List of political parties in Mexico


Mexico has a multi-party system, which means that there are more than two dominant political parties.

This article lists political parties in Mexico.

Nationally, there are three political parties that dominate: the MRN, the  PAN, and the  PRI. Other smaller political parties survive in isolation or by forming local coalitions with any of the big three.

National parties


Mexico has ten nationally recognized political parties by the Federal Electoral Institute.

Under Mexican law, parties are listed in the order in which they were first registered, thus:

In terms of their congressional representation and share of the national vote, only MRN,  PAN, and  PRI can be considered major parties.[13]

Other political parties


  • Communist Party of Mexico (far-left, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
  • Nationalist Front of Mexico (far-right, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
  • National Synarchist Union (far-right, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
  • Autonomous Region Party ("Unification of the northeast")
  • Socialist Convergence (Mexico) (Convergencia Socialista - CS) (left-wing, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
  • Cyber Political Party (right-wing, not officially registered as party)
  • Mexico First Party (far-right, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)

Local parties

Local parties are registered with the Electoral Institute of each Mexican state according to their own criteria and regulations, which may differ from those of INE but maintaining a national relation due to the highest court in the law of political parties, the SCJN. This list is complete as of 2006.

  • Colima Democratic Association (Asociación Democrática de Colima, Colima)
  • Alliance for Yucatan Party (Partido Alianza por Yucatán, Yucatán)
  • Coahuila First (Primero Coahuila, Coahuila)[14]
  • Morelos First Party (Por Morelos al Frente), 2018
  • Social Democratic Party of Coahuila (Social Demócrata de Coahuila, Coahuila)[14]
  • Progressive Party of Coahuila (Partido Progresista de Coahuila, Coahuila)
  • Popular Awareness Party (Partido Conciencia Popular, San Luis Potosi)
  • Uniting Wills We Can Build (Sumando Voluntades Podemos Construir, Morelos, registered for 2021 Mexican legislative election)[15]
  • More, More Social Support (Más Más Apoyo Social, Morelos, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Morelos Progresses (Morelos Progresa, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Social Alternative Movement (Movimiento Alternativa Social, Morelos, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Citizen Welfare (Bienestar Ciudadano, Morelos, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Morelense Political Renewal (Renovación Política Morelense, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Strength, Work and Unit for the Timely Rescue of Morelos (Fuerza, Trabajo y Unidad por el Rescate Oportuno de Morelos, registered for 2021 elections)[15]
  • Morelos Force (Morelos Fuerza, registered for 2021 elections)[15]

Former parties

During the 19th century the two most important parties were the Liberals (Liberales) and the Conservatives (Conservadores).[citation needed]

See also


References


  1. https://www.ecured.cu/Partido_Acci%C3%B3n_Nacional#Historia accessed Dec 25, 2018
  2. Weissenstien, Michael (31 August 2012). "Mexico Election: Authority Declares Official Winner". HuffPost World. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  3. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/english/meade-king-mexican-sandwich
  4. https://books.google.co.il/books?id=PZgR6ubuUXcC&pg=PA155&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
  5. https://books.google.co.il/books?id=L2jwAwAAQBAJ&q=%22Institutional+Revolutionary+Party%22+center-right&pg=PA334&redir_esc=y
  6. "Va Por México anuncia su participación en las elecciones de 2021". Forbes México (in Spanish). 23 December 2020. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  7. "Morena, PT y PVEM presentan alianza 'Juntos hacemos historia' para elecciones de 2021". El Financiero (in Spanish). December 23, 2020. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  8. https://www.partidoverde.org.mx/historia-partido-verde accessed Dec 25, 2018
  9. Saldierna, Georgina (4 September 2020). "Tras fuerte debate, INE da registro a Encuentro Solidario - Política - La Jornada". jornada.com.mx (in Spanish). La Jornada. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  10. LÓPEZ PONCE, JANNET (October 14, 2020). "Fuerza Social por México. Dan registro como partido político". milenio.com (in Spanish). Milenio. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  11. García, Sandra Hernández (9 June 2021). "Quitarán registro a cuatro partidos; el PT local se salva". www.jornada.com.mx (in Spanish). La Jornada. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  12. LÓPEZ PONCE, JANNET (October 14, 2020). "Redes Sociales Progresistas será nuevo partido político". milenio.com (in Spanish). Milenio. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  13. "The political framework of Mexico - Economic and Political Overview - Nordea Trade Portal". nordeatrade.com. Nordea. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  14. "Participarán en elecciones 2011 nuevos partidos de Coahuila".
  15. Mata, Ana Lilia (September 1, 2020). "Ya hay ocho nuevos partidos políticos". Cuernavaca: La Unión de Morelos. p. 2.