List of islands by area


This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Dymaxion world map with the continental landmasses (Roman numerals) and 30 largest islands (Arabic numerals) roughly to scale

Continental mainlands


Most continental landmasses are not usually defined as islands despite being surrounded by water. However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers, Australia is sometimes defined as an island rather than a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list Australia along with the other continents have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental mainlands only.[Note 1] The man-made Suez and Panama Canals are disregarded.

RankContinental mainland[Note 2]Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
1Afro-Eurasia84,980,53232,811,167123 countries, 8 partially recognized states, 2 special administrative regions of China,[Note 3] 1 Spanish overseas tied island, and 1 British overseas territory[Note 4]
2Americas42,549,00016,428,00022 countries and  French Guiana[Note 5]
3Antarctica[Note 6]14,200,000[4]5,500,000None (7 countries have made 8 territorial claims which are suspended)
4Australia[Note 7]7,595,342[7]2,932,578 Australia

Islands


Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greater

RankIslandArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
1Greenland (main island)2,130,800[9]822,700 Denmark ( Greenland forms a part of the Danish Realm)
2New Guinea785,753[10]303,381 Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3Borneo748,168288,869 Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4Madagascar (main island)587,041[11]226,658 Madagascar
5Baffin Island507,451[12]195,928 Canada (Nunavut)
6Sumatra443,065171,068 Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra provinces)
7Honshu225,80087,200 Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō and Tōhoku regions)
8Victoria Island217,291[12]83,897 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9Great Britain209,33180,823 United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10Ellesmere Island196,236[12]75,767 Canada (Nunavut)
11Sulawesi180,68169,761 Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, Southeast and West Sulawesi)
12South Island145,83656,308 New Zealand (Canterbury, Marlborough, Nelson, Otago, Southland, Tasman and West Coast)
13Java138,79453,589 Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java)
14North Island111,58343,082 New Zealand (Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatū-Whanganui, Northland, Taranaki, Waikato and Wellington)
15Luzon109,96542,458 Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos, and the National Capital Region)
16Newfoundland108,860[12]42,030 Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17Cuba (main island)105,80640,852 Cuba
18Iceland (main island)101,82639,315 Iceland

Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi)

RankIslandArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
19Mindanao97,53037,660 Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20Ireland84,421[13]32,595 Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21Hokkaido78,71930,394 Japan (Hokkaido region)
22Hispaniola73,92928,544 Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23Sakhalin72,49327,990 Russia (Sakhalin)
24Banks Island70,028[12]27,038 Canada (Northwest Territories)
25Sri Lanka (main island)65,268[14]25,200 Sri Lanka
26Tasmania (main island)65,02225,105 Australia (Tasmania)
27Devon Island55,247[12]21,331 Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28Alexander Island49,07018,950None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego47,99218,530 Argentina (Tierra del Fuego) and  Chile (Magallanes)
30Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, north)47,07918,177 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
31Berkner Island43,87316,939None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32Axel Heiberg Island43,178[12]16,671 Canada (Nunavut)
33Melville Island42,149[12]16,274 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34Southampton Island41,214[12]15,913 Canada (Nunavut)
35Marajó40,100[14]15,500 Brazil (Pará) – at the mouth of the Amazon River, it is the world's largest fluvial island
36Spitsbergen38,981[15]15,051 Norway (Svalbard)
37Kyushu37,43714,455 Japan (Kyūshū region)
38New Britain35,14513,570 Papua New Guinea (West New Britain Province and East New Britain Province)
39Taiwan (main island)34,50713,323 Republic of China (Taiwan)
40Prince of Wales Island33,339[12]12,872 Canada (Nunavut)
41Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya, south)33,24612,836 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
42Hainan33,21012,820 China (Hainan Province)
43Vancouver Island31,285[12]12,079 Canada (British Columbia)
44Timor28,41810,972 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) and  East Timor
45Sicily25,711[16]9,927 Italy (Sicily)

Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
46Somerset Island24,786[12]9,570 Canada (Nunavut)
47Kotelny Island24,0009,300 Russia (Sakha)
48Sardinia23,9499,247 Italy (Sardinia)
49Bananal20,000[14]7,398 Brazil (Tocantins) – the world's 2nd largest fluvial island and the world's largest island surrounded entirely by fresh water
50Shikoku18,5457,160 Japan (Shikoku region)
51Halmahera18,0406,970 Indonesia (North Maluku)
52Seram17,4546,739 Indonesia (Maluku)
53New Caledonia (main island)16,6486,428 New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
54Bathurst Island16,042[12]6,194 Canada (Nunavut)
55Prince Patrick Island15,848[12]6,119 Canada (Northwest Territories)
56Thurston Island15,700[14]6,100None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57Nordaustlandet14,467[15]5,586 Norway (Svalbard)
58Sumbawa14,3865,554 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59October Revolution Island14,2045,484 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60Flores14,1545,465 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61King William Island13,111[12]5,062 Canada (Nunavut)
62Negros13,0755,048 Philippines (Western Visayas and Central Visayas)
63Samar12,8494,961 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64Palawan12,1894,706 Philippines (Mimaropa)
65Panay12,0114,637 Philippines (Western Visayas)
66Yos Sudarso (Dolak)11,7424,534 Indonesia (Papua)
67Bangka11,4134,407 Indonesia (Bangka Belitung Islands)
68Ellef Ringnes Island11,295[12]4,361 Canada (Nunavut)
69Bolshevik Island11,2064,327 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70Jamaica (main island)11,1904,320 Jamaica
71Bylot Island11,067[12]4,273 Canada (Nunavut)
72Sumba10,7114,136 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73Mindoro10,5724,082 Philippines (Mimaropa)
74Viti Levu10,5314,066 Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75Hawaiʻi (Big Island)10,4344,029 United States (Hawaii)
76Cape Breton Island10,311[12]3,981 Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
77Prince Charles Island9,521[12]3,676 Canada (Nunavut)
78Bougainville Island9,3183,598 Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79Kodiak Island9,3103,595[17] United States (Alaska)
80Cyprus (main island)9,2343,565 Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Sovereign Base Areas of the  United Kingdom, and  Northern Cyprus[Note 8]
81Puerto Rico (main island)9,1003,500 Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
82Komsomolets Island8,8123,402 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83Corsica8,7413,375 France (Corsica)
84Disko Island8,6123,325 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
85Carney Island8,500[14]3,300None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86Chiloé Island8,4783,273 Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87Buru8,4733,271 Indonesia (Maluku)
88Crete8,3503,220 Greece (Crete)
89Anticosti Island7,941[12]3,066 Canada (Quebec)
90Roosevelt Island7,9103,050None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
91Wrangel Island (Vrangelya)7,8663,037 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
92Tupinambarana (western part)7,7003,000 Brazil (Amazonas) (if taken as one fluvial island)
93New Ireland7,4052,859 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
94Leyte7,3682,845 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95East Falkland7,0402,720 Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom and disputed with  Argentina[Note 9]
96Zealand7,031[18]2,715 Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97Cornwallis Island6,995[12]2,701 Canada (Nunavut)
98Prince of Wales Island6,6752,577 United States (Alaska)
99Kerguelen (main island)6,6172,555 French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100Siple Island6,3902,470None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101Graham Island6,361[12]2,456 Canada (British Columbia)
102New Siberia (Novaya Sibir)6,2012,394 Russia (Sakha Republic)
103Melville Island5,7652,226 Australia (Northern Territory)
104Prince Edward Island5,620[12]2,170 Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105Vanua Levu5,5872,157 Fiji (Northern Division)
106Wellington Island5,5562,145 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107Coats Island5,498[12]2,123 Canada (Nunavut)
108Bali5,4162,091 Indonesia (Bali)
109Chichagof Island5,3882,080 United States (Alaska)
110Guadalcanal5,3532,067 Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
111Amund Ringnes Island5,255[12]2,029 Canada (Nunavut)
112Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island5,1571,991 Russia (Sakha Republic)
113St. Lawrence Island5,1351,983 United States (Alaska)
114Riesco Island5,110[19]1,970 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115Edgeøya5,073[15]1,959 Norway (Svalbard)
116Mackenzie King Island5,048[12]1,949 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117Trinidad5,0091,934 Trinidad and Tobago
118Caviana5,000[19]1,900 Brazil (Pará)

Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
119Kolguyev Island4,9681,918 Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120Gurupá4,864[19]1,878 Brazil (Pará)
121Isabela Island4,7111,819 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy)4,685[18]1,809 Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123Lombok4,6251,786 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124West Falkland4,5311,749 Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom and disputed with  Argentina[Note 9]
125Belitung4,4781,729 Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126Cebu4,4681,725 Philippines (Central Visayas)
127Adelaide Island4,4631,723None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128Stefansson Island4,463[12]1,723 Canada (Nunavut)
129Madura Island4,4291,710 Indonesia (East Java)
130Buton4,4081,702 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131Kangaroo Island4,3741,689 Australia (South Australia)
132Admiralty Island4,3621,684 United States (Alaska)
133Nunivak Island4,209[19]1,625 United States (Alaska)
134Unimak Island4,1191,590 United States (Alaska)
135Hoste Island4,117[19]1,590 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136Spaatz Island4,100[19]1,600None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137Baranof Island4,0651,570 United States (Alaska)
138Nias4,0481,563 Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139Espiritu Santo3,9561,527 Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
140Milne Land3,9131,511 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
141Malaita3,8361,481 Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
142Siberut3,8291,478 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143Bohol3,8211,475 Philippines (Central Visayas)
144South Georgia3,7181,436 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom
145Euboea3,7071,431 Greece (Central Greece)
146Santa Inés Island3,6881,424 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147Mallorca3,6671,416 Spain (Balearic Islands)
148Santa Isabel Island3,6651,415 Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
149Long Island3,629[19]1,401 United States (New York)
150Socotra3,6071,393 Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
151Wetar3,600[19]1,400 Indonesia (Maluku)
152Tupinambarana (northern part)3,6001,400 Brazil (Amazonas)
153Traill Island3,5421,368 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
154Bear Island3,500[19]1,400None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
155North Andros Island3,4391,328 Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
156Vaygach Island3,3291,285 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
157Masbate Island3,268[19]1,262 Philippines (Bicol Region)
158Iturup (Etorofu)3,2381,250 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
159Makira (San Cristóbal)3,1901,230 Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
160Mansel Island3,180[12]1,230 Canada (Nunavut)
161Yamdena3,100[19]1,200 Indonesia (Maluku)
162Waigeo3,060[19]1,180 Indonesia (West Papua)
163Akimiski Island3,001[12]1,159 Canada (Nunavut)
164Gotland2,994[20]1,156 Sweden (Gotland)
165Funen2,985[18]1,153 Denmark (Southern Denmark)
166Choiseul Island2,9711,147 Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
167Revillagigedo Island2,9651,145 United States (Alaska)
168Taliabu2,9131,125 Indonesia (North Maluku)
169Muna Island2,8891,115 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
170Zemlya Georga2,8211,089 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
171Kupreanof Island2,8131,086 United States (Alaska)
172Borden Island2,794[12]1,079 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
173North Andaman Island2,7811,074 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
174Manitoulin Island2,766[21]1,068 Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
175Unalaska Island2,7221,051 United States (Alaska)
176Saaremaa2,6721,032 Estonia (Saaremaa)
177Moresby Island2,608[12]1,007 Canada (British Columbia)
178James Ross Island2,5981,003None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
179Obira2,542981 Indonesia (North Maluku)
180Réunion (main island)2,535979 France (Réunion, overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[8]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
181Navarino Island2,473[citation needed]955 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
182Paramushir2,471[19]954 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
183Ross Island2,460[19]950None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
184Ymer Island2,437941 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
185Anvers Island2,432939None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
186Karaginsky Island2,404[citation needed]928 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
187Cornwall Island2,358[12]910 Canada (Nunavut)
188Peleng2,346906 Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
189Groote Eylandt2,285882 Australia (Northern Territory)
190Yapen2,278880 Indonesia (Papua)
191Morotai2,266875 Indonesia (North Maluku)
192Princess Royal Island2,251[12]869 Canada (British Columbia)
193Isla de la Juventud2,237864 Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
194Wilczek Land2,203[citation needed]851 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
195Hinnøya2,198[15]849 Norway (Nordland and Troms)
196Nelson Island2,183[22]843 United States (Alaska)
