List of political parties in Brazil


Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), the Social Liberal Party (PSL) and the Democrats (DEM) together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.[2]

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Since 1982 Brazilian political parties have been given an electoral number to make it easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, two-digit numbers were assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Often political parties change their names but retain their number.

Summary of parliamentary Parties


In the Federal Senate

As of April 2020[3]

  • 13 seats: MDB
  • 12 seats: PSD
  • 10 seats: PODE
  • 7 seats: PSDB
  • 6 seats: PT, DEM, PP
  • 3 seats: REDE, PROS, PDT, Cidadania
  • 2 seats: PSB, PL, Republicanos, PSL
  • 1 seat: PSC

In the Chamber of Deputies

As of April 2020[4]

  • 53 seats: PT
  • 41 seats: PSL
  • 40 seats: PP
  • 38 seats: PL
  • 37 seats: PSD
  • 34 seats: MDB
  • 33 seats: PSDB
  • 31 seats: Republicanos
  • 30 seats: PSB
  • 28 seats: PDT
  • 26 seats: DEM
  • 14 seats: Solidariedade
  • 12 seats: PTB, PODE
  • 10 seats: PSOL, PROS
  • 9 seats: Cidadania
  • 8 seats: PCdoB, NOVO, PSC
  • 7 seats: Avante
  • 5 seats: Patriota
  • 4 seats: PV
  • 1 seat: REDE, PRTB, Independent

