List of fugitives from justice who disappeared

This is a list of fugitives from justice, notable people who disappeared or evaded capture while being sought by law enforcement agencies in connection with a crime, and are currently sought. Listing here does not imply guilt and may include persons who are or were wanted only for questioning.

Before 1900

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
9th century Muhammad Ibn Qasim (al-Alawi) unknown  Iraq Ibn Qasim was an Alid Imam[1] who led a rebellion that took place in the city of Taloqan. Ibn Qasim was later arrested by the authorities and hauled away him to Baghdad, but later escaped, and was never heard of again.[2]
1696 Henry Every (sometimes spelled 'Avery') 37  England Every, an English pirate, vanished after perpetrating one of the most profitable pirate raids in history. Despite a worldwide manhunt and an enormous bounty on his head, Every was never heard from again.[3] In March, Every had led his ship, the Fancy, to the island of New Providence. Every and his crew spent months living there and soon lost their ship. By June, Every and his crew were forced to flee the island. The crew then split up, with Every possibly setting sail toward Ireland. A manhunt for Every lasted for at least a decade. There were several unconfirmed sightings of him and contradictory reports of his death during the 18th century. Most of them are considered unreliable, however, and his fate is unknown.[4]
1800 Jack York unknown Canada York was a Canadian slave[5] from Quebec who was charged with raping a woman named Ruth Tufflemier and was arrested in August 1800. The charge was later changed to burglary, and the trial took place on 12 September 1800. York was convicted and sentenced to death, but later escaped and was never seen again.[6]
1864 Rufus Henry Ingram 30  United States Bushwhacker who led Captain Ingram's Partisan Rangers, a gang of Confederate raiders who robbed banks and stagecoaches across California. On 15 July 1864, Ingram and his followers attempted to rob a mine, but were intercepted by police. Ingram managed to escape, fleeing into Missouri, never to be seen again.[7]
1873 William J. Sharkey 26–27  United States Sharkey was a convicted murderer and minor New York City politician of the Democratic persuasion who earned national notoriety for escaping from The Tombs disguised as a woman in 1873. Sharkey reportedly fled to Cuba, which had no extradition treaty with the United States. His ultimate fate is unknown.[8]
1875 Moses Ehrich unknown  United States Ehrich was an American businessman and underworld figure known as "'Old Unger" who served as a fence to burglars, thieves and shoplifters from his Eldridge Street store throughout the mid-to-late 19th century.[9][10][11] He was indicted four or five times on charges of receiving stolen goods during the administration of A. Oakley Hall, but always escaped conviction. Ehrich was represented by Hall in later years.[12] Ehrich disappeared from New York City in 1875, escaped to Canada,[13][14] and was never seen again.
1875 Black Bart 46  United States Outlaw and successful stagecoach robber active in California and Oregon between the 1870s and 1880s, known for leaving behind poetic messages after his robberies. He was arrested and served a sentence in 1888, and disappeared from public view after his release.[15]
1876 Agustus "Gus" Heffron unknown  United States Heffron who was an American fugitive and a sidekick of fellow American fugitive Davy Crockett (who was a 23-year-old younger relative of the better-known famed American frontiersman Davy Crockett).[16] Unlike Crocket who had been killed after escaping from jail, Heffron who after being shot and sent to jail in New Mexico, later escaped on 31 October 1876 and fled for the Colorado mountains and was never seen again.[17]
1878 Procopio 37  United States Mexican desperado alleged to have committed about a dozen murders in California, but was only convicted of cattle theft and banditry. He escaped prison in 1877, but differing accounts exist of his fate.[18]
1880 Hoodoo Brown unknown  United States Leader of the Dodge City Gang, a group of gamblers and gunfighters who ruled over the city of Las Vegas, New Mexico between 1879 and 1880, in which they committed a variety of crimes including robberies, murders and thefts. In the summer of 1880, local citizens formed a vigilante group and drove Brown out of the state, with his ultimate fate left unclear.[19]
1881 Michael O'Rourke 19–20  United States O'Rourke, an American fugitive and gambler from Arizona who was imprisoned, later escaped from jail on 18 April 1881.[20] O'Rourke may have later have been killed, but this is unknown for certain.
1885 Mysterious Dave Mather 34  United States "Mysterious" Dave Mather was a Lawman who served in Kansas and the New Mexico Territory who was indicted for the murder of a man in Dodge City,[21] which he committed with his brother. The pair posted bail before they could be tried, and Mather never resurfaced afterwards.
1885 Servant Girl Annihilator unknown  United States An American serial killer, who became known as the "Servant Girl Annihilator", had killed multiple people in the city of Austin, Texas[22][23] during the years 1884 and 1885.[22][24] The 26 December 1885 issue of The New York Times reported that the "murders were committed by some cunning madman, who is insane on the subject of killing women".[25] He disappeared in 1885, and was thought to have been seen in 1888, but still was never captured.
1886 Massai 39  United States Chiricahua Apache tribe member who fought against settlers and soldiers with Geronimo. In 1906, he disappeared from public record, with his fate subject to speculation.[26]
1887 Dan Bogan 27  United States Gunfighter and outlaw responsible for several murders in the Texas Panhandle, who was convicted and sentenced to death for murdering a Texas Ranger in Wyoming in 1887. He escaped from jail and headed south, but authorities lost track of him, leaving his ultimate fate unclear.[27]
1888 Jack the Ripper unknown  United Kingdom Jack the Ripper was a serial killer whose real identity was unknown, and who was mainly active in the largely impoverished areas in and around the Whitechapel district of London. The last murder generally attributed to Jack the Ripper occurred in 1888 and no one knows what became of him.[28]
1889 The Thames Torso Murderer unknown  England The Thames Torso Murders, also known as the "Thames Mysteries" and the "Embankment Murders", was a series of unsolved murders that took place from 1887 to 1889 which occurred in London, England. The murders were committed by an unidentified serial killer who involved four murdered women, three of which were never identified. The serial killer has never been apprehended, and his ultimate fate remains unknown.[29]
1889 Apache Kid unknown  United States Haskay-bay-nay-ntayl, better known as the Apache Kid,[30] was an army scout and later a renegade active in the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico who escaped from jail on 2 November 1889,[31] and was said to have killed many people during that time. He was later caught and sent to jail. He was later released and became a wanted fugitive again and was never recaptured.
1896 Francis Hermann 39–40  United States Hermann, who was from England and later moved to the United States' Salt Lake City, Utah, was a pastor who was a known murderer and was also accused of murdering multiple people which included his own family members.[32] Hermann had fled town in 1896 and was never seen again.[33]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1903 Denver Strangler unknown  United States The Denver Strangler who was also known as "Jack the Strangler" and "The Strangler of Denver" was an unidentified serial killer who operated in Denver, Colorado and committed murders between 1894 and 1903.[34] He was also suspected of two other murders as well, but was never caught and his ultimate fate remains unknown.
1903 Sam Carey unknown  United States Known as "Laughing Sam Carey", he was a member of the Hole-in-the-Wall Gang, a loosely-knit outlaws who operated in Johnson County, Wyoming during the 1880s and 1890s. Little is known about Carey himself, including much of his backstory, and he was the singular member of the gang not known to have been apprehended, disappearing from history circa 1903.[35]
1908 Belle Gunness 48  United States Gunness, who was a Norwegian-American serial killer, vanished on 28 April 1908 after a house fire (suspected arson) and withdrawing huge amounts of money from her bank accounts.[36] Although the remains of a headless woman found after the fire were suspected to be those of Belle Gunness, this remains unverified and debated.[37]
1908 Robert Leroy Parker
(alias Butch Cassidy)
42  United States After the two outlaws escaped from jail, "Wanted dead or alive" posters were posted throughout the country, with rewards of as much as $30,000 for information leading to their capture or deaths.[38] They were supposedly killed in a shootout with Bolivian police around 7–8 November, although authorities were unable to positively identify the bodies.
Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (alias The Sundance Kid) 40–41


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1910 The Cumminsville murderer unknown  United States The Cumminsville murderer was an unidentified serial killer who killed 5 people between 1904 and 1910 in the present-day Cincinnati neighborhood of South Cumminsville.[39] The Cumminsville murderer was never caught and their ultimate fate remains unknown.
1910 Burt Alvord 43  United States An ex-lawman who served in Arizona, Alvord later joined a train robbery gang composed of several prominent outlaws. They were all caught in Mexico and he served two years in prison before being released in 1906. He later moved to Central America and worked on the Panama Canal, but his definite fate is unknown.[40]
1910 Sylvestro "Pedro" Morales unknown  United States Mexican bandit known for his violent criminal actions in California during the 1880s. Imprisoned for the 1889 murder of a rancher, he was later released for good behavior in 1909, whereupon he murdered a gang member who had betrayed him. Despite extensive searches by authorities, he was never recaptured.[41]
1911 Shotgun Man unknown  United States The Shotgun Man was an unidentified assassin and spree killer who operated in Chicago, Illinois,[42] and had committed murders in 1911.[43] He was never caught and his ultimate fate remains unknown.
1912 Atlanta Ripper unknown  United States The Atlanta Ripper was an unidentified male serial killer[44] who is believed to have killed 32 to 35 people between 1911 and 1912.[45] He has never been caught and his ultimate fate remains unknown.
1914 Peter Madden unknown  United States Madden was an American thief, gang leader, and labor racketeer who in June 1914 was arrested for his suspected involvement in a street mugging.[46] On 25 June he was sent to The Tombs, as he was with another mugging that he did with John Ryan as they were both charged with stealing the wallet of William Beard in Madison Square. On 10 September he and Ryan were handcuffed together and sent to the nearby Criminal Courts Building. Two deputy sheriffs then noticed that Madden was missing. Finding Ryan alone, he explained that Madden had escaped while crossing the bridge. However, authorities believed Madden had slipped away down one of the two unguarded stairways while the prisoners were marched through the second floor of the Criminal Courts Building.[47] Madden was never seen again and what became of him is unknown.
1916 Béla Kiss 39  Austria-Hungary Kiss was a Hungarian serial killer and murderer of 24 young women before he was drafted in the Austro-Hungarian Army in the First World War. Upon the discovery of his crimes he was traced to a Serbian hospital, but escaped a few days before investigators arrived. Although there were several reported sightings of the killer (notably in New York City in 1932), his true fate remains a mystery.[48]
1919 Axeman of New Orleans unknown  United States The Axeman of New Orleans was an unidentified American serial killer who had killed people with an axe[49] in New Orleans, and other states that were nearby, between May 1918 and October 1919. He was never caught and his ultimate fate remains unknown.


