List of political parties in Brazil


Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), the Social Liberal Party (PSL) and the Democrats (DEM) together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.[2]

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Since 1982 Brazilian political parties have been given an electoral number to make it easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, two-digit numbers were assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Often political parties change their names but retain their number.

Summary of parliamentary Parties


In the Federal Senate

As of June 2020[3]

  • 13 seats: MDB
  • 12 seats: PSD
  • 10 seats: PODE
  • 7 seats: PSDB
  • 6 seats: PT, DEM, PP
  • 3 seats: REDE, PDT, PROS, Cidadania
  • 2 seats: PSB, PL, Republicanos, PSL
  • 1 seat: PSC

In the Chamber of Deputies

As of April 2020[4]

  • 53 seats: PT
  • 42 seats: PL
  • 41 seats: PSL
  • 39 seats: PP
  • 35 seats: MDB, PSD
  • 33 seats: Republicanos
  • 31 seats: PSB, PSDB
  • 28 seats: PDT, DEM
  • 14 seats: Solidariedade
  • 11 seats: PROS, PTB
  • 10 seats: PSOL, PODE
  • 8 seats: PCdoB, Cidadania, NOVO, PSC
  • 6 seats: Avante, Patriota
  • 4 seats: PV
  • 1 seat: REDE

Current parties


Party name (Portuguese) Party name (English) Abbrev. TSE number Foundation date Registration date Number of members Ideology Position
Movimento Democrático BrasileiroBrazilian Democratic MovementMDB15 196530 June 19812,163,450 Big tent[5]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Syncretic politics[7]
Centre[8] to centre-right[9]
Partido dos TrabalhadoresWorkers' PartyPT13 198011 February 19821,535,390 Social democracy[10]
Democratic socialism[11]
Economic progressivism[6]
Left-wing populism[12]
Lulism[13]
Centre-left[14][15] to left-wing[16][17]
Partido da Social Democracia BrasileiraBrazilian Social Democracy PartyPSDB45 198824 August 19881,379,564 Economic liberalism[18]
Social democracy[19]
Third Way[20]
Centre[21] to centre-left[22]
ProgressistasProgressivesPP11 199516 November 19951,342,038 Brazilian nationalism[23]
National conservatism[23]
Social conservatism[24]
Right-wing[6]
Partido Democrático TrabalhistaDemocratic Labour PartyPDT12 197910 November 19811,162,475 Democratic socialism[25]
Left-wing nationalism[25]
Political labour[26]
Centre-left[27] to left-wing[28]
Partido Trabalhista BrasileiroBrazilian Labour PartyPTB14 19813 November 19811,092,195 Economic liberalism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre-right[6] to right-wing[28]
DemocratasDemocratsDEM25 198511 September 19861,025,415 Brazilian conservatism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[28]
Partido LiberalLiberal PartyPL22 200619 December 2006771,671 Economic liberalism[6]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
National liberalism[29]
Centre-right[30]
Partido Socialista BrasileiroBrazilian Socialist PartyPSB40 19471 July 1988641,532 Democratic socialism[27]
Left-wing nationalism[6]
Social democracy[6]
Centre-left[27] to left-wing[28]
RepublicanosRepublicansRepublicanos10 200525 August 2005478,791 Economic nationalism[31]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[28]
CidadaniaCitizenshipCidadania23 199219 March 1992459,082 Economic liberalism[6]
LGBT rights[32]
Social progressivism[6]
Centre-left[27]
Partido Social LiberalSocial Liberal PartyPSL17 19942 June 1998435,910 Conservatism[33]
Christian right[34]
Economic liberalism[35]
Militarism[36]
National conservatism[37]
Right-wing populism[38]
Social conservatism[39]Minority:Monarchism[40]
Right-wing[28] to far-right[9]
Partido Social CristãoSocial Christian PartyPSC20 198529 March 1990419,604 Christian right[41]
Political Catholicism[42]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[28] to far-right[9]
Partido Comunista do BrasilCommunist Party of BrazilPCdoB65 196223 June 1968416,223 Communism
Marxism–Leninism[43]
Far-left[44]
PodemosWe CanPODE19 19452 October 1997409,225 Direct democracy[45]
Fiscal conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Right-wing[28]
Partido Social DemocráticoSocial Democratic PartyPSD55 201127 September 2011406,749 Big tent[46]
Classical liberalism[46]
Syncretic politics[46]
Centre[27]
Partido VerdeGreen PartyPV43 198630 September 1993365,643 Direct democracy[47]
Green politics[48]
Parliamentary system[49]
Centre[9]
PatriotaPatriotPatriota51 201119 June 2012331,760 Brazilian nationalism[50]
Christian nationalism[50]
National conservatism[50]
Right-wing[28] to far-right[51]
SolidariedadeSolidaritySolidariedade77 201324 September 2013252,785 Economic interventionism[6]
Political labour[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre[28]
Partido da Mobilização NacionalParty of National MobilizationPMN33 198425 October 1990218,841 Agrarian socialism[52]
Left-wing nationalism[52]
Social patriotism[52]
Left-wing[52]
AvanteAvanteAvante70 198911 October 1994212,374 Brazilian nationalism[6]
Political labour[6]
Social conservatism[6]
Centre[27]
Partido Trabalhista CristãoChristian Labour PartyPTC36 198522 February 1990189,450 Christian democracy[53]
Liberal conservatism[53]
Political labour[53]
Right-wing[28]
Partido Socialismo e LiberdadeSocialism and Liberty PartyPSOL50 200415 September 2005186,642 Democratic socialism[54]
LGBT rights[55]
Social progressivism[6]
Left-wing[6] to far-left[56]
Democracia CristãChristian DemocracyDC27 19955 August 1997178,547 Christian democracy[57]
Christian right[57]
Social conservatism[57]
Right-wing[28]
Partido Renovador Trabalhista BrasileiroBrazilian Labour Renewal PartyPRTB28 199428 March 1995147,435 Brazilian nationalism[58]
Christian right[55]
Political labour[59]Minority: Conspiracist ideation[60]

