List of equipment used by separatist forces of the war in Donbas
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|Makarov PM||Semi-automatic pistol||9×18mm Makarov||Soviet Union||8-round magazine. Most commonly used NAF pistol.|
|Stechkin APS||Machine pistol||9×18mm Makarov||Soviet Union||20-round magazine.|
|Tokarev TT-33||Semi-automatic pistol||7.62×25 mm Tokarev||Soviet Union||8-round magazine. Limited usage.|
|Mosin–Nagant M1891/30||Bolt-action rifle||7.62×54mmR||Soviet Union||5-round magazine, some NAF members equip it with a PU scope to become a sniper rifle. Limited usage.|
|SKS||Semi-automatic carbine||7.62×39mm M43||Soviet Union||10-round magazine.|
|AKS-74U||Carbine||5.45×39mm M74||Soviet Union||30-round magazine.|
|M4 carbine||Carbine||5.56×45mm NATO||United States||Captured M4 carbines were displayed by the Sparta Battalion in the Donetsk Airport on January 18, 2015. It is not in the inventory of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, and claimed by the DPR to have been used by Georgian mercenaries in the battle. In storage due to lack of ammo.|
|PPSh-41||Submachine gun||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Soviet Union||35-round box magazine and 71-round drum magazine. Limited usage in the beginning of the conflict.|
|PPS-43||Submachine gun||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Soviet Union||35-round box magazine. Limited usage in the beginning of the conflict.|
|AKM / AKS||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm M43||Soviet Union||30-round magazine.|
|AKMS||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm M43||Soviet Union||30-round magazine.|
|AK-74||Assault rifle||5.45×39mm M74||Soviet Union||30-round magazine.|
|AK-74M||Assault rifle||5.45×39mm M74||Russia||30-round magazine. Limited usage and have GP-30 attached.|
|AKS-74||Assault rifle||5.45×39mm M74||Soviet Union||30-round magazine.|
|AS Val||Assault rifle||9×39mm||Soviet Union||It is produced in Russia and is not known to be in the inventory of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.|
Filmed as carried by rebels in Luhansk in January 2015.
|Dragunov SVD||Sniper rifle||7.62×54mmR||Soviet Union||10-round magazine.|
|VSS Vintorez||Sniper rifle||9x39mm||Soviet Union||10, 20 round magazine.|
|PTRD||Anti-tank rifle||14.5×114mm||Soviet Union||Single-shot reloadable rifle.|
|PTRS-41||Anti-tank rifle||14.5×114mm||Soviet Union||5-round magazine.|
|KSVK / ASVK||Anti-materiel rifle||12.7×108mm||Russia||Introduced for service with Russian forces in 2013. Any exports on this rifle is unknown. The weapon is not in the inventories of Ukrainian government forces, and has not otherwise been documented in the hands of a non-state armed group.|
|RPD||Light machine gun||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union||100-round drum magazine.|
|RPK||Light machine gun||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union||40-round capacity box magazine or 75-round drum magazine.|
|RPK-74 / RPK-74M||Light machine gun||5.45×39mm M74||Soviet Union||30 or 45-round magazine.|
|PK / PKM||General-purpose machine gun||7.62×54mmR||Soviet Union||Belt fed with 100, 200 or 250-round boxes. In Ukraine, the PKM is produced under the name KM-7.62.|
|PKP "Pecheneg"||General-purpose machine gun||7.62×54mmR||Russia||PKP is not known to be in service with Ukrainian forces, and has only been exported outside of Russia in limited quantities.|
|DShK||Heavy machine gun||12.7×108mm||Soviet Union||Belt fed with 50-round boxes.|
|KPV / KPVT||Heavy machine gun||14.5×114mm||Soviet Union||Belt fed with 40 or 50-round boxes.|
|NSV / NSVT||Heavy machine gun||12.7×108mm||Soviet Union||Belt fed with 50-round boxes. In Ukraine, the NSV is produced under the name KM-12.7 or KT-12.7.|