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1922 Edward F. Sands 27  United States Sands was a suspect in the murder of Hollywood director William Desmond Taylor on 1 February 1922. He disappeared shortly after that, and was never seen again.[50]
1925 David Brown 29–30  United States Brown, a left-handed pitcher in Negro league baseball, disappeared in 1925[51] before he could be questioned about a man's murder.[52]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1931 Raymond "Craneneck" Nugent 35–36  United States Egan's Rats' Gang member Raymond "Craneneck" Nugent who was a killer and a bank robber disappeared in April 1931 and no trace of him was ever found.[53]
1937 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe 24 (Cole)
31 (Roe)
 United States Cole and Roe, both convicted bank robbers (Cole went into Alcatraz for kidnapping also) in Oklahoma, had been caught during earlier, independent escape attempts from that state's McAlester Prison. Judged to be escape risks, they were both incarcerated in high-security Leavenworth Prison, then transferred to higher-security Alcatraz in 1936.[54] They escaped from Alcatraz, on 16 December 1937,[54] and although officials were quick to conclude they perished in the attempt, their remains were never found and their fate remains unclear.[55]
1938 Cleveland Torso Murderer unknown  United States The "Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run", more commonly known as the "Cleveland Torso Murderer", was an unidentified serial killer who is thought to have committed multiple murders in the Cleveland, Ohio area, mostly within the economically poor "Cleveland Flats" area. From 1934 to 1938, the killer claimed at least 12 lives, always slaying his victims with a decapitation and often dismembering their corpses. He has never been captured or positively identified.[56]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1940 Eleanor Jarman 39  United States In 1933, Jarman and two men robbed a clothing store in Chicago, Illinois, murdering the store owner in the process.[57] Jarman was jailed and served about six years of her sentence, but escaped in 1940. She eluded police while making intermittent contact with her family and son. She is thought to have died when contact ended in the 1990s.
1944 Mieczysław Kosmowski 30–31  Poland Kosmowski, a Polish Nazi collaborator, Gestapo agent and war criminal[58][59] was last seen in 1944 in Bydgoszcz, when he evacuated with the German Army.[60] In 1955, he was accused of denouncing several Poles to the Germans and a wanted poster was issued for him in 1957, and at the request of the court a warrant was issued, which was valid from 1957 until 2009.
1945 Szilveszter Matuska 52–53  Hungary Matuska was a convicted Hungarian mass murderer and mechanical engineer. He had made two successful and at least two unsuccessful attempts to derail passenger trains in three European countries. His execution was commuted to life imprisonment under an extradition agreement.[61] Matuska escaped from jail in Vác in 1945 and his ultimate fate is unknown.
1945 Petar Brzica 28  Independent State of Croatia An Ustashe guard at the Jasenovac Concentration Camp, Petar Brzica was involved in a "contest" to kill the most inmates in one night. Brzica won the "contest", bragging of murdering up to 1,360 people. Brzica's post-war fate remains unknown, though reports of him living as an elderly man in Croatia surfaced in 2009.[62]
1945 Heinrich Müller 45  Germany Müller, a Nazi Gestapo chief, was last seen in the Führerbunker on the evening of 1 May 1945.[63] While there he had stated that his intention was to avoid being taken into custody by the Soviet forces advancing on Berlin. His CIA file and related documents state that while the record is "...inconclusive on Müller's ultimate fate... [he] most likely died in Berlin in early May 1945". Other theories have suggested that he either escaped to South America like many other fugitive Nazis and lived out his life there (the Israelis continued to investigate his whereabouts into the 1960s) or was protected by U.S. or Soviet intelligence under a new identity. Müller is the most senior Nazi official whose fate is unknown.[64]
1945 Ivan the Terrible unknown  Germany Ivan the Terrible is a nickname given to a notorious guard at the Treblinka extermination camp, known as Ivan Marchenko from statements by other guards at the camp. He is accused of extreme cruelty to prisoners at the camp, cutting off the ears of workers as they walked by or killing them outright, and torturing victims with pipes, a sword, and whips before they entered the gas chambers.[65] The true identity of Ivan the Terrible remains unknown.
1945 Karl Künstler 44  Germany SS-Obersturmbannführer and commander of the Flossenbürg concentration camp, under whose leadership executions of Polish and Soviet citizens skyrocketed. He was later demoted due to his constant alcohol abuse, and was presumably killed during the Battle of Nuremberg in April 1945.
1945 Richard Kunze 73  Germany Politician of the German Social Party, a precursor to the Nazi Party, known for his anti-Semitic rhetoric and policies who served in the Reichstag until its dissolution in 1945. Kunze was himself arrested following the Battle of Berlin, but later went missing in May 1945, never to be seen again.[66]
1945 Lorenz Hackenholt 31  Germany Schutzstaffel member who built and operated the gas chambers at the Belzec extermination camp in Poland, personally carrying out the executions of numerous people. Hackenholt disappeared in late 1945, initially thought to have been killed by partisans in Italy, but this hasn't been conclusively proven, and he hasn't been seen since.[67]
1946 Phantom Killer unknown  United States Responsible for the Texarkana Moonlight Murders of 1946, this serial killer shot random couples at Lovers' lanes and often sexually assaulted the female victims. He caused a panic in the city and the Texas Rangers were called in to hunt down the perpetrator. The Phantom Killer committed his last murder on 3 May 1946 before vanishing. To this date, no one has been charged with the murders and the killer's identity remains a mystery.[68]
1947 Hamburg rubble murderer unknown  Germany The Hamburg rubble murderer is the name given to an unidentified serial killer from Germany who is believed to have committed multiple murders in Hamburg in early 1947. He has never been caught and his fate remains unknown.[69]
1947 Frederick J. Tenuto unknown  United States Tenuto also known as "Angel of Death" was a New York City mobster and criminal[70] who escaped from the Philadelphia County Prison in a jailbreak on 10 February 1947. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list as number 14 for over a decade, the longest on record at the time.[71] He replaced Stephen William Davenport who was number 12, as the first replacement who was not among the original ten, but was removed on 9 March 1964, due to reports that Tenuto had been killed and secretly buried, though it is not known for sure if this is true. His ultimate fate is unknown.


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1960 James Squillante 41  United States Squillante, a caporegime in the Gambino crime family, disappeared after being indicted on extortion charges. He is believed to have been murdered and his body disposed of in a car crusher that was subsequently melted down in an open hearth furnace.[72][73] No physical evidence has ever been found to substantiate this claim and no one was ever charged in connection with the disappearance.
1962 Frank Morris 35  United States Morris and brothers Clarence and John Anglin escaped from Alcatraz prison in the U.S. state of California and disappeared. After extensive investigation, authorities presumed that they drowned in attempting to escape from the island prison, but no bodies were ever recovered. They may have survived, and the official investigation is still open nearly 60 years after their escape. The U.S. Marshal Service has stated that the investigation will remain open on each individual man until proof of death has been established or the date of the fugitive's 100th birthday, whichever comes first.[74]
Clarence Anglin 31
John Anglin 32
1963 Stolero-Yachman-Chachkes affair unknown  Israel The "Stolero-Yachman-Chachkes affair" was three unsolved murders and one attempted murder which occurred in Israel between 1962 and 1963. The murders were never solved, and due to similarities between their modus operandi, are widely speculated to have been the work of a serial killer or Soviet intelligence.[75] The perpetrator behind this remains unknown and has never been caught to this day.
1965 Jack the Stripper unknown  United Kingdom The "Hammersmith nude murders" were the murders of six women that took place in London, England in 1964 and 1965.[76] The victims, who were all prostitutes, were found dead and naked in or near the River Thames, leading the press to give the killer the nickname "Jack the Stripper" (a parody of the English killer "Jack the Ripper").[77][78] Jack the Stripper has never been captured and his whereabouts remain unknown.
1965 Charles Rogers 43  United States Rogers, a reclusive unemployed seismologist in Houston, Texas, has remained at large since the "Icebox Murders" of his parents were discovered on 23 June, leading to a warrant for his detention as a material witness. He was declared legally dead in 1975.[79][80]
1969 Bible John unknown  United Kingdom "Bible John" is an unidentified serial killer who was given his nickname since he often quoted the Bible and is believed to have murdered three young women between the years of 1968 and 1969 in Glasgow, Scotland after which he was never seen again.[81] His current whereabouts are unknown, and is still being sought by the police.
1969 Sharon Kinne 30  United States
Kinne (known as La Pistolera) was an American woman convicted of homicide in Mexico and was awaiting trial for the murder of her husband James Kinne when she escaped from Ixtapalapa prison on 7 December 1969. Despite extensive manhunts in Mexico and the United States, her whereabouts are unknown.[82]
1969 Zodiac Killer unknown  United States The Zodiac Killer was an unidentified serial killer in the San Francisco Bay Area that mainly targeted young couples at lovers' lanes in Vallejo. The suspect almost always used a firearm and killed at least five people. He committed his first canonical murders on 20 December 1968 and was last sighted on 11 October 1969, shortly after slaying his final confirmed victim. The killer taunted the public and authorities through letters he sent anonymously, and in which he referred to himself as "The Zodiac". In them, he claimed credit for his murders and would also send ciphers to newspapers, most notably, the San Francisco Chronicle. Only two of the messages have been conclusively decoded. The Zodiac continued to threaten the public throughout the 1970s before he stopped writing for a couple of years. He resurfaced for the final time in the form of his last verified letter in 1978.[83]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1970 Monster of the Mangones unknown  Colombia The Monster of the Mangones is the name given to an unidentified Colombian serial killer who had killed between 30 and 38 male children and youths who he kidnapped in the 1960s and 1970s.[84] The Monster of the Mangones was never apprehended.
1970 Chilobwe murders unknown  Malawi The Chilobwe murders were a series of murders where at least 30 were killed occurring in Blantyre, Malawi, particularly in Chilobwe that took place from November 1968 to 1970.[85] The killer or killers have evaded capture by the police.
1970 Leo Burt 22  United States Burt allegedly participated in the Sterling Hall bombing on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus on 24 August 1970, and on 2 September was indicted federally in Madison, Wisconsin. He disappeared in 1970 and has not been seen since.[86][87]
1971 Elmer Crawford 40–41  Australia The Crawford family murder was the 1970 killing of pregnant mother Therese and her three children: Kathryn, James, and Karen. The family car was located at the bottom of a cliff at Loch Ard Gorge in Port Campbell, Victoria, Australia on 2 July 1970. The bodies of Therese and her children were still inside.[88] A July 1971 coroner's inquest found that Elmer Crawford murdered his wife and three children in their Cardinal Road, Glenroy home. Crawford had constructed an electrocution device, using a 15-metre (49 ft) length of electrical lead and alligator clips. He attached the alligator clips to his wife's ears while she slept and electrocuted her. He then beat his children to death, presumably using a hammer, then loaded their bodies into the family's FE Holden vehicle. He then drove them 200 kilometres (120 mi) to Port Campbell where he connected a hose from the exhaust to the driver's side window,[89] before pushing the car containing the bodies over the cliff edge in an effort to make the crime look like murder-suicide.[90] Crawford disappeared after and has not been seen since.[91]
1971 D. B. Cooper unknown  United States Dan Cooper (also referred to as D. B. Cooper) was the name used by an unidentified man who hijacked Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 305 on 24 November, and parachuted from it during mid-flight with $200,000 he had extorted. No trace of him has ever been found.[92]
1972 Henri Young 61  United States Young was a convicted bank robber and murderer,[93] who while serving one of a series of prison terms, attempted a 1939 escape from Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary with four other inmates. During the escape attempt two inmates were shot, and one died of his wounds. All surviving were quickly recaptured. Two, Young and Rufus McCain, received sentences of solitary confinement and served them at Alcatraz for a period of three years (until autumn of 1942). He was released from Washington State Penitentiary in 1972, and then jumped parole and, according to Washington State authorities, his whereabouts are unknown.[94]
1972 Freeway Phantom unknown  United States The Freeway Phantom is a name that the media has given to an unidentified serial killer who killed six people between April 1971 to September 1972 in Washington, D.C.[95] The Freeway Phantom remains unapprehended
1973 The Alphabet murderer unknown  United States The Alphabet Murders which are also known as the "Double Initial Murders" are a series of unsolved of child murders which occurred in Rochester, New York between 1971 and 1973.[96] Every victim who had been murdered by either having been sexually assaulted or manual or ligature strangulation.[97] The perpetrator who was behind these killings identity remains unknown and has never been captured.