Integralism[61][62]

Far-right[58]
Partido Republicano da Ordem SocialRepublican Party of the Social OrderPROS90 201024 September 2013119,744 Big tent[63]
Economic interventionism[6]
Syncretic politics[63]
Centre[28]
Partido da Mulher BrasileiraParty of the Brazilian WomenPMB35 201529 September 201547,091 Anti-feminism[64]

Paternalistic conservatism[65]
Social conservatism[65]
Women's rights[65]

Right-wing[28]
Partido NovoNew PartyNOVO30 201115 September 201542,119 Economic liberalism
Fiscal conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right[27] to right-wing[28]
Rede SustentabilidadeSustainability NetworkREDE18 201323 September 201533,355 Environmentalism[66][67][68]
Anti-corruption[66][67]
Centre-left[69][70]
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores UnificadoUnited Socialist Workers' PartyPSTU16 197219 December 199515,821 Orthodox Marxism[71]
Political labour[71]
Radical left[71]
Far-left[56]
Partido Comunista BrasileiroBrazilian Communist PartyPCB21 192225 March 192212,757 Classical Marxism[72]
Radical left[72]
Revolutionary socialism[72]
Far-left[56]
Partido da Causa OperáriaWorkers' Cause PartyPCO29 199530 September 19974,366 Orthodox Marxism[73]
Political labour[73]
Revolutionary socialism[73]
Far-left[56]
Unidade PopularPopular UnityUP80201610 December 20191,116 Left-wing nationalism[74]
Radical left[74]
Revolutionary socialism[74]
Far-left[74]

Non-registered


Waiting for registration in the Superior Electoral Court:

