List of political parties in Portugal


This article lists political parties in Portugal. The Portuguese political scene has been dominated by the Socialist Party and the Social Democratic Party since the 1974 Carnation Revolution, although the CDS – People's Party has been present in some governments and the Portuguese Communist Party in coalition with The Greens holds the presidency of several municipalities.

The parties, as of 2019, represented in the Assembly of the Republic are the Socialist Party (108 MPs), the Social Democratic Party (79 MPs), the Left Bloc (19 MPs), the Communist Party (10 MPs), the CDS – People's Party (5 MPs), the People-Animals-Nature (3 MPs), the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (2 MPs), the CHEGA (1 MP), and the Liberal Initiative (1 MP). LIVRE also elected one MP, Joacine Katar Moreira, who abandoned the party and became an independent MP, the same happened to one of the 4 original MPs of the People-Animals-Nature party in 2020. Several other parties are represented in the legislatures of the autonomous regions, the Legislative Assembly of the Azores and the Legislative Assembly of Madeira.

General overview


Political posters in 1975.

This list presents all the existing parties recognized by the Portuguese Constitutional Court.[1]

  • The Rise Up! (E) is a far-right nationalist party with little political expression. It was called National Renewal Party (Partido Nacional Renovador) until July 2020 when it changed its name to Rise Up! (Ergue-te).
  • The Together for the People (JPP) was formed as an independent movement for the local elections of 2013 in the municipally of Santa Cruz in Madeira. Transformed into a political party in 2015 in order to contest the regional elections in Madeira.
  • The Socialist Alternative Movement (MAS) was formed in 2000 as a Portuguese Trotskyist political organization and it is the result of a merger between the Left Revolutionary Front (FER - Frente da Esquerda Revolucionária), and the young activists of the student movement Ruptura. The Ruptura/FER activists integrated the Left Bloc since its formation. In 2011, the movement split from the Left Bloc and formed a new party called Socialist Alternative Movement that was approved by the Constitutional Court in July 2013.

National political parties


Parties represented in the Assembly of the Republic

Political party Main ideology Position Leader Affiliation MPs MEPs Ref.
Eur. EP group Intl.
PS Socialist Party
Partido Socialista
Social democracy Centre-left António Costa PES S&D PA
SI
108 / 230
9 / 21
[2][3][4]
PPD/PSD Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata
Liberal conservatism Centre-right Rui Rio EPP EPP CDI
79 / 230
6 / 21
[2][5][6]
B.E. Left Bloc
Bloco de Esquerda
Democratic socialism Left-wing to far-left Catarina Martins PEL
EACL
GUE/NGL
19 / 230
2 / 21
[7][8][9]
PCP Portuguese Communist Party
Partido Comunista Português
Marxism–Leninism Left-wing to far-left Jerónimo de Sousa GUE/NGL IMCWP
10 / 230
2 / 21
[10][11]
CDS–PP CDS – People's Party
CDS – Partido Popular
Conservatism Centre-right to
right-wing
Francisco Rodrigues dos
Santos
EPP EPP IDU
5 / 230
1 / 21
[12][13][14]
PAN People-Animals-Nature
Pessoas-Animais-Natureza
Animal welfare Syncretic Inês Sousa Real APEU
EGP
Greens/EFA
3 / 230
[15][16][17]
PEV Ecologist Party "The Greens"
Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes
Eco-socialism Left-wing Collective leadership EGP Greens/EFA GG
2 / 230
[18][19]
CH ENOUGH
CHEGA
Right-wing populism Right-wing to far-right André Ventura ID
1 / 230
[20][21][22][23]
IL Liberal Initiative
Iniciativa Liberal
Classical liberalism Centre-right to right-wing João Cotrim de Figueiredo ALDE
1 / 230
[24][25][26][27]