1973 The Santa Rosa hitchhiker murderer unknown  United States The Santa Rosa hitchhiker murders were a series of at least seven unsolved murders that involved female hitchhikers that occurred in Sonoma County and also Santa Rosa of the North Bay area of California between 1972 and 1973. All of the victims were found naked in rural areas near steep embankments or in creek beds that were located near roads.[98] The perpetrator behind this remains unknown and has never been caught to this day.
1973 Charlie Chop-off unknown  United States "Charlie Chop-off" is the pseudonym given to an unidentified American serial killer who is known to have killed three children in Manhattan between 1972 and 1973. He is also known to have attempted to murder another child as well. A man charged with a botched abduction named Erno Soto was arrested in Manhattan on 15 May 1974, and is thought to be Chop-off, but it is unknown for sure whether this is true. He was found unfit to stand trial as a result of psychiatric illness[99] and was confined to a mental institution.
1973 Frank Matthews 38–39  United States Matthews was a major heroin and cocaine trafficker who operated throughout the eastern seaboard during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1973, the Drug Enforcement Administration arrested Matthews in Las Vegas, but he paid bail then disappeared. Matthews allegedly took 15 to 20 million dollars with him and fled the country, leaving behind his common-law wife, their three sons, and their Staten Island mansion.[100] He was never known to be seen again.
1974 The Tokyo Metropolitan Murderer unknown  Japan The "Tokyo Metropolitan Murders" are a set of events of multiple unsolved murders committed by an unidentified serial killer in the Greater Tokyo Area in Japan that took place between 1968 and 1974 where ten people were killed.[101] The person behind these killing has never been captured.
1974 Lord Lucan 39  United Kingdom Lucan went missing after the murder in London of his children's nanny, Sandra Rivett, for which he was the prime suspect.[102] It was speculated that the murder in the family home in Belgravia was a case of mistaken identity, and that Lucan had intended to kill his wife. He was declared legally deceased in 2016, thereby making his son George the 8th Earl of Lucan.
1975 The Ann Arbor Hospital Murderer unknown  United States The Ann Arbor Hospital Murders were the murders of 10 patients in a Ann Arbor, Michigan, Veterans Administration (VA) Hospital during 1975 that was caused by unauthorized administration in their IV of a curare drug Pavulon. Though the case was investigated by the police[103] and a court case took place,[104] where two nurses were originally found guilty, the verdict was later overturned,[105] which left the case unsolved. The real perpetrator behind the unsolved murders identity remains unknown and was never captured.
1975 The Flat-Tire murderer unknown  United States The Flat-Tire murders were a series of twelve unsolved murders in Broward and Miami-Dade Counties, Florida, thought to have been committed by a single offender spanning 1975 until January 1976. He would slash the victims' car tires preemptively and then offer help with fixing them, before sexually assaulting and then drowning his victims in the nearby water canals.[106]
1975 Bigfoot Killer unknown  United States The Bigfoot Killer is the name given to an unidentified American serial killer who raped and murdered seven girls and women in Detroit between February and October 1975, whose identity remains unknown.[107]
1975 The Doodler unknown  United States The Doodler who is also known as the "Black Doodler", is an unidentified serial killer who is believed to have committed 16 murders at bars, gay nightclubs, and restaurants.[108][109] He also attacked three men in San Francisco, California, between January 1974 and September 1975.[108] He was given his nickname due to his habit of sketching his victims before his sexual encounters and slayings by stabbing them to death.[110] He is still wanted by the police.
1976 The Gypsy Hill killers unknown  United States The "Gypsy Hill killings" were a group of five murdered young women and girls during early 1976 that took place in San Mateo County, California. It was later discovered that there were at least two different unidentified perpetrators[111] who had committed the murders and one of the killers was labeled the "San Mateo Slasher". Neither perpetrator was ever captured and no one knows what became of them.
1976 Frank Blackhorse 28–29  United States Blackhorse (believed to be born Francis or Frank DeLuca, and also known under several aliases besides Blackhorse) was a member of the American Indian Movement and was charged with shooting an FBI officer during the Wounded Knee incident in 1973, although no conclusive evidence was presented. Blackhorse is believed to have disappeared in 1976.[112]
1976 Bradford Bishop 39  United States Bishop disappeared 2 March from Bethesda, Maryland, shortly after allegedly murdering his wife, mother, and children.[113] On 18 March, the Bishop family car was found abandoned at an isolated campground in Elkmont, Tennessee.[114] On 10 April 2014, the FBI named him the 502nd fugitive to be placed on its List of 10 Most Wanted Fugitives.[115]
1975 Saw-Killer of Hanover unknown  West Germany The Saw-Killer of Hanover (German: "Leichenfunde von Hannover") is the name given to an unidentified German serial killer, who in between 1975 and 1977 is believed to have killed and dismembered six people as their body parts were later found in Hanover and the surrounding area.[116] The Saw-Killer of Hanover remains at large.
1977 Oakland County Child Killer unknown  United States The Oakland County Child Killer was an unidentified serial killer known to be responsible for murdering at least four children in Oakland County, Michigan from 1976 to 1977.[117] The killer is also suspected of a murder taking place on 15 September 1979. No one has ever been apprehended.
1979 William Morales 29  United States Morales was an American bomb maker for Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña who was convicted in February 1979 for possession of explosives, and possession and transportation of explosives and a shotgun. He escaped from Bellevue Hospital in May 1979 and subsequently fled to Mexico, where he was held by the authorities before he emigrated to Cuba in 1988. He is currently on the FBI Most Wanted domestic terrorists list with a reward of $100,000 for information leading to his arrest.[118]
1979 Skid Row Stabber unknown  United States The Skid Row Stabber is an unidentified American serial killer who was given the name since he operated in Los Angeles neighborhood known as "Skid Row" and had had killed 11 people between 1978 and 1979.[119] He has never been caught and his fate remains unknown.
1979 Assata Shakur 32  United States Shakur, born "JoAnne Deborah Byron" and sometimes known by her married name "JoAnne Deborah Chesimard" is a former member of the Black Liberation Army who was convicted of the first degree murder of State Trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973. While serving a life sentence, she escaped from prison in 1979 and reappeared in Cuba in 1984 where she was granted political asylum. The FBI added her to its list of most-wanted terrorists as Joanne Deborah Chesimard,[120] and is offering $2,000,000 for her capture.


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances

1980 I-45 killer unknown  United States I-45 killer is an unidentified serial killer who in 1980 killed three females by strangling them and then discarded their dead bodies alongside Interstate 45 in Texas.[121] He has never been caught and his identity remains unknown.
1980 Luiz Baú 41  Brazil Baú, a schizophrenic pedophile imprisoned for the 1975 murder of his underage lover, escaped from prison in January 1980, whereupon he killed an additional three boys and a farm worker between February 12 and 16. He was arrested again several days later, but escaped again, with his ultimate fate unclear.[122]
1981 Toronto hospital baby deaths unknown  Canada The Toronto hospital baby deaths, are believed to be have been murders that took place in between July 1980 and March 1981, which occurred in the Cardiac ward of the Hospital for Sick Children.[123] They had stopped happening when the police were called in and the digitalis-type medication used for the killings (digoxin) began to be kept under lock and key. Three nurses were at the centre were subjected to investigation, and one of them was charged, but found not guilty. The events were later thought to be committed by an identified serial killer,[124] who has never been apprehended.
1981 The Atlanta child murderer unknown  United States The Atlanta murderer is an unidentified serial killer who had killed at least 28 people (mostly children) from 1979 to 1981 in Atlanta, Georgia. He has never been caught.[125]
1981 Masoud Keshmiri unknown  Iran Militant from the People's Mujahedin of Iran who infiltrated the Islamic Republican Party, rising up to the ranks before planting an incendiary bomb in a briefcase at the Prime Minister's office on 30 August 1981. The subsequent explosion killed eight people, including the incumbent president and the prime minister. Keshmiri was initially believed to have died, but it was later revealed that he had escaped.[126]
1981 The Tynong North and Frankston Murderer unknown  Australia The Tynong North and Frankston Murders (also known as the "Frankston and Tynong North Serial Killer") refers to six females who had disappeared[127] and were murdered in between May 1980 and October 1981, and were dumped in a remote scrub area in the Tynong North and Frankston which is south-east of Melbourne, Australia. The perpetrator behind these killing has never been caught.[128]
1982 The Lewis Clark Valley murderer unknown  United States The Lewis Clark Valley murders refer to a cluster of disappearances and unsolved murders that occurred in between 1979 and 1982[129] in both Asotin, Washington and the Lewiston-Clarkston metropolitan area of northern Idaho. Though the unidentified serial killer has never been caught, law enforcement investigators have that they believe there is unnamed suspect.[130]
1983 The Family Murders unknown  Australia The Family Murders is the name given to a series of five murders committed between 1979 and 1983 in South Australia by a group of unidentified serial killers who were connected loosely and came to be known as "The Family"[131] for this reason. The killers have never been caught, and there is a reward for their capture.[132]
1983 The Sewer Murderer unknown  West Germany The Sewer Murders also known as "Sewage Plant Murders" (German: "Kanalmorde" or "Kläranlagenmorde") were an unexplained series of murders committed by a unidentified serial killer between 1976 and 1983[133] of male youths in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main area. The killer behind the murders has never been caught.
1983 Víctor Manuel Gerena 25  United States Gerena is an American fugitive wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation[134] for the September 1983 White Eagle armed robbery. The $7 million in cash that was stolen was the largest cash robbery in U.S. history at that time.[135] He was a known member of the Los Macheteros gang. On 14 May 1984, Gerena became the 386th fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
1984 The Monster with 21 Faces unknown  Japan The Monster with 21 Faces is an alias, originally the name of the villain in Edogawa Rampo's detective novels, used by the person or group who given the name the "Monster with 21 faces" responsible for the blackmail letters in Glico Morinaga case.[136]

Their identity remains unknown and they have never been captured.