Current parties


Party name (Portuguese) Party name (English) Abbrev. TSE number Foundation date Registration date Number of members Ideology Position Relevant People
Movimento Democrático BrasileiroBrazilian Democratic MovementMDB15 196530 June 19812,163,046 Big tent[5]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Syncretic politics[7]
Centre[8] to centre-right[9] Michel Temer
Partido dos TrabalhadoresWorkers' PartyPT13 198011 February 19821,534,315 Social democracy[10]
Democratic socialism[11]
Economic progressivism[6]
Left-wing populism[12]
Centre-left[13][14] to left-wing[15][16] Luís Inácio Lula da Silva
Dilma Rousseff
Gleisi Hoffmann
Fernando Haddad
Partido da Social Democracia BrasileiraBrazilian Social Democracy PartyPSDB45 198824 August 19881,379,168 Economic liberalism[17]
Social democracy[18]
Third Way[19]
Centre[20] to centre-left[21] Fernando Henrique Cardoso
João Doria
Geraldo Alckmin
Mário Covas
ProgressistasProgressivesPP11 199516 November 19951,341,479 Brazilian nationalism[22]
National conservatism[22]
Social conservatism[23]
Right-wing[6] Paulo Maluf
Ciro Nogueira
Partido Democrático TrabalhistaDemocratic Labour PartyPDT12 197910 November 19811,162,151 Democratic socialism[24]
Left-wing nationalism[24]
Political labour[25]
Centre-left[26] to left-wing[27] Ciro Gomes
Leonel Brizola
Carlos Lupi
Cid Gomes
Partido Trabalhista BrasileiroBrazilian Labour PartyPTB14 19813 November 19811,091,972 Economic liberalism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre-right[6] to right-wing[27] Roberto Jefferson
Ivete Vargas
DemocratasDemocratsDEM25 198511 September 19861,024,980 Brazilian conservatism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[27] Rodrigo Maia
Davi Alcolumbre
Partido LiberalLiberal PartyPL22 200619 December 2006771,354 Economic liberalism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
National liberalism[28]
Centre-right[29] José Tadeu Candelária
Partido Socialista BrasileiroBrazilian Socialist PartyPSB40 19471 July 1988641,202 Democratic socialism[26]
Left-wing nationalism[6]
Social democracy[6]
Centre-left[26] to left-wing[27] Carlos Siqueira
Márcio França
RepublicanosRepublicansRepublicanos10 200525 August 2005478,450 Economic nationalism[30]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[27] Marcos Pereira
Edir Macedo
Marcelo Crivella
CidadaniaCitizenshipCidadania23 199219 March 1992458,796 Economic liberalism[6]
LGBT rights[31]
Social progressivism[6]
Centre-left[26] Roberto Freire
Partido Social LiberalSocial Liberal PartyPSL17 19942 June 1998435,890 Conservatism[32]
Christian right[33]
Economic liberalism[34]
Militarism[35]
National conservatism[36]
Right-wing populism[37]
Social conservatism[38]
Right-wing[27] to far-right[9] Luciano Bivar
Partido Social CristãoSocial Christian PartyPSC20 198529 March 1990419,454 Christian right[39]
Political Catholicism[40]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[27] to far-right[9] Pastor Everaldo
Partido Comunista do BrasilCommunist Party of BrazilPCdoB65 196223 June 1968416,174 Communism
Marxism–Leninism[41]
Far-left[42] Flávio Dino
Orlando Silva
Manuela d'Ávila
PodemosWe CanPODE19 19452 October 1997408,863 Direct democracy[43]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[27] Renata Abreu
Partido Social DemocráticoSocial Democratic PartyPSD55 201127 September 2011406,413 Big tent[44]
Classical liberalism[44]
Syncretic politics[44]
Centre[26] Gilberto Kassab
Partido VerdeGreen PartyPV43 198630 September 1993365,556 Direct democracy[45]
Green politics[46]
Parliamentary system[47]
Centre[9] Eduardo Jorge
PatriotaPatriotPatriota51 201119 June 2012331,629 Brazilian nationalism[48]
Christian nationalism[48]
National conservatism[48]
Right-wing[27] to far-right[49] Cabo Daciolo
Adilson Barroso
SolidariedadeSolidaritySolidariedade77 201324 September 2013252,606 Economic interventionism[6]
Political labour[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre[27] Paulinho da Força
Partido da Mobilização NacionalParty of National MobilizationPMN33 198425 October 1990218,808 Agrarian socialism[50]
Left-wing nationalism[50]
Social patriotism[50]
Left-wing[50] Antonio Carlos Bosco Massarollo
AvanteAvanteAvante70 198911 October 1994212,115 Brazilian nationalism[6]
Political labour[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre[26] Luís Tibé
Partido Trabalhista CristãoChristian Labour PartyPTC36 198522 February 1990189,377 Christian democracy[51]
Liberal conservatism[51]
Political labour[51]
Right-wing[27] Daniel Tourinho
Partido Socialismo e LiberdadeSocialism and Liberty PartyPSOL50 200415 September 2005186,661 Democratic socialism[52]
LGBT rights[53]
Social progressivism[6]
Left-wing[6] to far-left[54] Luciana Genro
Guilherme Boulos
Democracia CristãChristian DemocracyDC27 19955 August 1997178,458 Christian democracy[55]
Christian right[55]
Social conservatism[55]
Right-wing[27] José Maria Eymael
Partido Renovador Trabalhista BrasileiroBrazilian Labour Renewal PartyPRTB28 199428 March 1995147,255 Brazilian nationalism[56]
Christian right[53]
Political labour[57]
Far-right[56] Hamilton Mourão
Levy Fidelix
Partido Republicano da Ordem SocialRepublican Party of the Social OrderPROS90 201024 September 2013119,592 Big tent[58]
Economic interventionism[6]
Syncretic politics[58]
Centre[27] Eurípedes de Macedo Júnior
Fernando Collor de Mello
Partido da Mulher BrasileiraParty of the Brazilian WomenPMB35 201529 September 201547,045 Paternalistic conservatism[59]
Social conservatism[59]
Women's rights[59]
Right-wing[27] Suêd Haidar Nogueira
Partido NovoNew PartyNOVO30 201115 September 201542,049 Economic liberalism
Fiscal conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right[26] to right-wing[27] João Amoedo
Romeu Zema
Rede SustentabilidadeSustainability NetworkREDE18 201323 September 201533,219 Environmentalism[60][61][62]
Anti-corruption[60][61]
Centre[60][61] to centre-left[62] Marina Silva
Joênia Wapichana
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores UnificadoUnited Socialist Workers' PartyPSTU16 197219 December 199515,823 Orthodox Marxism[63]
Political labour[63]
Radical left[63]
Far-left[54] José Maria de Almeida
Vera Lúcia
Partido Comunista BrasileiroBrazilian Communist PartyPCB21 192225 March 192212,757 Classical Marxism[64]
Radical left[64]
Revolutionary socialism[64]
Far-left[54] Ivan Pinheiro
Edmilson Costa
Mauro Iasi
Partido da Causa OperáriaWorkers' Cause PartyPCO29 199530 September 19974,374 Orthodox Marxism[65]
Political labour[65]
Revolutionary socialism[65]
Far-left[54] Rui Costa Pimenta
Pedro Paulo de Abreu
Unidade PopularPopular UnityUP80201610 December 20191,114 Left-wing nationalism[66]
Radical left[66]
Revolutionary socialism[66]
Left-wing[66] Leonardo Péricles

