevo 2,474 174,228 70.4 218
Mačva District
(Mačvanski okrug)
Šabac 3,268 297,778 91.1 228
Moravica District
(Moravički okrug)
Čačak 3,016 212,149 70.3 206
Pomoravlje District
(Pomoravski okrug)
Jagodina 2,614 212,839 84.8 191
Rasina District
(Rasinski okrug)
Kruševac 2,667 240,463 90.2 296
Raška District
(Raški okrug)
Kraljevo 3,918 300,102 76.6 359
Šumadija District
(Šumadijski okrug)
Kragujevac 2,387 290,900 121.8 174
Zlatibor District
(Zlatiborski okrug)
Užice 6,140 284,729 46.4 438

Southern and Eastern Serbia

DistrictSeatArea
in km2
Population 2011Population
per km2
Municipalities and citiesSettlements
Bor District
(Borski okrug)
Bor 3,507 123,848 35.3 90
Braničevo District
(Braničevski okrug)
Požarevac 3,865 180,480 46.7 189
Jablanica District
(Jablanički okrug)
Leskovac 2,769 215,463 77.8 336
Nišava District
(Nišavski okrug)
Niš 2,729 373,404 136.8 285
Pčinja District
(Pčinjski okrug)
Vranje 3,520 158,717 45.1 363
Pirot District
(Pirotski okrug)
Pirot 2,761 92,277 33.4 214
Podunavlje District
(Podunavski okrug)
Smederevo 1,248 198,184 158.8 58
Toplica District
(Toplički okrug)
Prokuplje 2,231 90,600 40.6 267
Zaječar District
(Zaječarski okrug)
Zaječar 3,623 118,295 32.6 173

Vojvodina

Districts in Vojvodina.
DistrictSeatArea
in km2
Population 2011Population
per km2
Municipalities and citiesSettlements
Central Banat District
(Srednjebanatski okrug)
Zrenjanin 3,256 186,851 57.4 55
North Bačka District
(Severnobački okrug)
Subotica 1,784 185,552 104.0 45
North Banat District
(Severnobanatski okrug)
Kikinda 2,329 146,690 63.0 50
South Bačka District
(Južnobački okrug)
Novi Sad 4,016 615,371 151.3 77
South Banat District
(Južnobanatski okrug)
Pančevo 4,245 291,327 68.6 94
Srem District
(Sremski okrug)
Sremska Mitrovica 3,486 311,053 89.2 109
West Bačka District
(Zapadnobački okrug)
Sombor 2,420 187,581 77.5 37

Kosovo and Metohija

Districts in Kosovo and Metohija.

Five of Serbian Districts are on the territory of Kosovo, comprising 28 municipalities and 1 city. In 2000, UNMIK created 7 new districts[citation needed] and 30 municipalities. Serbia does not exercise sovereignty over this polity. For the UNMIK districts and the districts of Kosovo, see Districts of Kosovo. Because the Serbian government has no control over Kosovo since it declared independence, it was not included in Serbia's 2011 census. For current demographic information about Kosovo, see Kosovo's 2011 census.

DistrictSeatArea
in km2
Population 2002Population
per km2
Municipalities and cities
Kosovo District
(Kosovski okrug)
Pristina 3,310 672,292 203.1
Kosovo-Pomoravlje District
(Kosovsko-Pomoravski okrug)
Gnjilane 1,389 217,726 156.8
Kosovska Mitrovica District
(Kosovskomitrovički okrug)
Kosovska Mitrovica 2,053 275,904 134.4
Peć District
(Pećki okrug)
Peć 2,459 414,187 168.4
Prizren District
(Prizrenski okrug)
Prizren 2,196 376,085 171.3

See also


Notes and references


Notes

  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References

Sources