1984 Ronnie Eckstine 38  USA Ronnie Eckstine was arrested in February 1984 on charges of forgery and evasion of arrest. However, he escaped from jail the following month by exchanging identification bracelets with another prisoner and leaving on their bail. His whereabouts remains unknown.[137]
1984 Sukumara Kurup 38  India Sukumara Kurup is one of the most wanted criminals in Kerala, India, sought in connection to the infamous Chacko murder case. On 21 January 1984, Kurup, under the pretense of offering a lift to Chacko, spiked his drink and subsequently strangled him and burnt his body. Kurup allegedly committed the crime with his two accomplices to fake his own death and claim the insurance proceeds. Upon realizing that the police were on to him, he fled and has been on the run since January 1984. Kurup remains untraced.[138]
1984 Edward L. Montoro 52  United States Motion picture producer/distributor Edward L. Montoro disappeared in 1984 after taking more than $1 million from his own company, Film Ventures International. It was speculated that he fled to Mexico.[139]
1985 Monster of Florence unknown  Italy The Monster of Florence (Italian: Il Mostro di Firenze) is the name the media in Italy commonly used for labeling a serial killer operating in the Province of Florence who had killed 16 people in between 1968 and 1985.[140] The true killer behind the murders has never been caught.
1985 Christopher Dale Flannery 46–47  Australia Flannery, nicknamed "Mr. Rent-a-Kill" is alleged to have been an Australian contract killer. He left school at the age of fourteen and received his first criminal conviction later that year. At 17, he was convicted of housebreaking, auto theft, assault against police, carrying firearms and rape, and was sentenced to seven years imprisonment.[141] On 23 April 1985, Flannery was allegedly sent to murder Tony "Spaghetti" Eustace. Eustace was found by two schoolchildren who were returning home from sports training at about 7 pm. He had been shot six times in the back outside the Airport Hilton in North Arncliffe and was lying beside his gold Mercedes, bleeding profusely; he then died. After this Flannery disappeared and police stated that they believed Flannery to have been responsible for up to a dozen murders.[142] He is presumed to be dead.
1985 Brabant killers unknown  Belgium The Brabant killers who were also labeled "the Nijvel Gang" by the Dutch-speaking media (Dutch: De Bende van Nijvel), and "the mad killers of Brabant" by the French-speaking media (French: Les Tueurs fous du Brabant), are responsible for killing 28 people[143] which mostly took place in the Belgian province of Brabant between 1982 and 1985. The killers behind these events have never been captured.
1985 Hassan Izz-Al-Din 56–57  Lebanon Izz-Al-Din is a fugitive from Lebanon who is currently wanted by the U.S. Government for his alleged involvement in the hijacking of TWA Flight 847 that took place on 14 June 1985.[144] A reward of $5 million is being offered for information leading to his capture.[145]
1985 Elizabeth Ann Duke 44  United States Duke is an American fugitive and former teacher best known for her involvement with radical left-wing political organizations and subsequent flight from prosecution. She remains wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on charges related to the bombings carried out by the May 19th Communist Organization in the early 1980s. Duke disappeared in October 1985 and her fate remains unknown. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $50,000 for information leading directly to the arrest and conviction of Duke.[146]
1985 The Paraquat murderer unknown  Japan The paraquat murders were a series of indiscriminate poisonings[147] that took place on 30 April 1985 in Fukuyama, Hiroshima up until 17 November 1985 in Japan resulting in twelve people being killed. The culprit being this has never been identified or captured.
1985 Mineral, Washington murders unknown  United States The Mineral, Washington murders which the media has called "the Tube Sock Killings" is a series of unsolved murders that occurred in between 12 August 1985 to 12 December 1985 in the remote areas of Lewis and Pierce County, Washington, located close to the remote community of Mineral, Washington. The killings became very infamous and in 1989 they became featured on the television series Unsolved Mysteries.[148] It involves the murders of multiple people who were killed by an unidentified serial killer and later found dead. The murderer who was responsible for these killings has never been caught.
1986 Mahmoud Mahmoud Atta 32  Israel American citizen and alleged militant who was suspected of perpetrating a bus bombing on the West Bank, killing one and severely injuring others. Thought to be done on behalf of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Atta was arrested in June 1987 in Venezuela and extradited to Israel, where he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1990. His current status is unclear.[149]
1986 The North Kanto Serial Young Girl Kidnapper and Murderer unknown  Japan The North Kanto Young Girl Serial Kidnapping and Murder Case (北関東連続幼女誘拐殺人事件, Kita-Kantou Renzoku Youjo Yuukai Satsujin Jiken) are the serial kidnapping and murder cases occurring in Japan's Tochigi and Gunma prefectures that had taken place between 1979 and 1986 and also includes the Ashikaga murder case.[150] The police have been trying to capture the true culprit,[151] but he has never been identified and remains at large.
1986 Honolulu Strangler unknown  United States The "Honolulu Strangler", who is also known as the "Honolulu Rapist", is an unidentified serial killer and is also Hawaii's first known one as well.[152] He murdered five women in Honolulu between 1985 and 1986. He has not been caught,[153] and his fate remains unknown.
1987 Connecticut River Valley Killer unknown  United States The Connecticut River Valley Killer is the name given to an American unidentified serial killer believed to be responsible for a series of fatal stabbings[154] that mostly took place in and around Claremont, New Hampshire and the Connecticut River Valley between 1978 and 1987. The Connecticut River Valley Killer has never been apprehended.
1988 Alejandro Máynez unknown  Mexico Mexican drug trafficker responsible for the murders of at least two women in Ciudad Juárez between 1988 and 1990, committed together with his cousin and a female accomplice, allegedly as part of a devil-worshipping cult. None of the trio have ever been arrested, and remain fugitives from authorities.[155]
1989 Wednesday Strangler unknown  Japan The Wednesday Strangler is an unidentified Japanese serial killer, who from in between 27 August 1975 to 25 January 1989 had killed 7 women in Saga Prefecture.[156] The Wednesday Strangler was given his nickname due to the fact that six out of seven of his victims had disappeared on a Wednesday. This case is also known as the "Saga Women Murders". The Wednesday Strangler has eluded capture from the police and is currently sought.
1989 Monster of Udine unknown  Italy The Monster of Udine (Italian: Mostro di Udine) was an unidentified serial killer from Province of Udine in north-eastern Italy who murdered at least four people the between 19 February 1980 and 26 February 1989,[157] and possibly more victims betewn 1971 and 1991, but is not known for certain.[158] The Monster of Udine has never been apprehended.
1989 New Bedford Highway Killer unknown  United States The New Bedford Highway Killer is an unidentified serial killer who in between March 1988 and April 1989 had murdered at least nine women and caused the disappearances of two other women in New Bedford, Massachusetts.[159] The killer is also suspected to have assaulted and caused harm to multiple other women as well. The New Bedford Highway Killer's case has been investigated,[160] though the killer remains at large.[161]
1989 Arthur Lee Washington Jr. 39  United States Washington, an American fugitive and member of the Black Liberation Army, disappeared after 12 April 1989 after being involved in a shootout with a New Jersey state trooper. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list from 1989 to 2000,[162] and has never been caught.
1989 The Colonial Parkway murderer unknown  United States The Colonial Parkway Murders were the killings of an apparent unidentified serial killer in between October 1986 and September 1989[163] of at least eight people along the Colonial Parkway of the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia (or nearby) that took place. The killer has never been identified and remains at large, though people are still trying to solve the case.[164]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1990 Frankford Slasher unknown  United States The Frankford Slasher was an unidentified serial killer active in the Frankford section of Philadelphia from 1985 until 1990. The killer was described by witnesses as being a middle-aged white male, targeting prostitutes and sex workers for his brutal crimes. He always stabbed his victims to death after raping them. Possibly responsible for as many as nine murders, the last unofficial victim was slain on 6 September 1990. Although a young black man named Leonard Cristopher was convicted of the eighth victim's death (Carol Dowd), there was no evidence to link him to the other murders, as well as there being doubt by experts that he was even the culprit of Dowd's murder. Furthermore, the final victim (said to be a "copycat killing" by authorities) occurred while Christopher was jailed with first-degree murder charges. To this day, no one has been arrested or charged for the eight other killings.[165]
1991 The Bowraville murderer unknown  Australia The Bowraville murders is the name given to 3 killings of Aboriginal people that took place in Bowraville, New South Wales, Australia from September 1990 to February 1991.[166] A local labourer, who the police considered to be the prime suspect, was charged with two of the murders, but was found not guilty after the trials that took place in 1994 and 2006.[167][168] The real killer has never been caught.
1991 Glen Stewart Godwin 33  United States Godwin was sentenced to 26 years to life in prison for the 1980 murder and robbery of drug dealer Kim LeValley in Palm Springs, California.[169] Godwin escaped from Folsom State Prison in Folsom, California, in 1987.[170] He fled to Mexico, where he was arrested for drug trafficking and sentenced to seven years and six months in prison in 1991.[171] While American authorities were working on Godwin's extradition proceedings, one of his fellow inmates at Puente Grande prison who was a member of a Mexican drug cartel died, and Godwin's extradition was delayed as it was suspected that he killed the inmate. Godwin was last seen in September 1991 before he escaped from Puente Grande prison. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list from 1996 to 2016.[172]
1991 Brian Eley 45  United Kingdom Former British Chess Champion indicted on charges of sexually molesting young boys from the late 1970s until the late 1980s. He was arrested in July 1991, but released on bail and fled. There have been reported sightings of him in Amsterdam, but his whereabouts remain unknown.[173]
1992 The Redhead murderer unknown  United States The Redhead murders refers to a series of unsolved murders occurring in between October 1978 and 1992, of American female redheads who had gone missing occurring in multiple states that are close to each other. Since the murders are believed to be connected they are thought to have been committed by an unidentified male serial killer.[174][175] The victims who had gone missing bodies were later discovered abandoned along major highways in the United States, which many of them had remained unidentified for years are thought to have been hitchhikers or may been involved with sex work.[176] The serial killer who was responsible for these killing has never been captured.
1992 I-70 Killer unknown  United States The I-70 killer is an unidentified American serial killer who operated in the Midwest and killed two people in between 1991 and 1992,[177][178] and possibly more people up to 1994. He received his nickname due to the fact that a few of the stores where his victims had worked at were located a few miles off of Interstate 70 (I-70). The case had been featured on both the TV series Unsolved Mysteries and Dark Minds, and yet the I-70 Killer has never been apprehended.
1993 Łódź Gay Murderer unknown  Poland The Łódź Gay Murderer is an unidentified Polish serial killer who killed seven homosexual men from 1988 to 1993 in Łódź.[179] The Łódź Gay Murderer remains at large.
1993 Lisbon Ripper unknown  Portugal The Lisbon Ripper (Portuguese: "O Estripador de Lisboa") was an unidentified serial killer who killed three female prostitutes who were all named "Marie" in Lisbon, Portugal in between 1992 and 1993.[180] The Lisbon Ripper may have continued his killing spree up to 2000, but this is unknown for sure and has never been apprehended.