Grenades and grenade launchers
|RG-41||Fragmentation grenade||55mm||Soviet Union||5 meter kill radius. Limited usage.|
|F-1||Fragmentation grenade||55mm||Soviet Union||Reported to be bombarded on government forces using multirotor UAVs by pro-Russian separatists.|
|RGD-5||Fragmentation grenade||58mm||Soviet Union||Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.|
|RGN||Fragmentation grenade||60mm||Soviet Union||4-10 meter kill radius, 3.2-4.2 second fuse.|
|GP-25||Under-barrel grenade launcher||40mm||Soviet Union||Can be fitted to AK type rifles.|
|AGS-17||Automatic grenade launcher||30mm||Soviet Union||Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire.|
|MON-50||Anti-personnel mine||Tripwire/Command||Soviet Union||Propels ~485/540 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 50 meters.|
|MON-90||Anti-personnel mine||Tripwire/Command||Soviet Union||Propels ~2000 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 90 meters.|
|OZM-72||Anti-personnel bounding mine||Tripwire/Command||Soviet Union||~500g TNT, propels ~2400 steel projectiles.|
|MON-100||Anti-personnel mine||Pressure||Soviet Union||Propels ~400 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 100 meters.|
|TM-62M||Anti-tank mine||Pressure||Soviet Union||7.5 kg TNT.|
|RPG-7||Rocket-propelled grenade||Warhead diameter varies||Soviet Union||Reloadable launcher.|
|TBG-7V||Thermobaric warhead for RPG-7||93mm||Russia||Produced in Russia and never exported to Ukraine.|
|RPG-18||Rocket-propelled grenade||64mm||Soviet Union||Some of these launchers captured from the separatists were evidently brought from Russia.|
|RPG-22||Rocket-propelled grenade||72.5mm||Soviet Union||Single-shot disposable launcher.|
|RPG-26||Rocket-propelled grenade||72.5mm||Soviet Union||Single-shot disposable launcher.|
|SPG-9||Recoilless rifle||73mm||Soviet Union||Single-shot reloadable launcher.|
|9K111 Fagot||Anti-tank missile||120mm||Soviet Union||Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.|
|9K115 Metis||Anti-tank missile||94mm||Soviet Union||Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.|
|9K114 Shturm||Anti-tank missile||130mm||Soviet Union||Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.|
|9M133 Kornet||Anti-tank missile||152mm||Russia||The system components were found discarded on a battlefield near Starobesheve. It has not been exported to Ukraine.|
|RPO-A Shmel||Rocket-propelled flamethrower||93mm||Soviet Union||Some of the launchers captured from the separatists were evidently produced in Russia in 2000s.|
|MRO-A||Rocket-propelled flamethrower||72.5mm||Russia||It is not known to have been exported outside of Russia.|
The ongoing war makes the list below include tentative estimates.
T-72BM is not known to have been exported from Russia to any other country.
One seen in convoy in Sverdlovsk. Two were destroyed in Starobesheve (one T-72BA and one either T-72BM or another T-72BA).
|IS-3||Heavy tank||0||Soviet Union||Rebels managed to repair an IS-3 on a World War 2 monument, though the main gun did not function. The tank was later captured by Ukrainian forces.|
|T-54||Medium tank||1||Soviet Union||Taken from Donetsk historical museum on July 7, 2014.|
|T-64/A/B/BV/BM||Main battle tank||46+||Soviet Union||Around 46 captured from Ukrainian forces according to the DPR and Russia.[unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.|
|T-72B/B1/BM||Main battle tank||39+||Soviet Union||Three T-72B1 were seen in a convoy in Sverdlovsk.|
I[unreliable source?] Six seen in the 2015 Donetsk Victory Day Parade. More than 34 were reportedly supplied from Russia.[unreliable source?]