197Richards Island2,165[12]836 Canada (Northwest Territories)
198Trangan2,149830 Indonesia (Maluku)
199Alor Island2,120820 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
200Margarita Island2,100810 Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
201Lewis and Harris2,086805 United Kingdom (Scotland)
202Laut Island2,057794 Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
203Malakula2,041788 Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
204New Georgia2,037786 Solomon Islands (Western Province)
205Misool2,034785 Indonesia (West Papua)
206Magdalena Island2,025782 Chile (Aysén Region)
207René-Levasseur Island2,020[21]780 Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
208Tenerife2,008775 Spain (Canary Islands)
209Ayon2,000[citation needed]770 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
210Kuiu1,962758 United States (Alaska)
211Manus1,940750 Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
212Bioko1,935 [23]747 Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
213Biak1,904735 Indonesia (Papua)
214Maui1,903735 United States (Hawaii)
215Bacan1,900730 Indonesia (North Maluku)
216Žitný ostrov1,886[citation needed]728 Slovakia (Bratislava Region, Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
217Mauritius (main island)1,874724 Mauritius
218Fraser Island1,840[24]710 Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
219Jeju Island1,826[25]705 South Korea (Jeju Province)
220Stewart Island/Rakiura1,815701 New Zealand (Southland)
221Bely Island1,810700 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
222Afognak1,809698 United States (Alaska)
223Umnak1,793692 United States (Alaska)
224Bolshoy Shantar Island1,766682 Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
225Bolshoy Begichev Island1,764681 Russia (Sakha Republic)
226Simeulue1,754677 Indonesia (Aceh)
227Kobroor1,723665 Indonesia (Maluku)
228Air Force Island1,720[12]660 Canada (Nunavut)
229Natuna Besar1,720[citation needed]660 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
230Savai'i1,718663 Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gaga'ifomauga, Vaisigano, Satupa'itea and Palauli)
231Geographical Society Island1,717663 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
232Bathurst Island1,692653 Australia (Northern Territory)
233Bering Island1,660[citation needed]640 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
234Skye1,659641 United Kingdom (Scotland)
235Lesbos1,641634 Greece (North Aegean)
236Soisalo1,635[26]631 Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia)
237Fuerteventura1,633631 Spain (Canary Islands)
238Salawati1,623627 Indonesia (West Papua)
239Great Inagua1,615624 Bahamas (Inagua)
240Kunashir Island1,612622 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
241Joinville Island1,607620None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
242Tanahbesar (Wokam)1,604619 Indonesia (Maluku)
243Rantau1,598617 Indonesia (Riau)
244Senja1,590[15]610 Norway (Troms)
245Flaherty Island1,585[12]612 Canada (Nunavut)
246Oahu1,583611 United States (Hawaii)
247Zanzibar (Unguja)1,575608 Tanzania (Unguja North Region, Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
248Graham Bell Island1,557601 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
249Eglinton Island1,541[12]595 Canada (Northwest Territories)
250Middle Andaman Island1,536[25]593 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
251Clavering Island1,535593 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
252Gran Canaria1,530590 Spain (Canary Islands)
253Pioneer Island1,527590 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
254Great Karimun1,524588 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
255Catanduanes1,523588 Philippines (Bicol Region)
256Charcot Island1,500[citation needed]580None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
257Rupat1,490580 Indonesia (Riau)
258Qeshm1,488575 Iran (Hormozgan Province)
259Nares Land1,466566 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
260South Andros Island1,448559 Bahamas (South Andros)
261Bhola Island1,441[citation needed]556 Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
262Fergusson Island1,437555 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
263Urup1,437555 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
264Kauai1,435554 United States (Hawaii)
265São Luís Island1,410[citation needed]540 Brazil (Maranhão)
266Rhodes1,410540 Greece (South Aegean)
267King George Island1,384534None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
268Graham Island1,378[12]532 Canada (Nunavut)
269Pitt Island1,375[12]531 Canada (British Columbia)
270Nottingham Island1,372[12]530 Canada (Nunavut)
271Desolación Island1,352522 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
272Ramree Island1,350[25]520 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
273Flinders Island1,330510 Australia (Tasmania)
274Öland1,347[20]520 Sweden (Kalmar)
275Lougheed Island1,308[12]505 Canada (Nunavut)
276Dawson Island1,290500 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
277Barentsøya (Barents)1,288[27]497 Norway (Svalbard)
278Lembata (Lomblen)1,270490 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
279Chongming Island1,267[citation needed]489 People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
280Basilan1,266489 Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
281Shannon Island1,259486 Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