1993 Aarni Neuvonen unknown  Estonia Neuvonen, real name Vadim Rozenberg, also known under the aliases of Aarni Rozenberg and Vadim Petrov, is the largest ever perpetrator of employment fraud in Estonia, who disappeared after 9 February 1993. He is known for having collected money with promise of overseas jobs from thousands of people and disappearing after having caused over (estimated) 10 million of EEK of damages in 1993,[181] and has not been seen since.
1993 Chhota Shakeel unknown  India Shakeel, whose birth name is Mohammed Shakeel Babu Miyan Shaikh, is an Indian crime boss and high-ranking leader of the D-Company (Dawood Company), a criminal group based in South Asia. He became one of the most-wanted men in India and the United States after his alleged participation in the 1993 Bombay bombings. It is unknown whether he is dead or alive, but there have been rumors and theories on how he could have died.[182]
1993 Matteo Messina Denaro 31  Italy Messina Denaro, nicknamed 'U siccu ("the skinny man"), due to his physical constitution, or even Diabolik, is considered one of the most wanted and dangerous fugitives in the world.[183] Undisputed leader and representative of the Trapani mafia, he is currently the richest and most powerful boss of all Cosa Nostra.
1993 The Hausjärvi Gravel Pit Murderer unknown  Finland The Hausjärvi Gravel Pit Murders were a series of crimes that took place from November 1990 to August 13, 1993 and were connected to gravel pits around Hausjärvi, north of the Helsinki urban area. One person was murdered and two others have disappeared and are presumably dead.[184] The perpetrator behind these events remains at large.
1993 Roberto Solis unknown  United States Solis is an armored car robber, poet, and was imprisoned 17 years for the murder of a security guard during a robbery in 1969.[185] Solis was given parole in 1992,[186] but was involved with theft in October 1993 after which he disappeared and is currently wanted by the police.[187]
1993 Adam Emery 31  United States Emery disappeared from the Claiborne Pell Newport Bridge with his wife after being convicted of second-degree murder in Rhode Island on 10 November.[188] He was released on bail the same day of his conviction, and the couple's car was found abandoned on the bridge. His wife's remains were found in 1994 in Narragansett Bay, and Emery was declared dead in absentia in 2004.
1993 Antonio Anglés 27  Spain Anglés is a Spanish criminal sought in connection with the Alcàsser Girls crime that took place in Valencia during the night of 13 November 1992. Anglés friend Miquel Ricart was convicted of raping and killing the three girls that night, and it was alleged that Anglés was also present and participated. In 1993, Anglés ran away from Spain. Some people saw him in various places such as Ireland, the United States, and his birth country, Brazil, but those alleged sightings have been proven wrong. Anglés' whereabouts remain a mystery.
1994 Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar 38–39  India Dawood Ibrahim is a Mumbai underworld criminal mobster and drug dealer most wanted by India with a reward of $25 million[189] over his head, and has been wanted since 1994.[190] He is currently believed to be residing in Pakistan, according to the Indian government, and heads the Indian organised crime syndicate D-Company which he founded in Mumbai in the 1970s.[191][192][193][194][195] Dawood is wanted on the charges of murder, extortion, targeted killing, drug trafficking, terrorism and various other cases. He was designated as a global terrorist in 2003 by India and the United States with a reward of US$25 million for his capture for his believed role in the 1993 Bombay bombings. In 2011, he was named number three on The World's 10 Most Wanted Fugitives by the FBI and Forbes.[196]
1995 Denver Prostitute Killer unknown  United States The Denver Prostitute Killer is the name given to an unidentified American serial killer who had killed multiple females in between 1975 and 1995[197] in Denver, Colorado and nearby areas that are located close by. The Denver Prostitute Killer remains unidentified and has never been captured.
1996 El Psicópata  (transl."The Psychopath") unknown  Costa Rica "El Psicópata  (transl."The Psychopath")" is the pseudonym given to an unidentified Costa Rican serial killer who is known to have killed 19 people in the cities of Cartago, Curridabat and Desamparados between 1986 and 1996.[198] He is also known to have other crimes been attributed to him, such as those of "El Descuartizador" ("The Dismemberer"), who was never captured either.[199]
1997 Butcher of Mons unknown  Belgium The Butcher of Mons was an unidentified serial killer who, between January 1996 and July 1997, murdered five people in or near the Belgian city of Mons. Their murders were distinctive due to the high precision of dismemberment of the victims' bodies.[200] The Butcher of Mons has eluded capture by the police.
1997 Attilio Cubeddu 52  Italy Cubeddu is a criminal from Sardinia who was a member of Anonima sarda, a term used for bandits engaged in various kinds of crime in the island, in particular kidnapping, from the 1960s onward.[201] Since 1997, he is on the "List of most wanted fugitives in Italy" of the ministry of the Interior, since he disappeared after he left the prison of Badu 'e Carros in Nuoro, where he was detained for murder, serious injury and kidnapping. In 1998 investigations were extended internationally for his extradition.[202]
1997 Shafi Muhammad Burfat 31-32  Pakistan Shafi Muhammad Burfat is the founder and current chairman of Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz, a party in Sindh, Pakistan which believes in the freedom of Sindhudesh from Pakistan. On 1 April 2013 the party was declared a terrorist organization and banned by the home ministry of Pakistan.[203] Burfat has been added by the Federal Investigation Agency to its Red Book and his whereabouts remains unknown.[204]
1998 The Chain murderers of Iran unknown  Iran The Chain murders of Iran[205] (Persian: قتل‌های زنجیره‌ای ایران) were a series of disappearances and murders that took place in between 1988 and 1998 of certain Iranian dissident intellectuals who had criticized the Islamic Republic system, which was committed by unidentified serial killers. The murders and disappearances were carried out by Iranian government internal operatives, and they were referred to as "chain murders" because they appeared to be linked to each other.[206] and the killers behind them remain at large.
1998 Ismael Zambada Garcia unknown  Mexico Garcia is Mexican suspected drug lord and fugitive[207] who has been wanted since 1998. He was a farmer, but later became a drug lord when began his criminal career by smuggling small amounts of drugs. Zambada has been featured on America's Most Wanted,[208][209] and there is a US$5 million for information leading for his capture offered by the FBI for his capture.
1998 Gilbert Wynter 37  United Kingdom Wynter, a jeweler and enforcer for the Adams crime family, disappeared in London on 9 March 1998. His disappearance is believed to be related to the murder of Saul Nahome in December that year; both men were involved in a drug deal where £800,000 went missing.[210]
1998 Michel Barrera 18  United States Bank robber and possible MS-13 gang member active in the Miami metropolitan area wanted on charges of bank robbery and attempted murder of police officers. He is additionally suspected of a murder in 2007.[211]
1998 John Ruffo 43  United States Ruffo is an American former business executive, white-collar criminal and confidence man, who in 1998 was convicted in a scheme to defraud many US and foreign banking institutions of over 350 million dollars. The swindle is considered one of the most significant cases of bank fraud in US history.[212] He disappeared on 9 November 1998 has been a fugitive from justice ever since, and is on the U.S. Marshals 15 Most Wanted Fugitives list.
1998 Pedro Alonso López 53  Colombia Pedro Alonso López is a serial killer who was active in the nations of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Known as the "Monster of the Andes", López claimed to have raped and murdered over 300 young girls starting with his first victim in 1969. He mainly targeted girls who were 12 years old and came from impoverished families. In 1980, Pedro López was arrested by Ecuadorian police after an attempted abduction, where he proceeded to confess to the murders of 103 girls. The authorities did not believe him and convicted him of only three murders, for which he was sentenced to 16 years imprisonment. After serving 14 years behind bars, Pedro Alonso López was declared "insane" and committed to a mental hospital in Colombia, where he spent the next year. In 1998, López was found by officials to be "legally sane", so he was released from custody. His whereabouts are currently a mystery, but the "Monster of the Andes" is still wanted in connection to a 2002 cold case in Peru.[213]
1998 Giovanni Motisi 48  Italy Giovanni Motisi, also known as 'U Pacchiuni (Sicilian for '"The Fatman"'), is a member of the Mafia in Sicily from the Altarello neighborhood in Palermo. He has been on the most wanted list of the Italian ministry of the Interior since 1998.[214] In March 2001, he escaped an attempt to arrest him.[215] In 2002 he was replaced as the capo mandamento of the Pagliarelli neighborhood by Antonio Rotolo when the latter left prison, because as a fugitive he did not manage the Mafia family sufficiently, and is currently wanted by the government.
1999 Víctor Manuel Vázquez Mireles 32  United States Suspected Mexican drug lord and member of the Gulf Cartel sought on drug trafficking charges in assault since the 1999 Matamoros standoff. Vázques Mireles was arrested by Mexican authorities in 2003 and detained until 2020, when he was released from prison and is now alleged to have continued with his criminal activities.[216]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2000 Barnaul Maniac unknown  Russia The Barnaul Maniac is the name of an unidentified Russian serial killer who between 1997 and 2000 had killed eleven females in the city of Barnaul and also in the village of Buranovo.[217] Someone who is believed to have been The Barnaul Maniac was arrested and sent to jail and later committed suicide. Yet is not known for certain if this person really was The Barnaul Maniac.
2000 Credonia Mwerinde 47  Uganda Credonia Mwerinde was a co-founder of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God; a sect that splintered from the Roman Catholic Church in Uganda. Believing the world was to end upon the millennium, many members of the sect expressed discontent in the weeks following 1 January. Resultingly, a purge ensued ultimately culminating in a fire at the Kanangu Church which killed approximately 350 followers on 17 March.[218]
2000 Belize Ripper unknown  Belize The Belize Ripper is an unidentified serial killer from Belize who is responsible for the kidnappings, rapings and killings of 5 girls in between 1998 and 2000 who lived in Belize City. Even though there has been extensive investigation which has been aided by both the FBI and Scotland Yard, nobody was ever convicted of the murders, so they all remain unsolved,[219] and the killer behind them remains uncaptured.
2001 Tahir Jalil Habbush 51  Iraq Former government official who served as the head of intelligence under Saddam Hussein, known for lying to MI6 that the country had no WMDs. An award of up to $1 million is available for any information leading to his capture.[220]
2001 San Juan del Sur Psychopath unknown  Nicaragua The San Juan del Sur Psychopath[221] is the name given to an unidentified suspected Nicaraguan serial killer, from the state of Rivas who is allegedly responsible for the deaths of 10 people that took place from 2000 to 2001[222] in San Juan del Sur. He have never been caught and is still wanted.
2001 John Paul 62  United States Paul, an American racecar driver who was last seen in Thailand,[223] disappeared on his boat in 2001 while being sought for questioning by officials regarding the disappearance of his ex-girlfriend, and has not been seen since.[224]
2001 Robert William Fisher 40  United States Fisher disappeared after 10 April 2001, after his house in Scottsdale, Arizona blew up and caught fire. His family was found dead in the home and he is believed to be the person who murdered them and rigged the natural gas explosion.[225][226]
2001 Fulgence Kayishema 41  Rwanda
 United States
Militiaman sought for war crimes committed during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, including an incident where he supplied a squadron with fuel to burn down a church, killing 2,000 civilians. He remains at large.[227]
2001 Zeferino Peña Cuéllar unknown  Mexico Peña Cuéllar is a Mexican fugitive who disappeared on 30 October 2001, after 14 gunmen dressed in military uniforms stormed an estate in the Hacienda Santa Lucía neighborhood in Monterrey in an attempt to kill him.[228] After several of his accomplices were arrested and/or killed, he disappeared from public view. Investigators suspect he may have retired from the Gulf Cartel, fleeing Mexico and hiding in Brazil, Canada, or Cuba with the fortune he made during his tenure.