Infantry fighting vehicles
|BMP-1 / BMP-1P / BMP-1KSh||Infantry fighting vehicle||27+||Soviet Union||Around 27 captured from Ukrainian forces during the Battle of Debaltseve.[unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[unreliable source?]|
|BMP-2 / BMP-2K / BMP-2D||Infantry fighting vehicle||108+||Soviet Union||Around 108 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[unreliable source?]|
|BMD-1||Airborne infantry fighting vehicle||1||Soviet Union||One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade Limited usage.|
|BMD-2||Airborne infantry fighting vehicle||N/A||Soviet Union||One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade in April 2014 in Sloviansk. Two captured from Ukrainian Airmobile forces and two lost to them in July–September 2014. Limited usage|
Armored personnel carriers
|BTR-60PB / BTR-60R-145BM||Armored personnel carrier||4||Soviet Union||Four captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|BTR-70||Armored personnel carrier||14||Soviet Union||14 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|BTR-80||Armored personnel carrier||30||Soviet Union||30 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.|
|MT-LB||Armored personnel carrier||32||Soviet Union||32 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[unreliable source?]|
|MT-LBu||Armored personnel carrier||3||Soviet Union||3 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|MT-LBVM||Armored personnel carrier||1+||Russia||At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.|
|MT-LBVMK||Armored personnel carrier||1+||Russia||At least one destroyed in Ukraine in September 2014.|
|MT-LB 6MA||Armored personnel carrier||1+||Russia||At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.|
|BTR-7 (BTR-70DI)||Armored personnel carrier||1||Ukraine||One captured from Ukrainian forces near Ridkodub, Shakhtarsk Raion.[unreliable source?]|
|BTR-4K/E||Armored personnel carrier||3||Ukraine||Three captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?] One BTR-4K captured by the Vostok Battalion from the National Guard of Ukraine.[unreliable source?]|
|BTR-82AM||Armored personnel carrier||1+||Russia||It was only adopted in Russia in early 2013. It is not known to have been exported to any other country.|
Armored scout vehicles
|BRDM-2||Amphibious armoured scout car||N/A||Soviet Union|
|9P148||Anti-tank guided missile launcher vehicle||4||Soviet Union||4 maybe captured from Ukrainian forces near Debaltseve.[unreliable source?]|
|BRM-1K||Combat reconnaissance vehicle||15||Soviet Union||15 captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|PRP-4||Artillery reconnaissance vehicle||2||Soviet Union||Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
Armored recovery vehicles
|BREM-1||Armored recovery vehicle||2||Soviet Union||Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|IMR-2||Armored recovery vehicle||2||Soviet Union||Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|VT-72B||Armored recovery vehicle||1||Czechoslovakia||One captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|BTS-4||Armored recovery vehicle||1||Ukraine||One captured from Ukrainian forces in the Debaltseve cauldron on 21 February 2015.[unreliable source?]|
Military engineering vehicles
|BAT-M||Military engineering vehicle||1||Soviet Union||Captured near Debaltseve.|
|BAT-2||Combat engineering vehicle||3||Soviet Union||Three captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|GMZ-3||Minelayer||1||Soviet Union||One captured from Ukrainian forces near Dzerkalne, Amvrosiivka Raion on 5 September 2014.[unreliable source?]|
|MDK-3||Trencher||1||Soviet Union||One captured from Ukrainian forces.|
Logistics and utility vehicles
|UAZ-469||Light utility vehicle||2+||Soviet Union||Two seen north of Sloviansk.[unreliable source?]|
|Humvee||High-mobility multipurpose vehicle||1+||United States||Captured in Debaltsevo after being abandoned by Ukrainian forces.|
|UAZ-23632-148 Esaul||Armoured utility vehicle||15+||Russia||Photographed by OSCE monitors using a drone at a training area in April 2021.|
|GAZ Vodnik||Infantry mobility vehicle||1+||Russia||Seen in Krasnodon.[unreliable source?]|
|Spartan||Light armored vehicle||1||Ukraine||One captured from the Azov Battalion.[unreliable source?]|
|BPM-97 / Dozor / Dozor-N / Vystrel||Light armored vehicle||10+||Russia||Four seen in the late December LPR military exercises.[unreliable source?]|
10 vehicles seen in Krasnodon,[unreliable source?] several seen in Luhansk.[unreliable source?]
