List of lieutenant governors of Ontario


The following is a list of Lieutenant Governors of Ontario and the lieutenant governors of the former colony of Upper Canada. The office of Lieutenant Governor of Ontario was created in 1867, when the Province of Ontario was created upon Confederation.[1] The predecessor office, lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, was a British colonial officer, appointed by the British government to administer the government of the colony, from 1791 to 1841. (Prior to 1791, the territory which is now Ontario was part of the old Province of Quebec, which was administered by the colonial governors of the Province of Quebec.)

In 1841, the two provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada were abolished and merged into the new Province of Canada, with a single Parliament and Governor General. Upper Canada was known as Canada West, but did not have a separate government or lieutenant governor. It was simply an administrative division of the Province of Canada.

Prior to Confederation, the lieutenant governors of Upper Canada were either British colonial administrators or British Army officers. The first lieutenant governor of Ontario, General Sir Henry William Stisted, was the last British lieutenant governor. From 1868 onwards, only Canadians were appointed to the position.

Lieutenant Governors of Upper Canada, 1791–1841


#ImageNameGovernor fromGovernor until
Governors under King George III (1791  1820)
1 John Graves Simcoe[2] 1791 1796
Admin. Peter Russell[3] 1796 1799
2 Peter Hunter[4] 1799 1805
Admin. Alexander Grant[5] 1805 1806
3 Francis Gore[6] Acting governors for Francis Gore 1806 1817
ImageNameFromUntil
Sir Isaac Brock KB 1811 1812
Sir Roger Hale Sheaffe 1812 1813
Le baron de Rottenburg 1813
Sir Gordon Drummond 1813 1814
Sir George Murray GCB GCH 1815
Sir Frederick Philipse Robinson KCB GCH 1815
Admin. Samuel Smith[7] 1817 1818
4 Sir Peregrine Maitland[8] KCB GCH 1818
Governors under King George IV (1820  1830)
4 cont... 1828
5 Sir John Colborne[9] GCB GCMG 1828
Governors under King William IV (1830  1837)
5 cont... 1836
6 Sir Francis Bond Head[10] KCH 1836
Governors under Queen Victoria (1837  1841)
6 cont... 1838
7 Sir George Arthur[11] KCH 1838 1839
8 The Lord Sydenham[12] PC 1839 1841

Lieutenant Governors of Ontario, 1867–present[13]


#ImageNameGovernor fromGovernor until
Governors under Queen Victoria (1867  1901)
11 1 Henry William Stisted CB 1867 1868
12 2 William Pearce Howland PC 1868 1873
13 3 John Willoughby Crawford QC 1873 1875
Admin. Sir William Buell Richards PC 1875
14 4 Donald Alexander Macdonald PC 1875 1880
15 5 John Beverley Robinson 1880 1887
16 6 Sir Alexander Campbell PC KCMG QC 1887 1892
Admin. Sir John Hawkins Hagarty 1892
17 7 George Airey Kirkpatrick PC QC 1892 1896
Admin. Sir Kazimierz Stanislaus Gzowski KCMG 1896 1897
18 8 Sir Oliver Mowat PC GCMG QC 1897
Governors under King Edward VII (1901  1910)
18 8 cont... 1903
Admin. Sir Charles Moss 1903
19 9 Sir William Mortimer Clark KCMG KC 1903 1908
20 10 Sir John Morison Gibson KCMG KC 1908
Governors under King George V (1910  1936)
20 10 cont... 1914
21 11 Sir John Strathearn Hendrie KCMG CVO 1914 1919
22 12 Lionel Herbert Clarke 1919 1921
Admin. Sir William Ralph Meredith QC 1921
23 13 Henry Cockshutt 1921 1927
24 14 William Donald Ross 1927 1931
Admin. Sir William Mulock PC KCMG 1931 1932
25 15 Herbert Alexander Bruce 1932
Governors under King Edward VIII (1936)
25 15 cont...
Governors under King George VI (1936  1952)
25 15 cont... 1937
26 16 Albert Edward Matthews 1937 1946
27 17 Frank Ray Lawson OBE 1946
Governors under Queen Elizabeth II (1952  present)
27 17 cont... 1952
28 18 Louis Orville Breithaupt 1952 1957
29 19 John Keiller MacKay PC OC DSO VD QC 1957 1963
30 20 William Earl Rowe PC 1963 1968
31 21 William Ross Macdonald PC CD QC 1968 1974
32 22 Pauline Mills McGibbon OC 1974 1980
33 23 John Black Aird OC QC 1980 1985
34 24 Lincoln MacCauley Alexander PC OOnt CD QC 1985 1991
35[† 1] 25 Henry Newton Rowell Jackman CM OOnt 1991 1997
36 26 Hillary Mary Weston OOnt 1997 2002
37 27 James Karl Bartleman OOnt 2002 2007
38 28 David Charles Onley OOnt 2007 2014
39 29 Elizabeth Dowdeswell OC OOnt 2014
  1. Colour denotes living former lieutenant governors

See also


References


  1. Constitution Act, 1867, s. 58.
  2. R. Mealing, Stanley (1 February 2017). "John Graves Simcoe". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  3. Firth, Edith G. (2003). "Biography - RUSSEL, PETER - Volume V". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  4. "Biography - HUNTER, PETER". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  5. Whitfield, Carol (2003). "Biography - GRANT, ALEXANDER". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  6. Mealing, S. R. (2003). "GORE, FRANCIS". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  7. Mealing, S. R. (2003). "Smith, Samuel". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  8. Bowsfield, Hartwell (2003). "MAITLAND, Sir PEREGRINE". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  9. Wilson, Alan (2003). "COLBORNE, JOHN". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  10. Wise, S.F. (2003). "Head, Sir Francis Bond". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  11. Buckner, Philip (2003). "ARTHUR, GEORGE". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  12. "THOMSON, CHARLES EDWARD POULETT". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  13. "History - Lieutenant Governor Of Ontario". Lieutenant governor of ontario. 2020.