2002 Alyan Muhammad Ali al-Wa'eli unknown  Yemen Ali al-Wa'eli is an Arabic fugitive from Yemen who was formerly on the "Seeking Information" lists,[229] and been wanted since 11 February 2002 by the United States Department of Justice's FBI. Ali al-Wa'eli's current whereabouts are unknown.
2002 Renato Cinquegranella 52–53  Italy Renato Cinquegranella is an Italian criminal and a member of the Camorra.[230] Cinquegranella is on the "List of most wanted fugitives in Italy" of the ministry of the Interior.[231] Since 2002 Cinquegranella is wanted for mafia-type criminal association, murder, illegal possession of weapons and extortion.[232]
2002 Achemez Gochiyayev 31–32  Russia Gochiyayev, a Russian from Karachayevsk who is believed to be behind the Russian apartment bombings, terrorist actions that took place in 1999[233] that killed 293 people and led Russia into the Second Chechen War.[234] He is a wanted fugitive in Russia.[235] After 5 March 2002, according to news reports, he is said to have fled to Georgia and later probably to Turkey, after he was last seen in 2002. His current whereabouts are unknown.
2003 Sajida Talfah 66  Iraq Talfah is the cousin and widow of former Iraq President Saddam Hussein,[236] who is believed to have fled Iraq[237] and went to Qatar on 19 March 2003 hours before the bombing of Baghdad. Talfah has not been seen since and is currently wanted by the police.
2003 Saif al-Adel unknown  Kenya Saif al-Adel is an Egyptian very senior member of al-Qaeda and he is believed to be the next leader of al-Qaeda after Ayman al-Zawahiri and is also a former military colonel. Adel was placed on the FBI's list of Most Wanted Terrorists since it was started in 2001. The State Department's Rewards for Justice Program is currently offering up to US$10 million for information on his location.[238][239] Both Al-Adel and Saad bin Laden were implicated in the suicide bombing that took place on 12 May 2003 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[240][241][242]
2003 Jorge López Pérez unknown  Mexico Pérez, who is nicknamed "El Chuta", is a Mexican suspected drug lord and high-ranking member of Los Zetas, a criminal group based in Tamaulipas, Mexico.[243] Pérez had an unspecified bounty placed on him on 18 June 2003,[244] and had not been seen since then.
2004 Masood Azhar 45  Pakistan Azhar is the founder and leader of the Pakistan-based terrorist organisation Jaish-e-Mohammed, active mainly in the Pakistani-administered portion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.[245] He was arrested in December 2001, detained for one year[246] and reappeared on 26 January 2014 after being in seclusion. He was not seen after that, but was said to be behind several attacks. On 1 May 2019, Masood Azhar was listed as an international terrorist by the United Nations Security Council,[247] and is currently wanted by the government.[248]
2004 Vicente Castaño 47  Colombia
 United States
Former leader of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, a right-wing paramilitary organization responsible for the murders of opposing leftist guerillas and narcotrafficking. Aside from these charges, Castaño is wanted for allegedly murdering his brother Carlos Castaño Gil.[249]
2005 The West Mesa murderer unknown  United States The West Mesa Murders are the killings of 11 women from New Mexico who disappeared between 2000 and 2005 whose remains were discovered in 2009 buried in the desert on the West Mesa of Albuquerque, New Mexico. Even though several people have been suspected, no one was ever charged or arrested and a serial killer is believed to be responsible,[250] though they have never been captured and remain at large.
2005 A6 murders unknown  France The A6 disappearances is the name given to multiple mysterious disappearances or other crimes that involved females who were murdered and later found dead that took place from 22 August 1984 and 2 April 2005. Though some of the murders have been solved others haven't and the police can't figure out who the other killers are.[251] The other perpetrators behind the unsolved murders remain unknown and have eluded capture.
2005 Alexis Flores 29–30  Honduras Flores, a Honduran fugitive wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was last seen when he was incarcerated for 60 days and deported to Honduras after his release in June 2005.[252] Flores was added to the FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 2 June 2007.[253]
2005 Kotakethana murderers unknown  Sri Lanka The Kotakethana murders refer to a series of 15 mysterious murders of women taking place Kotakethana, Dambulwala, Warapitiya, Opathawatte and nearby area in the Rathnapura district of Sri Lanka that started from 2008 has continued to 28 September 2015. The police believe that all the murders may not all be linked .[254][255] Though many people have been arrested it is not known for certain who the real killers are yet or if they have been captured.
2005 Ye Zheyun 40  China Zheyun, a Chinese businessman who was accused of being involved in a Belgian football corruption and betting scandals, was last seen in early November 2005 and has not been seen since.[256]
2006 Eastbound Strangler
aka Atlantic City Serial Killer
unknown  United States An unidentified serial killer believed to be responsible for the murders of four women near Atlantic City, New Jersey in 2006. A $25,000 reward offered for information has gone unclaimed.[257]
2006 Wheaton Bandit unknown  United States The Wheaton Bandit is a bank robber whose identity is unknown is believed to have committed as many as 16 armed robberies around Wheaton, Illinois from 2002 to 2006.[258] He has never been caught and is currently wanted by the police.
2006 Fawzi Mutlaq al-Rawi unknown  Iraq Mutlaq al-Rawi, the leader of the Syrian led Ba'athist movement in Iraq, was added to the Iraq Most Wanted List in 2006[259] and has not been seen since.
2006 Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed unknown  Iraq Younis al-Ahmed is a former senior member of the Ba'ath Party in Iraq. He disappeared in 2006, potentially went into hiding, and a large bounty has been placed on him.[260]
2006 Abdullah Al-Rimi unknown  Yemen Al-Rimi, or Abdullah Ahmed Al-Remi, has been described as an "important al-Qaeda recruiter",[261] and became wanted by the FBI, and sought in connection with possible terrorist threats against the United States. On 3 February 2006, together with 22 others, 12 of them al-Qaeda members, Al-Rimi escaped from a Yemeni jail in Sanaa, according to a BBC report.[262] They reportedly escaped by digging a tunnel, 140 meters, to a nearby mosque.
2006 Iqlaque Fakir Mohammed Shaikh 29  India Iqlaque Fakir Mohammed Shaikh from New Mangalwar Peth, India, was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Gudrun Corvinus, a German archaeologist of the Nepal Research Center in Kathmandu. She was a member of the Afar expedition in Ethiopia which discovered the famous skeleton called "Lucy". While working in the Namib Desert, she discovered animal fossils from the Miocene period. Corvinus moved to Nepal in 1984 and explored the region, specifically the Dang Deokhuri District, Dun valley, and Siwalik Hills. He was given a 14-day parole to look after his sick wife, but on the last day of parole was suspected to have run off with his wife and mother. Despite numerous sightings, he is still at large and has not been taken into custody.[263]
2006 Abd Al Aziz Awda 55  Palestine Abd Al Aziz Awda is one of the founders of the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine or Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ).[264] Awda was listed as a "Specially Designated Terrorist" under United States law on 23 January 1995, and has been wanted since 24 February 2006.
2006 Texas Fields Killers unknown  United States The Texas Fields Killings are a series of murders committed by unidentified serial killers that took place Texas in between 1971 and 2006 involving the disappearances are murders of multiple females[265] some of who were found dead after they disappeared. The killers remain at large.
2007 B1 Butcher unknown  Namibia The B1 Butcher murdered at least five women between 2005 and 2007, with all murders related to the National Road B1. Their identity remains unknown.[266]
2007 Sleepy Hollow Killer unknown  South Africa The Sleepy Hollow Killer is the name given to an unidentified South African serial killer,[267] and rapist who is believed to be responsible to having killed and committing rapings of at least 13 women in between the 1990s to 2007 taking place around Pietermaritzburg and the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal. The Sleepy Hollow Killer has never been captured.[268]
2007 Danilovsky Maniac unknown  Russia The Danilovsky Maniac is an unidentified serial killer from Russia who is suspected to have committed at least 7 murders between 2004 and 2007 in the city of Cherepovets, in the Vologda Oblast. The last murder occurred on 11 June 2007.[269] Because the murders took place on an abandoned construction site on Danilovsky Street, that is what gave his nickname.[270] The Danilovsky Maniac has never been apprehended.
2007 Abdulreza Shahlai 50  United States Iranian brigadier general serving in the Quds Force who was designated as a terrorist by the United States government, alleging that he has funded terrorist groups responsible for the murder of American troops in Iraq and for a failed assassination attempt against a former Saudi Arabian ambassador.[271]
2007 Raghad Hussein 35  Iraq Raghad Hussein is the eldest daughter of former Iraq President Saddam Hussein who has been wanted since August 2007. The international police agency Interpol has stated that she and her aides had been assisting the insurgency in Iraq.[272] Hussein's current whereabouts are unknown.
2007 Omid Tahvili 37  Canada Tahvili, an Iranian-Canadian gangster who is the kingpin of an organized crime family in Canada which is connected to various international crime organizations, escaped from jail in November 2007 dressed as a janitor. In April 2008,, after consulting law enforcement agencies around the world, listed him as one of the world's ten most wanted fugitives.[273]
2008 February 9 Killer unknown  United States The February 9 Killer is suspected to be an unidentified murderer[274][275][276] who operated in Salt Lake County, Utah and believed to be responsible for the killings of two women one of whom was pregnant in between 2006 and 2008. Since the murders occurred on the same day of February 9, that is what gave February 9 Killer his name. The February 9 Killer has never been apprehended.
2008 The Rainbow Maniac unknown  Brazil The Paturis Park murders are a series of 13 murders of gay men that took place in Paturis Park ("Parque dos Paturis") in Carapicuíba, Brazil in between February 2007 and August 2008,[277] that were committed by an unidentified serial killer. The perpetrator behind these killings has been given the name the "Rainbow Maniac",[278] and has not been captured.
2008 Jason Derek Brown 38  United States Brown is an American fugitive wanted for first degree murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona on 29 November 2004, and on 8 December 2007 was named by the FBI as the 489th fugitive to be placed on the Ten Most Wanted list.[279] Last confirmed sighting was in August 2008.
2009 Edgecombe County serial killer
The Seven Bridges Killer
unknown  United States An unidentified serial killer in the surroundings of Edgecombe and Halifax counties in North Carolina, United States. There are ten suspected victims, all African-American women, and the remains of eight have been recovered. Because some of the victims had been found near the Seven Bridges Road in Rocky Mount, the culprit has also been called "The Seven Bridges Killer". All the victims were black, engaged in prostitution and had problems with drug addiction at various times.[280][281][282]
2009 The Phantom of Heilbronn Murders unknown  Germany The Phantom of Heilbronn Murders are the series of killing that took place in between 1993 and early 2009 committed by unidentified serial killers in cities in Germany that included Heilbronn. They were at first thought to be committed by a woman dubbed both "Woman Without a Face" and "The Phantom of Heilbronn" whose existence was disputed at first,[283][284] but is now known not to have existed and real perpetrators have never been identified or caught.