Non-registered


Waiting for registration in the Superior Electoral Court:

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. Foundation date Ideology Position
Partido Comunista Revolucionário - Unidade Popular pelo Socialismo Revolutionary Communist Party - Popular Unity for Socialism PCR-UP May 1966 Communism, Marxism-Leninism Far-left
Partido Nacional Corinthiano Corinthians National Party PNC 2012 Corinthianism, Antiautoritarism Left-wing
Libertários Libertarians LIBER 20 June 2009 Libertarianism, Minarchism, Anarcho-capitalism Right-wing
Partido dos Servidores Públicos e dos Trabalhadores da Iniciativa Privada do Brasil Public Servers and Private Initiative Workers' of Brasil Party PSPB 2007 Socialism, Labour movement Far-left
Partido da Real Democracia Parlamentar Royal Parliamentary Democracy Party RDP 9 November 2013 Monarchism, Conservatism, Nationalism, Parliamentarism Right-wing to far-right
Partido Pirata do Brasil Pirate Party of Brazil PIRATAS 28 July 2012 Pirate politics, Freedom of information Centre
Aliança Renovadora Nacional New National Renewal Alliance ARENA 1 July 2012 Conservatism, Nationalism, Economic liberalism, Meritocracy Right-wing
Partido dos Conservadores Conservatives' Party PACO 2003 Conservatism, Anti-communism, Judeo-Christianism Right-wing
União Democrática Nacional (Nova) National Democratic Union (New) UDN 2014 Conservatism, Economic liberalism Right-wing
Partido Político dos Animais Animals' Political Party ANIMAIS 2016 Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Environmental Movement, Green Politics Centre-Left
Aliança pelo Brasil Alliance for Brazil APB 12 November 2019 Conservatism, Brazilian nationalism, National conservatism, Anti-communism, Right-wing populism Far-right
Aliança Nacional National Alliance AN Separatism, Independentism, Federalism Centre
Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista Marxist–Leninist Communist Party PCML Marxism-Leninism, Stalinism Far-left

Former


Recently absorbed or merged parties


Abbrev. Name (Portuguese) Name (English) TSE number Ideology Merged in Year
PSD Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party 41 Centrism, Social democracy PTB 2002
PGT Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores General Party of the Workers 30 Centrism, Social democracy PL 2002
PST Partido Social Trabalhista Social Labour Party 18 Centrism PL 2002
PAN Partido dos Aposentados da Nação Party of the Nation's Retirees 26 Centrism PTB 2006
PL Partido Liberal Liberal Party 22 Centrism, Populism PR 2006
PRONA Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order 56 Nationalism, Populism PR 2006
PRP Partido Republicano Progressista Progressive Republican Party (Brazil) 44 Conservatism Patriota 2018
PEN Partido Ecológico Nacional National Ecologist Party 44 National conservatism, Ecologism Patriota 2017
PPL Partido Pátria Livre Free Fatherland Party 54 Left-wing nationalism Communist Party of Brazil 2018
PHS Partido Humanista da Solidariedade Humanist Party of Solidarity 31 Centre-right Podemos 2018

Historical

Abbrev. Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Ideology Lifetime
PCB Partido Comunista Brasileiro Brazilian Communist Party Communism 1922–1992
PL Partido Libertador Liberator Party Federalism 1928-1937, 1945-1965
AIB Ação Integralista Brasileira Brazilian Integralist Action Integralism, Fascism 1933–1938
PRP Partido de Representação Popular Popular Representation Party Integralism, National conservatism 1945–1966
PTB Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro Brazilian Labour Party Nationalism, Populism 1945–1966;
PSD Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party Conservatism, Populism 1945–1966
UDN União Democrática Nacional National Democratic Union Conservatism 1945–1966
PDC Partido Democrata Cristão Christian Democratic Party Christian democracy, Conservatism 1945-66; 1985–1993
PSP Partido Social Progresista Progressive Social Party Conservatism, Populism 1947–1966
ARENA Aliança Renovadora Nacional National Renewal Alliance Party Conservatism, Nationalism 1966–1979
MDB Movimento Democrático Brasileiro Brazilian Democratic Movement Centrism 1966–1979
PDS Partido Democrático Social Democratic Social Party Conservatism 1979–1993
PRN Partido da Reconstrução Nacional National Reconstruction Party Centrism, Populism 1989–2000
PPR Partido Progressista Reformador Reform Progressive Party Conservatism, Christian democracy 1993–1995

See also


References


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