Parties without representation in the Assembly of the Republic

Political party Main ideology Position Leader Affiliation Ref.
Eur. EP group Intl.
L FREE
LIVRE
Eco-socialism Centre-left to left-wing Collective leadership DiEM25
EGP
Greens/EFA [28][29]
A Alliance
Aliança
Personalism Centre-right Paulo Bento [30]
PCTP/MRPP Portuguese Workers' Communist Party
Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses
Anti-revisionism Far-left Unknown [31]
RIR React, Include, Recycle
Reagir, Incluir, Reciclar
Universalism Syncretic Vitorino Silva [32][33][34][35]
E Rise Up!
Ergue-te!
Portuguese nationalism Far-right José Pinto Coelho AENM [36][37][38][39]
MPT Earth Party
Partido da Terra
Green conservatism Centre-right Pedro Soares Pimenta EPP WEP [40][41]
NC We, the Citizens!
Nós, Cidadãos!
Social liberalism Centre-right Joaquim Rocha Afonso [42][43]
PDR Democratic Republican Party
Partido Democrático Republicano
Populism Centre Bruno Fialho EDP Renew [44]
PURP United Party of Retirees and Pensioners
Partido Unido dos Reformados e Pensionistas
Pensioners' rights Centre Fernando Loureiro [45][46]
JPP Together for the People
Juntos Pelo Povo
Regionalism Centre Filipe Sousa [47]
PPM People's Monarchist Party
Partido Popular Monárquico
Monarchism Right-wing Gonçalo da Câmara Pereira ECPM IMC [48][49][50][51]
PTP Portuguese Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Português
Democratic socialism Centre-left to left-wing Amândio Madaleno [52]
MAS Socialist Alternative Movement
Movimento Alternativa Socialista
Trotskyism Left-wing Gil Garcia [53]
VP Volt Portugal
Volt Portugal
Pro-Europeanism Centre to centre-left Tiago de Matos Gomes Volt [54]

Extinct parties


This list presents the parties and coalitions of the current Third Republic that were once recognized by the Portuguese Constitutional Court but ceased to exist. It is organized by political spectrum and alphabetical order (in Portuguese).

Far-left

Left-wing to far-left

Left-wing

Centre-left

Centre

Centre-right

  • Democratic Alliance - AD (Aliança Democrática)
  • Association for the Defense of the Interests of Macau - ADIM (Associação para a Defesa dos Interesses de Macau)
  • New Democracy Party – PND (Partido da Nova Democracia)
  • Portuguese Party of the Regions - PPR (Partido Português das Regiões)

Right-wing

Far-right

Historical parties


This list includes the defunct political parties that never reached the Third Republic, in chronological order.

Constitutional Monarchy (1834–1910)

First Republic (1910–1926)

Ditadura Nacional (1926–1933)

Estado Novo (1933–1974)

Although the Estado Novo was a dictatorship, with the National Union being legally the only party, the opposition was sometimes allowed to compete in (sham) elections; other parties were constituted underground or in exile.