|Ural-4320||Medium cargo truck||N/A||Soviet Union|
|KamAZ-4310||Medium cargo truck||80+||Soviet Union|
|KamAZ-65117||Medium cargo truck||N/A||Russia|
|PTS-2||Amphibious transporter||21||Soviet Union||About 25 were restored from a Lugansk military warehouse. Four captured by Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|Can-Am all terrain vehicle||All-terrain vehicle||1+||Canada||Seen in Donetsk victory day parade in 2019.|
|82-BM-37||82mm infantry mortar||N/A||Soviet Union||At least two reported captured from pro-Russian rebels by Ukrainian Force.|
|120-PM-43 mortar||120-mm infantry mortar||N/A||Soviet Union|
|2S12 Sani||120mm heavy mortar||N/A||Soviet Union||At least two reported captured from pro-Russian rebels by Ukrainian Forces.|
|2B14 Podnos||82mm infantry mortar||N/A||Soviet Union||Captured from Ukrainian forces.|
|2B9 Vasilek||82mm automatic mortar||N/A||Soviet Union||4-mortar shell cassette.|
|RM-38||50mm infantry mortar||1||Soviet Union||Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.|
|D-20||152mm howitzer||2||Soviet Union||Observed by OSCE SMM in violation of withdrawal lines.|
|D-30 "Lyagushka"||122mm towed howitzer||35+||Soviet Union||Observed by OSCE SMM in violation of withdrawal lines.|
|MT-12 "Rapira"||100mm anti-tank gun||21+||Soviet Union||Observed by OSCE SMM in violation of withdrawal lines.|
|2B16 Nona-K||120mm anti-tank gun||3+||Soviet Union||At least three documented in use by the separatists. Ukraine reportedly had only two of these before the war.|
|2A65 "Msta-B"||152mm Howitzer||19+||Soviet Union||Observed by OSCE SMM in violation of withdrawal lines.|
|BS-3||100mm anti-tank gun||1||Soviet Union||Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.|
Self-propelled field artillery
|2S1 Gvozdika||122mm self-propelled howitzer||11||Soviet Union||Found in numerous places, including Miusinsk along with other weapons brought from Russia. Presence confirmed by OSCE monitoring.|
|2S3 Akatsiya||152.4mm self-propelled artillery||7||Soviet Union||Observed by OSCE SMM in violation of withdrawal lines.|
|2S5 Giatsint-S||152mm self-propelled field gun||1||Soviet Union||One captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
|2S7 Pion||203 mm self-propelled artillery||2+||Soviet Union||Two seen in Makiivka.|
|2S9 Nona-S||120mm self-propelled mortar||2||Soviet Union||One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade. One captured by Ukrainian forces on 5 July 2014.[unreliable source?]|
|2S19 Msta-S||152mm self-propelled howitzer||3+||Soviet Union||Two reportedly captured from Ukrainian forces.[unreliable source?]|
One more is suspected to come from Russia.[unreliable source?]
|2S4 Tyulpan||240mm self-propelled mortar||1+||Soviet Union||One mortar was observed by OSCE in 2015.|
|BM-21 "Grad" (9K51)||122mm multiple rocket launcher||18+||Soviet Union||18 claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces after battles near the border with Russia.[unreliable source?]|
|Grad-K ("Grad" on KamAZ-5350 chassis)||122mm multiple rocket launcher||N/A||Russia||The 2B26 machine is a Russian modification of the original BM-21 launcher. It was first produced in 2011.[unreliable source?] It is seen on a video with separatists firing Grads in January 2015.[unreliable source?]|
|Grad-P||122mm light portable rocket system||N/A||Soviet Union||Several seen in several Luhansk region areas.|
|BM-27 Uragan||220mm multiple rocket launcher||2+||Soviet Union||Two seen in Khartsyzk in February 2015.|
|BM-30 Smerch||300mm multiple rocket launcher||2+||Soviet Union||At least two seen in Makiivka in February 2015.|
|TOS-1 Buratino||220mm multiple rocket launcher and thermobaric weapon||1+||Russia||Observed in a training area in LPR-controlled Kruhlyk.|
Towed anti-aircraft gun
|ZU-23-2||23mm anti-aircraft gun||2+||Soviet Union||Some are mounted on trucks. Two seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy attached to MT-LBs.|
Air defense vehicles
|9K33 Osa||6x6 amphibious surface-to-air missile system||1||Soviet Union||One claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces in the "southern cauldron".[unreliable source?]|
|9K35 Strela-10||Short range surface-to-air missile||3+||Soviet Union||One from the Vostok Battalion was seen near the Donetsk Airport in July 2014 nicknamed "Лягушонок" (frogling).[unreliable source?] One seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy. Another one spotted by OSCE SMM in 2021 nearl Luhansk.|
|Pantsir-S1||Medium range surface-to-air missile||1+||Russia||It is not known to have been exported to Ukraine.|
Seen in Luhansk and Makiivka in early 2015.[unreliable source?] Its used rocket components were also reported to be observed in Ukraine in November 2014.