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. Foundation date Ideology Position
Partido Comunista Revolucionário - Unidade Popular pelo Socialismo Revolutionary Communist Party - Popular Unity for Socialism PCR-UP May 1966 Communism, Marxism-Leninism Far-left
Partido Nacional Corinthiano Corinthians National Party PNC 2012 Corinthianism, Antiautoritarism Left-wing
Libertários Libertarians LIBER 20 June 2009 Libertarianism, Minarchism, Anarcho-capitalism Right-wing
Partido dos Servidores Públicos e dos Trabalhadores da Iniciativa Privada do Brasil Public Servers and Private Initiative Workers' of Brasil Party PSPB 2007 Socialism, Labour movement Far-left
Partido da Real Democracia Parlamentar Royal Parliamentary Democracy Party RDP 9 November 2013 Monarchism, Conservatism, Nationalism, Parliamentarism Right-wing to far-right
Partido Pirata do Brasil Pirate Party of Brazil PIRATAS 28 July 2012 Pirate politics, Freedom of information Centre
Aliança Renovadora Nacional New National Renewal Alliance ARENA 1 July 2012 Conservatism, Nationalism, Economic liberalism, Meritocracy Right-wing
Partido dos Conservadores Conservatives' Party PACO 2003 Conservatism, Anti-communism, Judeo-Christianism Right-wing
União Democrática Nacional (Nova) National Democratic Union (New) UDN 2014 Conservatism, Economic liberalism Right-wing
Partido Político dos Animais Animals' Political Party ANIMAIS 2016 Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Environmental Movement, Green Politics Centre-Left
Aliança pelo Brasil Alliance for Brazil APB 12 November 2019 Conservatism, Brazilian nationalism, National conservatism, Anti-communism, Right-wing populism Far-right
Aliança Nacional National Alliance AN Separatism, Independentism, Federalism Centre
Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista Marxist–Leninist Communist Party PCML Marxism-Leninism, Stalinism Far-left

Former


Recently absorbed or merged parties


Name (Portuguese) Abbrev. Name (English) TSE number Ideology Merged in Year
Partido Social Democrático PSD Social Democratic Party 41 Centrism, Social democracy PTB 2002
Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores PGT General Party of the Workers 30 Centrism, Social democracy Liberal Party 2002
Partido Social Trabalhista PST Social Labour Party 18 Centrism Liberal Party 2002
Partido dos Aposentados da Nação PAN Party of the Nation's Retirees 26 Centrism Brazilian Labour Party 2006
Partido Liberal PL Liberal Party 22 Centrism, Populism Liberal Party 2006
Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional PRONA Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order 56 Nationalism, Populism Liberal Party 2006
Partido Republicano Progressista PRP Progressive Republican Party (Brazil) 44 Conservatism Patriota 2018
Partido Ecológico Nacional PEN National Ecologist Party 44 National conservatism, Ecologism Patriota 2017
Partido Pátria Livre PPL Free Fatherland Party 54 Left-wing nationalism Communist Party of Brazil 2018
Partido Humanista da Solidariedade PHS Humanist Party of Solidarity 31 Centre-right Podemos 2018

Historical

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. Lifetime Ideology Position
Partido Libertador Liberator Party PL 1928-1937, 1945-1965 Federalism Centre-Right
Ação Integralista Brasileira Brazilian Integralist Action AIB 1933–1938 Integralism, Fascism Far-right
Partido Orientador Trabalhista Orienting Labour Party POT 1945-1951 Conservatism, Populism Centre-Right
Partido de Representação Popular Popular Representation Party PRP 1945–1965 Integralism, National conservatism Far-right
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro Brazilian Labour Party PTB 1945–1965 Nationalism, Populism Centre-Left to Left-Wing
Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party PSD 1945–1965 Conservatism, Populism Centre to Centre-Right
União Democrática Nacional National Democratic Union UDN 1945–1965 Conservatism Right-Wing
Partido Democrata Cristão Christian Democratic Party PDC 1945-66; 1985–1993 Christian democracy, Conservatism Right-Wing
Partido Social Progresista Progressive Social Party PSP 1947–1966 Conservatism, Populism Centre-Right to Right-Wing
Aliança Renovadora Nacional National Renewal Alliance Party ARENA 1966–1979 Conservatism, Nationalism Right-Wing to Far-Right
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro Brazilian Democratic Movement MDB 1966–1979 Centrism Centre-Left
Partido Democrático Social Democratic Social Party PDS 1979–1993 Conservatism Right-Wing
Partido da Reconstrução Nacional National Reconstruction Party PRN 1989–2000 Centrism, Populism Centre-Right to Right-Wing
Partido Progressista Reformador Reform Progressive Party PPR 1993–1995 Conservatism, Christian democracy Right-Wing

See also


References


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