2009 Vassilis Palaiokostas 42  Greece Palaiokostas is a Greek fugitive who escaped by helicopter twice from the Greek high-security Korydallos prison while serving a 25-year sentence for kidnapping and robbery. He is believed to have been the mastermind of the kidnapping of Giorgos Mylonas, a Greek industrialist, as the ransom paid was traced back to him. In 2000 he was convicted for the 1995 kidnapping of Alexander Haitoglou, the CEO of Haitoglou Bros, a food company in Northern Greece and sentenced to 25 years in prison.[285] On the afternoon of 22 February, Palaiokostas again escaped from Korydallos Prison in Athens by helicopter,[286] and has not been seen since.
2009 Julio César Godoy Toscano 44  Mexico Businessman and former member of the Party of the Democratic Revolution who was due to be elected for the Chamber of Deputies, but was then indicted for alleged connections to organized crime, specifically to La Familia Michoacana. He was granted immunity from prosecution, and has evaded arrest ever since.[287]
2009 Shaileshkumar Jain 39  USA Indian internet entrepreneur indicted by California for several counts of wire fraud and trafficking of stolen goods dating back to 2001, but fled the country after he didn't show up for trial. He is currently sought after by the FBI, who are offering a prize for any information leading to his arrest.[288]
2009 Edgardo Leyva Escandón 40  Mexico Escandón is a Mexican suspected criminal and high-ranking member of the Tijuana Cartel, a criminal group based in Baja California. On 22 October 2009, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Leyva Escandón under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with five other international criminals and one entity.[289] He is currently wanted in Mexico.
2009 Jakrapob Penkair 40  Thailand Thai politician and media personality, diplomat and politician who served as a member of parliament for Bangkok,[290] the government spokesperson of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra from 2003 to 2005, and later as a cabinet minister from 2007 to 2008 under the premiership of Samak Sundaravej. Penkair was forced to step down after allegations of lèse majesté,[291] a legal weapon commonly used in Thailand to silence dissent, and has been in exile since the 2009 Thai political unrest, and is currently wanted.
2009 The Jeff Davis 8 murderer unknown  United States The Jeff Davis 8, also known as called the "Jennings 8", refers to a series of unsolved murders of eight women that took place in between 20 May 2005 and 2009 in Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana.[292][293] The bodies of the women were found in swamps and canals that surrounds Jennings, Louisiana, which most were very badly decomposed. The killings were committed by an unidentified serial killer or serial killers who have eluded capture.


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2010 Fausto Isidro Meza Flores 28  Mexico
 United States
Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Beltrán-Leyva Organization, a cartel known for trafficking drugs over to the United States and for their bloody feuds with rival cartels. A bounty of US$5 million provided by the FBI is provided for any information for any leads that result in his capture.[294]
2010 The Smiley face murderer theory unknown  United States The Smiley face murder theory which is also known by several names which include "Smiley face murders", "Smiley face killings", "Smiley face gang", and others as well is a theory advanced by four different people, which included a retired New York City detective and a doctor, who is a professor in criminal justice as well as an expert on gangs who worked at St. Cloud State University.[295] They had alleged that a number of multiple young men who were found dead from the late 1990s to the 2010s[296] in bodies of water located across several Midwestern American states were all murdered by an undentified serial killer or killers and did not accidentally drown, as law enforcement agencies claimed they had concluded.
2011 Mahmoud Reza Khavari 59  Iran Iranian-Canadian banker and former chairman of Bank Melli Iran who was charged with fraud following the 2011 Iranian embezzlement scandal. He fled to Canada, where he presumably remains to this day, unable to be extradited as the two countries don't have an extradition treaty.[297]
2011 Prakashanand Saraswati 72  USA Religious leader and writer who founded the Radha Madhav Dham, a non-profit organization which promotes Hinduist values. In 2008, Saraswati was denounced by three former members who he had sexually molested as children, and subsequently convicted of 20 counts of child molestation in 2011. However, before he could be imprisoned, his bail was paid and he promptly disappeared, possibly escorted by followers to Mexico from there to India using a fake ID.[298]
2011 Xavier Dupont de Ligonnès 50  France Dupont de Ligonnès disappeared from Nantes, France.[299] His wife, four children and two dogs had been shot and buried in the back garden of the family home. He was seen leaving a hotel in south-eastern France a few days after his family was murdered. He was the prime suspect in the killings and the subject of an international arrest warrant. A man was arrested in Glasgow, Scotland in October 2019 on suspicion of being Dupont de Ligonnès, and was positively identified as such in the media, before the authorities announced that it was a case of mistaken identity.[300] His whereabouts remain unknown.
2011 Ricardo Asch 54  Argentina Asch is an obstetrician, gynecologist, endocrinologist, and Argentine fugitive who was imprisoned, but was released in early 2011.[301] Subsequently, the judge ruled that as Asch had already been tried in Argentina and acquitted, and as no new evidence was provided, the "double jeopardy" rule applied, thus Asch was free and would not be extradited to the United States.[302]
2011 David Durham 43  United States Durham was pulled over in a routine traffic stop by a Lincoln City, Oregon, policeman on the night of 23 January and later shot the officer. He has not been seen since.[303][304] Law enforcement investigators have theorized that Durham attempted to swim across Alsea Bay and drowned.[305]
2011 Ayman al-Zawahiri 60  Egypt Ayman al-Zawahiri has been the leader of al-Qaeda since June 2011, succeeding Osama bin Laden, and is a current[306] or former member and senior official of Islamist organizations which have orchestrated and carried out attacks in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East and also some in North America and Europe. Since the September 11 attacks, the U.S. State Department has offered a US$25 million reward for information or intelligence leading to al-Zawahiri's capture.[307] He is under worldwide sanctions by the Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee as a member of al-Qaeda.[308]
2011 Geezer Bandit unknown  United States The Geezer Bandit is a name that FBI have given to a man who has robbed multiple banks in Southern California and whose identity is unknown. In October 2010 he was listed on an episode of America's Most Wanted[309] and was last seen on 2 December 2011 after robbing a bank. There is currently a reward of $20,000 to provide information that would lead to the arrest and conviction of the Geezer Bandit,[310] as the police are trying to find his whereabouts.
2011 Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil 28–39  Iran Khalil who is also known as "Yasin al-Suri", is allegedly a senior al-Qaeda facilitator and financier based in Iran, according to the U.S. government. As of 22 December 2011 a $10 million from the U.S. Rewards for Justice Program[311] is being offered for his capture as his current whereabouts is unknown.
2012 Samantha Lewthwaite 28  Kenya Lewthwaite, who is also known as "Sherafiyah Lewthwaite" and "The White Widow", is a British Muslim woman who is a fugitive from Kenya and one of most wanted terrorism suspects in the world,[312] and is also believed to be a member of the radical Islamic militant group Al-Shabaab who is Somalia-based.[313] Lewthwaite has been wanted since 4 January 2012 and there is currently a warrant for her arrest.[314]
2012 Arnoldo Jimenez 30  United States Jimenez is an American fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 8 May 2019. He is wanted for the murder of his wife, Estrella Carrera, who was found dead in a bathtub at her apartment in Burbank, Illinois.[315] Jimenez is the 522nd fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.[316]
2012 Eugene Palmer 73  United States Palmer is an American fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 29 May 2019. He is wanted for allegedly shooting and killing his daughter-in-law, Tammy Palmer, on 24 September 2012 in Stony Point, New York.[317] Palmer is the 523rd fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.[318]
2013 Long Island serial killer unknown  United States The Long Island serial killer who is also known as "LISK", the "Gilgo Beach Killer" or the "Craigslist Ripper" is an unidentified suspected serial killer who operated in Long Island, New York who is believed to have killed anywhere from, 10 to 16 people over a period of almost 20 years possibly between 1996 and 2013. Some of the victims were found in early 2011.[319][320][321] The Long Island serial killer has never been captured.
2013 Lo Fu-chu 69  Taiwan Fu-chu, a Taiwanese politician,[322] was at one time the leader of the "Celestial Alliance" organized criminal organization. On 28 March 2013, Lo was convicted of stock manipulation, money laundering, and insider trading and was sentenced to four years in jail and fined NT$6 million (US$200,000). Later he was released on a NT$10 million (US$330,000) bond, but then failed to report to police on 24 April 2013 when he was to start his sentence. He is believed to have fled to either the United States, Australia, or China,[323] where he has many relatives and friends, but this is unknown for sure.
2013 Fausto Isidro Meza Flores 30  Mexico Meza Flores is a Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Beltrán Leyva Cartel. The FBI offered a US$5 million bounty for information regarding his whereabouts.[324] His last known residence was in the state of Nuevo León, where he was reportedly seen with some of his family members at a youth basketball game in San Pedro Garza García on 19 January 2013.[325]
2013 Abu Mohammad al-Julani 38–42  USA
Al-Julaini is the current commander-in-chief of Tahrir al-Sham, an Islamist militant group active in Syria. The American State Department has designed him as a globally wanted terrorist, offering a $10 million reward for any information leading to his capture. As of 2020, he was last seen recruiting people from villages around the Idlib Governorate.[326]
2013 Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez 35  Mexico Villarreal-Hernandez is a Mexican fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 13 October 2020. He is wanted for organizing the murder of a man in Southlake, Texas.[327] Villarreal-Hernandez is the 524th fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. A reward of up to $1,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture.[328]
2013 Rafael Caro Quintero 61  Mexico Caro Quintero, a Mexican drug trafficker, was convicted in Mexico of murdering a US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent. He was freed from jail on 9 August 2013 after a court concluded that he had been tried improperly. Amid pressure from the Federal government of the United States to re-arrest him, a Mexican federal court issued an arrest warrant against Caro Quintero on 14 August 2013. He is a wanted fugitive in Mexico, the United States and several other countries. The United States is offering a $20 million bounty for his arrest.[329]
2014 Serhiy Kurchenko 28  Ukraine Kurchenko, a Ukrainian businessman and the founder and owner of the group of companies that specialize in trading of liquefied natural gas. He achieved success at a young age as he is also the former owner and president of FC Metalist Kharkiv and the Ukrainian Media Holding group. He is currently on the international wanted list.[330] He disappeared in February 2014,[331] but resurfaced in Moscow where he bought a mansion on Rublevo-Uspenskoe highway and continued to run his gas and coal businesses in the occupied regions of Donbas.[332]
2014 Oleksandr Yakymenko 50  Ukraine Russian-Ukrainian military pilot and former Head of the Security Service indicted on terrorism charges following the Euromaidan protests in February 2014. Along with other top officials, he fled to Russia, where he presumably resides to this day.[333]
2014 Andriy Klyuyev 50  Ukraine Politician and businessman indicted on March 7, 2014 on charges of mass murder relating to the War in Donbas. Klyuyev supposedly fled to and currently lives in Donetsk, which is controlled by the separatist Donetsk People's Republic.[334]
2014 Bastian Vasquez 24  Norway Vasquez who is also known as "Abu Safiyyah" is or was a Norwegian jihadist who became wanted after he did not show up for court in 2013 for being in propaganda videos for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[335] As of 29 June 2014 Vasquez was known to have appeared as the presenter in an ISIL propaganda video that was released by Al Hayat Media Center. Vasquez who has not been heard of after that is believed to have murdered in early 2015 during a non-combat event,[336] but this is not known for certain to be true.