282Mill Island1,258486None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
283Morfil1,250480 Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
284Lolland1,243[18]480 Denmark (Zealand)
285Mangole1,229475 Indonesia (North Maluku)
286New Hanover Island (Lavongai)1,227474 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
287Rote Island1,227474 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
288South Andaman Island1,211468 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
289Södertörn1,207[28]466 Sweden (Stockholm)
290Okinawa Island1,200460 Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
291Oleniy Island1,197462 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
292Tiburón Island1,190460 Mexico (Sonora)
293Campana Island1,188459 Chile (Aisén Region)
294Bintan Island1,173453 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
295Martinique1,167451 France (Martinique, overseas department)
296Aracena Island1,164449 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
297Sherman Island1,159447None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
298Byam Martin Island1,150[12]440 Canada (Nunavut)
299Great Abaco1,146442 Bahamas (North Abaco, Central Abaco and South Abaco)
300Lifou Island1,146442 New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
301Wales Island1,137[12]439 Canada (Nunavut)
302Île Vanier1,126[12]435 Canada (Nunavut)
303Upolu1,125434 Samoa (Tuamasaga, A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
304King Island1,121433 Australia (Tasmania)
305Clarence Island1,111429 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
306Padang Island1,109428 Indonesia (Riau)
307Grand Bahama1,096423 Bahamas (East Grand Bahama, West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
308Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry)1,095423 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
309Rowley Island1,090[12]420 Canada (Nunavut)
310Tahiti1,069413 French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
311Sääminginsalo1,069[26]413 Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
312Serrano Island1,063410 Chile (Aisén Region)
313Atka Island1,061410 United States (Alaska)
314Cameron Island1,059[12]409 Canada (Nunavut)
315Gallya (Hall Island)1,049405 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
316Madre de Dios Island1,043403 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
317Normanby Island1,040400 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
318Hiiumaa1,031398 Estonia (Hiiumaa)
319Margarita Island1,020390 Venezuela (Nueva Esparta)
320Resolution Island1,015[12]392 Canada (Nunavut)
321Grande Comore1,013391 Comoros (Grande Comore)
322Mornington Island1,002[citation needed]387 Australia (Queensland)

See also


Notes


  1. Geographically, there are only four continents that are not separated by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the land surface), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.[1]
  2. Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2. The submerged continent of Zealandia (4,900,000 km2) is excluded.
  3.  Hong Kong and  Macau.
  4.  Gibraltar.
  5. An overseas department and region of France.
  6. Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[2] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[3]
  7. Mainland Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth’s largest island, but its smallest continent".[5][6]
  8. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  9. A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.

Footnotes


  1. Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
  2. Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  3. Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
  4. United States Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Antarctica". The World Factbook. Government of the United States. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  5. "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  6. "Area of Australia - States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014.
  7. "Area of Australia - States and Territories | Geoscience Australia". Ga.gov.au. 12 January 2001. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  8. "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  9. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  10. Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
  11. Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
  12. "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  13. Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  14. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  15. "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  16. Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
  17. Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
  18. "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01.[permanent dead link]
  19. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  20. Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  21. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  22. The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
  23. World Atlas
  24. World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  25. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  26. "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  27. "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  28. "Statistics Sweden". Check |archive-url= value (help)

References