List of political parties in New Zealand
New Zealand national politics have featured a pervasive party system since the early 20th century. Usually, all members of Parliament's unicameral House of Representatives belong to a political party. Independent MPs do not occur often.
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While two major parties have dominated the New Zealand national political landscape for decades, the introduction of proportional representation in 1996 led to a more multi-party state, as smaller parties can now reasonably expect to gain seats in government. Currently (as of July 2020[update]), five parties have representatives in Parliament.