2014 Anders Cameroon Østensvig Dale 35  Norway Dale who is known as "Muslim Abu Abdurrahman" and "Abu Abdurrahman the Norwegian",[337] is a Norwegian Yemen-based terrorist who was last seen in July 2014 and is currently sought by the police as his current whereabouts are unknown. In September 2014 he was blacklisted by the United Nations Security Council as one of eleven wanted terrorists since the United States had requested his blacklisting.[338][339]
2014 Tiger Memon 54  India Terrorist and one of the prime conspirators behind the 1993 Bombay bombings, which resulted in the deaths of 257 people. He was indicted for the crime on September 15, 2014 together with three of his brothers, but he remains at large.[340]
2014 Ibrahim al-Banna 48–49  Egypt Al-Banna who is also known as "Abu Ayman al-Masri" is an Egyptian fugitive who on 14 October 2014 was added to the U.S. State Department's Rewards for Justice wanted list [341][342] After al-Banna had fled to Yemen he was thought to have been killed on 15 February 2018 by gunmen from the Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement in Syria.[343][344] This later proven to be false and al-Banna is currently being sought.[345]
2015 Tareq Kamleh 29–30  Australia Kamleh is an Australian fugitive and medical doctor who had joined the Islamic extremist group ISIL in 2015 to work as a paediatric doctor after traveling to Syria and has tried to get other doctors to join as well.[346] In June 2018 several Islamic State fighters tweeted that Kamleh had been killed during the battle of Raqqa in either September or October 2017, but this is not known for sure to be true.[347]
2015 Hayat Boumeddiene 26  France Boumeddiene is a French woman currently being sought by French police as a suspected accomplice of her common law husband Amedy Coulibaly, who was the main suspect for the Montrouge shooting, in which municipal police officer Clarissa Jean-Philippe was shot and killed, and was the hostage-taker and gunman in the Porte de Vincennes siege, in which he killed four hostages and was killed by police.[348][349] Boumeddiene disappeared on 10 January 2015 and has not been seen since.
2015 Sami Jasim Muhammad al-Jaburi 42–45  Iraq Sami Jasim Muhammad al-Jaburi, also known as "Hajji Hamid", was designated as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist in September 2015.[350][351] He is a senior leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and is involved in financing terrorist operations.
2015 Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi 48–49  Pakistan Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhavi,[352] a Pakistani Islamic militant and Islamist who is known as the top leader of the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba and currently serves as Supreme Commander of operations in Kashmir and as a member of LeT's General Council. Although Lakhvi was released from jail on bail on 10 April 2015,[353] he is currently listed on India's NIA Most Wanted list.[354]
2015 Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes 48  Mexico Cervantes is a Mexican suspected drug lord and leader of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG), a criminal group based in Jalisco. He is the most-wanted criminal in Mexico and one of the most-wanted in the U.S. Both governments are offering up to MXN$30 million and US$10 million, respectively, for information that leads to his arrest. On 1 May 2015, the Mexican government launched Operation Jalisco, a military-led campaign that intended to combat organized crime groups in Jalisco and capture their respective leaders. He is wanted for drug trafficking, organized crime involvement, and illegal possession of firearms. El Mencho is reportedly responsible for coordinating drug trafficking operations in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Under his command, the CJNG became one of Mexico's leading criminal organizations.[355]
2015 Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel 24  India Patel is an Indian fugitive wanted for murdering his wife at a Dunkin' Donuts store in Hanover, Maryland on 12 April 2015. He was last seen at Newark Penn Station. He was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 18 April 2017.[356]
2015 Mykola Azarov 67  Ukraine Politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine from 2010 to 2014, wanted on charges of abuse of power relating to the Ukrainian crisis. He has set up a government in exile outside the country, which is seen as a pro-Russian puppet.[357]
2016 Pavlo Lebedyev 54  Ukraine Ukrainian–Russian businessman and financier who served as the People's Deputy of Ukraine and Minister of Defense. He was indicted for desertion and criminal activities on March 14, 2016, and has since fled to Russia, where he is now a member of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs.[358]
2016 Alejandro Castillo 17  United States Castillo is wanted for his involvement in the murder of 23-year-old Truc Quan "Sandy" Ly Le in Charlotte, North Carolina. He was last seen on surveillance video crossing the border into Mexico from Nogales, Arizona. He was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 24 October 2017.[359]
2016 Jho Low 35  Malaysia
Malaysian businessman accused of masterminding the fraud scheme of the 1MDB scandal, from which he funnelled US$4.5 billion into his personal bank accounts. An international fugitive, he is believed to be hiding in Macau, China.[360]
2016 Jorge Luis Mendoza Cárdenas unknown  Mexico Mendoza Cárdenas is a Mexican suspected drug lord known as "La Garra" and high-ranking leader of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG).[361] In August 2008, he was arrested for his alleged participation in the murder of a family of six in Jalisco, but he was later released from prison without a public explanation and his name was not mentioned in the legal proceedings.[362] He has been wanted by the Drug Enforcement Administration since November 2016.[363]
2017 Shunsuke Takasugi 69  Japan Takasugi is wanted for cheating his fans of over 50 Million Yen (about US$450,000) from 2003 to 2012. He used the influence of his role as Kazuya Oki/Kamen Rider Super-1 in the seventh installment of the Kamen Rider series, Kamen Rider Super-1, to cheat his fans by saying that "Super-1's henshin belt was taken by the Yakuza (gangsters) and I need money to get it back." Since then, he has refused to return the money and was supposed to report to court, but disappeared sometime in 2017.[364]
2017 Sayeed Salahudeen 73  Pakistan Syed Mohammed Yusuf Shah, commonly known as "Syed Salahudeen", is the head of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen,[365] a pro-Pakistan Kashmiri separatist militant organisation operating in Kashmir. He also heads the United Jihad Council, a Pakistan-based conglomeration of jihadist militant groups,[366][367] with the goal of annexing Jammu and Kashmir to Pakistan.[368][369][370][371] Salahuddin vowed to block any peaceful resolution to the Kashmir conflict, threatened to train more Kashmiri suicide bombers, and vowed to turn the Kashmir valley "into a graveyard for Indian forces."[372][373] He is currently listed on the Most Wanted List of India's National Investigation Agency.[374] He is named as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the US Department Of State.[375][376]
2017 Gregorian Bivolaru 65  Finland Romanian yoga instructor and spiritual guru who had previously served charges of child molestation and sexual assault of children in his native country. In 2017, he was indicted for trafficking of minors by Finnish authorities, but disappeared after he was released from a prison in Romania.[377]
2018 John M. Pyle 62  United States After his 24 June 2016 arrest for possession of child pornography,[378] noted ultramarathoner John Pyle forfeited his passport and posted bail bond of US$90,000 (equivalent to $97,051 in 2020) before boarding a Carnival cruise ship bound for Cozumel, Mexico. Pyle was last seen in the Mexican state of Nuevo León on 16 February 2018, and by June it was believed he was no longer in that nation.[379]
2018 Monica Witt 39  United States Former OSI special agent and defense contractor charged with spying on behalf of the Iranian government, for whom she is alleged to have been working with since 2013.[380]
2019 Dmytro Salamatin 54  Ukraine Former politician and government official indicted on charges of abuse of power in favor of Russia, allegedly costing the country $560 million. He is believed to have fled into Russia, and to be currently living there.[381]
2019 Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi 42  Iraq An Iraqi Islamist who is the second and current leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, whom al-Qurashi has pled allegiance to since 2014. He was appointed to this position by a shura council in October 2019. The U.S. Rewards for Justice Program is offering up to $10 million in exchange for information leading to al-Qurashi's apprehension.[382]
2019 Rocco Morabito 51  Italy Morabito is an Italian criminal and a member of the 'Ndrangheta, a Mafia-type organisation in Calabria. Before being arrested in Uruguay on 4 September 2017,[383] he had been a fugitive since 1994 being wanted for drug trafficking, Mafia association and other serious crimes. On 24 June 2019, Morabito escaped from the central penitentiary (Cárcel Central) of Montevideo with three other inmates "through a hole in the roof of the building".[384] At the time, he was awaiting extradition to Italy, based on prior convictions made in absentia for links to organized crime and drug trafficking.[385] Morabito was arrested again in Brazil on May 24, 2021, after being two years on the run.[386]


Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2020 Jan Marsalek 40  Austria The Austrian former manager and COO of the (now defunct) German payment processing firm Wirecard is considered a prime culprit in what became known as the Wirecard scandal. He disappeared in June 2020, shortly before the fraud emerged. He is also suspected to have been involved in multiple other crimes, including espionage and the theft of at least €500 million.[387][388][389] Marsalek is thought to have fled to Russia,[390], Belarus, or another third country.[391]
2020 Guillermo Álvarez Cuevas 75  Mexico Ex-footballer and former owner of the Cruz Azul football club indicted on charges of money laundering, racketeering and extortion, transferring his assets mainly to the USA and Spain.[392]
2020 Graziano Mesina c. 78  Italy An infamous Italian criminal also notable for escaping from custody on ten occasions. Messina also acted as a mediator in the 1992 kidnapping of 7-year-old Farouk Kassam, ultimate securing his release.[393]
2020 Piggy Bank Bandit unknown  United States Serial bank robber responsible for 6 robberies in the Phoenix, Arizona area between 2020 and 2021. He is currently sought after by the FBI.[394]
2021 Chicago Strangler unknown  United States The Chicago Strangler is the nickname given to an American serial killer (or killers) who operated in Southwestern Chicago who are suspected of raping and murdering at least 55 women and girls between 2001 and 2021.[395] The police are currently trying to find the person or people behind these murders.
2021 The Janikhel murderer unknown  Pakistan The Janikhel murderer is an unidentified serial killer who killed four youths who had gone missing earlier in the month of March and were later discovered on 21 March 2021 after a shepherd's dog picked up their scent in the Bannu District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan. It was revealed that the teenagers whose identities later became known had been badly tortured.[396][397][398] Their killer is currently being sought.
2021 Taras Kozak 49  Ukraine Politician, media proprietor and businessman wanted on charges of treason and attempted looting of national funds from occupied Crimea. He is believed to be residing in Belarus.[399]

See also


  1. Al-Farq bayn al-Firaq, by Al-Isfirayini, pg.31
  2. Yenne, Bill (6 February 2007). Raptor Force: Holy Fire. Penguin. ISBN 9781440622809.
  3. "Henry Avery: The Pirate Who Kept His Loot". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
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