See also


References


  1. Tribunal Constitucional – Partidos registados e suas denominações, siglas e símbolos
  2. "Partidos registados e suas denominações, siglas e símbolos" Tribunal Constitucional. (in Portuguese)
  3. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  4. Lisi, Marco; Freire, André (2014). "The selection of political party leaders in Portugal". In Jean-Benoit Pilet; William Cross (eds.). The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Study. Routledge. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-317-92945-1.
  5. Freire, André (2007). "The Party System of Portugal". In Oskar Niedermayer; Richard Stöss; Melanie Haas (eds.). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 373. ISBN 978-3-531-90061-2.
  6. Lisi, Marco (2007). "The Importance of Winning Office: The PS and the Struggle for Power". In Anna Bosco; Leonardo Morlino (eds.). Party Change in Southern Europe. Routledge. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-136-76777-7.
  7. Radical left parties in Europe. p.1801. Author - Luke March. Published by Routledge. Published December 2011.
  8. Dinis, Rita (29 August 2014). "O que está a dividir o Bloco de Esquerda | Ainda não percebi bem. Então quais são hoje as correntes dentro do BE?" [What is dividing the Left Bloc | Still don't get it. So what are the current tendencies inside the BE?]. Observador (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  9. {{bulleted list|"Risque pays du Portugal : Politique". Société Générale (in French). Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  10. "Portugal's Socialists lead election poll, but would not win majority". Reuters. 31 July 2019. When the Socialists came to power in 2015, they won the parliamentary support of two left wing parties, the Left Bloc and the Communists.
  11. "Portugal president asks Socialist Costa to form government". Reuters. 8 October 2019.
  12. David Art (2011), "Memory Politics in Western Europe", in Uwe Backes; Patrick Moreau (eds.), The Extreme Right in Europe, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, p. 364, ISBN 978-3-525-36922-7
  13. "Portuguese socialists defend post-EU bailout austerity". EUobserver. 6 May 2019. The centre-right CDS-PP and PSD parties put forward the €800m/year idea.
  14. ""CDS is a right-wing party, period"". Noticias ao Minuto. 23 January 2020.
  15. Anjos, Mafalda (2019-06-06). "Nem de esquerda nem de direita". Visão (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  16. "SIC Notícias | PAN quer integrar família dos Verdes na Europa". SIC Notícias (in Portuguese). 2018-12-13. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  17. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  18. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  19. "Partido Ecologista Os Verdes" (in Portuguese). medium.com. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  20. "Chega oficializa ligação à extrema direita europeia". www.sabado.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2020-07-02.
  21. "Livre makes history in Portugal: not just first black woman MP, but first man in a skirt". The Portugal Resident. 28 October 2019.
  22. "Portugal's Socialists win election, now eye alliances". Star Tribune. 7 October 2019.
  23. "Pastoral dos Ciganos considera racistas e ilegais declarações de André Ventura". Observador. 8 September 2020.
  24. https://www.politico.eu/article/antonio-costa-portugal-elections/
  25. https://proa.ua.pt/index.php/jdmi/article/view/3822/2892
  26. https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1185381/portugal-vs-spain-elections-politics-polls-latest-news
  27. https://santandertrade.com/en/portal/analyse-markets/portugal/economic-political-outline
  28. European Spring Webpage (retrieved on 17 October 2018)
  29. Maria Lopes (23 May 2014). "Rui Tavares recebe apoio da cúpula dos Verdes europeus". Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  30. "Novo partido de Pedro Santana Lopes vai chamar-se Aliança". SAPO 24 (in Portuguese). 18 August 2018.
  31. "Political Parties in Portugal". Translation Company Group. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  32. In portuguese:"O R.I.R. é um partido político que nasceu com o propósito integrador de aproximar os cidadãos da política e vice-versa(...)Incluir os cidadãos nas decisões do bem comum, incluir o bem-estar e o equilíbrio nos objectivos económicos, incluir todas as raças e culturas nos espaços habitáveis e incluir toda a população nos privilégios do Século XXI" in http://partido-rir.pt/
  33. In portuguese: "O R.I.R adopta corno método de participação e actuação política “ouvir, aprender e propor” soluções participadas pelos vários saberes, por quem está directamente envolvido em diversas áreas fundamentais da sociedade desde a Academia, a Arte, o Engenho à vivência prática dos agentes económicos ( empreendedores, investidores e assalariados)." in https://partido-rir.pt/sobre-o-r-i-r/
  34. https://partido-rir.pt/sobre-o-r-i-r/
  35. In portuguese: "Questionado na altura se o partido se identifica com a direita ou com a esquerda, Vitorino Silva defendeu que o RIR “é um partido 360 graus, porque o próprio nome diz incluir. " in https://tvi24.iol.pt/politica/partidos/constitucional-aceita-partido-rir-de-tino-de-rans
  36. da Costa, José Mourão (2011). "O Partido Nacional Renovador: a novadireita na democracia portuguesa". Análise Social. 46 (201): 765–787. JSTOR 41494872.
  37. "http://www.opiniaopublica.ufmg.br/emdebate/Artigo_EAnita12.pdf" (PDF). opiniaopublica.ufmg.br. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2018-11-27. External link in |title= (help)
  38. Tostes, Ana Paula (June 2009). "Reasons for intolerance in integrated Europe". Dados. 52 (2): 335–376. doi:10.1590/S0011-52582009000200003. ISSN 0011-5258.
  39. Rocha, Frederico Pedroso (March 2014). "A Direita Radical E As Eleições Europeias Em 2014: Nacionalistas Em Busca De Pontes". Relações Internacionais (R:I) (41): 63–79. ISSN 1645-9199.
  40. Close, Caroline (2019). "The liberal party family ideology: Distinct, but diverse". In Close, Caroline; van Haute, Emilie (eds.). Liberal Parties in Europe. Routledge. pp. 338–339. ISBN 9781351245487.
  41. Tom Lansford, ed. (2013). Political Handbook of the World 2013. SAGE Publications. p. 1172. ISBN 978-1-4522-5825-6.
  42. https://observador.pt/2020/11/20/investigador-joaquim-rocha-afonso-eleito-presidente-do-partido-nos-cidadaos/
  43. Nós, Cidadãos é o novo partido de centro-direita em formação, Publico.pt, retrieved 17 September 2015 (Portuguese)
  44. "The PDR, new EDP member". Archived from the original on 2015-07-21. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  45. Lusa. "Partido Unido dos Reformados e Pensionistas quer concorrer às próximas eleições". PÚBLICO (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  46. "TC > Jurisprudência > Acordãos > Acórdão 370/2015 ". www.tribunalconstitucional.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  47. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Madeira/Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018.
  48. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Azores/Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018.
  49. "Partido Popular Monárquico | EUROPEIAS 2014". Partido Popular Monárquico. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  50. "Partido Popular Monárquico | Programa Político". Partido Popular Monárquico. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  51. "Monarchist Conference - Members". International Monarchist Conference. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
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  53. Administrador. "Declaração conjunta de MAIS (Brasil) e MAS (Portugal)". MAS (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  54. Forthomme, Claude (28 February 2019). "Volt Europa: An Electric Jolt to Wake Up Europe". Impakter. Retrieved 27 February 2020.