List of lakes


This is a list of the top three to five major lakes per region, with links to more detailed region lists of lakes. A "major" lake is defined as that which is the largest by area, depth, volume, or cultural and/or environmental significance.

Africa


Great Lakes of Africa

Lists by country

Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Eswatini (Swaziland)
Ethiopia
Gabon
The Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Ivory Coast
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São Tomé and Príncipe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Antarctica


There are hundreds of lakes deep below the ice of Antarctica.[1]

Asia


International lakes of Asia

  • Lake Baikal – Lake Baikal is located in Siberia in southeastern Russia, just north of Mongolia. Considered the oldest surviving freshwater lake on the planet, it is also the deepest body of water in Asia at 5,315 feet (1,620 m), and the largest freshwater lake by volume, containing 20% of the planet's fresh water. An elongated lake, it has a maximum width of 60 miles (97 km) with an approximate length of 389 miles (626 km), and is fed by more than 300 rivers and streams.[2]
  • Caspian Sea – Situated between Asia and Europe and fed by the Volga and Ural Rivers in the north, the Caspian Sea is nevertheless somewhat salty in its central and south portions. The surface area measures 371,000 square kilometres (143,000 sq mi), with a maximum depth of 1,025 metres (3,363 ft).[2]
  • Aral Sea – Also in far-western Asia, just east of the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea straddles the boundary between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The Aral Sea is shrinking due to evaporation and diversion for irrigation (among other factors) and what remains (only 10% of its former size)[3] is now almost totally polluted by fertilizer runoff, Soviet weapon testing residue and industrial projects,[2] leading to it being called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters".[4]

Lists by country

Afghanistan
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei
  • Cypt
Cambodia
Tonlé Sap Lake, Cambodia
China
Cyprus
East Timor
Georgia
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
North Korea
South Korea
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Lebanon
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nepal
Oman
Pakistan
Lake Saiful Muluk, Kaghan Valley, Pakistan
Rush Lake (Pakistan), the highest lake in Pakistan and 27th-highest in the world[5]
Philippines
Qatar
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Syria
Tajikistan
Thailand
Turkey
Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates - UAE
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Yemen
Palestine
Taiwan
Chiaming Lake in Taitung County, Taiwan

Europe


International lakes of Europe

Lists by country

Republic of Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

North and Central America


International lakes of North America

Listed in order of occurrence from easternmost border terminus to the westernmost

Lists by country

Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Canada
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America - USA

Oceania


Lists by country

Australia
Federated States of Micronesia
Fiji
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
New Zealand
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu

South America


International lakes of South America

Lists by country

Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela

Former lakes


Extraterrestrial lakes


Titan

See also


References


  1. See map in Aldhous, Peter (August 23, 2014). "First samples of Antarctic lake reveal thriving life". New Scientist: 12. Archived from the original on August 23, 2014.
  2. "Lakes of Asia, Landforms of Asia – Worldatlas.com". WorldAtlas. Reunion Technology Inc. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  3. Micklin, Philip; Aladin, Nikolay V. (April 2008). "Reclaiming the Aral Sea". Scientific American. Retrieved May 17, 2008.
  4. "Aral Sea 'one of the planet's worst environmental disasters'". The Daily Telegraph. London. April 5, 2010. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  5. "The Highest Lake in the World". highestlake.com. Retrieved October 13, 2019.