Man-portable air-defense systems
|9K32 Strela-2||Man-portable air-defense system||1500m||Soviet Union||Some Ukrainian stocks of Strela-2s went missing early in the conflict, and are presumably under NAF control.|
|PPZR Grom||Man-portable air-defense system||3500m||Poland||This Polish weapon was reportedly captured from pro-Russian separatists. It was fitted with a Russian-made 9P516 gripstock, designed for the 9K38 Igla. Russian forces are known to have captured some of these from Georgia.|
|9K38 Igla||Man-portable air-defense system||3500m||Soviet Union||Supplied by Russia (Ukrainian claim). Captured from Ukrainian armouries (DPR claim). The system has identification friend or foe system which undermines DPR claims.[unreliable source?]|
|R-330Zh Zhitel||Anti-cellular and satellite communications jamming station||1+||Russia||One station spotted by a UAV of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission near Michurine in August 2015 and 11 km south of Donetsk city in June 2016.|
|RB-341V Leer-3||Anti-GSM reconnaissance and jamming station, with Orlan-10 drones||1+||Russia||Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on 28 July 2018. Observed by OSCE in 2020.|
|R-934B Sinitsa||Jamming station||1+||Russia||Observed by OSCE in 2020.|
|RB-636 Svet-KU||Radio control and information protection system||1+||Russia||Observed by OSCE in 2020.|
|1L269 Krasukha-2||Anti-air jamming station||1+||Russia||Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on 28 July 2018.|
|RB-109A Bylina||Brigade-level electronic warfare automated control system||1+||Russia||Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on 28 July 2018.|
|Repellent-1||Anti-drone electronic warfare system||1+||Russia||Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on 28 July 2018.|
|51U6 Kasta-2E1||C-band ultra-high frequency (300 MHz-1 GHz) 2D target acquisition radar designed to acquire the range and heading of small targets flying at low altitudes. Installed on KamAZ-43114 6×6 off-road chassis.||1||Russia||Observed at a training area near Buhaivka, 37 km southwest of Luhansk by OSCE SMM drone.|
|Aero L-29 Delfín||Military trainer aircraft/Light attack aircraft||1||Czechoslovakia||At least one plane retrofited from Lugansk museum. On 19 January 2015, a LPR militia video showed a Georgian volunteer test driving a supposed operational L-29 (armed with two bombs) on a runway. In 2018, it was displayed in Donetsk on Victory Day.|
|Sukhoi Su-25||Military strike aircraft||1||Soviet Union||On 7 July 2014, LPR Defence Minister Igor Plotnitsky announced to ITAR-TASS that a Ukrainian Su-25 made an emergency landing after being shot at, and was captured by the LPR forces. The Ukrainian military denied the incident. On 2 February 2015, the restored LPR Su-25 allegedly conducted a sortie on a Ukrainian Army convoy near Debaltseve.|
Unmanned aerial vehicles
|Orlan-10||Unmanned aerial vehicle||6+||Russia||Four shot down by Ukrainian forces in 2014[unreliable source?] and one in 2016.|
Another one crashed on Ukrainian territory in 2017.[unreliable source?]
|Forpost||Unmanned aerial vehicle||N/A|| Israel|
|Five UAVs shot down by Ukrainian forces.|
|Consumer-grade UAV||Quadcopter||N/A||One used by the rebels during the Second Battle of Donetsk Airport.|
|Motorboat||25||Used by 9th Regiment of the Marine Corps in Sea of Azov.|
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